The Aztecs built their city on an island in texcoco Lake

Aztecs of capital city

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The Aztecs or Red Indians

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A great history in North America

America is named after Amerigo Vespucci, who explored North America between 1499 and 1502. America was inhabited by a race of people who are known as the Aztecs or Red Indians. They created the Mayan civilisation and the Aztec Empire. As it was unknown to the Europeans before the discovery, so they started calling it the `New world'.

The Aztecs

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The Tenochtitlan city was the capital of the Aztecs

When the Spanish army centred the Mexican Valley in 1519, they spotted the beautiful city on the island in a lake. The city was Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztecs, which had grown to symbolize their wealth and power. As the Spanish stepped into the city, they saw three wide roads. One of them led to the palace, the second led to the ornate temple and the third led to the pyramids. All these came under the Spanish conquest.


The Mexico Valley

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Texcoco is a Lake in Mexico.

The Aztecs were basically nomadic people. It is said that they came to Mexico around the 13th century.

Texcoco is a Lake in Mexico. The Aztecs built their city on an island in this Lake. They are called Tenoch, a name derived from their legends, ancestor, Tenoch. Their city was called Tenochtitlan (the stone rising in the water). The city has also been called Mexica, and its inhabitants were also known by the same name. Their language was Nahua. Even today there are people who speak Nahua in Mexico. Barring the Incas of Peru, there has been no one in the New World who has had an empire like the Aztecs. It is the incredible story of a small wandering tribe that built and ruled an empire within the span of only one century. But it falls was equally rapid. Its rapid rise and fall have been recorded in its oral literature and can be understood from the excavations to. The Aztec oral literature has been translated by the Spanish historians and social scientists. These have been called has the Indian Codies.

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