The Best Way to Become Fluent in a Foreign Language

Communication Brings Peace

Learning to speak another language will open up a whole new world for you.
Learning to speak another language will open up a whole new world for you. | Source

A Rewarding Challenge

If you've ever taken a foreign language class in school -- and even, likely, college -- you may have realized that the class-study way of learning a language is usually ineffective. If not, there would be a lot more multi-lingual adults around.

If you want to take a foreign language class to actually become fluent in the language, to be able to speak and understand with ease, then you'll soon realize you're up for a big challenge. Learning a language through a class is a slow, tedious, and let's face it -- often boring process. The students too often see such little progress that they lose interest -- or they stick with it, even ending up with good grades in the courses, and a couple years of study -- but the result is the same -- an inability to do more than slightly comprehend the foreign language.

It takes much more to learn another language, and much more effort also, on both the part of the student and the teacher. However, if approached correctly, the work required will then be engaging and rewarding.

Learning Phrases

It's best to learn phrases rather than single, separate words and individual rules of grammar. Get enough interesting "input" into your head, and you'll soon be able to naturally know the sound and rhythm of the language you're studying, without ever having to refer to a grammar book. No child would ever learn to speak if they were taught a grammar rule rather than just the correct way to say something.

I feel the best course that's out there is Assimil, which is a French company whose material and method is full of sentences and phrases pronounced by natives that you study for a number of months before you ever start speaking. This is similar to how you learned your native tongue, by first accepting input and putting things together in your head and then speaking.

Every bilingual and multi-lingual person I know has been able to learn the second language by this method (whether they used Assimil or not). Surround yourself with the language you want to learn and get thousands and thousands of progressively more difficult input into your head. After you finish Assimil, or even during it, seek out new input that matches your interest. What do you want to read about or listen to? Seek it out in the new language. If you follow your heart and your interests with this method, you'll soon find yourself fluent.

Images can help you remember words and phrases.
Images can help you remember words and phrases. | Source

Remember with Images

Your brain will have an easier time of memorizing phrases if you can start connecting them to an image. For instance, to learn the following phrase (the first line in a book I'm reading), I connected the sentence to a mental image of a bright sun:

Chaude, pensaient les Parisiens. *
Hot, thought the Parisians.

I listened to the audio in French and then imagined the hot sun while repeating the French pronunciation in my head.

This is similar to the Rosetta Stone method, except that you are responsible for creating your own images. They are based on what's in your memory and what you create with your own imagination.

This is especially useful for tricky sentences or phrases that you might find a bit more difficult. Using images helps your brain remember and it's surprising that you can connect a whole phrase or sentence to one image. Brains are good at remembering visual images.

You can connect images to other images also, for instance, when learning a poem. You'll be able to scroll through the images and then remember the poem easily.


Practice Writing

When you first begin practicing writing, simply copy down the phrases you are studying. They can be a poem, a paragraph in a book, or any phrase you find interesting and want to remember. Like taking notes, this helps you get the phrase in your head, just like visualizing it with an image does. This also improves your writing in the foreign language.

Later, when you begin composing, keep it simple and keep it just like your spoken language. This way you'll avoid mistakes and you'll also be able to reinforce good structure rather than accidentally reinforcing awkward or wrong grammar or mistakes. Have your teacher or a native speaker look over your writing to check it for you. Every accent counts! Keep your punctuation clean and orderly. Be quick to correct yourself when you make mistakes as your learning progresses, and you'll make less of them.

Keep it Interesting

The usual way of learning a new language is to start with a lot of enthusiasm and then fade out and give up as the going gets tough. That's why it's very important to keep getting exposed to your natural interests by reading and listening to material that already intrigues you.

After you have input enough to get some basics down, join a language study group or find a foreign language speaking buddy in the language you're learning. Hang out with them and only speak the foreign language. Obviously, it pays to find a buddy that shares your interests whether work or hobby. Then you'll have something to talk about!

Practice, practice, practice!

As you continue absorbing the language in study sessions and practicing with your buddy or two, remember to practice on your own those sounds or pronunciations that you find difficult. Try to imitate the most standard form of the language and concentrate less on the slang. The point is to communicate, to be well understood, not to be able to know 20 swear words. Sound out difficult letters, vowels, or sound combinations until you can do them with ease. Working on getting a difficult bit of the language correct right when you learn it is best, so then you won't keep reinforcing bad habits.

Enjoy a New World!

Speaking another language will open up a whole new world for you and give you a number of opportunities that will be closed to your mono-lingual friends. Explore different countries if you can and use every opportunity to communicate in your new tongue.

Learning another language is one of the most rewarding things you can do with your time. There are brain benefits for everyone, regardless of your age, and there is the wonderful feeling of enjoying your new friends and of accomplishing a great goal.

You will see if you use this method that learning a different language does not have to be intimidating or boring. It is up to you to find interesting material and to keep seeking out more knowledge. Being able to communicate fluently in another language is its own reward.


*From Suite Française by Irène Némirovsky.

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Comments: "The Best Way to Become Fluent in a Foreign Language" 13 comments

Bharatthapa profile image

Bharatthapa 4 years ago from NEW DELHI

Interesting...excellent work.


carozy profile image

carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco Author

Thanks Bharatthapa! Glad you liked it. Good luck with your language learning.


TeacherCaro profile image

TeacherCaro 4 years ago from Venado Tuerto,Sta Fe, Argentina

Interesting..


carozy profile image

carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco Author

thank you :)


IJR112 profile image

IJR112 4 years ago

I think a private language tutor is the best and most efficient way to do it. The problem is that having such a tutor can become very expensive. Also, visiting the country is a great way to learn.


carozy profile image

carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco Author

I would agree in that a private language tutor can work with you one on one to help you get more "input" / exposure to the language, which is what you need. Visiting another country is ideal but most people begin their language learning in their native land I think.


Elena Konik profile image

Elena Konik 4 years ago

I very very and again- VERY agree on concentrating LESS on slang! It doesn't really do any good for you, because it has a tendency to stick in your brain's memory especially at the very beginning of your new language experience! And also- visiting another country, native-speaking the language you're studying is an amazing way to ACTUALLY start speaking well! Great hub! :)


carozy profile image

carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco Author

Thank you Elena! I suppose my article concentrates on what you can do aside from going to the other country to learn the language, but of course, that would be one of the best courses to get exposure to the language! Thank you for commenting. :)


Elena Konik profile image

Elena Konik 4 years ago

You know when I was learning a foreign language for years, I couldn't even imagine how it is to REALLY speak it until I went to a native-speaking country! my first thought was:WOOOOOW! Do I know anything at all?! After a little while I was ok, but the cultural shock is still one of my unforgettable memories! Lol :) I also have a hub where I described all that! And thank you again for providing all that information! What languages did you learn by the way?


carozy profile image

carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco Author

I'm learning French. Also most of my friends are bilingual or multi-lingual, so I talked with them. And then also I've researched it with the School of Phenomenal Memory where I'm a student and at The Linguist website. (I have a hub about my experiences as a student at the School of Phenomenal Memory, which you can learn more about at that website. The Russian owner is fluent in English and teaches his fast and thorough memorization program through that online school.)


Elena Konik profile image

Elena Konik 4 years ago

Wow, that's very interesting, especially " the Russian owner" because I'm Russian too and I'm a professional linguist-translator! And I hope, not doing bad in English! :) lol I've been living in the US for a while though and LOVE the English language! :) And I adore Italian, the language of love and passion!


SotD and Zera profile image

SotD and Zera 4 years ago

I'll have to remember the tip about writing things down. It's usually how I remember things in English, so why not a foreign language? Thanks for the advice.

-Zera


carozy profile image

carozy 4 years ago from San Francisco Author

Thanks Zera, it works for me too.

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