The Big Five: Conscientousness

What are the Big Five?

In the different methods of defining and understanding personalities, one of the methods known is the Big Five. It is widely used and easy to gain knowledge of. Mostly, you only need to know the right questions to ask. In the big five, there are (obviously) five main traits that are viewed. These traits are then broken down into even smaller sub-topics. The main question when asked is does a person have a high or low area in these traits. The five topics are:

  • Openness
  • Conscientousness
  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism

What is Conscientousness?

Easily described, conscientousness is broken up into five sub-topics. In these sub-topics, they can be stronger in some of them than others.

  • Self-Efficacy
  • Orderliness
  • Dutifulness
  • Achievement-Striving
  • Self-Discipline
  • Cautiousness

Those who are high in self-efficacy believe they are extremely possible for success. They have good drive and definately have high intelligence for work satisfaction. They are a one person team who can control the situations given to them. Those who are high in orderliness are entirely organized. They have perfectly written schedules, sometimes even color coded. They sometimes have multiple lists and are detailed. Think of them as perfectionists. Those who are high on dutifulness tend to stay with their morals. They stick with their beliefs no matter the risks involved. Their moral judgement is what is most important to them and they refuse to falter. Those who score high on achievement-striving have a strong sense of direction. They tend to know where to go and what to do. They know where excellence is, and will attempt to find it. Those high on self-discipline keep at certain tasks. They can limit themselves to basically anything. If tempted with something, they can easily tell themselves no without outside aid. Those high on cautiousness are very slow at making decisions. They take their time to understand every dangerous possibility. They know every hazard, danger, toxin, etc.


High and Lows

Individuals who are high on conscientousness are thorough, dependable, reliable, task-focused, efficient, and are good planners. They are great workers and do best as managers or others high in authority. However, they can have a lack of imagination and color.

Individuals low on conscientousness are disorganized, late, careless, and impulsive. They tend to change their minds, get distracted, and have a lack of focus. These are the individuals you do not want to work with or have as lab partners.

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