The Endangered Members Of The Cat Family; Save Them

Nature has always been so kind to us. It has created us, and provided us our basic needs. It's the sheer example of beauty and motherhood. But what we've given her in return? Nothing, but devastation! We've been misusing her ever since we originated, and this isn't it. Now we've interfered with other species survival- which is so not fair!

We need to learn how to co-exist. We need to find out some ways to protect other beings from harm. After all we took birth from the same mother Nature, so why not take responsibility?

Following are the most endangered species of the cat family. But before that, the different categories in which different species are categorized in red list by IUCN are:

  1. Extinct: The species no more exist, neither in wild nor in captivity. e.g. Bali tiger.
  2. Extinct in wild: The species who no more exist in wild but exist in captivity. e.g. Barbary lion
  3. Critically endangered: These species are having a higher risk of extinction in immediate future. e.g. Amur leopard.
  4. Endangered: These species have high risk of extinction in near future. e.g. Asiatic lion
  5. Vulnerable: These species face higher risk in medium-term. e.g. Clouded leopard.
  6. Near threatened: These species may be threatened in near future. e.g. Jaguar
  7. Least concern: The species who have no immediate threat in their survival. e.g. cougar, humans.

#1 Amur Leopard

The Climber
The Climber | Source

Scientific name - Panthera pardus orientalis

IUCN classification - Critically endangered.

The Amur Leopard, a subspecies of Leopard is an endangered solitary hunter, which was categorized under critically endangered species by IUCN in 1996. Unlike leopards of Savannah, Africa, it is the subspecies who lives in colder environment.

It is also known as the Far East leopard, the Manchurian leopard or the Korean leopard.

Physical Appearance

It has a thick coat as compared to other subspecies of leopard, which is probably the adaptation to survive in cold environment. Also, one of its distinguishing feature is the widely spaced rosettes with thick borders. The length of its hair depends on the season- in winter season it grows longer hair, about 7 cm long, whereas it sheds and grows new, shorter hair of about 2.5 cm in summers. Another cold environment adaptation is the longer legs, which helps him walk in the snow more comfortably.

Adult males weigh 32-48 kgs, whereas females weigh up to 25-43 kgs.

Habitat

It is found in temperate forest habitat, having a variable temperature, with sufficient food.

Behaviour

It is a solitary creature, and nocturnal by behaviour. Although, it's been reported in some cases, that some males stay with the female and even helps to rear the young ones.

Food

It basically eats deer, along with badger, small boars, and raccoon.

The hangout
The hangout | Source

Distribution

It was once found in northeastern or the "Manchurian" China, including Jilin and Heilongjiang Provinces, and throughout the Korean Peninsula, along with Southern areas of Russia. But now their population is extinct from most of these places, and they are now found only in Russian Province of Primorsky Krai, between Vladivostok and the Chinese border!

Current population

There are only 20-25 Amur leopards left in Russian province and 7-12 Amur leopards in China. It was last seen in South Korea in 1969!

Main threats

1. The main reason for its rapidly depleting population is, no doubt, illegal poaching and trade. Poachers kill them intentionally for their fur, which as per some reports are sell for about $500-$1000!

2. Loss of habitat is another main reason. They are losing their home more drastically than ever. Also, loss of forests is leading to loss of its major prey, deer.

The Only Hope

Although, it is now critically endangered, still we have the hope that they can flourish once again. This hope comes from its more closer relative, Amur Tiger, who recovered from only 40 individuals that were left in the wild.

#2 Asiatic Cheetah

The Cheetah Family
The Cheetah Family | Source

Scientific name- Acinonyx jubatus venaticus

IUCN classification- Critically endangered

This genetically close relative of African Cheetah is ranking second on the critically endangered species. It is the fastest land animal of the world. They are also known as the Iranian Cheetah as the last few population is found in Iran. Although, now extinct from India, it is AKA Indian Cheetah.

Physical appearance

It is the lightest of all the big cats. Having a slim body and a very long tail, which helps to run faster and balance the body, respectively. It has a distinctive black spotted fur, which ranges from yellow to very light orange in colour.

Caught in action
Caught in action | Source

Habitat

Cheetah lives in open lands and semi-desert areas.

Food

They usually feed on small antelope, along with Gazelle, hare, wild sheep, goat and other small rodents.

Distribution

They are found in the Eastern half areas of Iran, including parts of the Kerman, Khorasan, Semnan, Yazd, Tehran, and Markazi provinces. Although once it used to thrive in a huge area ranging from Arabia to India.

Current Population

50-100 individuals are left in the wild.

Main threats

The major threat for them is the loss of the prey species- which is a result of poaching and grazing competition with domestic animals. A recently published study indicated that even though hare and other rodents comprises a part of Cheetah's diet, they are not comprising in the nutritional factor because of their small size and therefore, difficulty in catching them.

#3 Iberian Lynx

The Iberian Lynx Mother
The Iberian Lynx Mother | Source
The beauty of nature!
The beauty of nature! | Source

Scientific name- Lynx pardinus

IUCN classification- Critically endangered.

Earlier considered as a relative of Eurasian Lynx, Iberian Lynx is another feline who is now categorized under critically endangered species by IUCN. Although, the Eurasian and the Iberian Lynx separated after Pleistocene era, due to habitat choice.

Physical appearance

These solitary creatures- the Iberian lynx is very much like other subspecies of Lynx, although smaller than them. It has a shot tail, tufted ear and ruff beneath the chin. Although. the distinctive feature is the cheetah-like spots all over its fur coat.

The average weight for male ranges from 12.9-26.8 kgs and for females the average weight is 9.4 kgs.

Habitat

They are the native to scrublands.

Food

They basically eat small sized animals like rabbit, hare, rodents, along with birds, amphibians and some reptiles.

Distribution

Iberian Lynx was distributed throughout the Iberian peninsula till the mid 19th century. But now they are found only in some limited areas of Spain.

Current population

Recent calculations showed only 309 individuals remain in wild.

Main threats

  1. Habitat loss, poisoning, road casualties, feral dogs and poaching.
  2. The Iberian Lynx too, facing the situation where it's prey species is declining in number! It's unable to switch to another diet, since 1952 when a very large proportion of the rabbits, its main diet, were heavily affected by two serious diseases (myxomatosis and viral hemorrhagic disease)-resulting in their death.

#4 Bengal Tiger

The Royal Bengal Tiger
The Royal Bengal Tiger | Source
Ready to attack!
Ready to attack! | Source

Scientific name- Panthera tigris tigris

IUCN classification- Endangered

The Bengal tiger, which is categorized under the endangered category by the IUCN, is the largest of the cat family. It is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh. The very well known 'white tiger' is a mutant of the Bengal tiger- though not a true albino.

These too are solitary creatures.

Physical appearance

They have a dark yellow to light orange body with black stripes. They have long yellow to orange tail with black circular stripes. Its belly is white in colour.

The average weight for males is 221.2 kg and for females is 139.7 kg.

Habitat

The Bengal tiger love to live in forest areas, where hiding is favourable and food is abundant.

Food

Their main diet includes chital, sambar, gaur, wild boar, and occasionally hog deer.

Distribution

The Bengal tiger is now found in India and Bangladesh, along with the neighbouring countries i.e. Nepal, and Bhutan.

Current population

At present, about 1,706–1,909 in India, 440 in Bangladesh, 124–229 in Nepal and 67–81 in Bhutan, with a total of less than 2,500 individuals, consisting 250 adults.

Main threats

  1. The major threat for the Bengal tiger is definitely their illegal poaching for its beautiful fur and organs. They are freely and illegally smuggled throughout the world.
  2. The other major factor is the loss of habitat. Further, there are a lot of reports about human-tiger face-to-face encounters which is definitely a result of loss of habitat. And the scary part is that- in majority of cases, the tiger, suffering from lack of its natural prey due to deforestation and human interference, attacked some humans and in turn people killed the tiger when they saw it!

#5 Snow Leopard

The Snow Beauty
The Snow Beauty | Source

Scientific name- Panthera uncia

IUCN classification- Endangered

Snow leopard, another endangered cat species who likes to live in mountains of Central Asia. It is one of the small members of the cat family.

Physical appearance

It has a thick spotted fur, which protects it from the snowy winters. It is usually light in colour- usually shades of grey- which helps it to camouflage in the white environment. It has a thick and long tail, which provides balance.

Snow Leopard: The Hunter
Snow Leopard: The Hunter | Source

Habitat

They are adapted to the alpine and subalpine areas.

Food

They hunt whatever they find. It's been reported that it can hunt animals 3 to 4 times their weight. They also eat vegetation including grass and twigs.

Distribution

The snow leopard is currently found in Asian countries i.e. Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Myanmar.

Current population

Some about 4,080–6,590 snow leopard are left in wild, half of which is capable of reproducing.

Main threats

Poaching and rapidly depleting home-land is the major threat for the Snow Leopard.


#6 Asiatic Lion

The Couple
The Couple | Source

Scientific name- Panthera leo persica

IUCN classification- Endangered

Asiatic lion is a single isolated subspecies of Lion which is only found in Gujarat, India. And therefore, it is also known as Indian Lion. It is one of the big cats that are found in India i.e. Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, snow leopard, and clouded leopard.

It can be very easily differentiated from the African Lion, as it has a larger tail tuft and a less developed mane.

Like any other subspecies of the Lion, they live in prides having a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 5 lionesses.

Curiosity
Curiosity | Source

Physical appearance

It is dark yellow to light brownish in colour, and as mentioned earlier it has a less developed mane, such that its ears are always visible. Also, it has a more thick and large tail tufts.

It is smaller than the African Lion. Adult males weigh 160 to 190 kg and females weigh 110 to 120 kg.

Food

They can hunt any prey ranging from 190 to 550 kg in weight. This leaves a lot of options for them to hunt. They hunt whatever they find sufficient enough for the pride.

Distribution

They are only found in Gajarat state of India- only in the Gir National Park and Sanctuary in Western Gujarat.

Current population

As in 2010 survey, 411 individuals were noted down. Although their population has been increased from 180 individuals in 1974 to 411 in 2010.

Main threats

  1. Being a single isolated subspecies, a natural disaster like a forest fire is enough to extinct the species forever.
  2. Also, poaching is playing an important role since recently when some poachers switched from poaching tigers to lion.

#7 Clouded Leopard

Roar!
Roar! | Source

Scientific name- Neofelis nebulosa

IUCN classification- Vulnerable

This resident of the foothills of Himalaya is the best climber of the cat family. Clouded leopard was declared vulnerable in 2008 by IUCN.

Physical appearance

It is dark grey to mud coloured with large cloud-like markings on the body, therefore known as Clouded Leopard.

It is one of the small species of cat family and weighs between 11.5 and 23 kg.

The Lonely Cub
The Lonely Cub | Source

Habitat

They like to live in cold environment. It is a native of Himalayan foothills.

Food

It's favorite range of food includes hog deer, slow loris, brush-tailed porcupine, Malayan pangolin and Indochinese ground squirrel.

Distribution

Like mentioned before, Clouded leopards occur in the Himalayan foothills- in Nepal and India to Myanmar, Bhutan, Thailand, and in China

Current population

A recent count showed that fewer than 10,000 mature individuals are left, including the wild individuals and in captive.

Main threat

  1. Poaching for skin, organs, teeth etc.
  2. Loss of natural home due to deforestation.

Clouded leopard cubs playing

Is this fair?
Is this fair? | Source

Is this fair?

We saw that the major reason for the decreasing population in each of these species includes:

  1. Poaching.
  2. Deforestation.

Firstly, poachers have been poaching these animals for money for some obsessed people who like to wear real animal fur coat and like to put animal fur in their home as a show piece. Also, their organs and meat are sold to be used in some traditional medicines. Some people even use their teeth and claws as decorative!

I say, what's the need to put a tiger coat in your living room as a mat? Are their lives so cheap?

Secondly, deforestation is affecting not only them but us as well! We can clearly see the changing environment. We can feel the global warming. With this speed, soon we will lose our forest lands. What we'll do then? From where we'll get the resources then?

So, what should we do?

The first simple suggestion is that: Think Rationally!

  1. Discourage killing of these beautiful animals because of some non-sense reasons like clothing! We can buy designer clothes available in market at much cheaper price. I don't think people are going to like anymore if they hear that you've a real tiger coat in your closet! Whom you are going to show then? Their lives worth more than this!
  2. Don't buy the products that contain the body parts of these animals.
  3. Whatever you do, try to do it in an environmental friendly way. At least at an individual level you'll feel very happy.
  4. Support various organizations who are doing good for them at a larger level. Take part in their programs.
  5. Spread the words. Talk about it. Teach your children live environmental friendly.

Conclusion

They all are struggling for their existence. Why they should suffer for our mistakes? What right we've got to kill them? Is it really fair? You decide.

At last I just want to say that “come forward, take part”. And if even one person will join this noble cause after reading this then that would be a great achievement for me.

We have hope and hope brings about good things! Fingers crossed.

Which member of the cat family you like the most????

See results without voting

Have you ever participated in any conservation program for any species??

See results without voting

More by this Author


Comments 10 comments

Pollyannalana profile image

Pollyannalana 5 years ago from US

How beautiful, great hub. My cat is sixteen and amazingly healthy after a really bad bout with an allergy to something she got into she was about three years getting over. I sometimes think she may outlive me.


Sneha Sunny profile image

Sneha Sunny 5 years ago from India Author

thanks polly...!!!!

the maximum age limit of cats is 30-40 years........ may your cat will live that long......


Anonymous 4 years ago

It's sad to see all these animals endangered and to know that there not the only ones endangered.


Sneha Sunny profile image

Sneha Sunny 3 years ago from India Author

Anonymous.. True. We need to save them. They've always been the victim! Hoping success to those who are making efforts to save them, and to see their better population in future.


sgbrown profile image

sgbrown 3 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

This is a wonderful hub! There are way too many "endangered" species. It is really a shame that they are killed so someone can show off their new fur coat! I love the "big cats" and find them all beautiful and amazing. I have written several hubs on various big cats. I am glad to see that you have an interest in them too. Voted up and awesome! :)


Sneha Sunny profile image

Sneha Sunny 3 years ago from India Author

sgbrown.. true. It is a matter of shame. But some people don't understand that their lives worth more than being their fur coat! I'm glad you liked this hub. Thanks for stopping by. :)


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

Frantastic hub Sneha Sunny! It saddens me to see so many animals in danger of disappearing the Earth whaterver the species because they are part of the chain and if one species disappear, it creates a disequilibrium.

We, humans, have to find ways to protect our environement and the animals way better than what we do now!

Voted up, interesting and awesome!


Sneha Sunny profile image

Sneha Sunny 3 years ago from India Author

kidscrafts.... Yes its true that disturbance in the nature's equilibrium will never do any good to us as well. We need to understand this and stop this senseless killings.

Thank you for the voting. :) And thank you for your kind comment. :)


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

I forgot to tell you that I love the picture of "yourself" as a cat! Very nice! I am a big cat lover myself.... I have 2. One is 17 years old and the other 2 years old.

Thanks for the follow!

Have a great weekend :-)


Sneha Sunny profile image

Sneha Sunny 3 years ago from India Author

kidscrafts... :) awww..... You broadened my smile. I love cats too! You too enjoy the weekend! ;) Thank you for being here. :)

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working