The Existence of Atlantis and Piri Reiss

There is a lot of fantastic information on Atlantis and a little hard archeological evidence

The traditional view of Atlantis is that it is located in the Atlantic and there is some evidence to support this.
The traditional view of Atlantis is that it is located in the Atlantic and there is some evidence to support this.
Take a careful look at this Google Earth image located approximately at 30 Degrees north and 23 degrees west and you will see a grid pattern consistent with a city layout. Explore the surrounding sea bottom and you will not see this repeated elsewher
Take a careful look at this Google Earth image located approximately at 30 Degrees north and 23 degrees west and you will see a grid pattern consistent with a city layout. Explore the surrounding sea bottom and you will not see this repeated elsewher
Then there is the controversy of the Piri Reiss maps that predate anything from the "modern" era. In fact, it is thought that Christopher Columbus sought out such maps to aid his passage to the east via a western route.
Then there is the controversy of the Piri Reiss maps that predate anything from the "modern" era. In fact, it is thought that Christopher Columbus sought out such maps to aid his passage to the east via a western route.
One of the Piri Reiss maps features Antarctica without ice, something that we have only been able to duplicate recently. Charles Hapgood deals with this subject in his book "Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings".
One of the Piri Reiss maps features Antarctica without ice, something that we have only been able to duplicate recently. Charles Hapgood deals with this subject in his book "Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings".
Another Piri Reiss map shows a polar projection with Cairo Egypt at the pole. This is one of the more unusual maps.
Another Piri Reiss map shows a polar projection with Cairo Egypt at the pole. This is one of the more unusual maps.

The Archaeological Evidence

Atlantis has been the focus of speculation for over a century since Donnelly rekindled and popularized interest in the US and Europe in the subject since the time of Plato over 2,000 years previously. Prior to this, ideas about Atlantis were largely confined to the intelligentsia. Francis Bacon's wrote on the subject in the 1627 essay. Within his essay, "The New Atlantis", describes a utopian society that he called Bensalem, located off the western coast of the Americas somewhere in the Pacific Ocean. His character in the narrative relates the history of Atlantis similar to the account given by Plato more than 2,000 years earlier. The famed astronomer and mathematician, Isaac Newton wrote a 1728 "Chronology of the Ancient Kingdoms". Several renowned Mesoamerican scholars got involved too, starting with Charles Etienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, Edward Herbert Thompson and Augustus Le Plongeon who proposed that Atlantis was possibly related to Mayan and Aztec culture, which were considered as the following generations of Atlantians. The 1882 publication of "Atlantis: the Antediluvian World" by Ignatius L. Donnelly stimulated a lot of popular interest in Atlantis. Donnelly took Plato's account of Atlantis seriously, studied the account, following up leads where he could and attempted to establish that all known ancient civilizations were descendants from the advanced civilization of Atlantis.

Since then, more fuel has been added to the speculation. Here is a list of some of the new facts.

  • An acknowledged global meltdown that began in earnest about 12,900 to 12,500 years ago, evolved in discreet stages and ended about 6,000 years ago. It has recently sped up again. A major development occurred 12,600 years ago.

  • Maps of ancient land and sea areas made from calculations of the above sea level landmass 12,500 years ago and earlier.

  • The Peri Reiss maps allegedly handed down from ancient sea kings according to Charles Hapgood who had support from Einstein. The Muslims had possession of these while Europe lingered in the dark ages.

  • A sunken underwater city and temple complex just off the coast of Japan and cave structures that can form only above sea level.

  • Cities underwater off the coast of Bengal India.

  • An inundated village off the coast of Israel under 30 feet of water near Haifa.

  • An account in hieroglyphics in Egypt as described by Solon and that some confirm as existing in Heliopolis although this is disputed by others.

  • The fact that the Mediterranean was once a fertile plain east of the Pillars of Hercules as was the Black Sea, now both underwater. They flooded when global sea levels rose some 400 feet and natural barriers were breached. The first occurred 12,600 years ago and the second about 8,000 years ago.

  • Strange OOParts (Out Of Place Artifacts) around the world such as crystal skulls, sophisticated tools, clockwork orreys, hydraulics, batteries, fetishes that look like modern jets and the like.

  • Ancient alloys that we have only recently duplicated.

  • Current knowledge of a major global catastrophe dated to 12,600 years ago involving an impact, iridium, diamond traces, creation of the Niagara escarpment and flash melting at the end of the last ice age.

  • Buildings around the world that surpass our engineering skills to construct today such as the great pyramid, Nan Madol, Machu Picchu, Stonehenge and others, some underwater structures.

  • Clues concerning arcane astronomical facts only discovered in the 20th century, such as the companion neutron star to Sirius, Uranus and Neptune.

  • Complex clockwork mechanisms thought to be out of the reach of ancient peoples.

  • Ocean soundings off the coast of East Africa, suggesting an underwater metropolis aligned with the Pillars of Hercules as described by Plato and Solon.

  • Accounts in sacred and ancient literature like the Bible, the Vedas and the Epic of Gilgamesh, some of which detail a universal flood due to the wrath of God.

  • New facts about the dynamic earth.

  • These are some of the strange things that have surfaced over the last century that suggest the possible existence of an antediluvian civilization. Atlantis has been suggested to be located in North America, Iceland, Antarctica, The Pacific Ocean, Thera and Santorini and of course, the Atlantic Ocean.

If we examine all in detail, we can immediately eliminate Iceland, Antarctica and Thera/Santorini. None of these fit Plato's description and two would have been under a few miles of ice during the height of the last ice age. This leaves North America, The Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. Although there are many convincing ideas about North, Central and South America by way of intriguing finds, these are found the world over. According to Plato, Atlantis was a seafaring power and projected its imperialist designs around the world much in the same way that the British Empire did in the period of the 18th through to the early 20th century. Traces were left all over the place by both, hence the artifacts and constructions of Atlantis world wide and the left over artifacts and effects of the once global British Empire, upon which the sun never set.

12,900 to 12,500 years ago, the world was a much different place. Sea levels were some 400 feet lower than in modern times and the continents extended to the edges of the modern continental shelves. Large Island nations like Japan were once part of the mainland of a super continent. The north of the American and European continents was covered in vast ice fields that were a mile deep or more, much like the Antarctic interior is now. What is now the Sahara Desert was once a lush and vast temperate forest and plain that was suitable for agriculture on a scale more vast than the North American bread basket is today. This is evidenced by what was later uncovered from under the sands in the depths of the Sahara Desert. Naturally dried mummies abound as do sites with primitive hieroglyphics and evidence of agriculture. This is also further evidenced with the expansion of the modern desert engulfing modern cities and growing areas. Coastal lowlands the world over in temperate and tropical regions were also suitable for agriculture.

Although we imagine that the shape of the continents was similar then as now, this in fact is not exactly true when we take into consideration the changes going on within the Earth. With current understanding of tectonics, we have come to appreciate those events like the growth of the Himalayas is a substantiated fact. Africa is slowly being rent in two. Other regions show signs of rising and sinking. We know that the mid Atlantic ridge runs from Iceland, south matching the curves of North and South America on the west and Europe and Africa on the east and extending to the south toward Antarctica. It is possible that some other parts of the mid Atlantic ridge extended above sea level at one time, as it now does at Iceland and the South Atlantic. We do know that Earth changes can occur in a flash such as the great undersea collapse off the coast of Malaysia on Boxing Day 2004 that resulted in a tsunami directly affecting a sixth of the globe with destructive results. The same tsunami was measured at every place on the globe and circulated several times around the globe. Close to this underwater volcanic mountain chain lies the underwater grid off the coast of East Africa and the Pillars of Hercules. It fits the descriptions of Plato concerning Atlantis. It can be located by using Google Earth within the following coordinates. There is a large almost perfectly square formation bounded by the coordinates of 30 degrees 55 minutes N and 25 degrees 18 minutes W at the south west corner; 32 degrees N, 25 degrees, 6 minutes W at the north west corner; 30 degree, 39 minutes N; 23 degrees, 38 minutes W at the southeast and 31 degrees; 49 minutes N and 23 degrees, 24 minutes at the north east corner (approx).

It is argued that this is noise from sonar soundings of the ocean floor mapping created by ships criss-crossing this area. However, since ships sounded the whole region, this criss-cross pattern should be pervasive across the entire ocean map and it is not. The lines are also two to three miles wide. The criss-cross pattern exists only in this small region. Another argument is that noise like this can be removed by software; or conversely, added. It is true that there are a lot of people and groups in the world that have an axe to grind, so tampering with information by fraudulent means for political ends is definitely a possibility. The whole debate can be resolved with an impartial approach by using camera equipped mini subs to explore this underwater region. Perhaps we might see similar things such as off the coast of Japan, India, Israel or Bimini. Regardless of whether or not such a site exists, there is enough evidence by story and strange finds to suggest that Atlantis had a global imperialist power as a sea faring society as did the British empire at the height of its glory as a sea faring imperialist power. The story goes that the ancient Greeks defeated Atlantis and that Atlantis collapsed from natural disaster shortly thereafter. A recent parallel exists where India "defeated" the British imperial power and peacefully had them withdraw under the leadership of M. K. Gandhi. The once mighty British sea faring power was in turn replaced by the US, an air faring imperialist power.


Resources on Atlantis

1.
Survivors of Atlantis: Their Impact on World Culture
Survivors of Atlantis: Their Impact on World Culture

12.600 years ago a great cataclysm struck the world causing an age of chaos. Though much of the ancient civilization went under the waves, some managed to escape to various parts of the world to start civilization anew. This resource explains how cultures got their ideas and their ability to do the seeming impossible.

 
2.
Atlantis Encyclopedia
Atlantis Encyclopedia

Everything that one would care to know about Atlantis is covered in this encyclopedia on the subject by subject and topic. This could serve as a good guide for other works that concentrate on specific issues.

 
3.
Edgar Cayce on Atlantis (Edgar Cayce Series)
Edgar Cayce on Atlantis (Edgar Cayce Series)

Edgar Cayce, known as the sleeping prophet, commented a lot on Atlantis and how that civilization impacted every following civilization in the post flood world. There is also plenty of commentary on why Atlantis met its demise.

 
4.
Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2-Disc Collector's Edition)
Atlantis: The Lost Empire (2-Disc Collector's Edition)

Since the time of Plato, to the 19th century investigation of Donelly to the modern era, this DVD set explores many of the contemporary ideas surrounding the myths and archeological research about Atlantis. The set covers the history, the locations, the causes of the downfall and the influences passed on.

 
5.
The Destruction of Atlantis: Compelling Evidence of the Sudden Fall of the Legendary Civilization
The Destruction of Atlantis: Compelling Evidence of the Sudden Fall of the Legendary Civilization

12,600 years ago, a huge earth change resulted in the loss of Atlantis. According to the legend that is now very much substantiated, there was increased volcanism and a global ice meltdown that inundated the ancient sea faring civilization. The change according to myth occurred in a single day and some of our modern experiences suggest that this is possible.

 
6.
Ancient Mysteries - Atlantis: The Lost Civilization
Ancient Mysteries - Atlantis: The Lost Civilization

A$E is renowned for their investigations into any topic of interest. This investigation into the mystery of Atlantis and possible explanations as to its actual location are covered in this DVD. Given the confusions that often arise through history, it is entirely possible that what is disclosed here has some truth.

 
7.
Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea: A Story of Underwater Archaeology
Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea: A Story of Underwater Archaeology

Not content with pat answers, some under water explorers have discovered many once inhabited underwater human habitations. Among them are remains of man made structures that are clearly more than 12,000 years old. This should rewrite the texts on history of civilization.

 
8.
Underwater Archaeology: The NAS Guide to Principles and Practice
Underwater Archaeology: The NAS Guide to Principles and Practice

This is the guide for the proper principles of underwater archeology so that when you find something of importance, you will know how to mark the location, properly handle the find, and document your findings.

 

More by this Author

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    Accumulating evidence points to a high maritime civilization some 12,600 years ago. Then a sudden disaster struck that left its mark around the world and became the substance of myth. There was a sudden ice age...

  • The Mysterious Toltec
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    This mysterious, little known MEsoamerican civilization left its share of monuments over a small territory. Yet, it is believed that they were one of the two influences of the incredible Maya as well as the Aztec.

  • The French Revolution, Locke and Rousseau
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    The French Revolution was a seminal moment in European history that had wide felt impact. The revolution had its inspiration by way of Rousseau and Locke, two prominent philosophers of the era.


Comments 10 comments

christopheranton profile image

christopheranton 6 years ago from Gillingham Kent. United Kingdom

Thank you for one of the best and most comprehensive accounts of the Atlantean theories that I have ever read. You bring all the evidence together in a way that makes perfect sense. And it is really well written as well.


Robwrite profile image

Robwrite 6 years ago from Bay Ridge Brooklyn NY

Ah, Atlantis. One of the great mysteries--or is it myths--of history. It's been mentioned so often in literature that it's become as much a part of our culture as civilizations which we know existed, like the Aztecs and the Mayans. Even if Atlantis didn't exist, people will never stop speculating about it.


syzygyastro profile image

syzygyastro 6 years ago from Vancouver, Canada Author

The earth is littered with the remnants of ruined and lost civilizations, one according to a source, is in middle Africa and dates to between 100,000 to 200,000 years ago. Everywhere we care to look, above and below the sea, we see the ruins of ancient civilizations. Can we safely say that we are immune from a collapse? The more we probe into myth and legend, the more we discover the truth of ancient tales. Troy was one just a legend until the actual site was uncovered. The same goes for Sodom and Gomorrah, which were also uncovered. There are now some 500 underwater sites all around the planet that have been discovered. As to the location of a once mighty power? I would say that it was a world wide imperialist power, much like Britain in the past when it ruled the waves and "the sun never set on the empire". Today it is the US that projects world power, but for how much longer.


motricio profile image

motricio 6 years ago from Bogota DC, Colombia

In this times, humans have been condemned to keep their eyes looking down, we have forgot how our lives can be affected by cosmic events and Universe's movement.

When we are on any vehicle, all its surroundings can affect the trip. Earth is just a vessel, sooner or later we'll need to find another one.

Egypt is my fascination, and so Atlantis. We have seen how Humans have had outstanding "Jumps" on technology advance, and yet we believe our primitive brains that most of people use to think about money and sex (Including me some times) can have the spark.

We can't ignore the fact that Mayans show to us from past their Cosmic Calendar, which is a countdown.

No one has been able to explain the final propose of Giza's Pyramid, and more over can be seen from many points of view (Architect, Engineer).

In my personal, Atlantis is not a myth.

As a matter of facts, myths are unreal narrations that we humans invented to recreate events and actors that we can't explain for sure, in that time age using imagination to express it.


syzygyastro profile image

syzygyastro 6 years ago from Vancouver, Canada Author

Legends written of told father to son in the form of poetry were the easiest to remember and especially so set to music and drumming. I have recently learned first hand just how powerful a draw music is. A very close friend and I both love music and took a boom box and ipod down to the beach. Well in short order, we had attracted a crowd of all ages and comments from passers by. Even toddlers got into the rhythm and started to dance in time in some cases. Evidently it's hard wired into us and we all respond to rhythm and so poetry and music turns out to be the way that information can be transmitted from generation to generation with little change. It takes a genius poet and songwriter to be able to do this and this is where scriptures and myths get their start. They are inspired by real events that are then commented on like news. There is one difference, the daily news is never done in poetry and set to music.


Sharin Griffin 6 years ago

Wonderfully written and intriguing. I have been a fan of Atlantis for as long as I can remember and fully believe we have found it, although we may not realize this fact just yet. Although presented as pure fiction by many, one must understand, behind every story is a bit of truth. Kudos on your eye for detail and research as well as your well planned outlining of pertinent events. I loved this piece and will be reading much more of your work.


syzygyastro profile image

syzygyastro 6 years ago from Vancouver, Canada Author

Every story and myth hides some reality. For instance, the Bible names many places as do Greek myths. Archeologists have since uncovered many sites based on information in these sources as well as others. Many of these places were thought to be pure fantasy until solid evidence was found. A good example is the spring of water coming from a rock in the Sinai desert described in the Exodus during the 40 years wandering in the wilderness. This location has been found and proof of water in the past exists. A host of cities and locations have been found to such an extent that the Bible is now being used as a guide to find more. This being true in this case and also in Greek sources, we will also eventually wake up to the truth of Atlantis described there and in Egyptian accounts.


richangel11 profile image

richangel11 5 years ago

It's nice to know more about atlantis.


Multiman 5 years ago

Good article!


lone77star profile image

lone77star 5 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

Interesting stuff. Thanks for sharing.

The Sahara was green during two periods in the past few thousand years, but these were long after the date Atlantis had subsided (9600 BC). The greatest of these peaked about 7100 BC. The second, lesser greening peaked about 4100 BC. By 3500 BC, the Sahara had returned to a desiccated wasteland. During those periods of wetness, Lake Chad (south central Sahara) was far larger and far deeper. Do you have data which shows of an earlier greening?

And I've found proof of an Atlantis-like event right when Plato said the island submerged. I cover this in one of my own Atlantis hubs.

Two of my favorite Atlantis websites are at

http://www.MissionAtlantis.com

http://www.AtlantisQuest.com

These possess a great deal more evidence suggesting the past reality of Plato's lost island.

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