The Menstrual Cycle

The Menstrual Cycle

Every month each of the ovaries releases a matured egg cell. It takes 14 days for the egg to mature. This process is called ovulation. The membrane or follicle surrounding the egg bursts and the mature egg is released from the ovary.  The egg travels through the fallopian tube. Meanwhile , the inner living of the uterus thickens due to the enriched blood supply that is reserved for the development of a zygote.


Menstruation starts from ages 12 to 14. The average interval between menstrual periods differ. The average menstrual period is 28 days. This is called menstrual cycle. If the egg cell is not fertilized by a sperm cell, the unfertilized egg is discharged together with the enriched blood supply stood in the inner living of the uterus. The blood flow is now called menstruation or monthly period. The menstruation or monthly period may last from 3 to 7 days. Then the whole process begins again.

Some physical discomforts such as nervousness and pain in the chest may be experienced during or before the start of menstruation. If such conditions will continue or intensify, then it would be advisable to consult a physician.

During menstruation, the girl must observe personal hygiene because her body resistance becomes lower.

These personal hygiene are:

1.       Take a quick shower

2.       Drink plenty of water

3.       Have enough rest and sleep

4.       Avoid taking unprescribed medicine

5.       Eat nutritious food

6.       Avoid strenuous exercise

7.       Use sanitary napkin

8.       For menstrual cramps, use pain relievers.

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