Spaceport America Hosts Private Passengers And Student Rocket Propulsion Group

Spaceport America

Gateway to Space Terminal at Spaceport America
Gateway to Space Terminal at Spaceport America | Source

Spaceport America

MS. Christine Anderson is the talented CEO of Spaceport America in New Mexico.

Student Rocket Propulsion Lab A Success!

NASA is not the only organization to have a Rocket Propulsion Lab.

In New Mexico during April 2016, Spaceport America became home to the University of Southern California’s Rocket Propulsion Lab. On the last day of that month, students launched the Fathom, their own rocket, in a successful mission.

The lab came from the Department of Astronautical Engineering in the Viterbi School of Engineering and the students were excited to travel to Spaceport America. Founded in 2004, group members are becoming masters of mechanical fabrication, rocket machining and welding, and rocketry navigation.

After graduation, they will work at Spaceport America for companies like Virgin Galactic and for SpaceX and Planetary Resources.

See the Fathom on film at Spaceport America Periscope. The next mission will aim to reach and surpass the initial altitude goal.

Spaceport America Project

New Mexico's "Spaceport America Experience" opened to the public on June 24, 2015 with the first extended tour with exhibits for visitors of a spaceport besides the Kennedy Space Center near Orlando, on the Florida Space Coast. The New Mexico tour at the home of Virgin Galactic space businesses that include the Gateway Gallery within the Gateway to Space terminal. You can ride the G-Shock Simulator, play aerospace game kiosks, and many other incredible features.

Virgin Galactic Gateway to Space

A markerSpaceport America -
Spaceport, Co Road Ao21, New Mexico 87901, USA
[get directions]

To the Moon In Early 2013; Teleportation; Warp Speed

By Summer 2015, North America supported 14 spaceports, with one in Canada and the remaining dozen+ in the USA. The newest is Spaceport Colorado, developed form an airport.

These aerospace transportation ports are real and they are not all government operated.

With the emergence of the NASA Commercial Crew around 2011 with a starting 63 private aerospace companies, the US Space Program took a decided turn for the private sector. The space program goes on with or without government funding.

At the same time, NASA scientists at the John Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio and elsewhere are researching and testing modes of teleportation and surpassing the speed of light. As of mid-2014, we have found that photons (units of light) can be teleported farther than in the first instance performed in New Mexico in 1996, but ttat if we try with an animal, the experience will hurt a lot. Dr. McCoy on Star Trek® had good reason to dislike the teleporter - we find that after a copy of the object to teleport is made for send-off, then the original is destroyed. This will not do.

As for breaking the speed of light, we have a wait-and-see situation. Some scientists think tat the speed of light is not a constant, but can increase in deep space. Progress will be complex and interesting.

Hiring Space Pilots!

Space Pilots Needed 2015 - 2050 AD

As aerospace business gains traction and developed new jobs exponentially, increasing numbers of space pilots - especially space taxi pilots for ISS, the Moon, the nearest asteroid belt, and Mars are required.

Planetary Resources is a company that is accepting applications for internship and career positions in aerospace exploration, public access space telescope projects, asteroid mining and water extraction, spaceport construction on the moon, and future projects. This is an exciting time to live!

Virgin Galactic Gets OK for Commercial Flights

This private aerospace company of Sir Richard Branson, Aabar InvestmentsPJS, and Spaceport America alerted the public in late May 2014 that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) agreed officially to permit commercial flights for their SpaceShipTwo.

This is a historic agreement that will likely be framed and mounted in the spaceport. Soon, routine space missions out of Spaceport America will be integrated into the National Airspace System.The Wright Brothers may not have envisioned this in 1903, but the agreement comes only 111 years after they made the airplane a part of worldwide transportation. We have Henry Ford to thank for the first commercial airport a few years later, located near Detroit. Now we have spaceports.

Airplanes and spacecraft will be flying in some of the same air space soon, keeping air traffic controllers busy.

Commercial Space Flight Ready; Humans Need Adjustment

From before 2011, NASA's Commercial Crew began building replacements of various kinds for the US Space Shuttles after the last shuttle launch. They also began work on robot lunar landers and habitats for dwelling on the moon and in the furture, Mars..

Previously begun ventures by Google were set to launch robot landers to the moon in early 2013, two years ahead of scheduled target date in 2015. In addition, Google joined with James Cameron and other investors to begin near-Earth orbit asteroid mining and the protection of eart5h against large asteroid impact.

In late 2012 we heard that US astronaut, Scott Kelly, and a Russian cosmonaut counterpart, Mikhail Kornienko, were set to be shuttled to the ISS to complete an entire year in space in 2015. They made it all the way through the beginning of March 2016!

In 2014, their training for the long space mission was almost complete and they were looking forward to the experience:

  • As of 2015, one year is the longest period of any long-term living arrangement attempted in space by an American.
  • The former records was established in December 2012, with a successful six months at the International Space Station..
  • The one-year mission will test the ability of the human body to withstand long-term space living. One item of interest is that of finding a possible solution to the problem of the human heart losing enough muscle in space, despite long periods of daily cardiovascular exercise, to become a small sphere. Another item is the problem of the loss of bone and other muscle mass and teeth.

Can We Dream In Space?

America first heard about such long-term space travel situtations when Walt Disney released space exploration episodes of his Sunday Night TV series in the 1960s.

Astronaut candidates and others who are now called pillownauts for their sleep and long-term bed stay partication in NASA studies, underwent sensory deprivation and sleep deprivation akin to that which might be experienced in outer space.

Many of these were illustrated on the Disney shows. These and more have been explored in the excellent Red Mars trilogy of Martian colonization sci-fi books. Kelly and Kornienki will see what really happens. Speculation exists that after many months in space, the human body is unable to sleep - what effects will this have on the brain, considering the body rejuvenates and even heals most duing sleep and specially REM Sleep? Astronaut related studies in the 1950s and 1960s showed hallucinations evident after 3 days lacking sleep. What will really occur "out there"?

All of these events and more combine to comprise a need for spaceports in North America. We have them and they are ready for business. Spaceport America began guided tours in 2011 - 2012 and tenants began coming on board.

New Dreams

This is an exciting time, because even though the magic and romantic imagination of humanoids on Luna and Mars in science fiction literature was dispelled by actual exploration, we now have actual spaceports that will launch us to see what is really there and what can be built. We will have new architecture, new cultures, and new governments according to the Red Mars trilogy.

Author Kim Stanley Robinson has won the Hugo, Nebula, and Locus Awards:

Winning a Ticket for a Space Trip

In 2014, the Urgency Network began a fundraising program for non-profit organizations called Ticket to Rise in order to enable someone to win a trip to outer space. Their website posted this blurb:

"You'll travel to the edge of space on the XCOR Lynx Mark II spacecraft, reaching an altitude of 100 km (338,000 feet)."

At this time, purchasing a ticket with XCOR costs $95,000 to $100,000.

See the XCOR Space Expedition Corporation website for details: spacexc.com/en/home/

This is not the same as SpaceX, who provided the first manned craft to the ISS after the space shuttle program retired.

Dreams of space stations in the sky.
Dreams of space stations in the sky. | Source

Requirements For the Tickets to Space Contest

Requirements at XCOR are that all ticket holders by at least 18 years old.

They must be at or below 2 meters in height (6.56 feet or about 6' 5.5").

They must weigh no no more than 275.5 pounds in order to travel to the distances advertised: 61km and 103km.

First flights began at the end of 2014.

Imagined Lunar mining facility.
Imagined Lunar mining facility. | Source

Spaceports In Eastern North America

Eastern Spaceports

show route and directions
A markerFort Churchill, Canada -
Fort Churchill, MB, Canada
[get directions]

Some initial work was done here for aviation and aerospace efforts, but it is undecided whether Fort Churchilll will further develop into a spaceport.

B markerNASA Cape Kennedy -
Nasa Parkway East, FL, USA
[get directions]

C markerNASA Wallops -
NASA Wallops Flight Facility (WAL), Wallops Island, VA 23337, USA
[get directions]

D markerDOD Cape Canaveral -
Cape Canaveral, FL, USA
[get directions]

E markerCecil Airport, Jacksonville -
Cecil Airport, 13365 Aeronautical Circle, Jacksonville, FL 32221, USA
[get directions]

F markerMid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport -
Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, Virginia, USA
[get directions]

Private Flights In 2013 And Beyond

The United States supports the development of 12 spaceports for government, commercial, and passenger transportation to outer space.

Spaceport America has, by the end of 2012, already sold 520 tickets at $200,000 each to private passengers to fly into space in late 2013 and in the future.

The spaceport includes a 10,000-foot runway, vertical lift pads, and several other facilities. Aerospace companies that have already used the two-mile long runway include:

  • Boeing,
  • Lockheed Martin,
  • UP Aerospace,
  • Virgin Galactic (the anchor tenant), and
  • Armadillo Aerospace.

Spaceport America is huge overall, located near the White Sands Missile Site as well as the Trinity Site where the first atomic bomb was launched for testing. Spaceport America plans to be more positive.

Spaceport America Region, New Mexico

show route and directions
A markerSpaceport America NM -
KRWG, 1600 Stewart Street, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
[get directions]

B markerWhite Sands NM -
White Sands, NM, USA
[get directions]

Missile testing range.

C markerLos Alamos National Lab -
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87544, USA
[get directions]

Site of the first atomic bomb discharge, along with Trinity Site.

D markerThe Black Hole, 4015 Arkansas, Los Alamos NM -
4015 Arkansas Avenue, Santa Fe National Forest, Los Alamos, NM 87544, USA
[get directions]

MIlitary surplus store for surplus from Los Alamos National Laboratory.

E markerRoswell NM -
Roswell, NM, USA
[get directions]

Site of one of two UFO landings on the same date in July 1947. See links below.

Virginia Spaceport

Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport on Wallops Island, Virginia is surrounded by a wildlife refuge.

Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport

A markerBldg. N-134, Wallops Island, VA 23337 -
Wallops Island, VA 23337, USA
[get directions]

MARS headquarters office.

MARS Delivers to ISS

  • The Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) is housed on the NASA Wallops Island Flight Facility. Rocket launching is already underway via Orbital Sciences Corporation and its Antareslaunch vehicle and Cygnus cargo logistics spacecraft that is dedicated to delivering supplies and other carfgo to the International Space Station (ISS).
  • After Cape Kenney and Cape Canaveral in Florida, MARS is the next most developed spaceport in the US, although Spaceport America is dedicated more at this date to commericla passengers.

Alaska Spaceport

The point of fastest time to the ISS. the Moon, and Mars from America is in Alaska.

Faster Space Travel

If we launched our spacecraft from the Alaskan spaceport at Kodiak Island in the Pacific Launch Complex, we could arrive at the ISS as quickly as the Russians can take us from their launch site at the same latitude - about 6 hours. The launch site is privately owned.

Pacific Spaceport Complex, Kodiak Alaska

A markerNarrow Cape, Kodiak Island, Alaska -
Narrow Cape, Alaska 99615, USA
[get directions]

Spaceports In Western North America

Western Spaceports

show route and directions
A markerOklahoma Spaceport, Burns Flat, Oklahoma -
Clinton-Sherman Airport (CSM), 2nd Street, Burns Flat, OK 73624, USA
[get directions]

B markerSpaceport America, New Mexico -
KRWG, 1600 Stewart Street, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
[get directions]

C markerGreater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport (a public spaceport) -
Greater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport, Green River, WY 82935, USA
[get directions]

D markerKodiak Launch Complex, Kodiak Island -
Kodiak Island, Alaska, USA
[get directions]

KLC is the nation’s only high latitude full service spaceport.Sub-orbital and orbital space launch vehicles owned/operated by Alaska Aerospace Corp.

E markerCorn Ranch, Van Horn TX -
Van Horn, TX, USA
[get directions]

Aerospace company Blue Origin is testing spacecraft here.

F markerDOD Vandenberg AFB -
Vandenberg AFB, CA, USA
[get directions]

The California Spaceport®

G markerMojave Air and Space Port -
Mojave Air & Space Port (MHV), 1434 Flight Line, Mojave, CA 93501, USA
[get directions]

This spaceport probably hosts the most tenants (aerospace industries) and houses the largest Test Pilot School in the world.

H markerBrownsville TX -
Brownsville, TX, USA
[get directions]

Under Construction, owned by SpaceX

A Spaceport In Wyoming

  • Greater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport is a small airfield in Wyoming and has a single runway a little over a mile long. It may be developed into a larger spaceport in the future, although the name began as a local joke.

Highlight: Green River Intergalactic Spaceport (48U) - Wyoming

Greater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport

A markerGreater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport -
Greater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport, Airport Road, Green River, WY 82935, USA
[get directions]

New American Ports

  • National Front Range Airport will soon become home to Spaceport Colorado in the 2010s.
  • Spaceport certification is sought for suborbital tourism, travel, and cargo transport from one point to another on Earth.Some initital anchor aerospace companies were lost to Texas because of higher business incentives offered in that state.

Spaceport Colorado; Formerly the Front Range Airport

A markerSpaceport Colorado; Front Range Airport -
Front Range Airport, 5200 Front Range Parkway, Watkins, CO 80137, USA
[get directions]

Colorado Spaceport

Front Range Mountains near the new spaceport in Colorado.
Front Range Mountains near the new spaceport in Colorado. | Source

© 2012 Patty Inglish

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Comments 10 comments

pramodgokhale profile image

pramodgokhale 3 years ago from Pune( India)

It is very interesting hub, Innovative Americans do not wait for government help but start their own whether Space exploration and non conventional energy or green technologies. I appreciate their inventive attitude and achievements.

This will help global community and future space industries may thrive.

Building of space ports is really a beginning of future space advances and emergence of new technologies spin-offs

Great job is in making.

pramod gokhale


ajwrites57 profile image

ajwrites57 3 years ago from Pennsylvania

Patty--very interesting Hub! I, too, am fascinated by the subjects of private space flight, asteroid and lunar mining, and these many spaceports. I hadn't realized there were so many! Sounds like we are getting ready for visitors?!?! I have the Mars books on my shelf to read--might start soon. As far as sleeping in space, what has been the experience of those on the space station--some are there for many months? Anyway--thanks for the Hub!


grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 3 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

I am so glad you made me aware of all these spaceports. I had no idea so many had been started already. I truly believe the way to advance is to reach for the stars and beyond. Very interesting reading.

Voted Up, Awesome and Interesting.


drbj profile image

drbj 3 years ago from south Florida

It's almost beyond imagination to me, Patty, that what is thrilling speculation today about future space flights (as soon as 2013) may soon become commonplace. If you have 200 grand that is. Thanks for this fascinating spaceport update.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 3 years ago from malang-indonesia

Very interesting hub. I had never heard about this. Thanks for writing and share with us. Marry Christmas, Patty.

Best wishes, Prasetio


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 3 years ago from North America Author

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to Everyone!

We may be readying ourselves to do business in mining and related industires, rather than to meet extratrrestrials! Aerospace and mining companies seem very eager to bring back resources from space and to build habitats on the Moon in just a couple of years. One company is already manufacturing modular living and work spaces and reminds me of several science fiction novels.

About sleep - I've not heard a thing about sleeping in space for up to six months, but do know that a low-frequency vibrating pad underneath the sleeping bag hunk on the bulkhead helps to maintain some bine density. Some speculation is that after a year or more in space, the ability to sleep may be affected - we won't know for sue until people stay up there for that time.

$200,000 still sounds like a lot of money for a rather short trip, but let'd see what happens? Maybe the USAF will recruit citizen payload specialists to fly for free and do short experiements - maybe they'll even offer a salary., as did the past Teacher In Space Program.

Safety and fun to all those who go up!


jainismus profile image

jainismus 3 years ago from Pune, India

Interesting.....

It will be another small step of mankind in the space.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 3 years ago from North America Author

I'm looking forward to every one of them! Yahnks, jainismus!


Au fait profile image

Au fait 3 years ago from North Texas

Never thought about sleep being a problem in space more than people seem to have here on this planet! Interesting that there are already so many space stations here in the U.S., too!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 3 years ago from North America Author

Au fait - It will be interesting to see whether the astronauts that stay up on the ISS a full year experience any sleep difficulties. Right now, the press is making a big deal about how space and lack of gravity cause the vertebrae of the spine to separate a little - that's great for some cases of back pain, but NASA learned in the 1950s to make space suits a little longer in the torso to allow for that - now its big news. LOL Thanks for posting!

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