How Do I Get EFL Teaching Jobs in Thailand?
EFL Students in a Sixth Grade School Classroom
EFL Teaching Jobs in Thailand
Getting EFL teaching jobs in Thailand is easier than you think. With the explosion of English Programs as language immersions in an increasing number of schools across the country, there are jobs for just about any western or non-western English speaking foreigner who wants to teach. This hub first discusses the EFL teaching environment in Thailand, and then it has six tips for securing a teaching position.
Popularity of English in Thailand
English has increasingly become more important as a language worth learning and as a means of instruction in Thailand classrooms since 2005. Not only are professional people and college students studying this language, but also you can find English taught starting from kindergarten in all schools across Thailand. Businessmen, engineers, and other professional career people take IELTS and GRE courses at many private language schools in preparation for going abroad. All colleges also teach many course disciplines in English.
In addition to this, students in kindergarten are exposed to English for the first time by foreign teachers. By first grade, many students are also receiving instruction in all core subjects such as math, science, and health education in English from western English speaking teachers in the recently established English Programs at schools.
Getting an EFL Teaching Job in Thailand
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Teaching ESL in Thailand
EFL Teaching Environment in Thailand
Western foreigners coming over to Thailand can expect to find employment in one of the five types of schools: private internationally accredited grade and high schools; Thai - international private non-accredited grade and high schools; Thai government non-accredited grade and high schools; private language schools; and private colleges and universities.
1. Private Internationally Accredited Grade and High Schools
Positions at private internationally accredited grade and high schools are most desired by foreign teachers. Teaching positions in such schools as the International School Bangkok (ISB), American School of Bangkok, and Bangkok Patana School pay an average monthly salary of 4,000 U.S. dollars (144,000 Thai baht) along with generous housing allowances and other benefits. To be qualified for work in these schools, a teacher must have at least a Bachelors Degree in Education, teacher's certification from a western country, and prior teaching experience. Students attending these internationally accredited schools include the children of foreign diplomats and businessmen. Thai nationals who can pass the schools' entrance exams and afford the high tuition can also attend. The primary language of instruction and for school affairs is English.
2. Thai - International Private Non-accredited Grade and High Schools
A step down from the internationally accredited schools are the Thai - international private non-accredited grade and high schools. Some of these schools are run by Christian churches and they include such institutions as Assumption Convent and Sarasas Ektra. Unlike internationally accredited schools, the primary language of instruction for students and school affairs is in Thai. Schools do have English Programs beginning with grade one in which students receive English instruction from foreign teachers in English, math, science, and health education. Students in higher grades also receive English instruction in social studies. Western foreign teachers employed at these schools receive average monthly salaries in the range of $1,500-$2,500 (45,000-77,000 Thai baht) with paid holidays and other benefits. To be qualified for work in these schools, a western foreign teacher must have at least a Bachelors Degree in any field with preference for a degree in Education. If qualified applicants pass a teaching demo, they are usually hired on a three month probationary period. The majority of the students enrolled in these schools are Thai nationals who can pass the entrance tests and afford paying the tuition. A few students of mixed nationality also attend.
3. Thai Government Non-Accredited Grade and High Schools
Thai government non-accredited grade and high schools are public institutions which all students may attend. Although the primary language of instruction is in Thai, students also can take English classes beginning in the elementary grades. An increasing number of government schools have also set up English Programs in recent years. Many schools, however, still hire western foreign teachers only to teach English conversation classes. The facilities of these schools are often inferior to those of private schools. Class sizes in the range of 50-60 are very often much higher than those in private schools. To work in the government school, western teachers should have a degree; however, many get a teaching position with only a Teaching of English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) certificate. Pay at these schools varies in the range of $1,000-$1,500 (30,000-45,000 Thai baht) per month with paid holidays and some benefits.
4. Private Language Schools
If one doesn't like teaching young people, there are numerous private language schools in Thailand. These schools usually offer advanced English instruction to adults who are interested in travelling, studying, or working abroad. Many of the schools will advertise small group special IELTS or GRE test preparation classes, and also have individual tutorials set up according to the needs of students. To work in these schools, a teacher should theoretically have a degree; however, many western teachers who put on a good teaching demo are hired with only a high school diploma. Teachers usually work part-time at these schools in the evenings and on weekends. The pay is usually $10-$15 (300-450 Thai baht) per hour. Many young back-packers pick up extra coin by working at private language schools.
5. Private Colleges and Universities
Finally, there are a few western teachers who find positions as English teachers at Thai colleges and universities. Western teachers are expected to have a college degree; however, degrees in education aren't necessary or desired as they are in internationally accredited schools and Thai - international private schools. Pay at these colleges and universities is lower than what teachers receive at government and private schools. It usually averages no more than $1,000 (30,000 Thai baht) per month.
Getting a Teaching Job in Thailand
Tips for Getting an EFL or ESL Teaching Job
Based on my personal experiences, there are basically six ways of securing an EFL or ESL teaching job in Thailand. Each one will be explained along with its advantages and disadvantages. They are as follows:
1. Getting a Teaching Position After Obtaining a TEFL or TESOL Certificate
This seems to be the most popular method for westerners who have never taught English before and are coming to Thailand for the first time. TEFL and TESOL (Teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages) certificates are awarded after a candidate western teacher successfully completes usually a four week 160 hour course in how to teach English as a foreign language. These classes are taught both inside and outside of Thailand.
The advantages of taking these classes are: one, they give you the basic mechanics of how to teach foreign learners; and two, if you teach a TEFL course in Thailand, the business operating the TEFL class will many times help you find your first teaching job here. The disadvantages are: one, the classes are expensive; and two, they really aren't necessary to get a teaching position in many schools.
2. Hire an Agent to Assist You in Getting a Job While Inside or Outside of Thailand
Working through an agent seems to be the second most popular way for newcomers to Thailand to get a teaching job. The agents who operate in large agencies or who freelance are essentially middle-men and middle-women who find fits for western foreigners in both government and private schools.
The advantages of hiring an agent are: one, through their network of contacts, they can chauffeur you around and find that job you want very quickly; and two, they save the applicant the time and trouble of searching for a job for the first time in a strange country. The disadvantages are: one, agents often make you sign a one year contract and take a very high commission for their services. For many new teachers, a school will pay the agent 47,000 Thai baht each month for the teacher's services. Because the teacher now works for the agent and not the school, some agents will keep 17,000 of the 47,000 baht, and give the teacher only 30,000 Thai baht; two, when a teacher works for an agent, the agent will not pay the teacher for vacation time between semesters or school years; and three, many agents are dishonest in their dealings with teachers, especially the ones they recruit from outside of Thailand.
3. Getting a Position Through a Popular Teacher Forum Website in Thailand
Many new westerners in Thailand find jobs through the assistance of a popular teacher forum website called www.ajarn.com . This popular website is open for free membership to all. Most of the members of this website are EFL and ESL teachers presently living and working in Thailand, and those westerners who have previously taught in Thailand.
By being a member of ajarn, one has the following advantages: one, you can post a resume on the website; two, you have access to jobs listings which you can read and apply for teaching positions in Thailand advertised by schools and agencies; and three, you can read about the lives of western foreign teachers in Thailand. The disadvantages are that there are some forum members who post negative and distasteful threads.
4. Prepare a Resume And Apply For a Teaching Job By Yourself
This method of applying for a job is more popular among the people who have been living in Thailand for a while. After preparing a resume and supporting documents such as degrees, transcripts, and criminal background checks, an applicant will first identify schools having a potential to hire, and then visit them requesting a job. The best time to do this is during the second half of April and first part of May before the new Thai school year begins during the second half of May. The advantages of this method are: one, the job applicant is not tied up with an agent in a one year contract; and two, the foreigner will make more money. The disadvantages are: one, it is very time consuming; and two, it is difficult for a person new to Thailand who can't speak or read the Thai language.
5. Use Your Networking Skills
This is basically getting a job by being introduced to one by relatives, neighbors, friends, or friends of friends. The advantages of this method are: one, it saves you time in searching for a job; and two, it will give you an advantage when applying against other applicants. The only disadvantage might be that you will be indebted to the person who helped you get the job.
6. Attend Job Fairs
Every January internationally accredited schools in Southeast Asia will hold job fairs in Bangkok. Interested applicants should attend these to get leads for positions in international schools not only in Thailand, but also for schools in neighboring countries like Burma, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia.
The teaching of English as a foreign language will continue to become increasingly important as Thailand completes its transformation into a completely developed ASEAN member country. In the future there will be numerous English language teaching positions for western foreigners. These jobs should be easy to find for the informed, daring westerner who isn't afraid to roll the dice.
Hubs Related to Teaching English in Thailand
- Who Are the Foreign English Language Teachers in Thailand?
The foreign English language teachers in Thailand are a blend of young and old male and female mostly from western countries. This hub examines the foreign English language teachers in Thailand.
- Surviving as a New Foreign English Teacher in Thailand
English teaching in Thailand is much different from that of western countries. Based on my seven years of teaching in Bangkok, learn how to survive as a new foreign English teacher in Thailand.
- Teaching English in Thailand Schools: The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly
Teaching EFL in Thailand is a lot different from my previous experiences of teaching EFL and ESL in Taiwan and the United States. Read about the good, the bad, and the ugly of teaching in Thailand.
© 2012 Paul Richard Kuehn
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