Types Of Forests

Piece of land that is thickly covered with trees is the general of definition of a forest. Forest is also known as woods, weald or woodlands. Forests cover approximately 30% of land and 9.4% of all the planet earth.

They are also responsible for regulating our planet's climate and act as large purifiers of airs, by absorbing carbon dioxide, and giving out oxygen. 

Types of forests are classified differently from one and another depending upon the species developed with the age of forests, soil found in those forests, the density of trees and history of the geological region. So forests are divided into following main types:

  • Tropical forest
  • Sub tropical forest
  • Plantations
  • Boreal Forest
  • Temperate forest
  • Seasonal or monsoon forest

Tropical Forest and Subtropical Forests

Tropical and subtropical forests, also known as rainforests or tropical rainforests, are lavish and ample forests with broad leave tree.

They are mostly found at lowlands near the equator. These forests are evergreen forests and remain the some throughout the year. These forests form a dense and thick upper layer of foliage (canopy). Tropical forests are of vegetations type, and are home to more than half of the species of animals and plants dwelling on the earth. 

Tea Plantation
Tea Plantation

Tropical forests or rainforests are one of the oldest types of vegetation forests that still exist on the earth. These forests have an ability of absorb a large quality of carbon dioxide and are providing a bulk quantity of oxygen to humans for ages. On a rough scale, almost 50% forests of the world are tropical and subtropical in nature.

Mangrove Forests are also comes under tropical forests and subtropical forests. These forests are poor-species forest, unlike tropical and subtropical forests but subjugated by evergreen trees. Trees here are mostly angiosperm tree that could bear flooded soils and excessive land salts. 


Plantation can also be classified as type of forest. Plantation is actually a large farm, piece of land or estate that is use for cultivation. Plantation is usually adopted in tropical and subtropical regions.

In these farms and lands cultivation of different crops is done on a large scale for international or distant markets rather than for local or domestic consumption. These crops include rubber seeds, oil seeds, sugar cane, cotton, tobacco, coffee and sisal. Plantation done for industrial purpose is called forestry. It is it done to get larger amount of wood in a shorter span of time. 

Boreal Forest
Boreal Forest

Boreal Forest

Boreal forests are also known by name Taiga. The word ‘Boreal’ means northern, these forests are occupying about 17% of the land.

This type of forest can be easily found on latitude 50 to 60. Temperature in these forests is usually low, as the canopy allows very low sunlight to penetrate.

Low penetration of light along with low temperature is responsible for limited under story. Soil of these forests is poor- nutrient and thin. Trees like pine, spruce and fir are most likely to be found in these forests which are cold-tolerant and evergreen in nature.

A number of animal species also found in these forests which includes bears, bats, woodpecker, hawks deer, fox and many other that could tolerate low temperature.

Temperate Forest
Temperate Forest

Temperate Forest

Temperate forests can be found on both hemispheres on latitude approximately 25 to 50 in regions of northeastern Asia, North America, western and central Europe and can be categorized as deciduous as well as evergreen.

The interesting thing about these forests is that they have all four seasons; summers, spring, winter and fall. Soil of these forests is fertile and enriched.

Trees of these forests can be categorized as broad leave trees including those which change their foliage every year like oak, maple, beech, hemlock, cotton wood, elm and many more of same kind. Animal species found in these forests are birds, rabbits, squirrels, wolf, black bear, mountain lion and bob cat.

Monsoon Forest
Monsoon Forest

Monsoon or Seasonal Forest

These forests are also known as dry forests. These forests go through two extreme seasons; the season of heavy rainfall and a long season of complete dryness. Forests of this type can be found in Southeast Asia, West and East Africa, eastern Brazil and northern Australia. 

Trees of these forests include woody vines, orchid and many others like; lianas and herbaceous epiphyte, thick bamboos and tall teak trees. These forests are highly threatened in West Africa (over 90% of forests have been cleaned) and all round the world by cultivation. 

Deforestation Of The Amazon Forest

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Comments 84 comments

trupti 6 years ago

add more information as it would be useful for projects and assignments.

SONU 6 years ago


kgfkgf 6 years ago

what are deciduous and evergreen forests????????

hassam profile image

hassam 6 years ago from Pakistan Author

Check the temperate forests heading.

Rounak 6 years ago

really trees r important

benjoseph 6 years ago

what are deciduous forests???????????????????????

gautham 6 years ago

must be a bit lenthy

karunakaran 6 years ago

deforestation,it,s a social crime

dilip 6 years ago

best best best videos

vinayak 6 years ago

what we do will some day wil return to us so please take some learning and stop this crime

AMALA THOMAS 6 years ago


rinku 6 years ago

These articles are excellent they helped me a lot for my project and they can be easly understood by children and also they tell the use of trees and forests

waniiii 5 years ago

provide total area and species examples in each forest type.......

Dianne Raguini 5 years ago

Evergreen plant is a plant that has leaves in all seasons. This contrasts with deciduous plants, which completely lose their foliage during the winter or dry season.


DECIDUOUS PLANTS MEANS "the dropping of a part that is no longer needed, or falling away after its purpose is finished"


Brea 5 years ago

A deciduous forest is where there are a lot of certain trees and deciduous flooring is instead of grass.An evergreen tree is a tree that in the fall or any other season never changes color.Despite the name EVER-GREEN it is a tree that is well ever-green meaning always green all the year all the time.Foliage is leaves so you know.Hopefully that all helps.I learn this from tv and internet and myself and teachers.I think you people need to go back to school.

dheepika 5 years ago

super article

alok goswami 5 years ago

pls provide more information about types of forests

gayathri.s udt 5 years ago

This will be useful to me to submit my project. It is a nice article.

priyannga.g uuddtt 5 years ago

nice article

apoorva 5 years ago

Give more information less for knowledge gaining though it is nice!!!!

ARPITA 5 years ago

thank it was quietuseful :]

Baby G 5 years ago

555555+ I like it so much and thank very much

dashu 5 years ago

very well compose video.it help to finish my project

jenjen 5 years ago

nice i new it

cena 5 years ago

nice one

sneha 5 years ago


priyanka 5 years ago

save forest save life on earth

Harshitha Narayan 5 years ago

the content n pictures provided s insufficient:(

451 5 years ago

what is a forest

kamran 5 years ago

how r forests formed?

ritika 5 years ago

green forest r beautiful

anjali 5 years ago

nice topic,we can know many things about forest ant its uses

priya 5 years ago

it's nice that people started saving forests.I hope now no one will cut them.

abinaya 5 years ago


priyanka 5 years ago

they can keep list of forests names

Nazima malik 5 years ago

Save forest and save nation's wealth

Hadia. 5 years ago


it really helped me in making my project.....!

jawaria 5 years ago

soooooooooooo!!!!! cool documetery

Hira 5 years ago

the inf. regarding the types of forests should be a bit lengthy!!!

ali 5 years ago

forest is good for life.IN FOREST THERE ARE MANY WILD ANIMALS.

farhad ali 5 years ago

i liked it so much

ankur 5 years ago

it help me in preparing my project

Aiman Zaidi 5 years ago

Nice Documetery........

farhad ali(mkd) dargai meherdi 5 years ago

forest is the basic need of life so save it sincerely

ramneek 5 years ago

very nice

Sparsh 5 years ago

Its good

srinithi 5 years ago

deforestation: we all used to say about deforestation.we say it is like that. it should be banded.severe action must be taken by the govt. etc., etc., but nobody thinking we are govt. we can change it. however at least present and beyond generation must take action and should change deforestation to afforestation. i am the one who gonna be in both present and beyond i hope we all together can change it.

Divyanshhu 5 years ago

Nice!Very informative paragraph.Keep up the good work.:-)

Sajid Sarfaraz Ali Durani 5 years ago

forest is life and happies of life

srinithi 5 years ago

thank you divyanshhu

pritrishna 5 years ago

gud only dat hud b dn thnx

Ruby 5 years ago

The information is precise..but the only lag is the description of the forests!And moreover the information given here is very basic..especially for a student who is pursuing a masters degree in forestry!Hope to have some more information added to it soon!

sana 5 years ago

gud very informative

maha 5 years ago


we must the care of forests

anadi 5 years ago

we should save the environment 2 protect our mother earth

sameer sharma 5 years ago

very nice!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

komal 5 years ago

what is so informational page

neelesh 5 years ago

soooooooooooooooooooo gooooooooooooooooooood

Yash 5 years ago

Very good

k.sai sree ram 5 years ago

by this website we can learn about forest

zainab 5 years ago

many children find about the forest

Harshit 5 years ago

it was very amushing

alice 5 years ago

Quite right

deforestation making life impudent

Trees make a important part of our life

we should are and save it 4 the next generation 2 survive



bharath 5 years ago

very good

iffath 5 years ago

it is helping to improve my knowledge

akshat 5 years ago


jamie22224 5 years ago

plz give me names plz !!!!

meenu 5 years ago

tooooooooooo goooood..........

hunar 5 years ago

great info but little short

wycliff 5 years ago

lets think of others, the futere and the wild animals keep the forests alive.

navjot singh 5 years ago

its lengthy

YASHILA 5 years ago


Ombati Rasugu 5 years ago

forest is part of our life lets unite and keep it save and clean.

Melis Ann profile image

Melis Ann 5 years ago from Mom On A Health Hunt

There is nothing more beautiful than a forest - no matter what type. I recently learned about swamp peat forests in the tropical regions and how they hold an incredible amount of carbon under the surface. Thanks for the great images and descriptions. I would love to some of these places in person.

joseph 5 years ago

which are types of forests

marjan 5 years ago

give an example for all of these forests plzz

k.murugesan 4 years ago

i got a informations.thank you

me 4 years ago

very good and helpful information :)

miss bunnypants 4 years ago

i like forest because they have bunnys in then :)

fred 4 years ago

did you know that forest have trees omg :)

We're 4 years ago

This is a okay website

asghar 4 years ago

it is a good piece of work . it is helpful for me.

nafiya 4 years ago

I think the forest is important to everyone and the animals some of us are distroing the enviroment and the animals home to as I saw that video I cry and all that bushfire are distroing the animals home we need to keep the enviroment clean and save our home

mond 4 years ago

amazing video.................

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