Top 20 Most Oldest Universities of India

It is amazing that some of the universities that still stand tall dates back to nearly two centuries. Imagine so many students and all their families are happy because of these amazing institutions. So many people made a name for themselves because of such universities and their education. Saluting the spirits of such universities this is just a small effort to list the oldest universities of India.

Though this page doesn't include the likes of Nalanda University which happens to be one of the oldest universities of the world; here you'll only find universities that are still in their operations, which apparently Nalanda isn't.

As of writing, in 2014, there are more than 650 universities in India. Universities include state universities, central universities, and deemed universities. Some of the universities in India date back to the British era. Many universities which were started by the British still exist and have continued their operations since then.

It will come as a surprise to many as to the oldest university in India, which is still operational is Senate of Serampore College/University which was established in 1818 and was the first to be granted as the university status in India. Serampore University got the status of a university in 1829.

The table below shows the most oldest universities of India. The criteria for compiling the oldest universities was to select institutions which started its operation as universities or were granted university status. Some institutions which we now recognize them as deemed universities which dates back further to some of the universities listed below is not included in this list. Means deemed universities which is sort of recent phenomenon is not listed in this list.

University of Roorkee which is now known as the IIT Roorkee comes close at the second position. The year 1857 seems to be most fashionable year in pre-independence era to start universities; namely University of Mumbai, Madras, and Calcutta came in to existence.

The state of Uttar pradesh has the most number of mentions in the list with Aligarh Muslim University, Allahabad University, BHU, University of Lucknow, Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, and the CSJ Medical University (formerly known as King George Medical College).

Apart from University of Mumbai, Maharashtra also has Nagpur university which dates back its establishment to 1923. The historically and politically important state of Delhi has two universities in the list namely Jamia Millia Islamia and University of Delhi. Whereas the Bangalore University comes at the ninth position which now has courses of every kind.

List of the 20 most oldest universities of India

Rank
University
Established
Located
1
Senate of Serampore College (University) / University of Calcutta
1818 / 1857
Serampore
2
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
1847
Roorkee
3
University of Mumbai
1857
Mumbai
4
University of Madras
1857
Chennai
5
University of Calcutta
1857
Kolkata
6
Aligarh Muslim University
1875
Aligarh
7
Allahabad University
1875
Allahabad
8
Panjab University, Chandigarh
1882
Chandigarh
9
Bangalore University
1886
Bangalore
10
Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University
1911
Lucknow
11
Banaras Hindu University
1916
Varanasi
12
University of Mysore
1916
Mysore
13
Patna University
1917
Patna
14
Osmania University
1918
Hyderabad
15
Jamia Millia Islamia
1920
New Delhi
16
Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth
1921
Varanasi
17
University of Lucknow
1921
Lucknow
18
University of Delhi
1922
New Delhi
19
Nagpur University
1923
Nagpur
20
Andhra University
1926
Visakhapatnam

So these were the top 20 oldest universities of India. Although the oldest university in the world which is still in its operation is University of Bologna, just for a fact and it was founded in 1088, that's something for a year.

Hope you liked the article and below is the photo gallery of the above universities.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
1) Senate of Serampore College (University) - 18182) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee - 18473) University of Mumbai - 18574) University of Madras - 18575) University of Calcutta - 18576) Aligarh Muslim University - 18757) Allahabad University - 18758) Panjab University, Chandigarh - 18829) Bangalore University - 188610) Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University - 191111) Banaras Hindu University - 191612) University of Mysore - 191613) Patna University - 191714) Osmania University - 191815) Jamia Millia Islamia - 192016) Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth - 192117) University of Lucknow - 1921 18) University of Delhi - 192219) Nagpur University - 192320) Andhra University - 1926
1) Senate of Serampore College (University) - 1818
1) Senate of Serampore College (University) - 1818 | Source
2) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee - 1847
2) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee - 1847 | Source
3) University of Mumbai - 1857
3) University of Mumbai - 1857 | Source
4) University of Madras - 1857
4) University of Madras - 1857 | Source
5) University of Calcutta - 1857
5) University of Calcutta - 1857
6) Aligarh Muslim University - 1875
6) Aligarh Muslim University - 1875 | Source
7) Allahabad University - 1875
7) Allahabad University - 1875 | Source
8) Panjab University, Chandigarh - 1882
8) Panjab University, Chandigarh - 1882 | Source
9) Bangalore University - 1886
9) Bangalore University - 1886 | Source
10) Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University - 1911
10) Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University - 1911 | Source
11) Banaras Hindu University - 1916
11) Banaras Hindu University - 1916 | Source
12) University of Mysore - 1916
12) University of Mysore - 1916 | Source
13) Patna University - 1917
13) Patna University - 1917 | Source
14) Osmania University - 1918
14) Osmania University - 1918
15) Jamia Millia Islamia - 1920
15) Jamia Millia Islamia - 1920 | Source
16) Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth - 1921
16) Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth - 1921 | Source
17) University of Lucknow - 1921
17) University of Lucknow - 1921 | Source
18) University of Delhi - 1922
18) University of Delhi - 1922 | Source
19) Nagpur University - 1923
19) Nagpur University - 1923 | Source
20) Andhra University - 1926
20) Andhra University - 1926 | Source

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Comments 20 comments

9 months ago

Great Information to india


swalia profile image

swalia 12 months ago

Quite interesting and informative hub!


mamta 16 months ago

Thanks for helping in my project...


Avhidipto 21 months ago

Presidency university is the oldest in India and one of the oldest in Asia also .The Calcutta university is the largest multidisciplinary university in Asia...also it has largest research institute also.. centre for research in nanoscience and nanotechnology...chk the website...


Debmalya Dasgupta 23 months ago

@kannan,

Its not my expertise, its my interest.

Don't stop writing.

Thanks.


kannanwrites profile image

kannanwrites 24 months ago from Mumbai Author

@Debmalya Dasgupta This above writeup was indeed about the oldest universities and without any choice I had to include institutes which were given university status later their establishment.

I don't know if universities and related topics are your area of expertise. But anyway thanks for your enriching comment and I must you have a great eye for research.


Debmalya Dasgupta 24 months ago

@kannan,

Good efforts to write something about the oldest educational institutions in India. Thank!

But my first confusion is whether u mean "the oldest institutes in India" or "the oldest universities in India".

If you consider the university, the university of Calcutta (January 1857) would be the oldest one. The second is the university of Bombay and third, the university of Madras.

IIT Roorkey was given university status in 1948. Therefore, it should not be considered as the second oldest university in India. This is the oldest engineering college in India. Bengal Engineering College is being considered as the second oldest engineering college in India.

Senate of Serampore College was established in 1818 by Danish Govt. and continued to give degree in arts and theology from 1827. In this respect, this college may be considered as the first university in India.

If the topic was "the oldest college in India", then undoubtedly Presidency College (1817) would rank the first. It is the oldest college in south Asia. Please remember once it housed even some of the most prestigious institutions of India like the University of Calcutta, Bengal Engineering College and Indian Statistical Institute. The second oldest college is then Serampore College (1818).


kannanwrites profile image

kannanwrites 2 years ago from Mumbai Author

@Subir Happy to receive your comment. Note that Presidency University was given the status of full university only recently in 2010.

Also, Bengal Engineering and Science University was recently indicted in the list as a university.

Hope this clears your doubt about both of the above mentioned ones.


kannanwrites profile image

kannanwrites 2 years ago from Mumbai Author

@Akash Note that Gurukul Kangri University is a deemed university and was given the status much after the above list of varsities.


kannanwrites profile image

kannanwrites 2 years ago from Mumbai Author

@Ankit Please note that IISc Bangalore was given deemed university status in the year 1958 hence it didn't got a mention in the list.


ankit 2 years ago

Why not IISc is in the list formed in 1911.


Subir 2 years ago

Serampur College is a college under Calcutta University, you can see the university website.

The first three universities established in India are Calcutta University, Madras and Bombay. Calcutta University was established on January, 1857. Then in July Bombay University was established and in September Madras University was established. So the rank that you have shown are wrong.

Also you should know about the Presidency University, Kolkata established in 1817, probably the oldest one in India and it is not mentioned in the list.

Also, Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur is not in the list. It was established in 1856. You show work out much before you write in the web..


kannanwrites profile image

kannanwrites 3 years ago from Mumbai Author

@Manjunath Can you please shed some more light on what you want to say?


Manjunath 3 years ago

Simply its not reality


Siva 3 years ago

Where is The Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore ???


akash 4 years ago

well,i guess gurukul kangri university,haridwar should also have been in this list(established 1902 by swami shraddhanand)....btw,nice effort...


Sravanti Peri profile image

Sravanti Peri 4 years ago from India

Great piece of information. Really I never knew anything about this before


Md Mobasshir Reyaz 4 years ago

Why Patna Univ doesn't get d tag of Central University despite of being so reputed n so old


kannanwrites profile image

kannanwrites 4 years ago from Mumbai Author

@TwilightDream Thanks for the valuable comment.


TwilightDream profile image

TwilightDream 4 years ago from Chennai, India

Marked 'interesting'. Very great information about Indian Universities. Keep writing!

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