Uses of Static Electricity

We've all have experienced static electricity in one way or another. Those unexpected little shocks we get when we touch a doorknob or some other metalic object, the balloons that stick to the wall after being rubbed in the head, or hair itself standing straight when it comes close, all are produced by static electricity.

All those are common in our everyday lives, and at most they are fun to watch but, is there any practical uses of static electricity? or is it just a fun but useless electronic phenomenon?

The effects of static electricity in hair
The effects of static electricity in hair

What is Static Electricity?

Static electricity is generated when any material gains or loses electrons and becomes positively (when it loses electrons) or negatively charged (when it gains electrons). The acumulated charges are what's called static electricity.

It is called static because the charges do not move from where they where generated, unlike the electricity used to power electronic devices that flows from one pole of a battery or power source to the other. Most of the time it is produced when two objects come in contact or are rubbed together.

For a static charge to remain in an object, it must have a high resistance to the flow of electricity. That is why plastic balloons and hair remain charged, they are poor electric conductors. Other materials like aluminum can get a static charge, but it will dissipate very quickly because of its low resistance to the flow of electrons.

Images: Uses of Static Charges

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Static charges are used to remove dust and other pollutants in smokestacksSome copy machines use static electricity to produce the photocopiesElectrostatic charged paint is applied to cars for a quality finish
Static charges are used to remove dust and other pollutants in smokestacks
Static charges are used to remove dust and other pollutants in smokestacks
Some copy machines use static electricity to produce the photocopies
Some copy machines use static electricity to produce the photocopies
Electrostatic charged paint is applied to cars for a quality finish
Electrostatic charged paint is applied to cars for a quality finish

Practical Uses of Static Charges

The ability of opposite charges in static electricity is what's used when designing applications for it.

  • Dust removal: There are some appliances that can eliminate dust from the air, like air purifiers. They use static electricity to alter the charges in the dust particles so that they stick to a plate or filter of the purifier that has an opposite charge as that of the dust (opposite charges attract each other).

    This effect is also used in industrial smokestacks to reduce the pollution that they generate, altough they work in a very large scale, the effect is basically the same as the home air purifier.

  • Photocopy: Copy machines use static to make ink get attracted to the areas where we need the information copied. It uses the charges to apply the ink only in the areas where the paper to be copied is darker (usually this means text or other information) and not where the paper is white, this process is called xerography.

  • Car painting: To make sure a car's paint is uniform and that it will resist the high speeds and weather to protect the car's metal interior, it is applied with a static charge. The metal body of the car is submerged in a substance that charges it positively, and the paint is charged negatively with the paint sprayer.

    This process ensures a uniform layer of paint, since when there is enough negative paint in the car the extra will be repelled by the paint already in the car.

    It also ensures that the paint won't fall off, since the electrical attraction between the paint and the car is stronger than if it was just sprayed.

All of these processes use electronic circuits to generate and control the static charges generated. If you are interested in electricity and electronics, check out my electronic circuits for beginners site, where you will find simple circuits to get you started, When you have learned enough you can build your own practical static electricity circuits for your own use!

Even though lightning has a lot of energy, it can't be efficiently used or stored
Even though lightning has a lot of energy, it can't be efficiently used or stored

Power from Static Electricity?

Many people have wondered if static electricity can be used as a source of power for homes and industries. Despite the extremely high voltages that can be generated with static electricity (tens of thousands of volts, compared that to the 110v of a common power outlet) the amount current it can generate is very low, from microAmperes to a few miliAmperes (Ampere is the unit of electric current) and only for very short times.

Lightning can produce a considerable amount of energy, but the high voltages, current, temperature and speed of the discharge make it extremely difficult and inefficient to use or store.

Storing electricity is so inefficient that power plants will just sell the extra energy at a lower price or let it unused and lost instead of storing it because of the cost and also the amount of energy that can be stored is not significant enough to offset the expenses.

Comments 188 comments

WeddingConsultant profile image

WeddingConsultant 7 years ago from DC Metro Area

What a fantastic hub on the topic, thanks for answering my request. Looks like the topic was right up your expertise alley!

Too bad it isn't worth it to try to collect and store static electricity. I was prepared to be a millionaire by rubbing a balloon against my daughter's head for hours each day.

profile image

eaasi3574 7 years ago

Great info I really will think about this. Thanks for sharing.

NHEam 7 years ago

Thank you this really helped me with my exam revision

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Jakeyboy 7 years ago

Thank you so much, useful information i used for my degree in university and came out with a 1:1

awesome12 6 years ago

this really helped me on my static electricity projects!

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thomas 6 years ago

how do you harness static electricity from a balloon?

Cookie 6 years ago

Thx this helped a lot!! xD

Mostly the part about who uses static electricity! :L

jabelufiroz profile image

jabelufiroz 6 years ago from India

terrific hub...nice...

conroy 6 years ago

thanks this helped!

Shurvyn 6 years ago

im an a'level physics student in the caribbean and this really helped.........thanks

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8th Grader 6 years ago

This was great. Thanks it really helped me finish my homework. I am happy though, there is so much good information around the web for Static Electricity, but this website is one of the best. Thanks Again

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Peter Enmore 6 years ago

lol @ the wedding consultant. If we could do that, electricity would be so cheap!

miley cyrus  6 years ago

i am really interested in learning more about static electricity, please if anyone knows more about this i would really be happy if you tell me more on titter. bye :-)

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are there only three uses of static electricity?

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thanks has helped a lot but i wanted more detail on the uses rather than little detail on lots of uses but thanx anyway! xx hench= u :D

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thanx for helping me with my static elec. project

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Hi can u make a circuit for charging the mobile from static electricity and can be embedded in the mobile device without any side effects and can charge the mobile battery.

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Thanks! I rewrote this info in my own words for my homework and earned a housepoint! :D

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Jason 5 years ago

Lightning is caused by positive and negatively charged clouds coming together. Its like the shock you see when you shock someone, just 1000s of times stronger.

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writingfrosh profile image

writingfrosh 5 years ago from Philippines

Static electricity zaps you on a humid day as you scuff your shoes on the carpet and reach for that door handle...

static electricity is an interesting thing indeed!

Don 5 years ago

its thought provoking

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Tenebrae 4 years ago

I have a question.

Lets say that you wanted to make a pendant with a crude, but clever, mechanical element to the design. So, you implement jet, or amber, into the amulet for a power source...continuously rubbing the stone to charge it and deliver a current to the mechanical parts of the amulet itself.

Is this possible? I would expect that, if it is, only a very minor reaction could be achieved...but could it power a light, a sound, anything?

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In my first criticised book ''90 CRORE KI BARSAAT" containts are researchers scholers followed by introduction to the matter. Afterword it contains necessary elements of the research methodology and a description of various coins after the huge part of the survey. The huge includes monkey brand 1818 coin, anna of 1962, gandhian coin, SUN brand 20 paise, Fish brand one ruppee, Dear brand five ruppee, Horse brand coin & a lot more collection of notorious coins and a lot of methods to extract SATTA number and unbelieveable money rain. The next chapter includes silky world of down birth, miracles of HARJOD, first egg of black hen, Dipped money, tortoise of 20 nails, IMLI KA BANDA, nine point five inches bronze glass, hipnotism by black turmeric, speaking owl, order me god, gold factory, selling of white PALASH, insurance of 90 lakh, unlimited money rain am RAM LALU MAMTA formulaes of forgery. The last part of the theses contains the truth of the miracles and date wise collection of SATT numbers.

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Chell from Aperture 4 years ago

thanks this really helped me

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This answered completely everything!!! Thanks!!!

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Kanika 4 years ago

Intresting fact

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Thanx really helped in science homework

Ha 4 years ago

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i cant use any of these Examples

alia 4 years ago

put some more information about static electricity and there application

Random 4 years ago

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asmita 4 years ago

hey ,thankx for the info it really helped me in my h.w

questi9on 4 years ago

I don't get this at all and a teacher is making the class do this projects so there should be more in detailed things here for kids so that they can under stand the subject better.

but let me say ur sight helped.

Someone 4 years ago

Thank you verry much!! This information is verry useful! :D

gryphon 4 years ago

i learned so much!!!!!

diaa 4 years ago

is the static electricity same as electrostatic????

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i had to write about uses of electrostatics.

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This really helped with my homework. Thank you for this useful article! C:

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this is great for students!

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thanks this really helped:D

lolage 3 years ago

cheers for the help

:) 3 years ago

who uses static and current electricity on a daily basis (as a job)

slick babe 3 years ago

wow static electricity is quite useful

vani 3 years ago

this helped with my electrical science project! THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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eight grader 3 years ago

thank you for the information. I'm going to use it for my science fair project, or should I say projects cause I have two. Any way thanks, a lot

sixth grader 3 years ago

Thanks you helped me do my research report.And my science fair project.

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its not what I was looking for ( NOT HELPED! )

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Thanks, helped a lot!

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Ellie823 2 years ago

I need to know what makes static on a radio??????

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Really helped with my assignment. 10/10

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Love the Grammaer mistake guys :D

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spontaneous information would have helped, if only you were serious

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Starley 3 months ago

very informative guys:)

hi 3 months ago


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