Wildlife and the Law Schedule 5 Species

Wildlife and the Law .u.k.

The backbone of wildlife protection in the U.K. is the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981{as amended}. two major pieces of legislation were repealed by the passing of the Act. These were the protection of Birds Act1954,1964 and 1967, and the Conservation of Wild Creatures and Plants Act of 1975. There is still other legislation in force that protects wildlife such as the Ground Game Act 1880{ yes is still law} The Protection of Animals Act1934. The Conservation of Seals Act 1970, The Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Act 1975. The Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976; The Animals (Scientific Procedures Act 1986; the Deer Act 1991, and the Protection of Badgers Act 1992. In my hub " NOTES FROM A LANCASHIRE COUNTRYMAN 5 " I looked at the bird species and the protection they gained from the Act. In this hub I will concentrate on the animals and their protection....

SUMMARY.   Schedule 5 is the relevant part of the Act as far as animals are concerned. a total of 52 animals receive protection under this schedule of the Act. 44 species are protected at all times, but 8 are protected in respect of trade only. The following animals are specially protected under Schedule 5 of the Act.  it is an offence to kill, injure, take, possess or sell any of them, or to destroy, damage, or obstruct access to any place which they may use for shelter, protection or breeding or to destroy or disturb them while they are there. 

Schedule 5 Species.

1Additional information.--{s.9-1} means intentional killing, injuring or taking is prohibited.

--{s.9-5} means selling, offering for sale, possession or transport for the purposes of sale ( dead or alive), animal, part or derivative prohibited.

WILD CAT. Felis sylvestris scheduled in 1988; OTTER,Lutra lutra scheduled in 1981; PINE MARTIN. Martes martes scheduled in 1988; DORMOUSE Muscardinus avellanarius scheduled in 1988; WALRUS, Odobenus rosmarus schedules in 1988; RED SQUIRREL, Sciurus vulgaris-scheduled in 1981; ALL BATS Vespertliondae and Rhinolophidae-scheduled in 1981. WATER VOLE, Arvicola terrestris {s.9-5} . In 2008 the water vole was given full protection under schedule 5

OTHER MAMMALS PROTECTED BY INDIVIDUAL ACTS- DEER ACT. BADGER ACT.

SCHEDULE 5 CONTINUED REPTILES--- SLOW WORM,,Anguis fragilis-scheduled 1981; ALL TURTLES-scheduled 1988. SMOOTH SNAKE,Coronella austriaca-scheduled 1981; SAND LIZARD, Lacerta agiliss-scheduled 1981; VIPIPAROUS LIZARD, Lacerta vivipara- { s.9-5 } -scheduled 1981 and {s.9-1} scheduled in 1988. GRASS SNAKE,Natrix natrix {s.9-5} scheduled in 1981 and {s.9-1} scheduled in 1988; ADDER,Vipera berus {s.9-5} scheduled in 1981 and { {s9-1} scheduled in 1988.

AMPHIBIANS--------------- COMMON TOAD,Bufo bufo, {s.9-5 } -scheduled in 1981. NATTERJACK TOAD,Bufo calamita-scheduled in 1981; COMMON FROG,Rana temporatia {s.9-5} scheduled in 1981. GREAT CRESTED NEWT,Triturus cristatus-scheduled in 1981; PALMATE NEWT,Triturus helveticus { s.9-5}-scheduled in 1981.SMOOTH NEWT, Triturus vulgaris {s.9-5} -scheduled in 1981 . ````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````

Two of Our Most Endangerd Mammals

The red squirrel has always been protected because of declines in population numbers. photograph by mareckr
The red squirrel has always been protected because of declines in population numbers. photograph by mareckr
THE WATER VOLE IS NOW FULLY PROTECTED UNDER SCHEDULE 5 PHOTOGRAPH BY ARPINGSTONE.
THE WATER VOLE IS NOW FULLY PROTECTED UNDER SCHEDULE 5 PHOTOGRAPH BY ARPINGSTONE.

Other Animals Include---

Other groups of animals that appear on Schedule 5 are FISH, BUTTERFLIES, MOTHS, BEETLES, BUGS, GRASSHOPPERS and CRICKETS, DRAGONFLIES, SPIDERS, CRUSTACEANS, MOLLUSCS, WORMS and SEA ANEMONES. They may be dealt with in further hubs.

SCHEDULE 6--Deals with methods of killing and taking animals.

SUMMARY--- The Act prohibits the use  of self-locking snares, bows, crossbows and explosives { other than fire arm ammunition }, for the purpose of killing or taking any wild animals. In addition the use of live mammals or birds for decoys for the purpose of killing or taking wild animals is prohibited.

The following animals listed on Schedule 6may not { in addition to the methods of killing listed above } be killed or taken by any kind of trap or snare, electrical stunning devise, poisonous or stupifying substances, nets automatic or semi-automatic weapon, devise or artificial light for dazzling, illuminating a target, or for hight shooting; sound recording used as a decoy; or any mechanically propelled vehicle in immediate pursuit of such an animal.

The effect of these prohibitions is that the listed species may only be legally killed or taken by shooting( with a non-automatic weapon. {by authorised persons under license}.

SCHEDULE 6 SPECIES----------BADGER, Meles meles;  BATS, HORSE SHOE, {ALL SPECIES} BATS , TYPICAL {ALL SPECIES}   WILD CAT, Felis silvestris, DOLPHIN-BOTTLE-NOSED,Tursicops truncatus; COMMON DOLPHIN,  Delphinus delphis;  DORMICE{ALL SPECIES } HEDGEHOG,Erinaceus europeaeus;  PINE MARTIN, Martess martess;  OTTER, Lutra lutra;  POLECAT;Mustela putorius; PORPOISE,HARBOUR,Phocaena phocaena;  SHREW { ALL SPECIES} ;  SQUIRREL RED, Sciurus vulgaris.

SCHEDULE 7--RELATES TO AMENDMENTS.

SCHEDULE 8 RELATES TO THE PROTECTION OF PLANTS.

SCHEDULE 9  ALLUDES TO ALIEN SPECIES AND INTRODUCTIONS.

SUMMARY OF SCHEDULE 9.--- It is illegal to introduce by releasing or allowing to escape into the wild any animal " which is not a regular visitor to Britain in a wild state", or any species listed on Schedule 9 which are already established in the wild.It is an offence for example, to nurse a grey squirrel back to health with the intentions of releasing it back into the wild. This does not cover certain animals which, though originally introduced from elsewhere, are now considered as excepted British fauna for example rabbit or pheasant. PART TWO OF SCHEDULE 9 DEALS WITH ALIEN PLANTS.

SCHEDULE 9 SPECIES----{IN THIS HUB I AM ONLY DEALING WITH MAMMALS , REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS.}

AMPHIBIANS----FROG-EDIBLE,Rana esculents; FROG-EUROPEAN TREE FROG,Hyla arborea;  FROG-MARSH, Rana ridibunda;  NEWT-ALPINE,Triturus alpestris;   NEWT ITALIAN CRESTED,Triturus carnifex;  TOAD-AFRICAN CLAWED,Xenopus leavis;  TOAD MIDWIFE, Alytes obstetricans;  TOAD YELLOW BELLIED,Bambina variegata; 

REPTILES----LIZARD, COMMON WALL, Podaries muralis; TERRAPIN, EUROPEAN POND,Emys orbiculairis;  SNAKE, AESCULAPIAN,Elaphe longissima; 

MAMMALS----COPU COYPU, Myocaster coypus;  DEER, SIKA, Cervus nippon;  DORMOUSE, FAT, Glis glis;  GERBIL MONGOLIAN,Meriones unguiculatus;  MARMOT,PRAIRIE,Cyonmys sp;   MINK,AMERICAN,Mustella vison;  PORCUPINE,HIMALYAN,Hystrix hodgsonii;  PORCUPINE,CRESTED, Hystrix cristata;  RAT, BLACK,Rattus rattus;  SQUIRREL GREY, Sciurus carolinensis;  WALLABY,RED NECKED, Macropus rufogriseus.

Reptiles and Amphibian S Are Included on Schedule 5

NATTERJACK TOAD IS  A SCHEDULE 5 SPECIES.PHOTOGRAPH BY PIET SPAANS
NATTERJACK TOAD IS A SCHEDULE 5 SPECIES.PHOTOGRAPH BY PIET SPAANS
THE ADDER IS BRITAIN'S ONLY POISONOUS SNAKE. IT RECEIVES PARTIAL PROTECTION UNDER THE ACT. PHOTOGRAPH BY MAREK SZCZEPANEEK
THE ADDER IS BRITAIN'S ONLY POISONOUS SNAKE. IT RECEIVES PARTIAL PROTECTION UNDER THE ACT. PHOTOGRAPH BY MAREK SZCZEPANEEK

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Comments 11 comments

D.A.L. profile image

D.A.L. 5 years ago from Lancashire north west England Author

gav, thank you for reading, if there are great crested newts in the pond or any pond report it to Natural England {formerly English nature} they will check it out and if there are viable populations they will put a protection order on them. Best wishes to you.


gav 5 years ago

my quarry called cat plant quarry in skelbrook near doncaster south yorkshire have loads of crested newts in a pond but the owner is a nob and as ordred the pond drained so as to kill em off and so not in his words have em in the way i tried but wont listen such a shame they is hundrads sorry were they soon be gone


D.A.L. profile image

D.A.L. 5 years ago from Lancashire north west England Author

Thank you every one who has taken the time to comment on Wildlife and the Law Schedule 5 Species.


poetlorraine 6 years ago

you are so kind, i am looking forward to getting round to it, but it may be after christmas, i will let you know when i have produced a card, be patient with me, these ideas sometimes take ages to come to fruition. I am from greater manchester,


D.A.L. profile image

D.A.L. 6 years ago from Lancashire north west England Author

hi, thank you for reading. Photographs are credited to the photographer under each picture. Should they have no such credits the photographs are mine. You may use any you wish of mine!


poetlorraine 6 years ago

hi taking a look at all your hubs, are the photographs your own, as i would love to put some on to cards and write a verse inside, but i would need permission i think


D.A.L. profile image

D.A.L. 6 years ago from Lancashire north west England Author

Thanks for calling by. The fires as you say are indeed, soul destroying. Hope they end soon for you.


Eileen Hughes profile image

Eileen Hughes 6 years ago from Northam Western Australia

Very interesting, and good info. yes we need to protect our wildlife. Although the way the idiots are starting fires in our bush all the time, we will lose more every year. It is not fair.


D.A.L. profile image

D.A.L. 6 years ago from Lancashire north west England Author

Teresa thank you.

Coverley1 In answer to your question yes it is legal but only under special license and by authorised bodies. I have done a hub on the watervole. see CONSERVATION OF THE WATER VOLE-U.K.

Thank you for reading.


coverley1 profile image

coverley1 6 years ago from Victoria, Australia

Another good and informative read. Not knowing anything about UK wildlife I'd like to know more about the Water Vole...maybe you could do a hub on that. Also did I understand correctly in Schedule 6 that it is legal to shoot porpoises? I didn't know that either...very enlightening hub. Cheers.


Teresa Laurente profile image

Teresa Laurente 6 years ago from San Antonio, Texas, U.S.A.

Wow, very informative. Thank you for your sharing. More power.

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