US History - American Foundation Documents and Flags

Revolution and a New Nation

The Revolution was effected before the war commenced.

The Revolution was in the hearts and minds of the people.

-- President John Adams, 1818

Flags of the New Nation

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Used in 1767,it was called "the rebellious stripes flag" with 9 stripes indicating colonies expected at the Stamp Tax Congress meeting.Naval Jack of the United States Culpeper Minute Men Flag, 1775George Washington's personal flag though the American Revolutions.Battle of Bennington, August 16, 1777 in Vermont.Raised on ship by Captain John Paul Jones on the British "Serapis" during the most famous Revolutionary War  naval battle.
Used in 1767,it was called "the rebellious stripes flag" with 9 stripes indicating colonies expected at the Stamp Tax Congress meeting.
Used in 1767,it was called "the rebellious stripes flag" with 9 stripes indicating colonies expected at the Stamp Tax Congress meeting. | Source
Naval Jack of the United States
Naval Jack of the United States | Source
Culpeper Minute Men Flag, 1775
Culpeper Minute Men Flag, 1775 | Source
George Washington's personal flag though the American Revolutions.
George Washington's personal flag though the American Revolutions. | Source
Battle of Bennington, August 16, 1777 in Vermont.
Battle of Bennington, August 16, 1777 in Vermont. | Source
Raised on ship by Captain John Paul Jones on the British "Serapis" during the most famous Revolutionary War  naval battle.
Raised on ship by Captain John Paul Jones on the British "Serapis" during the most famous Revolutionary War naval battle. | Source

Declaration of Independence

Image of the original document in the National Archives.
Image of the original document in the National Archives. | Source

The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States of America:

.

We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

The Preamble Song - from School House Rock

Senate Resolution 331, from the 100th Congress in 1988 (The Reagan Years): The US Senate acknowledges, “the confederation of the original thirteen colonies into one republic was influenced …by the Iroquois Confederacy, as were many of the democratic principles which were incorporated into the constitution itself.”

Declaration House

Home of Jacob Graff Jr., where Thomas Jefferson rented two rooms in which to draft the Declaration (NPS.gov public domain)
Home of Jacob Graff Jr., where Thomas Jefferson rented two rooms in which to draft the Declaration (NPS.gov public domain)

Foundations of Freedom - Documents and Flags

America, or the USA, was first formed by these states: New Hampshire, Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (together these formed 1 state), Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.

This Hub will present some important aspects of the forming a new nation called the United States of America. It will display information about and links to the nation's foundation documents, other writings about these documents, and images and links regarding the various American national flags.

Remember that most immigrants to America during the founding of the Colonies came from what is the united Kingdom and it has been thought that this region was more liberal than the rest of Europe politically, joined in thought by The Netherlands. As far as religion is considered, most of the immigrant practiced some form of Calvinism [in protest to the Anglican Church at home]. Calvinism rather emphasized both divine and secular contractual relationships and this appears in the USA's founding documents as well - we see God mentioned and we see secularism applied as well.

This is all considered under Constitutional law and its practice and there are continuing arguments in the 21st century about whether or not America is a Christian Nation or a nation of Christians (there are many religions here), or a secular nation, or just what it is. At any rate, America stemmed from a social order emphasizing individual rights and social mobility.

Some of the most important Founding Documents of the Untied States of America, most of which are held in the National Archives, and their immediately ensuing papers include:

  • Declaration of Independence
  • The Articles of Confederation - accepted by Congress November 15, 1777 and ratified March 1, 1781.
  • Preamble to the Constitution
  • The Constitution of the United States of America
  • The Federalist Papers

In the Articles of Confederation, Article IV states that "paupers, vagabonds, and fugitives from justice (are) excepted" from the freedoms and immunities offered by the States. If you were poor or a drifter, you had no rights.

It is also interesting that The Articles of Confederation, Article IX, provided that Canada was permitted to join the United States:

Article XI. Canada acceding to this confederation, and adjoining in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted into, and entitled to all the advantages of this Union; but no other colony shall be admitted into the same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine States.

This Article sets a sort of precedent for a permitted joining of Canada, USA, and Mexico into one large community, as has been suggested for some years. Canada did not become a Nation until around 1846. Previously, Canada was a colony of England and was fought over by the French, Mohawks and English - and others.

The Acadians (French) would not leave when the British threw the Acadians out of Nova Scotia, Canada in 1760. In fact, they went to New Brunswick and applied guerrilla warfare (which the Swamp Fox may have learned from them) to the enemy. It took 5 years, until 1765, to convince the Acadian militia to lay down their arms. It also took the combined efforts of the British, the Americans, and the French Officers other than this militia to convince the Acadians to cease fire. They left reluctantly, but the rest of the Acadians had been driven all the way to New Orleans, their farms and possessions burned by the British. Through intermarriages, they became the Cajuns and the families are still trying to trace lost members today.

See a portrait of one of these Acadians, along with some good recipes: Cajun Easter Foods.

Please visit the Links provided that will transport you to a thorough explanation and discussion of these documents.

The Betsy Ross

Betsy Ross Flag, used only in New York
Betsy Ross Flag, used only in New York | Source

June 1, 1776; The Continental Colors

George Washington's Continental Flag. Also known as the Grand Union Flag - the King's Union Jack and the 13 Stripes of the Colonies striving for freedom.
George Washington's Continental Flag. Also known as the Grand Union Flag - the King's Union Jack and the 13 Stripes of the Colonies striving for freedom. | Source

June 17, 1777

The Stars and Stripes
The Stars and Stripes | Source

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Comments 4 comments

Wehzo 8 years ago

Very good hub Patty. To say this series is interesting would be an understatement. It's chock full of information, thanks for sharing this.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

I'm glad to see you write that you like the series. There is much more to come.


Peter M. Lopez profile image

Peter M. Lopez 8 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

Fantastic hub, Patty.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Thank you Peter.

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