Where In The World Is Fort Orange?

Pattern for American Star Forts: Fort De Voorn (Nassau)

Drawing from 1649. Fort de Voorn or Fort Nassau, at the junction of the Maas and Waal at Heerewaarden, the Netherlands
Drawing from 1649. Fort de Voorn or Fort Nassau, at the junction of the Maas and Waal at Heerewaarden, the Netherlands | Source

A Long Time Democracy Already Inhabited Manhattan

After several Native American Nations had lived in the territory that became New York State for 8,000 - 10,000 years or more, Europeans sailed to the New World to claim lands for their home empires. However, a league of several tribes had already formed a democratic government long ago, and it exists to this day.

The site of Albany, New York was a location for much activity and interaction among diverse peoples and cultures. Interactions proved interesting.

The Iroquois Confederation was recognized as a governmental entity by the British and the French as well as by Eastern Native American Nations at Albany NY in 1722. This is important to the establishment of Fort Orange, New York.

The Iroquois Confederation was the first democracy in the New World. It initially formed circa 1570 AD, its Six Nations and a few other members writing and upholding their own Constitution and government, plying agriculture and the fur trade, and enjoying family life and nature.

The Confederation joined together the nations of Mohawk (the most eastern native nation and Keepers of the Eastern Gate), Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora. under one government and a constitution.

Fort Orange in New Albany

Plan for the town of Albany NY with the star fort, Fort Orange, at the top.
Plan for the town of Albany NY with the star fort, Fort Orange, at the top. | Source

Imposters Sold Manhattan To The Dutch

Dutch Colonization of the New world
Dutch Colonization of the New world | Source

New Amsterdam Bought by the Dutch from Imposters

When the land that is Manhattan in NYC was purchased from the "Indians for 24 dollars worth of beads", it was bought by a Dutchman, the Dutch being ardent explorers and settlers of what become New York. This was New Amsterdam.

This Peter Minuit purchased Manhattan from a group of Native Americans that did not live on the land, but who were simply passing through, because they lived on land next to Manhattan (the Canarsie Nation).

The price was paid in more than beads, however. Minuit paid for Manhattan in European cloth, some beads, and a number of hatchets in 1626, together worth 60 Dutch Guilders. This was equivalent to 1.5 pounds of silver in 1626, over $24 in 2009 currency.

Moreover, the $24-mark was established back in the 1800s. Today, estimates range from $100 to $1,000, depending on silver values by Troy or English weight per pound and other factors.

Still, this purchase was the beginning of the end of Iroquois and other Eastern-Tribes' civilization in America as they new it. In research circles, there is laughter over the fact that another native group sold what became Staten Island at least 6 times.

Today, the Six Nation Reserve and one other straddle the borderlands of New York and Canada. The New York peoples migrate increasingly across the border to Canada, with the Iroquois people - especially Mohawk - as a Canadian First Nation, existing as its own active political party.

Note: basic data extracted from native oral histories and from history and anthropology courses at Ohio State University, 1970 - 2009.

Staten Island Was Sold By Imposters Many Times

Staten Island was sold at least 6 times at once to whites by natives who did not own it.

A markerStaten Island -
Staten Island, NY, USA
[get directions]

There is laughter over the fact that another native group sold what became Staten Island at least 6 times.

Fort Nassau, est. 1614 In New Netherland (Albany, NY)

Drawing from 1646 AD.
Drawing from 1646 AD.

Trading Posts and Forts

Author David T. Valentine offers a substantial article about Dutch exploration and settlement of New York from 1614 forward. Much of it may not yet be taught in high school American History courses.

What we do already know is that the Dutchman Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River in New York. He found an agricultural society among the natives that made up the Confederacy of the time as well as a quite successful fur trading business among local nations. Hudson took news of this to the Netherlands. Dutch merchants subsequently traveled to New York and took over Manhattan island (where the Manhattan Nation lived), although they struggled with the British that also claimed it. In fact, there were three Anglo-Dutch Wars to 1667. Meanwhile, at least a dozen "Indian tribes" lived there and traded with the Dutch peacefully. In fact, relations were very good. (Read Mr. Valentine's article for other events).

Peter Minuit finally purchased Manhattan in 1626 for the West India Company.

Fort Nassau was built in 1614 by the Dutch as a trading post and fortification near what is now Albany NY, naming the fort and fur trading post for the royal House of Orange-Nassau that was affiliated with the European House of Nassau, in turn affiliated with Germany, Luxembourg, and the Dutch. Fort Nassau operated until 1924, one decade.

House of Orange-Nassau, Netherlands, and Fort Orange, USA

show route and directions
A markerNoordeinde Palace; House of Orange-Nassau -
Noordeinde Palace, Noordeinde 68, 2514 GL The Hague, The Netherlands
[get directions]

B markerFort Orange, New Albany NY -
Albany, NY, USA
[get directions]

Five Names for the New Albany Star Fort

In short, the Dutch trading post and fort in question developed into these entities over time:

  1. Fort Nassau (1614 - 1624) - Built on the North Hudson River on Castle Island. Likely abandoned after 1618, however, for up-river sites, because of constant summer flooding.
  2. Fort Orange - A replacment for the former Fort Nassau (on Castle Island). First permanent Dutch settlement in the New World. In a Mohawk - Mohegan war, Fort Orange joined with the Mohegans. Mohawks won and drove the Mohegan out of the region.
  3. Fort Albany - Under British control.
  4. Beverwyck
  5. Albany, New York -- The Fort Orange Archeological Site in Albany was named a National Historic Landmark in 1993. Albany and its forts were important in the French and Indian War (Mohawk and Seneca nations played instrumental parts in this war), and the American Revolution. Albany is the oldest surviving city from the Original 13 Colonies.

USS Constitution

Sailing near the Fort Orange Archeological Site.
Sailing near the Fort Orange Archeological Site.

Wars Around Fort Orange

Fort Nassau and Fort Orange were involved in a number of conflicts that occurred between the Dutch and the British, amounting to at least three wars.

At least one local war occurred between two Native American Nations. Unfortunately, the Dutch sided with the losing tribe and lost some men of their own in that conflict.

If interested in further details, you might read for more specific dates and island names on which the forts were built and how they became the City of Albany in the links at right.

The Hudson River Near Fort Orange

Source

© 2009 Patty Inglish

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Comments 11 comments

Tammy Lochmann profile image

Tammy Lochmann 7 years ago

Another one to share with my 8 year old and history buff husband. Thanks


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 7 years ago from North America Author

Thanks for reading, Tammy!


Lisa Luv profile image

Lisa Luv 7 years ago from Conneticut, USA

Very interesting---thank you for the read...a worthy piece.


mercon profile image

mercon 7 years ago

nice info... very intereating


dusanotes profile image

dusanotes 7 years ago from Windermere, FL

Patty, things like this should be taught in schools. This was an excellent article. Thanks for the effort and time. Don White


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 7 years ago from North America Author

Don - Thanks for your comments; you're a writing professional and your encouragement is golden.

mercon - Thanks! It really is fascinating.

Lisa - I'm glad you enjoyed this one. It was interesting to put together.


Dim Flaxenwick profile image

Dim Flaxenwick 7 years ago from Great Britain

Thank you, Patty. I love history and you've done all the research for me on this one. I sat back and enjoyed. Great.


techno09 profile image

techno09 7 years ago

enjoyed your article, very interesting

thanks


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 7 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

I've always been interested in Indians to some extent and the fact that my daughter-in-law is half Indian adds to it. I am glad your article mentions some of the complexities of the dealing between Europeans and Indians.


3 years ago

On the picture above fort Nassau/de Voorn there is the Maas en Waal river, that is in the Netherlands,- Dutch rivers. I am Dutch living in Holland, under the picture it says Fort Nassau on the Hudson River. So wrong rivers or wrong picture?? There is also such a fort in Holland near the rivers Maas en Waal.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 3 years ago from North America Author

Thanks for providing a good caption for the drawing representing Dutch Forts on which those in New Netherland were based!

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