Who is the Artist of this Painting? Is my old picture by a famous painter?

A Portrait of the Artist, John French Sloan, identified from a gallery label

Courtesy of Wiki Commons.
Courtesy of Wiki Commons.

Who is the artist?

If you are reading this article, you may have recently acquired a picture that you want to know more about, or you might have suddenly become curious about a painting that you, or your family, have owned for some time. Whatever the reason, you are are now looking for information, and a quick guide to how to find it. With this in mind, I have set out a sequence of steps that you need to take to identify your artist, and to help you understand a little more about your picture. It may well be that you fail to find a definite answer, but don't be discouraged. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, and there are many uniquely wonderful works of art that are created by amateur artists whose names will never feature in an auction catalogue or a museum inventory. If you love your painting, then it's likely that others will too, and a beautiful item will nearly always find a buyer, even if it isn't by a famous artist.

Is my painting an original, or is it a print?

There are probably millions of prints and reproductions of paintings in circulation today, and some of these prints are so good that it is very difficult to identify the copy from an original. One easy clue, however, is to examine the surface of your picture through a magnifying glass or jewellers loupe. If the surface is comprised of thousands of tiny, uniform dots, then it is definitely a print. Labels on the back of your picture might also provide information. Words such as 'reproduction', 'edition' or the name of a museum, such as 'The Museum of Modern Art, New York', or 'Musee d'Orsay, Paris' are all definite hints that your item is one of many copies. If you have an actual title and an artist written on the label you can also try typing the details into the search engine to see if an image of your picture comes up.

Prints from a famous original are unlikely to have a big label price tag. In fact, unless the frame is exceptionally good, most mass produced reproductions tend to have a relatively low re-sale value. I have written about prints and etchings in more detail in an article that you can find by clicking here.

Some modern prints have become collectible in recent times, and this is usually the result of clever marketing, or very limited edition print runs. A good example of modern prints having clever marketing are the American Hargrove prints, which have a certain folksy charm, and often re-sell for quite surprising amounts considering the quantities that have been produced. A quick search on ebay will give you some idea.

Signed limited edition prints where the picture is of high quality, and has been hand-signed by the artist will often, also make quite good prices at auction. A good example of such an artist is the wildlife artist, David Shepherd. You will know if your print is a limited edition because it will be numbered, probably on the front, next to the hand-written signature. It might say 36/100 for example, and this means that it is the 36th print out of an edition of 100. If only 100 prints from an original exist, then it makes sense that these will have a higher value than prints that exist in their thousands!

Resources - a list of useful websites

The following web-sites all feature (free) lists of known artists. If your artist appears on these lists, it is likely that their work is saleable. Most of these sites offer detailed information such as auction results, image gallery, and artist biographies, but many require payment to fully access images of paintings sold at auction as well as the prices achieved.

www.AskArt.com This excellent site has a comprehensive list of artists, together with (free) access to a limited selection of images, a discussion board, and artist's biographies where available. I've found this site to be very helpful for searching out details of by-gone artists, but not always so helpful with contemporary, living artists. The site has a useful 24hour membership option to enable access to a full range of services. They also offer a monthly subscription service which is renewable at a reduced rate.

www.Arcadja.com Another very helpful site with a good,long list of artists (free) together with images (free) and, a limited amount of price information on the longer listings. The free image gallery is very helpful if you are not certain that you've found the right artist, and want to compare the style of painting. Subscriptions for a full range of services can be purchased for 24 hours, monthly, or annually.

www.Invaluable.com This site claims to have over 500,000 artists listed on it's database, and it has access to over 2 million auction records. It is not, however, so user friendly as the two sites listed above, but I have found it more useful for researching British and European artists. The site gives free access to it's artist listings and this includes a limited image gallery and biographical detail where available. Subscription rates are quite high on this site, but it does include information about other antiques and collectibles sold at auction.

www.Artvalue.com This site offer a range of very useful services for free, but you do have to register as a member. The downside is that it is not very user friendly, and finding information can be quite fiddly. It is worth persevering, however, especially if you prefer not to pay out for easier to use sites such as AskArt and Arcadja.

http://uk.blouinartinfo.com/ This site has auction records dating back to 1922! It accesses 350 auction houses worldwide, and has over 4.2 million records on-line. It is free to sign up to, and is very user friendly. I recommend this site as a great place to research past auction prices, and for comparing your painting to others by the same artist.

www.Artprice.com This site bills itself as a 'World leader in art market information'. It seems to have the usual range of information on offer, but the list of artists appears to be more comprehensive. The big plus on this site is that it has a collection of artist's signatures, monograms and symbols. The downside is that it offers hardly any of it's services for free, and it's 24 hour trial price is on the high side compared to every other site I've listed here.

Monogram of the artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Courtesy of WikiCommons
Courtesy of WikiCommons

My painting has a signature that I can read easily

A clear signature is extremely helpful when it comes to picture research. If your artist is fairly well known you may be able to find him or her simply by keying the name into your search engine followed by the word 'painting'. This will be very straightforward if you are lucky enough to own a Renoir, a Remington or a Rembrandt, but there are, however, lots of lesser known artists who have their own pages in Wikipedia, or even have their own web-sites.

If this simple approach draws a blank, then consider using the (free) artist listings in the Websites shown under 'Resources' in the side bar. These will not give you vast amounts of information, but if your artist appears on these lists you can be sure that their work has either been sold at auction, or is part of a gallery, or dealer's inventory. The websites I've listed all have access to prices achieved at auction, and that is exactly what you need to know in order to get a rough valuation of your painting. Unfortunately most of these web-sites know that's what you need, and they make a charge for that information. It's up to you to decide whether you want to pay for a 24 hour membership, or whether you want to investigate the no-charge websites first. A good place to start is with Blouin Art Sales Index, where you can access an amazing amount of information for free once you have signed up to the website.

A further resource which is well worth exploring is the Public Catalogue Foundation's Paintings web-site. This site has high quality images and good information about over 2,000 paintings in public ownership in the UK. The artists represented are from across the globe, so don't be put off by the fact that it is a UK based site. If you have a painting, and suspect that you know the artist, you can quickly compare your style of painting with those on this web-site.

My picture has initials for a signature

Lots of artists, including some really famous ones, sign their paintings with their initials. Sometimes these are stylized into a monogram, but usually it is just letters and dots. This isn't too big a problem if you have a fabulous work of art done in an instantly recognizable style, but the vast majority of paintings are not so easy to identify. So where to start? This is where some real detective work comes in.

First of all, you can attempt to track the picture back. If it is a family heirloom you will have some clues as to it's origins. When was it bought? Who bought it, and where did it come from? Next, look for clues in the actual painting. What is the subject matter? If it is a landscape, can you identify the scene? If it is a portrait, can you identify the sitter? Are there any gallery labels, or framer's labels on the reverse? Are there numbers written anywhere on the frame?

If you have a gallery label, or a framer's label, you immediately have a potential source of information. If the gallery or framer is still in business, contact them, and ask if they can identify the artist. If you have numbers chalked on the frame, it is likely that the picture has been through auction at some point, and if there is an auction house mark or label on the frame, you have another place to check. Auction marks are generally a very good indication that the picture has some value.

Finally, when you have exhausted all of the above options, there is always a painstaking search through the artist's listings to consider. Of course this won't be a problem if your artist has unusual initials such as Z.Z., but you're probably not going to be that lucky! At this point you might consider looking at a dictionary of artists signatures and monograms. There are a number of these published, and sometimes local libraries carry a copy in their reference section. If you have several paintings to research, or if you often have old paintings through your hands, you might consider actually buying a reference book for yourself, as they are frequently more helpful than the on-line versions currently available. However, if you prefer to research using your computer, an on-line resource is available at www.identifyartistsignatures.com which has lots of free information. www.artistssignatures.com. also gives you limited (free) access to signatures and monograms, but it is also possible to buy time on the site for more in-depth research. www.Artprice.com has a similar on-line facility, and again you must pay to use it. Finally, you might try the WikiCommons web-site which has a very limited collection of artists signatures available to view at no cost whatsoever.

My Painting isn't old, but might it still be worth something?

There are quite a number of contemporary (modern day) artists who are either only recently deceased, or else still very much alive, who have achieved every artist's dream of becoming successful in their own lifetime. The internet has had a great part to play in this, as it has never been so easy to get your work 'out there' as it is today. Some of our great contemporary artists have come from nowhere to being highly collectible in just a few short years. Many of these artists have dedicated web-sites with gallery space that you can easily access, such as Jack Vettriano, Fred Yates, Frank Beanland, Del-Bourree Bach., and the renowned equestrian artist, Susan Crawford. Never assume that your picture needs to be an antique to be valuable!

If you are lucky enough to have a work by one of these up and coming artists, you can easily research their recent auction prices on-line at Blouins Art Sales Index. Living artists will sometimes buy back earlier work, and it can often be worth approaching the artist, or his or her designated art dealer, before placing a picture into auction.

My picture has a signature, but could it be a forgery?

There are many, many high quality art forgeries in circulation, as well as innumerable copies of famous works. The difference between a copy and a forgery is that the copy is not pretending to be the real deal. A forgery only becomes a forgery when there is an attempt to deceive. There are many good copies around that do not have the finish and presentation of the original artworks, nor, most importantly, are they signed as though they were by the original artist. Often a copyist will sign with his or her own name. Some copyists make a living out of unashamedly reproducing great works of art on a commission basis.

Good forgeries can be harder to spot, especially as many of them can be hundreds of years old. Yes folks, forgery is not a new idea! When it comes to a genuinely valuable work of art, it is likely that a potential buyer will require some kind of provenance, so that its ownership can be traced back. Lesser value items, however, are more likely to be taken on face value.

If you think you have a picture that might be a fake, look at the quality of the brush strokes, and the colour of the paint. Does it appear to be far more recent than the artist's dates would indicate? If the artist is supposed to have died more than 50 years ago, it is unlikely that the painting will smell of fresh oil paint, and be completely free of damage or any kind of discolouration. Forgeries can be very hard to spot, and it takes an expert on a given artist to give a definitive answer. If you do have a painting that you believe to be a very high value item, it is worth having it authenticated. Ideally this can be done before you enter the painting for auction, but high end auctioneers have a lot of contacts, and may well be able to steer you in the right direction.

How do I sell my painting?

The vast majority of paintings have relatively low re-sale values. Many are by amateur artists whose output has been so low that no one has paid attention to them. These artists might be fantastically skilled and turn out paintings of exceptional quality, but there will always be a ceiling on their value, which is a great pity. Other pictures, however, might be relatively unattractive, yet they will attract buyers just because they were painted by a 'listed' artist. Whenever you are buying art, choose work that you love, and can easily live with. Some art is regarded as an investment, but personally I'd just as soon enjoy what's hanging on my walls!

As to selling your painting, there are any number of ways to go about it. Here are a few:

1. Auction House This is an ideal way to market an old painting, or a painting by a well-known artist. Search the internet for antiques and collectibles auction houses in your area, then contact them to find out whether they specialise in art. Most auction houses will give you a rough estimate of what the item is likely to sell for. Good auctioneers will also ensure that you achieve the best price by advertising on the internet and in the trade press, and also by advising any contacts that have a particular interest in what you have to offer. The commission fee is likely to be between 10% and 20% of the sale price. There may be a fee for unsold items.

2. Selling to a dealer or a gallery The advantage of selling in this way is that the transaction is completed swiftly. You can haggle to try to achieve the best price, and nobody will force you to sell if you aren't happy with the price offered. Always remember that the dealer or gallery has a profit to make, so they will never give you top dollar for your item.

3. Ebay or Amazon Marketplace This is not necessarily the best route to take, as you will have to build in reasonable shipping costs. Paintings that are behind glass tend to be heavy, and are not easy to transport. There is always the buyer collects option, however.

4. Yard Sale, Garage sale, Boot Sale These are all excellent ways to sell unwanted items. If you have thoroughly researched your picture, and have decided to sell at any price, then this is as good a route as any.

Monogram of the artist Carl Larsson

Courtesy of Wiki Commons
Courtesy of Wiki Commons

Some extra advice

This article has been written in good faith, but it does not constitute a valuation or appraisal. I do not offer an appraisal or valuation service, but I do hope that the information given here will assist you in discovering more about your art.

The Copyright of this article belongs to Amanda Severn.

Please take time to answer this poll, so that I can improve this article. Thank you.

How helpful was this article?

See results without voting

More by this Author

Comments 25 comments

kartika damon profile image

kartika damon 4 years ago from Fairfield, Iowa

I didn't there are so many resources for finding this information! Good job!

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

Thank you for your comment Kartika.

Dolores Monet profile image

Dolores Monet 4 years ago from East Coast, United States

This is a wonderful and oh so helpful hub. I love that you included so many links. How many of us have that little dream that we find a valuable painting at a yard sale! Ha,ha. There was a story awhile back about a woman who owned, I think it was, a Jackson Pollack painting. It took her years of research to prove it but she did. Some art researcher IDed the painting by a fingerprint of the artist!

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi Dolores, I love the story about the Jackson Pollock. I'm sure that he's a popular artist for would-be forgers to try and copy. Much simpler to recreate a Pollock than a Millais or a Holman Hunt! As to the masterpiece in the yard sale, I actually know someone who picked up two portrait miniatures by Robert Thorburn in a car boot sale here in the UK. They were eventually sold through Sothebys, and made a very good price. These little gems are out there, you just have to get lucky!

Storytellersrus profile image

Storytellersrus 4 years ago from Stepping past clutter

Amanda! What a great hub. I have got to come back here and do some indepth study. I think I told you years ago about a favorite Madonna and Child print my mother has, whose artist I cannot identify. My sister will inherit the print and I would like to purchase a copy for myself, if I can find one. Now I know where I can come to figure out this research challenge. Voted up and I will try and bookmark it, if that remains possible. I don't know all the new tricks at hubpages... Anyway, I know where to find you. Thanks so much!!!

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi Barb, thank you for stopping by, and I'm glad you found the hub useful. It's a lot easier to find out about paintings than it used to be, but it helps to know where to look, and that was what I was aiming to share here. As regards your mother's Madonna and Child print, please feel free to e-mail me a photo of it, and I will do my best to I.D. it for you.

belleart profile image

belleart 4 years ago from Ireland

Very helpful hub.

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

Thank you for stopping by and commenting, Belleart.

bpagee 4 years ago

I have a painting I just purchased at an estate sale, the best I can tell the signature looks like it starts out JEA and is dated 1904. The painting consists of people setting in what looks to be an outside restaurant.

Can anyone help me identify who the artist may be?

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

This article is not intended as an appraisal service, and unfortunately, the limited information that you have given would be insufficient to identify an artist. If you need further assistance with this, you might try an on-line appraisal service, or else post a photograph of your picture on Webanswers.com, or another similar site, where people are waiting to answer your questions at no charge. Good luck!

lrc7815 profile image

lrc7815 4 years ago from Central Virginia

I am so happy to find this hub. I have two original pieces of art that were done by two individuals who both became quite well known for their American Indian art. The two pieces are some of their first and are quite charming, although obviously done by a new artist. Both pieces are signed by the artist, clearly, and both artists are now dead. I have been trying to find a way to either return these originals to their families or, to find them a new home among a collection of the more advanced works of these two artists. I found some great resources in your hub. Thanks so much. Voted up for sure.

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi lrc815, thank you for your interesting comment. I'm quite intrigued to know who the artists you mention actually are! I'm glad the hub has proved helpful to you. Good luck with your future research.

lrc7815 profile image

lrc7815 4 years ago from Central Virginia

Amanda - one is Tim Vigil and the other is Gerda Christoffersen. I would welcome any suggestions you might have about how to find a home for them. Thanks so much.

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi lrc7815,

I've had a quick look to see what I could find out about these two artists, as neither of them was familiar to me. The Blouin Art Sales Index reveals that both artists are saleable, as several works by each have passed through auction. Neither is making vast sums as yet, but the fact that their paintings find buyers is still encouraging. I get the impression from your comment that money is not as important to you as finding a suitable new home for them. My suggestion would be to use the discussion boards on the AskArt web-site, or on the ArtConversation site to see if you can track down family members who might help you in your quest. Good luck!

lrc7815 profile image

lrc7815 4 years ago from Central Virginia

Amanda, you are so kind. I really appreciate you spending your time to help me. And yes, you are correct. The money is not the most important thing to me as is finding the proper home with someone who will appreciate the simplicity of these two pieces. They were gifted to me and I have felt all along that they belonged somewhere else. Thank you so much for the resources. I will certainly follow up with both of them. I cannot express my gratititude adequately. Thank you.

jandee profile image

jandee 4 years ago from Liverpool.U.K

Hello Amanda,

what a lovely hub. Life happens and we get involved in politics and such.

We really should just follow our heart and read about what we enjoy which is what I have just done . Thanks for such a wealth of information. I have two paintings here and have for ages intended to 'discover'more about them so thanks for the push,

best from jandee

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi Jandee, I'm glad you found your way here, and I hope the info included here is helpful. The internet is invaluable for searching out nuggets of information, but it's not always obvious where to look first. I've tried to include some useful pointers, and there's more details in my earlier hub,


These are interesting times we're living through, and sometimes it's hard to drag yourself away from the bigger picture, if you'll pardon the pun!

jandee profile image

jandee 4 years ago from Liverpool.U.K

Hello again Amanda, have just found a painting on Ebay by the artist I was talking about -Ruth Harvey..............Won't make a fortune but nice to find it has some interest, thanks for your prompt,jandee

Kristen Howe profile image

Kristen Howe 21 months ago from Northeast Ohio

This was a great hub about learning about your artwork. Great list too on those websites. Real useful and informative, too. Voted up!

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 21 months ago from UK Author

Hi Kristen Howe, I hope you found the article helpful. Thank you for stopping by and commenting.

Kristen Howe profile image

Kristen Howe 21 months ago from Northeast Ohio

Hi Amanda. You're welcome. I do and hope others will too.

Jodah profile image

Jodah 13 months ago from Queensland Australia

A very interesting and helpful hub. Thank you for sharing.

Elinor Zechmann 6 months ago

I see the last comment was seven months ago, I hope you are there and are able to advise me. I am trying to identify an old painting and Signature on the painting. I have done intensive "googling" but nothing seems to help.

Are you able to do so? or perhaps point me in a direction?

I really enjoyed your above informative article. much appreciated.

I am also somewhat in the dark whether to post the pics/info about the painting here.

Amanda Severn profile image

Amanda Severn 6 months ago from UK Author

Hi Elinor, this article, and its sister article, are intended to act as a jumping off point for your own further research. I'm afraid I don't offer a personal research service. If you have a clear, readable signature, Blouin's Art Sales Index on-line will give you an indication as to whether you have a work by a 'listed' artist. If indeed you do have such a work, you could take it to an auctioneer for further advice. They will have access to current sales listings, and will be able to suggest a likely value. This advice is normally free. If your signature is not readable and you've explored every avenue, you could try posting on Yahoo answers or wiki answers. Sometimes kindly, knowledgeable people will spend an hour or two of their time to help you for free, although this isn't necessarily guaranteed. Good luck!

Elinor Zechmann 6 months ago

Thanks Amanda. appreciate

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article