Why Flowers Are Important

Miss Magnolia Is A Sweet And Sexy Southern Pearl
Miss Magnolia Is A Sweet And Sexy Southern Pearl | Source

There is an old song that tells about the flowers and the trees, the birds and the bees, the moon up above, and a thing called love.

Flowers symbolize romance and love. We send them to our Valentines and picked them for our mother as a child. And what would a wedding be without flowers! It's not only love that makes the world go 'round, it is also flowers. But not just because we wear them to proms or draw them on greeting cards. Without flowering plants the whole structure of the flora and fauna kingdoms would be drastically altered.

It is important to understand the function of flowers and the pollination process. Environmental changes can affect pollinators like bees and other insects. Already there are failed colonies of bees that have occurred. Organic gardening offers solutions for controlling pests without the risk of harming the pollinator population.

Gardeners may notice that the squash, zucchini and other flowering vegetables lose some of their blooms without producing. There are things that can be done to help the "sex life" of their plants. Salvia and Mexican Heather are two plants that seem to attract more bees than others. Adding these type of flowers can ensure better pollination.

The gardener himself can even do the pollinating. Many garden plants like squash and melons have male and female flowers. The female flower will have a tiny vegetable at the bottom. The male flower does not. The gardener can break open the male bloom and touch the important male part helping to inject the pollen into the female bloom.


5 Seeds Magnolia Flower Seed Tree Bush White!rare!
5 Seeds Magnolia Flower Seed Tree Bush White!rare!

Contrary to popular belief, magnolias can grow in the northeast and midwest if it is of a hardy variety.

 

Evolution Of Flowering Plants

Dinosaurs and seedless plants, among other things, disappeared during the mass extinction that occurred at the end of the Cretaceous period. These extinctions left plenty of niches open into which flowering plants could move. Species could grow and prosper. Geologically speaking, their evolution happened quickly and alongside the diversification of insects, birds and other small animals. It became a matter of survival of the species, and flowering plants continue to make important adaptions.

How Flowers Reproduce

Perhaps because flowering plants evolved along with small animal life like butterflies and birds they share some basic traits that can classify them as living things. One of them is reproduction. They reproduce sexually.

Plants have:

sex organs

reproductive cycles

sperm

ovum

ovaries

cells that have chromosomes

embryos

We can examine the reproductive properties of plants without getting too technical and keep things on the "flowery" side. Then we can better understand the survival of all species of plant and animal life.


The bright color and sweet smell of this Hibiscus  will attract bees and other pollinators
The bright color and sweet smell of this Hibiscus will attract bees and other pollinators | Source

Importance Of Pollen

Flowers don't bay at the moon, do strange dances or make funny noises to conjure up love-making for sexual reproduction. Insects and other animals use high protein pollen and sugary nectar for food. The bright colors and sweet smells of flowers help to attract the pollinators to them. What animal is this like? If you said Homo Sapiens, you are correct! These pollinators are super transporters of pollen. Flowers won't have to make as much pollen as other plants for the species to survive.

The flowers of plants need pollen from other flowers to make seeds. Does this remind you of animals in any way? Of course it does!

When pollen comes in contact with the female parts of another flower, the reproductive cycle begins.

It is easy to see the pistil, stigma, stamen and style on this day lily, a monocot.
It is easy to see the pistil, stigma, stamen and style on this day lily, a monocot. | Source
The black berry, a dicot, loses its blooms when the fruit, or ovary starts to grow.
The black berry, a dicot, loses its blooms when the fruit, or ovary starts to grow. | Source

Classification Of Flowering Plants

Embryos

At the cellular level, plants have diploid and haploid cells as animals do. The cells divide and the chromosomes are halved. Like humans and other animals the flowering plant begins life as a fertilized egg that grows into an embryo, or an organism at the early stage of life. Unlike animals, scientists use the number of cotyledons, or embryos called seed leaves to classify flowering plants into two groups-monocots and dicots.

Monocots and Dicots

Monocots have one seed leaf while dicots have two. Some familiar monocots are different lilies and cereal grains. Black berries, raspberries, broccoli and cabbages are examples of dicots.

As the embryo develops the seed leaf will either stay inside the seed coat for food or break out and turn green. The baby plant is ready to be nourished by the nutrients in soil, using water and sunlight to make it's own food.

It is the remarkable capability of making it's own food that has helped all plants evolve and survive. They in turn provide food for all animals either directly or indirectly. Flowering plants are the biggest survivors of all with over 240,000 species.

This young ovary will grow and and ripen into a juicy delicious peach.
This young ovary will grow and and ripen into a juicy delicious peach. | Source

Reproductive Parts Of Flowers

Some flowers have both male and female parts. Others have only male or female parts. Some plants will even have both male and female flowers on the same plant.

The female's parts are called carpels. In most flowers the carpels fuse together to form a pistil. The pistil has three parts: the stigma, style and ovary. Just as in female animals, the eggs are stored here until they are fertilized. Also, as in the animal world, plants can only fertilize eggs of the same species.

The male reproductive parts are called stamens. The stamens have two parts, the filament and the anther. The filament supports the anther which is where pollen is produced.

If the garden is short on pollinators the gardener can learn to identify the male and female flower parts and become a pollinator himself!
If the garden is short on pollinators the gardener can learn to identify the male and female flower parts and become a pollinator himself! | Source

Reproductive Cycle Of Flowering Plants

Pollen produced by the anther is transferred to the stigma of the female flower by pollinators. If the flowers are small it will usually be the wind that does this, and these tiny flowers survive by making more pollen. After the pollen lands on the stigma the pollen travels through the style, or tube that leads to the ovaries. When the ovules are fertilized they will develop into seeds. The petals of the flower fall off and leave the ovary to develop into a fruit. A fruit can be anything from a juicy peach or squash to a sunflower seed hull. The job of the fruit is to enclose and protect the seeds, another mode of survival that the flowering plant adapted.

Lifespan Of Flowering Plants

Now the flowering plant has reproduced and the fertilized ovum has passed from embryo to adulthood. It will have one of three types of lifespans. It is helpful for the gardener to know what the lifespan is to determine which plants have to be replaced and when.

annual: produce flowers and die in one year. corn, squash, lettuce, watermelons and zinnias are some common annuals.

biennial: flowering plants with a lifespan of two years. produce short stem with underground food storage the first year. food reserve is used the second year to produce flowers and seeds. carrots, hollyhocks, foxglove, black-eyed susan are common biennials.

perennial: a flowering plant that lives more than two years. woody plants like trees are perennials. day lilies, hostas, irises and roses are favorite perennial flowers

10 Most Popular Ornamental Flowering Plants World Wide

Flower
Lifespan
Care Tips
Sunflower
Annual
Plant in groups. Full sun.
Wildflower
Perrenial & Annual
Grows in fields, meadows, woods. Can buy special mixed seed packets
Lilac
Perrenial
Provide good drainage, tolerates poor soil, attracts butterflies
Carnation
Annual
Full sun, moist loamy soil
Orchid
Perrenial
Special light & temperatires needed
Lily
Perrenial
well drained soil, can take some shade,many varieties
Tulip
Perrenial, but often planted as annual
full sun, sandy soil,good drainage
Primrose
Perrenial
Shade, moist soil, first flower of Spring
Rose
Perrenial
well drained soil, full sun, prune and fertilize
Iris
Perrenial
well drained soil, full sun, grows from rhizomes
Buy wildflower seeds in mixed packets. Plant densely
Buy wildflower seeds in mixed packets. Plant densely | Source

Wildflowers

Wildflowers are the second most popular flower in the world. They grow in fields,meadow and woods all over the world. They can be seen growing along busy interstate highways. There are even wildflowers that have adapted to life in the desserts. Wildflowers are important to the environment. They turn carbon dioxide into breathable air. They are like nature's air fresheners.

Wildflowers can be grown from purchased packets. Choose mixed seeds or seeds indigenous to your area. Plant them densely to help keep out the unwanted s.

Vote For Your Favorite Flower

Which one of the top 10 flowers world wide is your favorite?

See results without voting

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Comments 47 comments

WillStarr profile image

WillStarr 4 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

A super Hub! Very informative and well written. Voted way up!


mary615 profile image

mary615 4 years ago from Florida

You put a lot of work and research into this Hub and it shows! I learned a lot that I didn't know before. People don't understand how important the pollinators are. I wrote a Hub about the world's largest flower and how the plant is pollinated by flies. The plant smells so bad that it attracts the flies. When you have some time read that Hub. You would appreciate it, I think. I voted this UP, etc.etc. May I link this Hub to mine? Thanks in advance.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks will, and Sunshine. I love carnations, to. If fact O love flowers, and it is hard for me to decide on a favorite. I love hydrangeas, though and they didn't make the list! So I guess I will go with lilacs since they are so easy to care for. I will def read that Hub, Mary and YES, do link!


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 4 years ago

What would we do without these lovely plants of creation? They are indeed important and have great purpose in life. Those photos as beautiful. Thanks for sharing.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks teaches! Everybody loves flowers! Glad you stopped by !


kelleyward 4 years ago

Hi Rebeccamealey! This is a fantastic hub full of useful information about the importance of flowers! Voted up and useful! Take care, Kelley


Movie Master profile image

Movie Master 4 years ago from United Kingdom

Hi Rebecca, this hub is packed with interesting information on flowers - a joy to read!

Thank you and voted up.

Best wishes Lesley


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks kellyward for the vote up! Glad you found it useful. I think it is a good thing to at least be aware of that beautiful feature of flowers.

I am glad you enjoyed this Movie Master. I truly enjoyed writing it and taking the pics. Would you believe I took the pics with an Android phone? My other camera isn't working!


ChristyWrites profile image

ChristyWrites 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

My fave flower is the daisy, it is not on the list so I wonder if I am alone in that?! I liked reading about the importance of flowers and the photos are lovely.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Hey Christy. The list I found did not list my favorites either. Oh well. I don't know how those lists are compiled, but thought it interesting.


Angelo52 profile image

Angelo52 4 years ago from Central Florida

Great article. Whenever I see flowers I always stop to take a look. Even the tiny ones growing on wild plants we normally look at as weeds.


LetitiaFT profile image

LetitiaFT 4 years ago from Paris via California

It's funny, when I first read your title, my first gut reaction was that they are important to our sanity. I was surprised because I'm a naturalist by background and I've spent a lot of time developing "rational" conservation arguments. Your hub is right on, of course, but I found your title personally enlightening!


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Hi LetitiaFT. I thought some people might think the title referred to receiving flowers on special occasions. But they are important that way as well! I am glad you read it and enjoyed it! Thanks!


tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 4 years ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

A good informative hub, flowers never fail to cheer me up, as my old man knows, bless him.

I think people are becoming more aware of the current plight of bees and are doing what they can to help, with information like this they may just have a fighting chance, as will we.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks for understanding the dual purpose of my Hub....Flowers are important for more than one reason, I can see you understand. I am concerned about the plight of the bees, too. It bears watching!


Alex Jose profile image

Alex Jose 4 years ago from Cleveland, Ohio

Hey rebeccamealey this hub is totally awesome as it it all about flowers which is a beautiful creation of god that everyone must admire....so a thumbs up from my behalf..


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks Alex. Yes, I agree. One must have to see the hand of the Divine Creator in flowers.


nifwlseirff profile image

nifwlseirff 4 years ago from Villingen Schwenningen, Germany

Beautiful photos and spot on with the importance of pollinating insects! Unfortunately, that particular list is missing my favourite, lavender.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks!The list didn't include my favorite either, hydrangea.


ripplemaker profile image

ripplemaker 4 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

I feel like I have been transported to my Science class as I read through the information about flowers all over again. This makes me feel very grateful for nature esp. flowers. They are beautiful. Thank you for writing this hub. :)


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Oh, Thanks ripplemaker! It is really cool how the flowers help keep us alive, literally!


thougtforce profile image

thougtforce 4 years ago from Sweden

So much good information about the importance of flowers. Flowers are both beautiful and are also so important for us all! I really enjoyed reading this, it is awesome! Voted up, interesting and useful!

Tina


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks thoughtforce. You really got the gist of my point. What would we do without flowers!I am glad you enjoyed it, I had fun writing it and taking the pics!


lindacee profile image

lindacee 4 years ago from Southern Arizona

What a racy Hub rebecca! Hee hee! ;) Great information presented in an easy-to-follow format. I am greatly troubled about the failing bee colonies. I have noticed over the last several years, a decrease in the number of bees and bees that appear to be sick. I'm glad to know that organic gardening techniques and introducing certain flowering plant species can help the situation! Voted up, useful, beautiful and interesting.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Yes it is rather racy, isn't it? I am glad you gleaned that from the hub!


Fennelseed profile image

Fennelseed 4 years ago from Australia

Wow, so much information in one hub. I love flowers and trying to choose one favourite was just too hard!!! I chose the Lily, but could have chosen the Rose, the Iris, the Lilac or the Orchid as I love them all. Thank you so much for sharing this informative and interesting hub. Your photos are beautiful also. My votes and best wishes to you Rebecca, and sharing.


2patricias profile image

2patricias 4 years ago from Sussex by the Sea

Your photos are beautiful! I'm delighted to see that they are all yours. We both also like indoor flowers. I grow geraniums and take them indoors to over winter.

I'm tweeting this hub.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks so much! I love geraniums. I don't have any at present.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

rebecca, this is one wonderfully well explained hub on flowering plants and their reproductive cycle, that I've ever read.

Voted up as useful and interesting


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks, I had loads of fun with this one!


midget38 profile image

midget38 3 years ago from Singapore

Fabulous flowers! And without them, nature would lose much of its beauty. Not forgetting their contribution to the environment too. Thanks for sharing, Rebecca! Passing this on!


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

Hi Rebecca,

You did a great job explaining why flowers are truly important to those of us who share this planet in addition to their sheer beauty. Voted up, useful, interesting and plan to pin this to my Flowers board on Pinterest.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

I am so glad you liked this Hub, I had a great time doing it. Thanks!


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks so mush, Peggy. I loved doing this hub. It was a blast!


moonlake profile image

moonlake 3 years ago from America

Very interesting and beautiful photos. I enjoyed your hub. Voted up.


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 3 years ago from sunny Florida

This is such an important topic, rebecca. Our plants add amazing beauty and often fragrance to our lives daily asking little of us. And as you have reminded us their contribution is far more important than just that.

By passing along this information to our young ones, we can begin their interest in plants and caring for these plants that add so much to our lives.

Angels are on the way ps


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

Don't know how I missed that magnolia bloom, simply beautiful. Looks like a queen with a crown!

Have been shooting some lately but just so hard to get that perfect shot. I mean they look beautiful looking at them but I can rarely get the camera to show just what I see.

Great hub, flowers are a top love of mine. ^


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks! That magnolia tree sure is a mess in the fall, though!


vespawoolf profile image

vespawoolf 3 years ago from Peru, South America

I love your photo of the beautiful magnolia! This was very interesting and well written. I like how you compared plant and animal reproductive systems. It's hard for me to choose between the orchid and the tulip...I love them both. Thanks! Voted up and shared!


Suzie HQ profile image

Suzie HQ 3 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

Hi Rebecca,

Wow, so glad I caught this shared by Vespa (thanks Vespa!) as I ADORE flowers and think my love and interest comes from my mum an avid gardener, photographer and painter of flowers. Loved learning about the different elements and the reproductive organs I find fascinating.

I love so many on your list but Sunflowers I long to grow and will in Italy!

Voted up, useful, interesting, awesome, shared and pinned to my flowers.

Your photos are stunning shots and my favorite I think (very hard!) is the Hisbiscus!


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks for sharing Suzie. I am sure you got your love of flowers as well as your creativity from Mum!


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks, vespawoolf! I know how it is about picking a favorite flower. It's difficult!


Carl8033 profile image

Carl8033 3 years ago

Beautiful flower photos you have there plus I managed to learn something new today for instance I had no idea that the lifespan of a sunflower was 1 year. :)


ChitrangadaSharan profile image

ChitrangadaSharan 3 years ago from New Delhi, India

Normally when we look at the flowers, we admire them for their beauty. But they have such an important role in environment. You have written it from a different angle, perhaps from a botanist point of view. But easy to understand even for laymen like us.

Beautiful pictures and very informative hub. Voted up!

Thanks for sharing!


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks for such an insightful comment!


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 3 years ago from California

Such an interesting and beautiful hub!


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA Author

Thanks! It was lots of fun!

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