Why Lakota Nation Seceded From the Union and Blockaded the Keystone XL Pipeline
Do the American Indians on reservations want the help of a white American?
...Asked by tylermj23 on HubPages Q&A.
The short answer for some of the Native American Nations is "no."
Secession From the United States
In the first decade of the 21st Century, relationships and interactions between Native American Nations in the Lower 48 States and the US Federal Government began to change radically. In fact, the year 2009 became a year of hopeful change for America overall, politically.
In the 2000s under the Bush Administration (2001 - 2008), we heard rumblings of certain tribes and small groups wishing to seek sovereignty independent of the USA. By the beginning of the Obama Administration, our new POTUS had been adopted into the Crow Nation,which was a good omen for understanding among the varieties of people we have in this nation. However, other Indigenous nations here were unhappy with a list of injustices incurred from the US Federal Government -- They felt that these injuries had remained unreconciled into the 2000s
National Protest of Cowboys and Indians against Keystone XL
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An alliance of cowboys & Indians, with an encampment of tepees and a horseback protest, have taken to Wash. DC to stand in opposition to the proposed Keystone XL oil pipeline and oil tar sands.
The related Obama years (2009 - 2012) were to be years of a big Change and some Native American Nations decided to be the change themselves.
Just as the citizens of the State of Texas and Governor Rick Perry time and again have taken up plans, rumors and support of possible secession from the Union, Native American Nations have begun to secede in fact. The Lakota Nation seceded in their own way in December 17-19, 2007 via meetings in Washington DC. Russell Means (Oyate Wacinyapin ) is their Governor and Glenn T. Morris is their Attorney General. They have always had their own tribal government in addition to the US Federal authority and since the end of 2007, consider themselves a sovereign nation.
Quote from a Letter From Russell Means to President Obama and Secretary Clinton of June 22, 2010.
'Under the established international legal principle of inadimplanti non est adimplendum (“one has no need to respect his obligation if the counter-party has not respected his own”), as well as under Article 60ii of the Vienna Convention, the Lakota assert, and will substantiate below, that the United States of America has been, and continues to be, in material breach of the provisions of the treaties between itself and the Lakotah.'
Before this letter mentioned above, in 2009, the Lakota people held out The Constitution of the Six Nations Confederacy (The Great Peace) as an example to the US, since it had greatly influenced the US Constitution (REFERENCE: HERE). No peace was made with Lakota complaints and the letter above was sent.
The Lakota people do not feel they are losing any Federal help, because they already have not had clean water or electricity in a large proportion of their homes. National health statistics show that the incidence of infant mortality, TB, and Cervical Cancer in 2008 was many times that of the US national average. However, the Republic has begun its own businesses, including real estate in the form of single plots of land and even “RoL Villages” in which several families band together to form an official Village on Lakota lands. A Village is under construction in Newell near Rapid City, SD. Another business is the production of geothermal infrastructures, the first in a Village in Hot Springs, SD. Immigrants from the USA are welcomed.
Villages and Geothermal Infrastructure Business Around I-90
The Republic of Lakotah/Lakota
The Lakota Freedom Delegation of Lakota Nation led the way toward become a sovereign state. Members of the official Delegation traveled and brought documents to the US State Department in order to notify the US Federal Government of the tribe's cancellation of treaties for cause and cutting ties from with the Union.
The Lakota pointed to laws that proved their action was not secession. They instituted a unilateral withdrawal from all 52 Treaties with the US Federal Government, which action is legal under the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, signed by representatives of the United States.
Causes sited for the Lakota withdrawal from the USA included the following unreconciled affronts:
- Genocide of Indigenous North American Nations.
- Failure of the US Federal Government to openly admit that the 1921 "First Thanksgiving" was in reality a meeting in which the colony of Plymouth attempted to obtain Wampanoag Nation lands that were owned by a large village at Plymouth Rock centuries before the British settlers landed with the Mayflower. (My note: by the way, there were no Pilgrims, but "saints" of the lower classes that brought kegs of beer on the ship.)
- The first officially government-declared Thanksgiving was declared by the Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1637, William Braddock, when he said that it was
"A day of Thanksgiving, thanking God that we have eliminated over 700 men, women and children” and
“This day forth shall be a day of celebration and thanksgiving for subduing the Pequots.”
(REFERENCE: From the historic documents and the works of William Newell, former Chair of Anthropology at the University of Connecticut. The statement is included on the Republic of Lakotak website. The Governor's words were taken from settler's diaries and a book written by settler John Underhill.)
- Native groups of the Western US have been consistently exposed to low doses of radiation from the 1940s over the decades into the 2010s, through activities such as uranium mining and nuclear testing.
- Federal assault son Lakota political, cultural and economic freedoms.
Lakota Nation boundaries for their new entity, Republic of Lakotah, were drawn by the tribe to include all of:
- Northern and Central Nebraska,
- 50% of South Dakota,
- 25% of North Dakota (southwestern corner), which state is largely on the MHA Nation Reservation where an Oil Boom is underway,
- 20% of Montana, and
- 20% of Wyoming.
The Lakota people and government want to take possession of several natural parks and related lands that were one in their control. This will be very difficult.
Roughly, Land Between These Cities Is Claimed by Republic of Lakotah
North Dakota Tribal Oil and Gas Fields
- New Jobs Doubled Again in 2012 -- Where to Find Bakk...
New Town, North Dakota projects 500 new oil wells by 2015 and the Unemployment Rate is in
Republic of Lakotah Websites In South Dakota
Trucking and Transportation Fraud Along the Pipeline
From Raw Story and Censored News websites -- On March 5, Native Americans of Republic of Lakotah blocked Keystone Pipeline trucks and 5 men and women were arrested. The Lakota people are continuing to press for a legal injunction and restraining order against the trucks passing through their lands on Pine Ridge Reservation. If the legal documents come through, future trucks will be stopped and confiscated by Republic of Lakotah.
The Canadian XL Pipeline company and the State of South Dakota worked a deal to drive the trucks through the Reservation in order to avoid weigh station fees on the usual highways, without asking the Lakota people first. Fees could reach up to $50,000 for each truck, so this was something of a trick - trespass (at least an unethical workaround) to avoid trucking fees.
The Lakota people believe the pipeline will leak into the local water supply, which may or may not be the case; if so, it will make more people sick and waterless than are thus already on the Lakota lands. At the same time, a huge amount of oil is being or will be extracted and refined in North Dakota on another Reservation and other lands; the hold up is a lack of housing for hundreds more workers needed, which would be cheaper to construct than the Keystone Pipeline.
America has two blocked oil projects:
- North Dakota Bakken Oil Field and
- The Keystone Pipeline.
Native Americans own much of the land of both.
America received more change that it bargained for or expected from 2009 - 2012.
Pine Ridge Reservation
Happier Times For Lakota
#8/30 March Challenge
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