World War 2 Germany Invades Poland ww2

The Invasion Begins

World War II Germany Invading Poland

Germany Invades Poland

At dawn on September 1st 1939 a massive German army rolled across the 1,250 miles of the Polish border.

Almost immediately after the invasion of Poland began the British and French ambassadors in Berlin delivered identical messages to the German Foreign Ministry Stating that if Germany did not withdraw their troops from Poland Britain and France would "fulfil their obligations to Poland without hesitation".(France had a military agreement with Poland since 1921 and Britain had pledged their assistance to Poland, if it's independence was threatened on the 31st of March 1939)

Britain ordered the German withdrawal from Poland and gave them until 9am on September 3rd, Germany refused and 2 hours after the deadline had passed Neville Chamberlain the British Prime Minister declared war.

At noon the French ambassador in Berlin called the German Foreign Minister who refused to halt the invasion and at 5pm France declared war.

World War 2 Had began.

Blitzkrieg

"Blitzkrieg the German word for lightning war" was a military technique that was used to great effect by Germany during the course of the World War 2

Mobile armoured (Panzer) forces Blasted their way into enemy territory ahead of the slower moving infantry who followed to clear up any further resistance from the enemy, these attacks were stunningly effective that they often caught the enemy unprepared.

The Blitzkrieg of Poland was so effective and so swift that the Germans had advanced the 140 miles to Warsaw the Capital in just 7 days. By the 10th of September 1939 there were only small pockets of Polish resistance left in isolated groups and the French declared the battle of Poland lost on the 13th of September.

Soviet Forces entered Poland from the east on the 17th of September.

(Germany and Russia Hitler, and Stalin had a secret non-aggression pact that included the partitioning of Poland between their two countries)

On the 18th of September the Polish government and High command went into exile in Romania.

The Warsaw Garrison bravely fought on for another ten days against the invaders until they finally succumbed on the 28th of September.

And the last of the Polish army succumbed to the Germans on October the 5th. Marking the end of Poland's independence.

Polish Officers Shot in the Katyn Forrest

The Aftermath

Germany and The Soviets between them took over 900,000 Polish prisoners, the Polish officers were then taken to the Katyn Forrest and shot dead, many Polish soldiers died from maltreatment.

Around 80,000 Polish soldiers managed to cross the border into Romania and continued to their fight against the Germans from France and Britain.

The number of Polish soldiers killed or wounded is still unknown but there were 45,000 German casualties.

This is the first in a series of pages about the decisive battles of world war 2

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Comments 15 comments

jacobworld profile image

jacobworld 8 years ago from Ireland

all good


In The Doghouse profile image

In The Doghouse 8 years ago from California

Jimmy,

War is so incredibly terrible. It is such a waste of lives... and commodies, and time, and etc.... It is so sad what we as human beings are willing to do to another for power. Dugg.. Thank you!


Chuck profile image

Chuck 8 years ago from Tucson, Arizona

Another great Hub, Jimmy. Are you planning a series like your World War I series or is this just a single Hub? Either way I enjoyed it.


jimmythejock profile image

jimmythejock 8 years ago from Scotland Author

Thanks Chuck, this is the first in a series of World war 2 hubs, this series being about decisive battles of the war, i have other hubs planned for the future pertaining to other aspects of world war 2............jimmy


balisunset profile image

balisunset 8 years ago from A tropical paradise island

Poland is one of the most pitiful countries in WW2

to be smashed from two sides by giants....

Even so they are proven to be a very capable soldiers...

Polish squadrons in Battle of Britain are known to be the craziest and vengeful pilots in the battle, shooting down german planes in blood thirsty manner.

Their ground troops although a few after D-Day are also proven to be absolutely comptetent, it is sad many of these heroes are branded as traitors by Polish Communist Government when they returned home.


Tom Kay 8 years ago

Hey Jimmy

I live in Poland and you would be amazed at how many Polish people criticise the British over what happened in WWII.

They complain that we didn't step in quickly enough, that we didn't give them enough credit for their actions in helping defeat the Nazi. Most of all, they are angry at how (in their minds) we gave them up to Russia without a second thought.

It was interesting for me to hear it. A lot of what they say is untrue (such as Churchill delaying things) and some of it wouldn't be different had the tables been reversed (Yalta).

Interesting hub. Cheers.


gray 7 years ago

that is a good thing


marbles 7 years ago

i think that maybe with the 'peace talks' between poland germany and france, and other countries, they should have been smart enough to figure out something was going on and do something about it instead of just hoping things will just turn out for the better and then later get your asses kicked, by a guy at the very least you could have fended off for more than 27 days. i mean come on, during the revolutionary war america was just a buch of pitchfork carrying farmers and look at what happened there?


nomenklatura profile image

nomenklatura 7 years ago

In response to marbles comment, i have to say that the Poles do not get nearly enough credit for their courage. They were outnumbered by 2:1, outclassed technologically and almost completely unprepared due to French insistance that they do not mobilse in an attempt to continue negotiations with Hitler ( Full mobilisation was announced on the 30th of August, but halted due to French insistance). The fact that they held of for as long as they did is amazing. You are also forgetting about the contibution Polish exiles made to the war effort, sticking with the Allies until the defeat of Germany, fighting in North Africa, Italy and France, only to be sold out to the Soviets. As for Britain and France, they shamefully stood at Germany's borders and watched their ally be systematically conquered by two of the strongest nations at the time. Also, the American war of Independence can in no way be compared to the invasion of Poland in WW2. The Americans fought a nation across hundreds of miles of open water, on their own terrain and with great French material and physical help. They were not "farmers with pitchforks" but well organized soldiers fighting a nation that had no chance to defeat them due to its problems of supply, pacification of a hostile population and lack of available manpower. A more apt comparison would be the debacle that the Americans are experiencing in Iraq and Afghanistan.

P.S. Great article Jimmy.


Jay 6 years ago

I am Polish and I'm sooo proud that Poland got trought it all!!!!!


Pete 6 years ago

Everything what they said its true!!

England,USA sold them to Russia!

France didn't help a lot but they want to be a heroes,its disgusting.


tiffhelpme 5 years ago

im doing home work and need to make a timeline what site


matthew 5 years ago

thjank you


kasha 5 years ago

response to marbles comment, i have to say that the Poles do not get nearly enough credit for their courage. They were outnumbered by 2:1, outclassed technologically and almost completely unprepared due to French insistance that they do not mobilse in an attempt to continue negotiations with Hitler ( Full mobilisation was announced on the 30th of August, but halted due to French insistance). The fact that they held of for as long as they did is amazing. You are also forgetting about the contibution Polish exiles made to the war effort, sticking


kasha 5 years ago

I live in Poland and you would be amazed at how many Polish people criticise the British over what happened in WWII.

They complain that we didn't step in quickly enough, that we didn't give them enough credit for their actions in helping defeat the Nazi. Most of all, they are angry at how (in their minds) we gave them up to Russia without a second thought.

It was interesting for me to hear it. A lot of what they say is untrue (such as Churchill delaying things) and some of it wouldn't be different had the tables been revers

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