World War 1 Gallipoli WWI

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A markergallipoli -
Gallipoli, Turkey
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Dardanelles, Turkey
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Gallipoli 1916

The Commonwealth War Graves near Sulva Bay

The ANZAC Memorial in Sydney

Gallipoli

On 19th February 1915, British naval ships attacked Turkish forts at the Dardanelles; they started with a long-range bombardment followed by heavy fire at closer range. This forced the Turks to retreat from the outer forts, allowing minesweepers to clear six miles into the straits.

The ships were then forced to retreat when they came under heavy fire from the Turkish forts, which were out of range of the British guns.

On 18th March eighteen battleships entered the straits fifteen from Britain and three from France, they were making good progress until the French ship Bouvet struck a mine and sunk,

Soon after two British ships also hit mines, the Irresistible and Ocean both sunk with the loss of 700 souls. Three ships were sunk, another three were severely damaged, and once again, the allies were forced to retreat.

Vice-Admiral Sir John de Robeck informed Winston Churchill that to take the Gallipoli peninsula he would need the help of the army, General Ian Hamilton, commander of the troops on the Greek island of Lemnos, who had watched the failed naval operation, agreed and plans were now made for full-scale landings at Gallipoli.

On the 25th April 1915 the assault began, at Helles and Gaba Tepe, beachheads were established. On august the 6th another landing was made on Sulva Bay.

By the end of August, the Allies had lost over 40,000 men. General Ian Hamilton asked for 95,000 more men, but although supported by Winston Churchill, Kitchener was unwilling to send more troops to the area.

On 14th October, Hamilton was replaced with General Munro who after visiting the three beachheads recommended that the troops be withdrawn, two weeks later Lord Kitchener arrived and agreed with Munro's decision, The operation began at Sulva Bay on 7th December. The last of the men left Helles on 9th January 1916.

About 480,000 Allied troops took part in the Gallipoli campaign. The British had 205,000 casualties (43,000 killed). There were more than 33,600 ANZAC casualties (8,700 killed) and 47,000 French casualties (5,000 killed). Turkish casualties are estimated at 250,000 (65,000 killed).

Australian and New Zealand Army Corps

Anzac day:

The Gallipoli campaign marked the first time that Australians went into combat as Australians. The term ‘ANZAC' originated from that time and ANZAC Day, arguably Australia's most significant national holiday, occurs annually on 25th April, the date of the start of the Gallipoli campaign.

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33 comments

misfit profile image

misfit 9 years ago from England

So sad!


Chuck profile image

Chuck 9 years ago from Tucson, Arizona

Your hub and video really makes one stop and appreciate what they have. No way would I want to trade any of my problems for what those poor fellows had to endure. Great Hub and great series - your writing really brings the stories of those soldiers to life. Chuck


vcloijraitajslgf 9 years ago

cool loved it cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool coolyay!


Student 9 years ago

thanx! all this info it really helped me with my history project!!


Lily 9 years ago

thanx! the info helped :)


jade 9 years ago

thanks soo much you really helped me with my english report


gilbahia profile image

gilbahia 9 years ago from italy

you are great...................................


Lissie profile image

Lissie 8 years ago from New Zealand

ANZAC Day is becoming bigger and bigger in Australia and NZ with an increasing number of tourists making it all the way to Gallipoli for the 25 April ceremonies. It always strikes me as significant that we celebrate a huge military DEFEAT rather than a victory or even a cessation of hostilites like the UK's Memorial Day. I written more about ANZAC Day here http://hubpages.com/holidays/ANZAC-Day


rahi 8 years ago

so sad


mady 7 years ago

love it


alex 7 years ago

thankyou

you really helped me with my ANZAC day assignment


Tegan  7 years ago

Thanks...


Tegan  7 years ago

Thanks... I


shayla 7 years ago

uhhh gr8 but i couldn't find when it ended? othe rthen that... FANTASTIC!


jennifer  7 years ago

i am so thankful


laurenevieve 7 years ago

ahmahgad thanks sooooo much

ily!


josh 7 years ago

thanks

great help


Laurie Favelle profile image

Laurie Favelle 7 years ago from Canberra, Australia

A great overview of the campaign. This will be of considerable to those looking for an easy to follow introduction that may encourage further reading. Thanks


Riley 7 years ago

you realy helped me with my homework thanks:)


frankie 6 years ago

this has just saved my whole life's worth of detentions!!!!!


Sarah 6 years ago

thank you people great help


Amanda 6 years ago

thanks, this should help me with my home work


hahaha 6 years ago

really helpful :D , pretty much covered my history assignment


Maddy 6 years ago

really helped me with my study!!!!!!!! and know i'v studied for my exam!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!


Lily Bowman 6 years ago

Hey, thank you for helping me!!!! You are awesome!!!!!!!!


Donna 6 years ago

it is so sad how all the men died


Hannah 6 years ago

you are the best in the world,Kiss Hug Kiss Hug.I am

8 years old


Student (NZ) 6 years ago

Thank you sooo much this is really vital for my NZ at war project =]


hayleyy 6 years ago

great info :)


neshnii ♥ 6 years ago

fanxx soooo muj diis relii helped mii for myy exam !!!

???


poopoo 6 years ago

this video is very emotional but helps you to learn what those corageous men did and felt like during war. it is a very devastating and shocking moment in history x


melissa 5 years ago

Wow so sad


Hakan 4 years ago

Turks are the greatest fighters of the world. (Ottoman Empire History) and i am proud to be one of them. :)

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