Writing an Essay - Introduction, Body and Conclusion

How to Write an Essay

In this essay, we will learn how to write a classical style essay that is mandatory to learn for high school and university exams. This type of essay consists of three parts: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. By understanding the structure of an essay, the content of the essay is easily written and highly organized.

First, let us look at the beginning of the essay. The first paragraph of an essay is called the introduction. The introduction consists of three to four sentences that introduce the topic of discussion. The first sentence should explain what the essay will be about and should draw the attention of the reader, or hook the reader. The second sentence includes a quick summary of what the reader should expect to read. The third sentence summarizes how the essay will help the reader and tells the reader what he will learn by reading the essay.

After writing the introduction, we can begin writing the second part of the essay which is called the body of the essay. The body of the essay consists of a minimum of three paragraphs that are composed of three to five sentences. Each paragraph of the body should include a numerological sequence for the reader to follow. These include starting the paragraph with first, beginning, to begin with, the first, firstly and so on. Each paragraph following the first must contain the next number in sequence to continue the numerical logic of order such as secondly, next, second and so on.

In addition to the numerical reference in the first sentence of the paragraph, each paragraph’s content must support what was written in the introductory paragraph. In this case, we are discussing the body of the essay and have broken it down into what must be included in the content. The body provides the information that supports what is stated in the introduction and in the first sentence of the paragraph. The paragraph is not a summary of what you are writing about, rather, it is in support of what you are writing about.

Finally, the last paragraph of the body provides the support for the last reason you listed in the introduction. The content of the body is important as well as how the sequence of thought is written. With proper content that is organized logically, the reader will be funnelled into arriving at the same conclusion that you will be presenting in the final part of the essay. The ordering of the supporting facts is very much like that in a debate – you choose what you believe, you let the opponent know, you research and provide the facts, you support the facts with examples and, finally, you provide a conclusion based on the facts and examples.

This brings us to the final paragraph of the essay: the conclusion or summary. The final paragraph consists of three to five sentences and sums up the entire essay. The first sentence will contain in conclusion, in summary, finally, lastly and so on to indicate that the essay is about to finish. The second sentence summarizes all the paragraphs by finding a commonality that ties them together. The last sentence states your conclusion and includes thus, I conclude, therefore, based on the above facts it can be concluded, I will, you will, they will and so on. Now that you have the basic structure and understanding of the content that needs to be provided in each paragraph, you will now be successful at writing a classic styled essay for reports and exams.

© June 6, 2010

Copyright Beth100

Visual Presentation of Essay Outline

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Graphic Representation 1

Visual Presentation of Essay Outline 2

Graphic Representation 2
Graphic Representation 2

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Beth100 2 years ago from Canada Author

Anisa - Thank you!

anisa 2 years ago

thanks for the information, its really meaning full and its the best information that I get

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Beth100 4 years ago from Canada Author

Vinaya Ghimire -- Thank you very much. I hope that your cousin will benefit from this.

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Vinaya Ghimire 4 years ago from Nepal

This will be very useful lesson for my cousin.

I loved the visual presentation of essay.

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Beth100 4 years ago from Canada Author

Brakel2 -- Thank you for the compliment. :) I wrote this for my daughter and her high school friends with the goal to teach them how to write a proper essay. It appears that I succeeded as this article is now used by the English department to teach the students the format. :)

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brakel2 4 years ago from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Hi Beth. Great article about essays. It is easy to follow and shows organization. Students and others should find this helpful. I love to read good hubs and happened to find this one. Happy writing.

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Beth100 6 years ago from Canada Author

Clark Farley -- I wrote this for the use of high school students who are just learning how to write content to convey a message. Writing has it's formats but once learned, we can apply some creativity to it. I'm sure that you're writing is good...I'll have to pop on over and check out your hubs. I'm glad that I provided some information for you. Thanks for your feedback.

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clark farley 6 years ago

thank you for the hub...mixed emotions though

I write for fun but, (being male in western culture) need to believe that I am writing and doing a great job getting my 'message' across.

This hub is like realizing that after years of 'playing by ear' there is a system, a correct format for expressing thought in writing. A way that includes rules to follow and (if followed) increases the likelihood that it will make sense to that sought after Reader.

(am one of those that only now wish that I had paid more attention to English classes in school)

(and typing, too)

Thanks for the quick lesson.


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Beth100 6 years ago from Canada Author

aayushi kathuria -- Stupidity can be rectified with proper education. Read more and learn more. Then, make an educated comment.

aayushi kathuria 6 years ago


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Beth100 6 years ago from Canada Author

CkhoffmanK -- Thanks, and just in time for the start of a new semester!

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CkhoffmanK 6 years ago from Las Vegas

Good read! It was useful.

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Beth100 6 years ago from Canada Author

Nick B -- It seems to me you have more than tidied things up -- you've become an excellent writer!!! Thank you for reading and leaving your feedback.

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Beth100 6 years ago from Canada Author

Easyguyevo -- Thank you and like you, I am more of a visual learner too. This is why I try my best to insert flow charts. Must be a common thing between techies. :)

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Nick B 6 years ago from Normandy, France

I could have done with that when I was at school. I would meander through whatever I was writing, rarely touching the point in question. I've tidied things up a bit since then however.

Well put together and thanks.

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easyguyevo 6 years ago from Barbados

Nice step by step guide. I especially liked the flowcharts, maybe thats because i am more of a tech savy guy.

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Beth100 6 years ago from Canada Author

EyesAndEars -- There are several structures to essays, and this one is directed at high school students writing their final exams or SAT tests. As we learn to write, we realize that we have freedom to modify writing structures to suit our style or genre that is being written. Students, including adults, that I have taught have all done extremely well on their exams based on this simple structure. I'm glad you've received "A's" on your essays.

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EyesAndEars 6 years ago from Somewhere over the rainbow....

Huh. I've never concluded my essays the way you describe, but I've always received an A. :/ Good info tho.

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Beth100 6 years ago from Canada Author

Sarawrbaby111 - Hey you! This is for you...I hope that this helps and doesn't cause more confusion! Good luck on the final exam! I will publish your poems soon... just have to find the links to them. xoxo

sarawrbaby111 6 years ago

1-3-1 essay? lol thanks ;) I hope I do good on the exams now that I know how to write this (: p.s. You should publish the poems too ?

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