The Articles of Confederation were drafted and limped towards ratification from 1776 to 1781 during a time of war with the strongest government in the world. Born of the sentiment of the Declaration of Independence it provided for a very weak central Government. These weaknesses hampered the war effort and threatened to destroy the resultant peace.
Policies of currency, trade, defense, internal improvements, and diplomacy were being directed from the capitals of thirteen individual states rather than a national Capital City that didn’t even exist for that purpose.
Shay’s Rebellion proved the final embarrassment to the Confederation after Massachusetts militia had to put down the rebellion and secure the Confederation Government property (an Armory in Springfield) from those angry farmers who had fought in the Revolution.
It was agreed that changes were required. The Revolution of 1776 (embodied in the Declaration of Independence), and expressed in The Articles of Confederation, was to be transformed with a counter-revolution of a stronger national government in the form of the current Constitution.