Greek Philosopher Archelaus
Archelaus was a Greek philosopher of the Ionian school. He was bom probably at Athens in the early 5th century B.C. Surnamed Physicus (the physicist) because of his devotion to physical science, he was a pupil of Anaxagoras, and according to Ion of Chios he became the teacher of Socrates and Euripides.
The outlines of his system were those of his teacher, but for the details of his cosmology he went back to the ideas of the earlier Ionic physicists. He postulated a primitive matter, acted upon by a ruling mind, which produced fire and water, and from them animal life. He held man to be superior to other beings by reason of his artistic and moral powers.
More by this Author
The story of philosophy begins in Greece. The ancient Greeks provided the world with some of its greatest philosophers. The most famous are Plato (427-347BC) and Aristotle (384-322BC), and Plato's teacher Socrates...
Socrates was a Greek philosopher and moralist. He wrote no philosophical works himself, but the discussions he held with the young men who gathered round him affected profoundly the subsequent development of...
Idealism is the philosophical theory that reality is essentially mental or spiritual. Idealism is opposed to materialism, the theory that reality is physical. In philosophy there are two schools of idealism. The older...
No comments yet.