Greek Philosopher Cleanthes

Cleanthes (330-231 B.C.), was a Greek philosopher, who succeeded his teacher, Zeno, the founder of Stoicism, as the leader of the Stoic school.

In early life Cleanthes had been a boxer, and he used his considerable strength for manual labor at night to earn enough to attend Zeno's lectures during the day. Accused of being an ass, he remarked, "Then perhaps I am the very one to take over Zeno's burden." At the close of his life he abstained from food so that he would not live longer than his master had.

Cleanthes was most interested in theology. He discussed such topics as the origins of religion, fate and free will, proof of God's existence, and the parallel between the microcosm (man) and the macrocosm (the universe).

He believed that in music man comes nearest to an intuition of the divine. Aside from fragments, his only extant work is the 39-line Hymn to Zeus, one of the finest expressions of Stoic pantheism.

More by this Author

  • What is Subjectivism?
    5

    Subjectivism is the philosophical theory that ascribes to the individual mind or subject and its sensations,, ideas, attitudes, feelings, emotions, and beliefs a privileged or preeminent status in the world order and in...

  • The Philosophy of Stoicism
    0

    Stoicism is an ancient philosophy stressing calm acceptance of fate and of God's universal plan. Stoicism was founded by Zeno of Citium in about 300 B.C. It gained followers during a period when Greek power was in...

  • What is Inhibition?
    3

    Inhibition, in psychology, is restraint on an otherwise natural and spontaneous thought or action. In physiological psychology, inhibition is a normal regulatory function of the nervous system. Walking, for example,...


Comments

No comments yet.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working