Terminology of Disaster Managent

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Terminology of Disaster Management

Disaster : Disaster An event, either man-made or natural, sudden or progressive; the impact of which is such that the affected community must respond through exceptional measures.

Acceptable Risk: Degree of human or material loss that is perceived acceptable is termed as Acceptable Risk.

Comprehensive Approach: A disaster management approach to embrace
the aspects of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery.

Disaster Risk Management: A development approach to reduce risks, thereby reducing the occurrence and magnitude of disasters.

Hazard: In Disaster Management, a potential or existing condition that may cause harm to people or damage to property or the environment.

Hazard Analysis: The overall planning process/procedures which identifies and describes hazards and their effects on the community.

Mitigation: The Measures both structural and non-structural are taken to reduce the impact of disasters.

Preparedness: Arrangements of all those resources and services which are needed to cope with the effects before occurring a disaster.

Risk Reduction: Selective applications or appropriate techniques to reduce either the likelihood of an occurrence or its consequences, or both.

Response: Actions taken during and immediately after a disaster to ensure that its effects are minimized and that people affected are given immediate relief and support.

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