It's feedback. You don't have one "mind", you have many. You have emotional parts, rational parts.. they all work together.
As Dale implied, it's just a machine. A complicated construction of evolution, nothing more and nothing less.
Apparently you want it to be more. Most people do, because they can't understand how it can "just" be a machine. Yet, that's exactly what it is.
I sometimes amuse myself by listening to my own thoughts. That's not easy to do - you kind of have to let go and not interfere but sometimes you can hear the babble that is underneath. It's just fragments of things, stuff being processed, categorized, filed away, but it's interesting. It's "me", but it isn't me.
I recently wrote a hub on this topic: "Dualism is right - it's just not real."
The mind acts similarly to a program like Windows Word - it is dependent upon the CPU to power it. Dualists like to think the mind exists separate from the brain, but this is like claiming Windows Word will create bold text without a functioning CPU.
It is the electricity moving through silicon chips that produces the sensation of mind. Two different sensations, but not separate entities.
We learned that first from biology - studying brains of other animals and our own.
More recently, we've learned from scanning what goes on when we think. We've also learned from those who have lost parts of their brain from injury or disease.
Here's something very interesting we recently found out: we need our "primitive" emotional brain to reach complex decisions. Without that, we dither back and forth - our "rational" brains can only handle simple decions, but fail on the complicated stuff without emotional input!
You say "we" like you were part of that scientific discovery. On topic: I was clearly asking for a creative approach to answering my question. If I wanted a high school text book answer, I would have went to Google. But thank you, none-the-less.
The mind is a reification. That is, a word that suggest that something experiential is a physical object. Like soccer, happy, or free. The mind is what we experience by being self aware, alive and conscious. It is knowing that we know, seeing that we see and feeling that we feel.
The mind, or consciousness, is just an aspect of a physical brain. Mind is an emergent phenomenon that arises from the electro-chemical processes of a physical brain much like wetness is an emergent phenomenon of a number of water molecules or much like the brilliant example that AKA Winston used.
There is so much evidence that the mind is a product of the brain. However, there are some experiences, such as premonition, ESP, and distant viewing which make it hard to reconcile the function of the brain with experiences which would need to take place apart from the brain. I know many near death experiences can be dismissed, but there are many on record in which people accuratley describe what was taking place at a distance from their body at the time.
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