Meaning and definition of Statistics


Statistics is an old discipline, as old as the human activity.  Its utility has been increasing as the ages goes by.  In the olden days it was used in the administrative departments of the states and the scope was limited.  Earlier it was used by governments to keep record of birth, death, population etc., for administrative purpose.  John Graunt was the first man to make a systematic study of birth and death statistics and the calculation of expectation of life at different age in the 17th century which led to the idea of Life Insurance.   

The word 'Statistics' seems to have been derived from the Latin word 'status' or Italian word 'statista' or the German word 'Statistik' each of which means a political state.  Fields like agriculture, economics, sociology, business management etc., are now using Statistical Methods for different purposes.

Meaning and Definition of Statistics

Please note the statements below:

"Microsoft reported 80% growth in the revenue during the 3rd quarter",

"Population growth in the country is 2%"

Above statements are statistical conclusions. These statements are very convenient for the reader or listener to understand the net effect. These statements also help to make policies in the respective areas. To prepare these numerical statements, we need to be familiar with those methods and techniques which are used in data collection presentation, organization and analysis and interpretations. The study of these techniques and method is the science of Statistics.

Definition of Statistics.

Statistics has been defined differently by different writers. According to Webster "Statistics are the classified facts representing the conditions of the people in a state. Specially those facts which can be stated in numbers or any tabular or classified arrangement."

According to Bowley statistics are "Numerical statements of facts in any department of enquiry placed in relation to each other."

According to Yule and Kendall, statistics means quantitative data affected to a marked extent by multiplicity of causes.

More broad definition of statistics was given by Horace Secrist. According to him, statistics means aggregate of facts affected to marked extent by multiplicity of causes, numerically expressed, enumerated or estimated according to a reasonable standard of accuracy, collected in a systematic manner for a predetermined purpose and placed in relation to each other.

This definition points out some essential characteristics that numerical facts must possess so that they may be called statistics. These characteristics are:

  1. They are enumerated or estimated according to a reasonable standard of accuracy
  2. They are affected by multiplicity of factors
  3. They must be numerically expressed
  4. They must be aggregate of facts

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Comments 69 comments

catalyst20 profile image

catalyst20 6 years ago from Los Angeles, California

Well said and researched. Thanks.

pinkhawk profile image

pinkhawk 6 years ago from Pearl of the Orient

..thank you very much for the idea, need to refresh my mind!^.^....

Iamsam profile image

Iamsam 6 years ago Author

Thanks Catalyst 20 and Pinkhawk

thanks for your visit and comment

prashanta 6 years ago

it was useful to me

d.jack 6 years ago

it was also usful to me..

d.jack 6 years ago

and thanks for research & update... :)

Pawan Pareek 5 years ago

much understable.


isan 5 years ago


arshad 5 years ago


jyotsna 5 years ago

thanks for help.

precious wike 5 years ago

pls i want some 1 to solve this question for me:grades in a very large class of stat 100 students have average 72% and standard deviation 13%.if 40 students were selected at random,what is the probability that their average grade exceeds 70%? pls inbox me on

sandeep 5 years ago

thanks 4 help

Pst Olumide Aro 5 years ago

Great contributions! What a comprehensive definitions. Thks.

Tomin 5 years ago

thank you very much. it really helped me to know about statistics.

Baqir Naqvi 5 years ago

thaks a lot....this data is really so helpful for students...!

seemab 5 years ago

mere kaam ki ha

progaa 5 years ago

really it is so useful data

Mohsin Ali 5 years ago

really very very good job

sweety 5 years ago

it was & useful 4 me.. gud search :)gud job....

Noor 5 years ago

thanks try for the best.

divya 5 years ago

thanks this helped me a lot to sucessfully finish my project

olufemi 5 years ago

can someone pls help me out meaning and importace of statistics. am really me at

PRECIOUS BOY 5 years ago


AMARA 5 years ago


SADHANA SAWANT 4 years ago


falguni 4 years ago

nice data

safi butt 4 years ago

it is very useful to me

Shalini 4 years ago

Thanks have helped me a lot...nice ....One can understand clearly about Statistics by reading this page...

nidhi 4 years ago

it helped me a lot....thanks

Nazir Ahmad 4 years ago

Thank for definations (

alhasni 4 years ago


M Shahid 4 years ago

good research,tx.

Kum vitoria 4 years ago

Thanks this page has helped me do my assignment.but i still want to knw names of books wit definition of statistics.

laiba 4 years ago


revs 4 years ago


succexman 4 years ago

thx 4 d defination

sikiwat 4 years ago

i love statistics.

indah prakasa 4 years ago


fasahat tiyagi 4 years ago


ahmad khan 4 years ago

thanks for the precise and well organized definitions and sense of statistics.. i appreciate it.

Adolphus Chauncey 4 years ago

Thanks, this page realy helps me with my assignment.

nigus 4 years ago

it was helpful

mission 4 years ago

very useful information.Thanx to the author.

Aanu 4 years ago

Well define

G.Senthilkumar 4 years ago

it is very useful to statistics students.please continue........and i appreciate this. (G.A.C.,SALEM-7,TAMILNADU)

ilham 4 years ago


qaisar 4 years ago

what is statistics

@r$h 4 years ago


Dj 4 years ago

Realy gud n simple to understand..

Akshit Badiani 4 years ago

Well, the info provided is NOT AT ALL enough for to put down in the project, but yes its headed towards the point and hits the target!! :)

Saloonii 4 years ago

Thank you! This one was very helpful for me..... ^_^

bukola ayodabo 4 years ago

thanks for every, thanks for the definition

Krishn 4 years ago

Really true 100%

Mannir Dauda Usman. 4 years ago

Nice Contribution.

sumayya hussain 4 years ago

thank u this site help me do an assignment about business statistics

rakshith poojary 4 years ago

thank you very much

charlet 4 years ago

yery nice data collection...usefull to me

madDy Khan 4 years ago

thanx ..... helps a lot

usha 4 years ago

it was soo helpful to revise me

TAMILSELVAN 4 years ago


cindrella mark 4 years ago

thanks for help

satish 2 years ago

Data Helpful for me

princess zahra 2 years ago

great and easy wording

sasi 2 years ago

very fabulous

janani 2 years ago

awesome job...helps a lot thank you

Parag kushwah 19 months ago


aung myint kyaw 19 months ago

Thank you very much for this activity.Please write the author for this definitions.

Fhellindha Frans 3 months ago

Thankyou so much!

RAHIM KHAN 6 weeks ago


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