Are some people innately superior to others? Many certainly thought so in times past. Bigoted assumptions and ethnic stereotypes - examples of attribution error - tend to fade with knowledge. See how.
The Vikings from raiders and traders to empire builders, Europe could not have been the same without them. Russia could never have influenced the east, Britain would have stayed a peaceful backwater.
A brief overview of the history of Orkney, from early Pictish origins to Viking settlement, and a tour of Orkney's neolithic sites and standing stones such as Stenness, a site similar to Stonehenge
King of the Franks, Charlemagne’s military conquests and forceful propagation of Christianity posed a threat to the existence of the Pagan Vikings. This may be a reason for the famous Viking raids.
From early raids by opportunists at the end of the 8th Century, through the reign of Aelfred of Wessex to the infant England of Aethelstan the Norsemen threatened the security of these islands.
How the East was won - a progress of the Varangian Guard from its origins in the 10th to its demise with the collapse of the Byzantine Empire in 1453
Viking pirates, mercenaries, explorers, traders, and adventurers all relied on the longship to expand their horizons.
The longships emerged from the sea mist, their dragon-prows a declaration of intent, their arrival sparking pandemonium and panic. In a short time all of Europe feared the vikings.
Following York's fortunes, Roman Eboracum and Anglian Eoferwic to Viking Jorvik, Danish, Irish Norse and West Norse kings. In a Europe-wide trade network, its 'tentacles' reached east to Byzantium.
Ship sizes in the Viking Age varied according to use. King Aelfred had some of the biggest ships of the age. Trading vessels were broader and higher for cargo, warships longer and lower for speed.