Bill Mauldin Cartoonist for World War II GI's did wwii political cartoons. weeping Lincoln

Bill Mauldin
Bill Mauldin | Source

Bill Mauldin who lived from October 29, 1921 to January 22, 2003 was famous for his World War II cartoons about Army life and the Second World War. He is best remembered for his American soldier characters “Willie and Joe” two weary, bedraggled infantry soldiers enduring the danger and difficulty of being soldiers in the field.

I was in my first years of grade school when I read the cartoons my cousins in the military service brought home during World War II . It didn’t matter what branch of the service they were in. Almost all American men were in some branch of the military services during that time. A couple of years later my own brother was drafted into the Navy. Almost everyone was in the service or knew someone who was, so almost all Americans could identify with the cartoons.

Mauldin’s family had    a military heritage. He was born in Mountain Park, New Mexico. Mauldin’s grandfather had been a civilian cavalry scout in the Apache wars. His father was an artilleryman during First World War. He took courses at the Chicago Academy of fine Arts and met Will Lang Jr. and they became fast friends. He got in the U.S. Army from the Arizona National guard.

Willie and Joe Law of Averages.
Willie and Joe Law of Averages. | Source

Cartoonist


 

 

When Mauldin was thirteen years old he ran across a correspondence course ad in Popular Mechanics Magazine. It was for cartooning. Despite his more formal education later on, this might have been the start of his real career.

According to an obituary tribute to him in Stars and Stripes Magazine. Mauldin enlisted in the army in 1940 and was assigned as a rifleman with the 150th Infantry. According to Wikipedia he entered the Army as a National guardsman.

 

 

 

Mauldin volunteered to work for the unit newspaper of the 45th Infantry Division where he began to draw cartoons of “dogfaces” a World War II term for soldiers. His most famous characters were Willie modeled after his friend Irving Richel and Joe, who became a symbol for the ordinary GI, another WWII term for soldiers.

He became one of the leading editorial cartoonists in the years that followed. In 1944 he was officially transferred to the staff of Stars and Stripes and a short time later given his own Jeep to roam the front to collect material. He produced six cartoons a week.

His cartoons were very popular with the soldiers throughout Europe in the Second World War but were also published in the United States. The War Office of the United States supported syndication because they helped publicize the ground forces as well as showing the grim, bitter side of war. It helped show that victory would not be easy. Like the Book, Movie and television show “MASH” many years and several wars later a grim sort of humor and bitter sort heroism prevailed.

Ernie Pyle wrote an article about Mauldin and his work, which resulted in Mauldin being picked up by United Feature Syndicate in 1944.

Bill Mauldin NYWTS 1945
Bill Mauldin NYWTS 1945 | Source

Mauldin in trouble?


To some officers Mauldin’s work was consider disrespectful He portrayed things through his own vision and that of a foot soldier. He made fun of the officers, the spit and shine conformity of the military and unquestioned obedience to orders. As I see it, American soldiers would not be American if they didn’t see things through Mauldin’s eyes and pen.

General George Patton was especially offended. After Mauldin did a cartoon poking fun at Patton’s demand that all soldiers had to be clean-shaven at all times, including combat. Patton summoned the cartoonist to his office and threatened to “throw his ass in jail,” according to Wikipedia. because he was spreading dissent.

Another general, Dwight Eisenhower who was the supreme Commander European theater, told Patton to lay off Mauldin.     His cartoons gave soldiers an outlet for their frustration, Eisenhower felt. 

Mauldin’s view


 

 

Mauldin once told an interviewer that he had always admired Patton. He thought Patton was stupid, crazy and insane and thought he was living in the dark ages. That he thought the soldiers were peasants. That part Mauldin did not like but he respected Patton’s theories and techniques.

Mauldin as hero

His cartoons made Mauldin the hero for the ordinary soldier. Many GIs gave him credit for helping them through the war. He was even more revered by his fellow soldiers when he was wounded in the shoulder by a German mortar round while he visited a machine gun crew near Monte Cassino. For his cartoons he got an Army Legion of Merit by the end of the war.

When the War was over

 

Mauldin won a Pulitzer Prize in 1945. He was 23 years old and his first collection of his work, Up Front, was a bestseller. It contained cartoons along with telling his observations of the war.

After World War II He tried his hand at drawing political cartoons with what Wikipedia describes as a “civil libertarian” view but they were not well received by newspaper editors who wanted something less political along the lines of Willie and Joe cartoons. He did not have much luck transforming Willie and Joe into civilian life as he notes in his memoirs, Back Home, in 1947.

He tried other careers such as film acting, freelance writing, and illustrator for books and articles one of which was on the Korean War. He only drew Willie and Joe a few times afterwards which was for the funerals of Omar Bradley and George Marshall who were considered “soldier’s generals” for a Life Magazine article about the “New Army.” It was also for his fellow cartoonist Milton Caniff who did the “Terry and the Pirates,” and “Steve Canyon” comic strips.

Mauldin wanted to kill off Willie and Joe on the last day of combat but Stars and Stripes convinced him not to do it.

Mauldin s Lincoln Cartoon. shows the statue of Lincoln weeping over death of John Kennedy
Mauldin s Lincoln Cartoon. shows the statue of Lincoln weeping over death of John Kennedy | Source

Too far left?

 

Mauldin, in 1956, tried a run for congressional office as a Democrat in the 28th Congressional district of New York.

He relates that he campaigned for seven or eight months. He relates that he could be a very sincere candidate when discussing the problems of the rural community. However, when they pushed him on foreign  and national policy he was left of the mainstream. He felt that he was a Truman democrat and not rally that far left but he appeared that way to the voters. I wonder how he would appear now?

Back to cartooning

 

He was cartooning on the editorial page of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in 1958. He won a second Pulitzer Prize and a National Cartoonist Society award for Editorial cartooning. He also received their Reuben Award in 1961.

After President John F. Kennedy was assassinated Mauldin drew a cartoon showing the statue of Abraham Lincoln, head in hands crying.

Mauldin was commissioned in 1969 by the National Safety council to illustrate a booklet on traffic safety, which they published very year. Although the pamphlets were regularly issued without copyright this issue pointed out that Mauldin’s cartoons were subject to copyright.

He worked for the Sun Times until 1961 when he retired.

 

May 19,1991 he was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame. Sergeant Major of the Army Jack L. Tilley presented a personal letter to Mauldin from the Army chief of staff General Eric K. Shinseki, a hardbound book with notes from other senior Army leaders and several celebrities including Walter Cronkite, Tom Brokaw, and tom Hanks. He was also presented the honorary rank of first sergeant.

Willie and Joe were drawn for publication for the last time in 1999 for a Veterans Day strip for the comic strip Peanuts.

 

 

Mauldin died January 22,2003 from complications of Alzheimer’s disease and a bathtub scalding. On January 29,2003 he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

April 2008 Fantagraphic Books released a two-volume set of Mauldin’s complete wartime Willie and Joe cartoons, edited by Todd DePastino. It is titled Willie & Joe: the WWII Years (ISBN 978-1-56097-838-1)

Films Up Front (1951) and Back at the Front (19520 WEERE BASED ON Mauldin’s Willie and Joe characters. He returned his consultants fees when his suggestions were ignored.

Mauldin was an actor in the films The Red Badge of Courage and Teresa and played himself in 1 1998 documentary America in the ‘40s.

More by this Author


Comments 22 comments

suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 5 years ago from Asheville, NC

Maudlin was quite the guy. Very interesting Hub and peek at one aspect of WWII history. No surprise that Patton didn't have a sense of humor. Rated up!!


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Thanks for the comment and rating. In a way it must have been an honor for a mere sergeant to be brought on the carpet by someone like Patton.


KoffeeKlatch Gals profile image

KoffeeKlatch Gals 5 years ago from Sunny Florida

Imagine winning a Pulitzer Prize at the age of 23. Mauldin sounds like quite a guy. He had an interesting point of view.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I think his sympathies were for the "little guy" or the ordinary soldier.I suspect he set the tone for many such as Beatle Bailey that came later.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

Thanks for giving us this interesting look at the life of the cartoonist Bill Mauldin. World War II GI's undoubtedly loved what he portrayed. Nice job on this hub. Useful and up!


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Oddly his cartoons stuck in my mind when I was too young to know what war was about.I guess he did sort of represent what we used to call the working man.Thanks for the comment and rating.


agvulpes profile image

agvulpes 5 years ago from Australia

Thanks for sharing the story of Bill Mauldin. I remember seeing the cartoon of Lincoln weeping after the Kennedy assassination. It must have been syndicated to News Papers in Australia. Cartoonist like him do not come along often enough :-)


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales

This is just what I love about HP. All the variety of subjects to read about, and thanks for sharing this great read.

Take care

Eiddwen.


Just Ask Susan profile image

Just Ask Susan 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

Not sure that I have ever seen any of Bill Mauldins work but I found this hub very interesting.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

agvulpes

Mauldin may be a product of his generation. I also think being in something like WWII probably brings out something in a person. Thanks for commenting.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Eiddwen

Thank you for reading my hub and commenting on it.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Just Ask Susan

Considering the time period his popularity was probably more with men than with women. I am glad you found it interesting and thanks for commenting.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

I'll bet my Dad saw some of these cartoons since he was in WW2.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I'm sure he did.Thanks for the observation. Mauldin was pretty well known by the servicemen.


L.L. Woodard profile image

L.L. Woodard 5 years ago from Oklahoma City

Thanks for this view into an interesting man's life and work. His cartoons would not have been popular if there weren't kernels of truth represented in them.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I think there was something in his war cartoons that American soldiers identified with, not so much the officers. Thanks for commenting.


FCEtier profile image

FCEtier 5 years ago from Cold Mountain

My father was in WWII and to hear him talk, you'd have thought he was personal friends with Willie and Joe.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

In a sense, maybe he was. Willie and Joe represented the ordinary GI and they were all around him.I used to work with a WWII GI who talked about Normandy mostly. He always talked about the only good thing in K-rations was the cheese--the only thing the government couldn't mess up.Thanks for the comment.


ruffridyer 5 years ago from Dayton, ohio

An interesting time, an interesting man, an interesting hub.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Yes the times were interesting and Mauldin was a man of his times, I think. Thanks for the comment.


Danno204411 profile image

Danno204411 5 years ago

Willy & Joe will never be forgotten. It is hard to imagine how a talented guy like Mauldin could be so creative on the front lines with shots going off, bomb blasts and the terror happening around him. Proves how commited he was to creating quality work. I always enjoyed his style and as a fulltime cartoonist myself, I appreciate what he did and accomplished.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Yes, I think he was very talented.I was prety young when I saw his work but I liked it. Thanks for your comments.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working