Doctor Who - The Fourth Doctor

The Long and Well-Loved Decade of the Fourth Doctor

When Tom Baker took up the mantle of portraying the still immensely popular and influential Doctor in December 1974, no one knew this Fourth Doctor would wind up in the role for longer than any other actor, and possibly become the iconic incarnation of the Doctor Who character, worldwide. Taking over from the Third Doctor, Jon Pertwee, Between then and his subsequent departure in 1981, Tom Baker transformed the role into one of the most influential rationalists in media through much of the 1970s.

All of this and, on such a tiny budget!

Tom Baker becomes “the” Doctor

Tom Baker was the genuine article, one might say - the archetypal Doctor Who. His portrayal has been considered by a majority of fans to be the standard by which the others are judged against. However, Tom Baker wasn't a science fiction fan to start out with. Nor was he even much of an actor before landing the role that has gone on to define his career.

A former drop-out, monk and medic, he took up acting as a hobby in the 1950s when he did his national service. At 40, he was the youngest actor to date to play the role. Baker began acting professionally in 1968 and quickly became a regular BBC player. He attracted the attention of producers after playing Rasputin in “Nicholas and Alexandra” as well as Prince Koura in “The Voyage of Sinbad.”

He played the Doctor in a mammoth total of 173 episodes until 1981 when he retired from the role, stating that the didn't have much more to add to the character. Other sources cite a disagreement with the style of the new producer, John Nathan-Turner.

Tom Baker - The Fourth Doctor

(c) BBC
(c) BBC

How did Tom Baker play the Fourth Doctor?

He borrowed heavily upon Patrick Troughton's Second Doctor in his comic portrayal, often acting the fool, but also showing the temper and occasional anger seen from John Pertwee's Third Doctor.

Clever as always, the character continued to use his wits to escape the difficult situations he always seemed to land in, now that he had full control of the TARDIS back (or as much control as he is ever able to manage). The Fourth Doctor is particularly prone to long moments of thinking that no one can interrupt.

His mop of curly hair was extremely distinctive, and this Doctor had a maniacal streak that was new. His toothy grin was usefully disarming on many occasions. Though not prone to making speeches, he was the master of a single stingingly sarcastic line, as were his predecessors. Perhaps not as much as being a great actor, he is remembered fondly by fans for being his own iconoclastic self.

Tom Baker has gone on to remain a busy actor in television and recording. He even penned his autobiography, “Who on Earth is Tom Baker?” in 1997 and made a few Australian commercials. Like other Dr. Who actors, he has also appeared as himself on several BBC productions made for DVD.

Baker's career took a turn for good in the early 2000s, when he began narrating a massively popular comedy show (first on BBC radio) called “Little Britain,” that has proven very popular – after three seasons on the BBC, a US version has been shot and shown both there (on HBO) and in the UK since 2008. His voice remains an integral backdrop to the UK show.

The Fourth Doctor and Sarah Jane

(c) BBC
(c) BBC

Who were the Fourth Doctor’s assistants?

After a a season travelling with the Third Doctor, Sarah Jane Smith was with him as he regenerated into the Fourth Doctor in the serial, “Robot.” She remained with him as a companion for eight additional serials until being rather unceremoniously dropped off (in the wrong part of town) at the end of “The Hand of Fear” because Aliens are, for the most part, not allowed on Galifrey (though the Doctor had a bit more pull after his stint as President). The UNIT Doctor, Harry Sullivan, travelled with Sara Jane and the Doctor for several serials after remaining behind after the “Terror of the Zygons.”

Fourth Doctor and Leela

(c) BBC
(c) BBC

After a solo adventure on his home world, the Fourth Doctor met the curious, scantily clad and deadly Leela, played by Louise Jamison, in “The Face of Evil.” Initially clad in the skins of the Sevateen tribe of warriors, the Doctor continues to call her a savage, even as she quickly absorbs knowledge of the wider Universe. She finds a kindred spirit in a security officer on Galifrey who appreciates her talents, and she settles down there with him at the end of “The Invasion of Time.”

The Fourth Doctor and Romana

(c) BBC
(c) BBC

The White Guardian entreats the Doctor to retrieve the 6 segments of the Key to Time, and pairs him with Romanadvoratrelundar, a young Time Lady in her mid-90s, to retrieve it. Henceforth, she is known as Romana (played by Mary Tamm), even regenerating into a Second Romana (played by Lalla Ward) once the key is collected at the end of the sixteenth season. She and the doctor seem to share more of a relationship of equals when she gets less uptight in her second life. But Romana II remains in e-space when the Doctor leaves at the end of “Warriors Gate” and what has become known as the E-space Trilogy.

Before they leave e-space, the Fourth Doctor and the Second Romana are joined by an young e-space native and “elite” from Alzarius with a badge for excellence in mathematics, after he stows aboard in “Full Circle.” Shortly after Romana leaves, another technologically adept young woman named Nyssa joins the crew after the Master steals her father's body in the serial “The Keeper of Trakken.”  

Tegan

The very last companion to join the TARDIS crew is Teagan/Tegan who is picked up from Earth trying to get to her very first day of work as a Stewardess at Heathrow Airport.

Inherited from a medical doctor who built him in “The Invisible Enemy,” the robotic dog K-9, remained in the company of the Doctor until he was sent off Leela to remain on Galifrey. After creating K-9 MK-II in the next serial, that model is left with the Second Romana when she remains in e-space. He is loyal, clever and armed, with limited mobility and darling satellite dish ears.

(c) BBC
(c) BBC

What was the most recognisable trademark of the Fourth Doctor?

He was the first (and possibly only) Doctor who inspired a fashion trend!

His trademark was a ridiculously long, striped scarf – rumoured to be twenty feet long before being trimmed for subsequent seasons. The Fourth Doctor dressed in sweeping, long coats, a peasant shirt, floppy hat and boots.

Much more so than the Doctors before him, the Fourth Doctor made very regular use of his sonic screwdriver, with even his more astute companions making further modifications. Also, he always carried Jelly Babies and offered them to newcomers in tense situations.

(c) BBC
(c) BBC

Which main enemies did he face?

The Fourth Doctor faced an impressive array of aliens during his tenure. Some were warrior races that couldn't be dealt with, such as the Sontarans, Cybermen, Zygons, Kraal, Daleks, Vardans, Jaggoroth, and the nomadic Nimon.

Among the insane megalomaniacs and mad scientists that the Doctor encountered was what remained of the Master, Davros, the crew of the Helix, Cailleach, Meglos, The Captain, Sutekh, Eldrad and Xoanon. Other villains were simply greedy people and difficult problems with misunderstandings.

The Fourth Doctor and K9

(c) BBC
(c) BBC

What technology did he rely on?

The Fourth Doctor makes more use of the sonic screwdriver than any of his predecessors, as does the Second Romana. He did, however, utilize a randomiser control in the TARDIS for some time after their encounter with the Black Guardian, to avoid meeting him again, though this element was pioneered by the First Doctor when trying to avoid time travelling Daleks in “The Chase.”

It could be said that K-9 falls into the technology category, though most consider him one of the Doctor's most memorable companions.

Doctor Who's Fourth Regeration

The Doctor's fourth regeneration

When Tom Baker left in 1981, the only 29-year-old Peter Davison took on the role. Davidson the Fifth Doctor is seen in the Fourth Doctor's last serial, “Logopolis,” attempting to communicate with his former self. However, this regeneration was brought about by a fatal blow from the Master, causing the subsequent regeneration to be difficult, as outlined in the first serial of the nineteenth series, “Castrovalva.”

Filmography of the Fourth Doctor

Season Twelve - 1974-75

  • Robot – In his new body, the freshly regenerated Doctor investigates a series of unusual break-ins at military installations
  • The Ark in Space – When the Doctor, Sara and Harry land on a long-lost cryogenic “ark” ship, they find another presence is making re-animation difficult
  • The Sontaran Experiment – On an otherwise deserted Earth of the future, a human survey team is being killed, one by one
  • Genesis of the Daleks – On a mission for the Time Lords, the Doctor and his companions are sent back to the creation of Daleks and the mind behind them
  • Revenge of the Cybermen – A nearly massacred crew and the Doctor are the only things standing between a massive victory for the Cybermen

 

Season Thirteen - 1975-76

  • Terror of the Zygons – Something with really big teeth are destroying Scottish oil wells
  • Planet of Evil – A mineral survey team finds it hard to leave with the samples they were sent to collect
  • Pyramids of Mars – Egyptian artefacts unleash an ancient evil that could wipe out Earth's future
  • The Android Invasion – What first seems like a landing on contemporary Earth is discovered to be practice planet for an invasion force
  • The Brain of Morbius – A criminal from Gallifrey's past is trying to live again with the help of donors
  • The Seeds of Doom – Ancient seed pods stolen by a mad botanist threaten all life on Earth

Season Fourteen - 1976-77

  • The Masque of Mandragora – An unusual stellar phenomena unleashes a chaotic force on Renaissance England
  • The Hand of Fear – The discovery of a stone hand causes a crisis at the local nuclear reactor and brings an old dictator to life
  • The Deadly Assassin – The Doctor returns to Galifrey to assassinate the president 
  • The Face of Evil – The Doctor must save a group of savages from his future self
  • The Robots of Death – Dissatisfied robots seem to be killing the people aboard a mining vessel
  • The Talons of Weng-Chiang – The survivor of a future war wrecks havoc on Victorian England

Season Fifteen - 1977-78

  • Horror of Fang Rock – People begin mysteriously dying at an early 20th century lighthouse after what appears to be a meteor shower
  • The Invisible Enemy – An infectious intelligence hopes to be reborn in the macro-world with the help of the Doctor
  • Image of the Fendahl – There are even more mysteries about a skull under study than the fact that it shouldn't exist
  • The Sun Makers – A mysterious company controls a settled Pluto at great expense
  • Underworld – Long separated from their people, a ship has been searching for its twin for 100,000 years with Time Lord regeneration technology
  • The Invasion of Time – The Doctor returns to Galifrey to claim his presidency, but he seems to be behaving quite oddly

Season Sixteen (The Key to Time Series) - 1978-79

  • The Ribos Operation – The first segment is tracked to a primitive planet where the Doctor and Romana uncover several scams
  • The Pirate Planet – The tracer seems to have brought the Doctor and Romana to the wrong planet
  • The Stones of Blood – An Earthbound segment is intertwined with a mysterious woman who seems to be centuries old
  • The Androids of Tara – Romana meets her real double on a feudal planet with robot doubles
  • The Power of Kroll – The segment seems impossible to track on a planet where graft and subjugation of the native population leads to danger for the Doctor and Romana
  • The Armageddon Factor – The insane Marshall, fighting an impossible war, seems to be controlled by someone else

Season Seventeen - 1979-80

  • Destiny of the Daleks - The Doctor meets Davros and the Daleks on Skaro, but they have more important problems with a race of androids
  • City of Death – Paris has no idea how much trouble its in, when art thieves are engineering a time disaster
  • The Creature from the Pit – Metal is the only thing of value on a primitive planet that is home to a giant eggshell emitting a distress call
  • Nightmare of Eden – An unusual accident gets the Doctor and Romana mixed up in futuristic drug dealing and a curiously malfunctioning device
  • The Horns of Nimon – A former galactic power seeks to regain its lost glory with the help of a mysterious creature
  • Shada (not broadcast) – A retired Time Lord residing at Cambridge has gone a bit around the bend

Season Eighteen - 1980-81

  • The Leisure Hive – The last survivors of a doomed planet create a recreation facility with some very advanced technology
  • Meglos – Religion and science battle it out on a planet that is threatened with doom if a mysterious artefact fails
  • Full Circle - Part one of the e-space trilogy, a race long-marooned in e-space engages in perpetual journey preparation
  • State of Decay - Part two of the e-space trilogy, another ship that was pulled into e-space has given rise to ancient and insane leaders with curious habits
  • Warriors' Gate - Part three of the e-space trilogy, a species native to e-space is found among slave traders
  • The Keeper of Traken – A mysterious statue is having an undue effect on the rulers of the peaceful planet of Traken
  • Logopolis – The TARDIS needs an overhaul and the assistants of the Universe's best mathematicians, but is still being pursued by the Master

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Comments 17 comments

Uninvited Writer profile image

Uninvited Writer 7 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

Another great hub. Thanks, these are great :)


Sandy 7 years ago

Fantastic!! Checking out some of those videos, too!


Julie-Ann Amos profile image

Julie-Ann Amos 7 years ago from Gloucestershire, UK Author

Thanks! They're fun to do but VERY time consuming! I'm almost looking forward to running out of doctors and starting on the other areas of Doctor Who - Time Lords, the TARDIS, enemies etc


Sufidreamer profile image

Sufidreamer 7 years ago from Sparti, Greece

Great Hub.

I used to have the long scarf and jelly babies - the best Doctor, by far!


Julie-Ann Amos profile image

Julie-Ann Amos 7 years ago from Gloucestershire, UK Author

When we get the the Fifth Doctor my own scarf story will be in there! ( I know that has you guessing now, right?)


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 7 years ago from Ontario/Canada

Now that's the Doctor I remember and loved. I honestly wasn't aware that this was such a long running series.

I look forward to the fifth one...

Great hub regards Zsuzsy


Mary Ward 7 years ago

Now here's the one I remember from my childhood evening PBS days!

I have an inkling on that scarf story, though. :)


waynet profile image

waynet 7 years ago from Hull City United Kingdom

Tom baker was good, his voice perhaps the most memorable, I remember buying the complete tom baker era videos for a fiver at a car boot sale and watching them all in one sitting!

Great hubs, looking forward to old cricket jumper davisons doctor hub!


waynet profile image

waynet 7 years ago from Hull City United Kingdom

And by one sitting I meant non stop( of course I had to stop to eat and sleep, but over the course of a few days. just to clarify!


Julie-Ann Amos profile image

Julie-Ann Amos 7 years ago from Gloucestershire, UK Author

waynet those videos would be worth a LOT of money nowadays - it's amazing how high a price they fetch in the US!


waynet profile image

waynet 7 years ago from Hull City United Kingdom

Right I must get aquainted with Ebay selling again!! as I still have them....but then when it comes to parting with them....maybe not!

I still have a few dvd's to go to replace my doctor who video collection.


Julie-Ann Amos profile image

Julie-Ann Amos 7 years ago from Gloucestershire, UK Author

You can also sign up to sell them secondhand on Amazon.co.uk... or sell them to me and I'll shift them on Amazon for you!


Lissie profile image

Lissie 7 years ago from New Zealand

I am loving this - all my Dr Who trivia in one place! They must take you ages to write though!


Julie-Ann Amos profile image

Julie-Ann Amos 7 years ago from Gloucestershire, UK Author

It's the links and images and products that take ages! But worth doing I think. And they'll get less predictable once the 10th one is done and the subjects start to change up a little!


Miranda_Laney profile image

Miranda_Laney 7 years ago from Kansas

My Mom loves to crochet and is making me a Doctor Who scarf for my birthday. I finally found a pattern that fit well and shes adapting it from a knitting pattern.


Julie-Ann Amos profile image

Julie-Ann Amos 7 years ago from Gloucestershire, UK Author

Hi Miranda that's nice of her! The original scarf was knitted.


knell63 profile image

knell63 7 years ago from Umbria, Italy

My favourite Doctor definately, he was the spitting image of my woodwork teacher at school and when I told my dad this he could concentrate or listen to him on parents evening. Great hub, quite an ongoing task. Will you be moving on to Torchwood next?

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