Hattie Mc Daniel ... Where is Her Missing Oscar?

Hattie McDaniel Oscar Acceptance Speech

The Indignities

December 1939 marked the premiere of Gone with the Wind in Atlanta, Georgia. Most of the stars were present for the event, but the black actors on the film were not allowed to attend because of Jim Crow laws. The programs for the event were adorned with a picture of the actress, Hattie McDaniel's picture on the back, these were destroyed and a lesser Caucasian character, Alicia Rhett picture was its replacement.

The Twelfth Annual Academy Awards Presentation Dinner was scheduled for February 29, 1940, at the Ambassador Hotel's Coconut Grove. The Grove was deck out in typical Hollywood flare, Ms. McDaniel was nominated for Best Supporting Actress, but was segregated in the ballroom's black section. Hattie accepted her Oscar that night not as a maid or slave, but as a star. Later in life Ms. McDaniel stated; "it was the happiest night of her life" as well it should have been, the "Oscar" is the pinnacle of most actors careers.

Even with the vicious slights and segregation from her counterparts Hattie Mcdaniel stood at the poteum and received the award humbly and beautifully.

Career and Life History

McDaniel has two stars on the Hollywood walk of fame. One for her contribution to radio at 6933 Hollywood Boulevard and at 1719 Vine Street, for contribution to the movie industry with her appearance in 300 movies from 1932 - 1952, unfortunately, she only received credit for 80. Two stars was the least Hollywood could do, as a pioneer in the film industry for people of color she deserved so much more than what she received.

Born on June 10, 1895, in Wichita, Kansas to former slaves, the youngest of 13 children. Henry McDaniel fought in the Civil war with the 122nd USCT and her mother, Susan Holbert, was a singer of religious music. Hatties' family moved to Fort Collins, Colorado in 1900 and then to Denver, where Hattie grew up and she graduated from Denver East High School.

There were two other actors in the McDaniel clan, Sam McDaniel (1856 - 1962) who played a butler in a Three Stooges short film Heavenly Daze. The other was actress Etta McDaniel. Father McDaniel created his own minstrel show, in which Hattie wrote many of the songs used in the sketches honing her skill as a songstress.

1920 - 25 Hattie appeared with Professor George Morrison's Melony Hounds, a touring black ensemble, and in the mid 1920s she embarked on a radio career. This was the beginning of her professional singing radio career on station KOA in Denver. In 1927 - 1929 Ms. McDaniel recorded many of her on songs on Okeh and Paramount Records in Chicago.

After the crash of 1929 Hattie was unable to find work in her chosen profession, and had to work as a washroom attendant and waitress at Club Madrid in Milwaukee. McDaniel became a regular entertainer in the club, but not until after a struggle of wills with the owner due to his reluctance about letting her perform to his all white audience.

In 1931 Hattie joined her brother Sam, sisters Etta and Orlenda in Los Angeles, California. When unable to get film work she was employed as a maid or cook. Sam was working on a KNX radio show called The Optimistic Do-Nut Hour and was able to get his sister, Hattie a small part. The part was of a maid who often "forgot her place" named Hi-Hat Hattie, this show became highly popular, but the pay was so low that McDaniel had to still work as a real maid to make ends meet.

In 1934 Hattie McDaniel joined the Screen Actors Guild (SAG), because of this she landed larger film roles and began to win screen credits. She was soon signed with Fox Film Corporation and appeared in the Little Colonel with Shirley Temple, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson and Lionel Barrymore.

Hattie appeared in several films with Jean Harlow and Clark Gable and was befriended by the elite of Hollywood, Bankhead, Crawford, Bette Davis, Fonda, Reagan, de Havilland and Gable.

Around this time Ms. McDaniel was criticized by some of the black community for the roles she chose. Hattie's retort; "I rather make $7000 a week playing a maid than $7.00 being one." Ironically at the same time she angered White Southerners by her "uppity" portrayal of Malena in RKO Pictures Alice Adams. In this film Hattie managed to steal a few scenes from the star Katharine Hepburn, later she became known for this type of character, sassy, independent minded, opinionated servant to the rich.

Gone with the Wind, the competition for the role of Mammy was as stiff as that of the major roles. The author wrote film producer David O. Selznick to ask that her own maid, Elizabeth McDuffie, be given the part. McDaniel was sure she would not be chosen for the part because most of her roles were as a comic actress. Clark Gable recommended the role go to McDaniel; she showed up at the audition, in a full authentic maid uniform, won the part and the rest is history.

Hattie would later state that she loved the part of Mammy, because she drew upon her own grandmothers experience on a plantation much like Tara. Those in the South that were frightened by McDaniel'sperformance complained that she was too familiar with her white employer. Such simpletons, in time of war caste and color lines become very blurry.

Ms. McDaniel's was to have her own televised series, Beulah, taking over the role from Ethel Water, at $2,000 a week.  Unfortunately, she was only able to film two or three episodes, in the spring of 1952 she was too ill to work and was replaced by Louise Beavers.

Now Here Lies the Mystery

Hattie McDaniel was diagnosed with breast cancer, toward the end of her life she started to give away some of her worldly possessions. One of these items was her Oscar, which was given to Howard University in Washington, D.C.

It was situated in a place of honor at the Howard's fine arts complex and then it disappeared and remains missing to this day. Rumor has it that during a period of student unrest in the late 1960s or early 1970s it was stolen.  Done away with as a type of protest to what some feel was a symbol of the degradation of blacks on film. This is only one of the rumors, some say its simply misplaced, whatever the case the statue is gone.  The symbol of Ms. McDaniel's contribution not only to the film industry, but to we as a people. Hattie McDaniel was the one who took her dainty little foot and kicked opened the door for those that followed.

Racism Followed McDaniel Even to the Grave

1. The Sugar Hill Case - a well kept West Adams Heights neighborhood in Los Angeles. The property was going for $15,000 and up and there were a few black celebrities, including McDaniel who could afford to such homes. Some whites had racial restriction covenants drawn up in the property titles to prevent blacks from purchasing the homes. For seven years the whites tried to sell their homes to their own and failed. Finally Superior Judge Thurmond Clarke decided to visit the neighborhood once done the next day he threw the case out of court.

His reason: "its time that members of the Negro race are accorded, without reservations or evasions, the full rights guaranteed them under the 14th Amendment to the Federal Constitution. Judges have been avoiding the real issue too long". As a loan processor I've seen titles in Los Angeles even today that still have the covenant written into the property's legal description, but they are no longer adhered too.

The judges ruling aided in allowing McDaniel to purchase her dream home. A white, seventeen room home, with a drawing room, butler's pantry library and basement. Every year until she fell ill Hattie would throw a Hollywood party and every year Clark Gable was in attendance.

2. The academy has refused to replace the missing statuette in honor of Ms. McDaniel. Typical, Hollywood likes to pretend that they're a loving giving community, but the black heart of racism still pumps in the chests of the powers that be, the movers and shakers. The next Oscar awarded to a black woman would be 51 years later to Whoopi Goldberg for Ghosts. The Oscar should have been given to her for The Color Purple, strangely when her Oscar was sent out to be cleaned it too ended up missing, but was found later in a trash bin.

3. Hattie McDaniel died at age 57 on October 26, 1952. It was her last wish to be buried in Hollywood Cemetery on Santa Monica Boulevard in Hollywood along with other "Hollywood elite". The owner of the cemetery refused to allow the interment because they did not take blacks. Her second choice was Rosedale Cemetery where she lies to this day.

In 1999, under new ownership, the Hollywood Cemetery wanted to right the wrong to Ms. Daniels, but the famiy declined as not to disturb her from her final resting place. Instead the cemetery erected a large Cenotaph in her honor overlooking a lake, and it is the most popular site for visitors. At least the cemetery owners were more forgiving and caring than the Academy.

Ms. McDaniel Will and Is Being Remember

In 1994 Karla Burns, actress and singer launched a one-woman show in honor of Ms. McDaniel "Hi-Hat Hattie" which also examines Hattie's life.

In 2009 academy award nominee, Mo'nique, for the movie Precious, a Tyler Perry, Oprah Winfrey production bought the rights to McDaniel's life. Lee Daniels will direct the actress in the movie and Mo'nique states; "that she can't wait to tell this lady's story, because she was absolutely amazing. She had to stand up to the adversity of black and white society at a time when we weren't accepted...I hope I can do that woman justice."

You know what from what I've heard about Mo'nique's performance in Precious..I sure she'll do just fine.

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Comments 13 comments

shar55 5 years ago

Miss Hattie McDaniel brings joy to my heart every time I watch her performances. She always steals the scenes. Watch her in The Great Lie with Bette Davis.Hard to steal any scene when Ms. Davis is in it, but Hattie does.Her gentle manner and consoling wisdom is so comforting you'd give anything to have a family member like her. God Bless you Hattie


pmccray profile image

pmccray 5 years ago from Utah Author

yanayeon - yes you're so right even though the movie itself is a masterpiece we must keep in mind the social mores of the day. Thank you for taking the time to stop by for a read and leaving a comment.

Cindy Timms - I'm sadden by he loss of your mother and glad that you at least had some type of substitute to get you through the hard times. What doesn't kill us makes us stronger. Many thanks to you for taking the time to stop by for a read and leaving a comment.


Cindy Timms 5 years ago

You know, ever since I was a little girl, I have always loved Hattie McDaniel. I would dream and always wish that I had a mother like her because she was magic on the silver screen and not just from her acting. My own mother left me when I was little and haven't heard from her since. I am just sad that Hattie had to suffer the humiliation of racism during her time here on earth. I truly believe that Hattie is now an angel looking over us all and smiling with that beautiful face of hers.

God Bless You Hattie and thank you for your films!


yenajeon profile image

yenajeon 5 years ago from California

I am extremely happy that Ms. McDaniel is finally getting her Oscar "for real". I am obsessed with that movie, despite the racist undertones (it *was* from the 40's).

Hurrah Hattie!


pmccray profile image

pmccray 6 years ago from Utah Author

No worries . . I know what you mean. Sometimes the notifications are overwhelming. I trying to develop some type of schedule to give several hours to reading my fellow hubbers work.

I appreciate your reading and comments when they appear, thank you so much William. I greatly admire Ms. McDaniel for her strength in such a hard time for Afro-Americans. Peace to you William


William F. Torpey profile image

William F. Torpey 6 years ago from South Valley Stream, N.Y.

Hattie McDaniel was a wonderful actress and a magnificent human being. I loved her in "Gone With the Wind" and wherever she appeared. This is a great tribute to her, pmccray. Our society has lots of problems today, but at least there's been some progress toward better racial relations (although we obviously have a long way to go.) Sorry to take so long to get here, but my backlog of hubs I want to read is huge.


pmccray profile image

pmccray 6 years ago from Utah Author

Thank you dkansas I so glad you enjoyed. Looking forward to hearing from you again.


dkansas 6 years ago

What an interesting hubsite. I'll be back.


pmccray profile image

pmccray 6 years ago from Utah Author

Thank you Micky Dee. I knew nothing about the indignities McDaniel suffered in silence until I researched this piece. I don't think I've sat through the full version of GWTW it's kinda boring. I'm like you anything critics like I avoid like the plaque, if they don't like it I'll bet cha' dollars to donuts (yummmm doonuts) I'll love it. Thank you so much Micky for stopping by and your comments, have a marvelous day.


Micky Dee profile image

Micky Dee 6 years ago

I've got to keep an eye on your hubs. I missed this one. It is super. I really never cared much for "Gone With The Wind".

I realize I'm not a "great movie buff". I've never seen "Titanic". Anymore- if someone tells me "you have to see this, it's nominated for best..", I usually avoid it. Then again, I think "Blazing Saddles" is the best movie ever.

Hattie McDaniel was a super hero. A person could tell by that video what kind of person she was. She was real and should be judged accordingly. She was probably the best person in "Gone With The Wind".

People think there is not a "train coming". They don't think a "hard rain is going to fall". There are dues to pay. Hattie McDaniel is "first" somewhere. Some others are last.

Thanks for a great hub!


pmccray profile image

pmccray 6 years ago from Utah Author

Thank you so much RevLady and BKcreative: The Lord put it in my heart to do this hub. All I knew was that she was the first, no great detail was ever done about the hardships she endured. But she was a true trooper, and so strong. BKcreative now you've piqued my interest in Jester Hairston..never heard of him, but I will before the nights over. Thank you both so much for your wonderful comments and enjoy a blessed night.


BkCreative profile image

BkCreative 6 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

How well I remember her comment about preferring to portray a maid than actually being one.

You have included so much history - I appreciate that - and speaking of SAG - and everyone's desire to join, we tend to gloss over the fact that Jester Hairston was a co-founder of SAG. He, like Hattie McDaniel's did so much that we just don't hear about.

Thanks for another one of your great tribute hubs. Well done!


RevLady profile image

RevLady 6 years ago from Lantana, Florida

I am glad that this great woman is getting her due even if posthumously. I loved her in gone with the wind and to get an Oscar in those days was quite a feat.

Thank you pmccray for this wonderful acknowledgment of a wonderful woman.

Forever His,

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