How To Break a Glass Using Nothing But Your Voice

Source

Enrico Caruso Breaks Wine Flute With His Voice

It is noted that Enrico Caruso, the great Italian Tenor of the early 20th century was the first to break a glass using his singing voice. He did not set out to deliberately do this. It happened at a precise time when all conditions were perfect with both his vocal range, sustaining his tone long enough and correct resonation for projecting sound.

Adding to this, the glass was a delicate, crystal champaign flute with a certain frequency. The great Caruso possessed all the right vocal faculties to match the frequency of the crystal glass exactly.

Some argue that this is a myth. I believe it is true. Knowing the science and technique of the human singing voice and it's capabilities, it makes perfect sense to me.

The Great Tenor Enrico Caruso

Enrico Caruso 1873-1921 - Caruso's voice extended to a high C in his prime and grew in power and weight as he grew older.
Enrico Caruso 1873-1921 - Caruso's voice extended to a high C in his prime and grew in power and weight as he grew older. | Source

Original Recording - Remastered

Singing Opera is Not a Requirement For Breaking A Glass

Now that you have heard one of the greatest voices of all time provided by the above video, you can appreciate on some level the acoustical properties of the singing voice. These very properties are exactly what are needed to shatter a glass. But not any glass.

The finer the crystal, the greater the resonating factors. This makes it possible for the high pitched singer to match the vibrations of the glass.

Further more, it is not necessary that one sing opera to break a glass. In fact you don't have to be a singer at all. As I said earlier, it's the set of vibrations causing acoustical resonating qualities of the voice to match the exact frequency of the glass that causes it to break.

Singers may find it easier to complete this experiment because their voices are trained. But as you will see in the video below, the young boy did not have a trained singing voice.

The key here is resonation. Let's examine just what resonance is and how it works.

The sounding board on my grand piano - These are the strings that vibrate when you sing their resonant frequency.
The sounding board on my grand piano - These are the strings that vibrate when you sing their resonant frequency. | Source

What Is Vocal Resonance?

All objects contain a natural frequency that they vibrate from. This is called "resonance frequency." Two words that stand out for understanding how resonance works are force and energy.

Now remember those two words. Force and energy. In order to induce resonation in an object there must be a force to pull it back to its starting position with the right amount of energy to keep the object vibrating. It will be your very own voice and the resonance it contains to cause the right amount of vibrations needed

Therefore the vibrations of one object( in this case the voice) causes a second object ( the wine glass ) to start vibrating (resonating.)

I sometimes use my grand pianos' sounding board with the strings in full view to demonstrate resonance frequency. This is how it works.

  • Sing into the piano where the strings are exposed. (Sing the vowel Ah using full volume.)
  • Be sure to sustain the tone using plenty of breath support
  • The more open the mouth position the better
  • As you sing into the piano, notice the strings vibrating when you sing their resonant frequencies.

What Causes A Wine Glass To Shatter?

To understand how a wine glass can shatter from the singing voice, its helpful to first learn how the wine glass itself resonates. So stay with me here. Let's take a look at the six needed faculties.

  1. Medium - This is what the sound is traveling through. (In this case, the wine glass with a stem.) The finer the glass (crystal), the easier it will shatter. Medium is just a fancy word for object so never mind if you aren't familiar with it.
  2. And you need some kind of physical property measured in decibels which is referred to as Sound Intensity. So again, this is simply a scientific name and makes no difference.
  3. The term for the height of a sound wave is called Amplitude. You may already be familiar with this term, especially if you're a musician.Think of it like this. If two sounds are the same distance away, the one with the largest amplitude will be the loudest. Easy, right?
  4. Then there is Wavelength - This is the distance from one peak of the wave to the next peak. Perhaps visualizing ocean waves brings this term closer to home.
  5. Pitch - This is a musical term used in music that relates to the frequency of the vibration. Pitch is also the highness or lowness of a tone. This is very important to understand because during the experiment the pitch of the glass and the voice must match exactly.
  6. Harmonics - Again, used in music, let's think of a stringed instrument. There can be more than one wave pattern achieved depending on the harmonic structures of the sound. A guitar, bass, violin, piano, cello and viola are all stringed instruments.

So this is how resonation works. Interesting enough, this same principle is needed for an excellent singing voice and is one of the main factors missing in most voices I audition.

Watch the video below as this person struggles to break a wine glass. Then I will introduce you to an easy step-by-step plan to break your first glass using only your voice.

Simplifying The Process Of Breaking a Glass Using Only Your Voice


Let's get right to the nitty gritty and go through the necessary steps for using the voice to break a glass.

  • Select the right type of wine glass. Not any wine glass will do. ( Some will argue this point.) Be sure you are using crystal because it will resonate at the particular resonating frequency.
  • To test this frequency, dip your finger in water then rub it gently around the rim of the glass. Your finger will actually vibrate on the rim of the glass and once you get the right frequency the glass will hum. You may want to do this a couple of times.
  • Next, if you can match the pitch of your voice to the resonant frequency of the glass the vibrations in the air will strike the glass and it will begin to vibrate too. (This may take a couple of tries so don't give up.)
  • You must sing with enough volume so that the glass will move as it vibrates further and faster then the material in the glass is able to move. ( Added volume is absolutely necessary ) With these conditions attained, the glass breaks. Make sure that you are close to the glass and protect your face with goggles.

The sound of your voice must be so that it administers hundreds of tiny pushes to everything around you. When you've done this, it all adds up to the energy of the tiny pushes, and timing which ultimately puts stress on the glass and it shatters. Hooray!

A Few Tips And A Review

  • Warm up your voice just before attempting to break the glass. Fifteen minutes or so should do it. Warming up the voice has proven to be helpful in completing the process.
  • You must be right on pitch for a relatively lengthy amount of time. You cannot be off at all.
  • You absolutely must have enough volume to break the glass. Inhale a large amount of air.
  • Wear safety glasses during this experiment. Avoid getting cut as the glass breaks.
  • Sing an "ah" with the glass close to your mouth.
  • If the glass isn't breaking, increase the volume and duration of your sound.
  • If you're not sure that you are singing the correct sound or that the glass is vibrating here's what you can do.
  1. Place a straw inside of the wine glass.
  2. Slide your pitch (singing) up and down until the straw begins to shake.
  3. This is the pitch you want.

Note: Singing the pitch an octave higher or lower will add more frequency thereby breaking the glass.

Use caution when attempting to break a glass and this experiment is for adults only. Never allow a child to try this ( even though the video below is with a child.) Notice how close the boy's mouth is to the glass.

Thank you for the opportunity to share what I know about "How to Use Your Voice to Break a Glass.

Are you up to trying to break a wine glass using only your voice?

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Comments 73 comments

carol7777 profile image

carol7777 3 years ago from Arizona

My voice would frighten the glass and it would run away. I really didn't think it was possible to break glass...This was absolutely a fascinating read. I learned many new things. Voting up and pinning.


Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 3 years ago from southern USA

Fascinating hub here! I know without a doubt my voice breaks eardrums but glass? I did not realize that anyone could break glass with their voice if they tried.

Voted up +++ and sharing

God bless, Faith Reaper


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States

I'm not blessed with a good singing voice, and it never occurred to me to try to break a glass. I did find your hub very interesting, and I learned several new things. Voted up!


billybuc profile image

billybuc 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

You definitely know your stuff, Audrey. I definitely think...no, I know...that it is possible to break glass. The laws of physics cannot be denied....now I seriously do not believe I could do it, but I have no doubt that others can.

Great information about the science of singing. You are an expert in your field, my friend. I would love to hear you sing one day.

Blessings and love,

bill


always exploring profile image

always exploring 3 years ago from Southern Illinois

This is amazing, really. I don't think i will try it, my voice would make the glass faint. Hee..I did enjoy the video of Caruso, his voice is wonderful. Thank you for sharing knowledge of music.......


KathyH profile image

KathyH 3 years ago from Las Vegas, Nevada

This is so interesting! We just saw Jackie Evancho last weekend... that young lady has an AMAZING voice. I have no doubt she can sing opera or anything she puts her mind to, and do it beautifully! :) Hmmm.... no wonder they had plastic cups at the Smith Center where we saw her... very interesting read! Thanks for sharing your knowledge! :) Voted up and more!


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 3 years ago from The Beautiful South

This reminds me of the commercial so many years ago of Ella Fitzgerald I believe it was who could break glass with a note. lol They made me remember that all these years but no idea what the commercial was for, lol.

Interesting read.


randomcreative profile image

randomcreative 3 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin

I'm not sure that I would attempt this myself, but I really enjoyed the Mythbusters episode about this phenomenon. Great overview of the topic! It's a fascinating notion.


drbj profile image

drbj 3 years ago from south Florida

I knew that it was possible, Audrey, to break a crystal wine glass with one's voice but never saw it demonstrated before. Thanks for all this very interesting information and the video demonstrations. Just hope that those who try this feat do not injure themselves by not wearing safety glasses.

Nice to see you here, m'dear. Have you enjoyed your 'sabbatical'?


Ruchira profile image

Ruchira 3 years ago from United States

omg...this is such a wonderful task to do during the spring break. I wish this hub was published last week...kid is back to school now.

but, gotta try it over the weekend!

LOVED it !!

sharing it across!!


Fossillady profile image

Fossillady 3 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

Very interesting, didn't know there was a technique to it. So, how easy is it for you to do? Sounds like you've had some practice!


MJennifer profile image

MJennifer 3 years ago from Arizona

Wow, what a very interesting hub! I doubt I'd be capable with my untrained, off-key voice, and lack of awareness of pitch -- but I certainly enjoyed reading this and learning the science and technique behind it.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Oh Carol7777 - I'm still chuckling over your opening line :) I'm so glad you found this fascinating. I worked so hard on writing this hub. I appreciate your voting up and pinning. Big thanks!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Dear Faith - You're so funny! I'm thankful you read my hub and left such nice comments. And gee, thanks for the vote up +++ and sharing. I love that you have sent your blessings!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi Pamela99 - Thank you for being here and liking my hub. So good to hear that you learned a few new things. Appreciate the vote. Enjoy your day!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi Billy - I've been waiting for your "seal of approval" on this hub because of your expertise in science. Hooray! I'm a happy camper. And about the singing, I hope to find some help here in Idyllwild and put a youtube video together. Thanks so much my friend and big hugs coming your way!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

always exploring -

Hee hee, you are so funny:) It really is quite amazing what the voice can do isn't it? I'm glad to appreciated the Caruso video. He still remains the greatest tenor of all time. Thank you ruby and enjoy your day!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi KathyH - Wow - Jackie Evancho has the voice of an Angel. You are fortunate to have been that close to her. I've seen her many times but only on television. She has such a sweetness about her too. Loved your comment about the plastic cups at Smith Center :) I'm so glad you stopped by Kathy and appreciate your participation and votes!


William F. Torpey profile image

William F. Torpey 3 years ago from South Valley Stream, N.Y.

Always wondered about breaking a glass with one's voice, vocal coach. Thanks for this excellent explanation of it. I'd say Caruso could do it every time!


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

This is such an interesting and entertaining hub, Audrey! Thank you very much for the information. One day I may be brave enough to try this!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi Jackie - The Ella Fitzgerald commercial was for Memorex and their line of recording cassettes and other products. She had the help of memorex amplification to break the glass :) This commercial is what the greater population knows and remembers about a voice breaking glass. Altho' Ella didn't actually do this by herself, she has been given credit for it. Thanks.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

randomcreative - I actually tried it after writing about it and it worked beautifully. I got so excited :) Thanks so much for being here and for your comments. Have a marvelous day!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hello drbj ~

Thank you for missing me :) I'm back and full steam ahead! I actually tried this (with goggles) and was very successful. The things some of us will do just to prove that we can (whatever that means.) I appreciate your support dear friend and am on my way to visiting one of your "treasures" right now!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Ruchira - I'm so very glad you like this fun experiment. Just be sure to have those goggles handy. You've made my day, my friend. Thanks for the generous votes and for sharing!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Fossillady - I actually decided to try it myself. It took me a couple of times but I was successful (several times.) What a kick! Thanks Kathi and have a great day!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi MJennifer - So pleased that you liked my hub. It took me some time to write this. So far, the feedback has been positive :) Thanks so much for yours!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi William - Thanks for being here and reading about this experiment. I'm pleased to have your approval. And yes...Caruso undoubtedly could break a wine glass each time he desired to do so. Enjoy your day!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

AliciaC - Hello my friend. So glad you liked my hub on how to break a wine glass. It's a fun experiment. Just be sure to wear the goggles. Have a great day Alicia.


Scribenet profile image

Scribenet 3 years ago from Ontario, Canada

I know this works...not because I have used my voice, but I accidentally shattered a thick glass mug sitting in a dish drainer over an empty sink, by making a sharp, loud noise nearby. It broke into fairly small pieces ( with quite a large pop) and if I remember correctly, only the handle remained as a larger piece! Scared the dickens out of myself. However, I tried to duplicate because I am so darn curious, however, I was unsuccessful...so I agree conditions have to be just right!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Oh my gosh Scribenet - I'm so glad you have shared this today. You must have been so startled! Pretty amazing. And you are correct in saying that the conditions have to be exactly right for this to happen. Thank you!


shiningirisheyes profile image

shiningirisheyes 3 years ago from Upstate, New York

It is truly fascinating that a human can match their voice to the level of the glass. Fascinating article.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

shiningirisheyes - It really is a wonderous thing. Makes me wonder what kinds of other things we are capable of doing. Thank you so much!


shiningirisheyes profile image

shiningirisheyes 3 years ago from Upstate, New York

I just realized that MY singing voice has been known to result in broken glass - usually the broken glass is from the mass exodus of people jumping through closed windows to get away from the sound.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

shiningirisheyes - Hahahaha! I needed that. Thanks for giving me a real good laugh as I find my way to my crib :)


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 3 years ago from California

Such a fun article!!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Thanks my friend. You're a jewel to stop by!


Marcy Goodfleisch profile image

Marcy Goodfleisch 3 years ago from Planet Earth

I'm going to try this - I swear I am! I sure hate to waste good crystal, though. But I've always been told I could do this - and now that I know 'anyone' can, I would love to try it!

Thanks for a really entertaining article!


Sheri Faye profile image

Sheri Faye 3 years ago from Chemainus. BC, Canada

That is fun...could be a great party trick!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi Marcy - I'll bet you can break the glass with just a few tries. Be sure to let me know. I've heard back that some were able to do this...still others could not. It's fun to try. Thanks!

Sheri Faye - Wow - you have given me a great idea for my next party! I had never thought of using this trick :) Thanks.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York

You write such interesting hubs about voice. Examining the aspects of a voice breaking a glass is one many might shy away from but you've certainly explained it well and done it so we can all understand it. I do love your hubs!

Voted up, useful, and interesting.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

tillsontitan ~

Thank you for saying this. It means so much to me to know that you approve of my hubs about the voice. I love doing this and hope others share your feelings. Appreciate your votes so much!


rdsparrowriter profile image

rdsparrowriter 3 years ago

Awesome! This is so cool ! I've seen on TinTin when Bianca Castafiore sing the glasses break. Useful and interesting. Thank you for sharing your knowledge with us :) God bless you!


Suzie HQ profile image

Suzie HQ 3 years ago from Dublin, Ireland

Hi vocalcoach,

What an interesting and well written hub, you are a guru of wisdom and knowledge in music and voices. i have seen people break glass before but never knew the science so thank you so much for making it easy to understand for us not familiar with soundwaves and resonating! Voted up, useful, interesting, awesome and shared!


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 3 years ago from Nepal

Legend has it once there was a musician in our country, who could invite a bee and make it sit on a flower with his music.

I have not seen anyone break a glass, and I will love to see this.

What a great hub you have shared.


livingsta profile image

livingsta 3 years ago from United Kingdom

Interesting information here ! Thank you for sharing!

Voted up and sharing!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

rdsparrowriter - I'm glad you enjoyed this hub and am delighted to find you here. Thank you for God's blessings.

Suzie HQ - Your kind words have left me beaming from ear to ear. Most people are not aware that music is a science. They suppose it is a combination of talent + practice. While these two combinations certainly provide a special energy, music and voice are based on scientific principles. That means singing is not a requirement for using your voice to break a glass. You have supported this hub with voting up and great ratings plus sharing. Thank you dear Suzie !


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Vinaya - I love your legend. So glad you enjoyed this hub. Why not try to use your own voice to break a glass? Thanks so much my friend!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

livingsta - Very nice to see you here. Appreciate your comments and look forward to seeing you again soon. Thanks for the up and for sharing!


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 3 years ago from sunny Florida

Pretty cool stuff. I have heard of this happening but have not seen it before these videos. I may just have to give this a try.

Thanks for sharing and for providing the cautionary tips.

Angels are on the way to you.:) ps


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

pstraubie48 - I hope you do give this a try and if you end up breaking a glass using your voice be sure to have someone video. You'll be awarded with tons of hits. :) Thanks for my Angels :)


ChristyWrites profile image

ChristyWrites 3 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

Wow, I actually DID think that the glass breaking was a myth. Learning more about the science behind the phenomenon is so interesting. Thanks for the share here. It's great to be back here and see your kind face too!


William F. Torpey profile image

William F. Torpey 3 years ago from South Valley Stream, N.Y.

The more I read the comments the more I wonder: Does the note have to be a high note? How many glasses would break if Caruso sang that note in a China shop? (Just wondering!)


NateB11 profile image

NateB11 3 years ago from California, United States of America

That is fascinating, I did not know it was actually possible; those videos are amazing. I guess if the energy is strong enough, it's going to have an effect on an object; and if all conditions are right, the glass is going to break. Very interesting.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

ChristyWrites - Welcome back! So good to see you again. Thanks for your comments and glad you liked the hub. Now - gonna go see what you've been up to :)

Hi William - The higher the note, the higher the vibrations therefore making it easier for glass to shatter. I imagine if the vibrations are equal with a low pitch as the higher one, it would be possible. Caruso in a China shop? The shop had better have plenty of insurance :)

NateB11 - Glad you enjoyed the videos. And yes, if all the conditions are just right, that glass will shatter. Thanks!


tammyswallow profile image

tammyswallow 3 years ago from North Carolina

I thought this was an urban legend. Now that I know it is possible, I am going to practice this. I live in apartment so it should be interesting. ;). This is a very interesting read!


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

I voted that I think I would pass on this. Would certainly not want to break any expensive wine glasses in this experiment but this is surely interesting. Up and interesting votes and might be tempted to try this someday on less expensive glasses. Might be fun.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

tammyswallow ~

I was skeptical in the beginning as well. But the more I studied and researched, the more convinced I became. Then I tried it myself and knew it could be done. Keep practicing and let me know when you shatter that glass!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hi Peggy ~

I don't really blame you for passing on this experiment. It's not for everyone. It is an interesting notion though and truly can be done. I suggest trying it at a neighbor's house and using their expensive wine glass :) Thanks Peggy.


mckbirdbks profile image

mckbirdbks 3 years ago from Emerald Wells, Just off the crossroads,Texas

You are so knowledgeable. The best I can offer is to empty the wine glass for you.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 3 years ago

Truthfully, I thought that this was a myth. Thank you for putting me straight on this scientific method connected to voice control. Fascinating!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

mckbirdbks - Hee, hee! How about sharing a glass or two? Best wishes Mike. And thanks :)

teaches12345 - I was pretty amazed myself. It is indeed a science ( a class I should have spent more time with.) Thanks my friend!


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 3 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

Gosh, I didn't know this could really be done! Very interesting!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

rebeccamealey - Hi there. Really, anyone can do this as long as these instructions are followed to the letter. So pleased that you came by!


Solaras profile image

Solaras 3 years ago

Voted up and interesting - loved the videos!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Solaras - Thanks so much! Glad you liked the videos. On my way to visit you right now.


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

Interesting and informative read! Breaking a glass with a voice must be awesome. Thanks for sharing. Voted up.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 3 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Vellur - Thank you for reading this. It's quite an experience to break a glass using nothing but your voice. Appreciate your sharing and the vote up!


RTalloni profile image

RTalloni 2 years ago from the short journey

So it's all in the technique. Too bad it's so late. Now I'll have to wait until tomorrow… Fun stuff to learn about here! :) Even if I can't do it, just having this knowledge in my back pocket could be very useful in conversation. Clever hub!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 2 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Thanks RTalloni - Good to see you. Go ahead and give this a try. You might be surprised!


ChitrangadaSharan profile image

ChitrangadaSharan 2 years ago from New Delhi, India

Very interesting hub! And I have seen it in movies and advertisements, that glass can be broken by means of singing voice. But I do believe it can be done as you have mentioned above. It is because of a scientific reason, as you have said.

We have some historical stories in India, which tell us that there have been singers, who could bring 'rain' by means of their powerful singing. Or attract birds or animals by means of their soulful singing.

There are certain 'Ragas' in Indian classical music, which are very powerful, even to invoke Gods.

Wonderful topic and it makes sense to me! Voted up!


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 2 years ago from Nashville Tn. Author

ChitrangadaSharan

You can relate to the power and internal energy of the human voice. How marvelous! The historical stories in India that have to do with the power of the voice is so interesting to me. I may google and see what I can find. This would be helpful information to add to some of my hubs on the power of the human voice.

Thank you my dear friend. Blessings and peace to you. - Audrey


Au fait profile image

Au fait 22 months ago from North Texas

Very interesting and informative! Not only on how to break a glass with just one's voice, but the explanations of musical language is excellent as well. Sharing.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 22 months ago from Nashville Tn. Author

Hello Au fait

Thanks for reading my hub and taking time to leave your great comments. I appreciate your liking the explanations of musical language. You're the best!

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    Audrey Hunt (vocalcoach)1,694 Followers
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    Respected vocal coach Audrey Hunt believes singing is our birthright. "If you can speak you can sing." Sing with joy and passion.



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