Music In Film...Hans Zimmer

Source


Welcome to the final installment in a series of hub articles dedicated to music in film. This segment features composer, Hans Zimmer.


“Finding that first idea or cue of music for a film…the first bars are impossible to write. Then suddenly, something happens and I don’t know how it happens. But something is there that is appropriate for this film. It happens with me on every movie.”

– Hans Zimmer


German-born Hans Zimmer is one of the most well-known film composers in the industry. His company, Remote Control Productions, is a kind of think-tank that is similar to The Sundance Institute in its mentoring of a large group of composers. Zimmer’s highly innovative, versatile style has influenced many in his field. By integrating electronic music with orchestral arrangements, he enhances his musical scores with brilliant dimensions that embody the mood of a film, perfectly.

Hans Zimmer’s ability to re-invent genres is remarkable. He has scored over 100 films, including The Lion King, Rain Man, Pirates of the Caribbean, Thelma and Louise, Gladiator, The Batman Trilogy and 12 Years A Slave. This installment focuses on his collaboration with directors, Ridley Scott and Christopher Nolan.


Director, Ridley Scott
Director, Ridley Scott | Source
  • Gladiator

    “The general who became a slave. The slave who became a gladiator. The gladiator who defied an emperor.”

Ridley Scott’s stunning direction, cinematography and film score resulted in an Academy Award-winning classic. Gladiator was nominated for 115 awards from BAFTA, the Oscars and other organizations. Although the plot is fictional, this epic film was inspired by actual historical events. Scott invested considerable time and resources in researching the culture of ancient Rome and the psychology of the film’s characters from that era. Granted, creative license was taken with certain facts. Nevertheless, Scott avoided the various anachronisms evident in other historical epics such as Cleopatra.

Source

The Story

It is 180 CE and Rome is ruled by Caesar Marcus Aurelius, a stoic philosopher. His favored and trusted general, Maximus Meridius (Russell Crowe), has just led his army to victory over the Germanic tribes. The ailing Caesar confides in Maximus that he plans to name him as heir to the throne over his son, Commodus (Joaquin Phoenix), to help the senate restore Rome to a Republic. Enraged with jealousy over Caesar’s decision, Commodus smothers his father to death and informs everyone that he died peacefully in his sleep.

Maximus is incensed at the murder of his beloved emperor. He turns his back on Commodus, refusing to offer his loyalty. Commodus orders his immediate arrest and execution. The general is told that his wife and son are also to be slain and will join him in the afterlife. Unbeknownst to Commodus, Maximus manages to kill his executioners and escapes. Although wounded, he travels day and night in a desperate quest to save his family. Upon arriving at what remains of his destroyed villa in Spain, he discovers the seared and crucified bodies of his wife and son.

Near death, Maximus is found by slave traders and transported to a province in North Africa. Once there, he is sold to the owner of a Gladiator school (Oliver Reed) where men are trained to fight to the death. Maximus is known simply as “The Spaniard,” and befriends Jugga (Djimon Housou), an African slave. They are soon taken to Rome to compete in the Coliseum arena where Commodus has reinstated the games to commemorate his father’s death. Maximus welcomes the opportunity to confront the new emperor and exact his vengeance.

Zimmer’s Score

Zimmer fell in love with this film. He composed some of the scoring in collaboration with Lisa Gerrard. It is one of the best selling soundtracks of all time. The music fits Scott’s story like the proverbial glove, bringing the emotion of the film to life. Zimmer grew up listening to classical music and German composers; with Gladiator, we can hear how his style was somewhat influenced with elements reminiscent of Richard Wagner. In the Coliseum scene that follows, Maximus wears a face helmet to mask his identity. He and his fellow gladiators fight in the style of Roman soldiers under his leadership to defeat the Barbarian Horde:

(A few of these musical phrases are also present in the background music Zimmer created for the battle scene where Maximus leads his men to victory over the Germanic tribes.)

:


“Brothers…what we do in life echoes in eternity.”

--- Maximus to his men on the battlefields of Germania.

The afterlife figures prominently in Gladiator and is a central theme. Zimmer was impressed with this sense of poetry in the film. He discovered a musical soul mate in consummate artist, Lisa Gerrard, who is known for her unique aesthetic sense. The profoundly beautiful “Now We Are free” is sung in her own special language she created as a child, and how she "talks to God." [The following clip contains spoilers.]


.

Director, Christopher Nolan
Director, Christopher Nolan | Source



  • The Dark Knight from The Batman Trilogy

    “Why so serious?”


Director Christopher Nolan’s brilliant visionary scope brings Batman’s legacy as a comic-book hero to a new dimension. Exceptionally crafted and skillfully paced, Nolan takes us to the dark side of the Batman narrative with special effects, deeper characterizations, and a musical score that is extraordinary.

The Dark Knight Theme

The Story

Although the storyline is essentially a simple one, it is the characterizations that are engrossing, along with the unexpected twists in the storyline. Bruce Wayne (Christian Bale) has matured, but has become more personally isolated due to Batman’s ongoing war with organized crime. Gotham’s new DA and white knight, Harvey Dent (Aaron Eckhart), initially represents a legitimate heroic figure to Wayne and police Lt. Jim Gordon (Gary Oldman). Wayne views Dent as an inspirational leader for Gotham City. Dent could relieve him of his crusader duties which would enable him to live a normal existence. Unfortunately, a maniacal criminal know as “The Joker” has other plans for Gotham, Batman and the white knight.

Heath Ledger’s iconic, mesmerizing portrayal of The Joker -- for which he was awarded a posthumous Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor -- is this film’s standout performance. The Joker is non-negotiable; there are no rules in his world. Maliciously unpredictable, he is a man unhinged and cannot be understood. In addition to plunging Gotham into chaos, he seeks to reveal the true identity of Batman and destroy Dent’s heroic image by driving him insane.

Zimmer’s Score (In Collaboration with James Newton Howard)

- The Joker’s Sound

During filming, Chris would send Hans footage of Heath’s characterization to give him a better feel for his interpretation of this psychotic agent of chaos. Zimmer was trying for something provocative to make the musical nuance to The Joker more personal. He experimented by recording various sounds, such as razor blades on piano wire -- much the same way Ledger experimented with different voices.

Zimmer sought to define the character in two notes that clashed in dissonance: “I wanted taught strings that get tighter and tighter but never break.” The result is an edgy cello note joined by a guitar, played with a piece of metal. This tense, ragged sound is ever-present as the surrounding music builds to a crescendo and explodes in resolute anarchy:




  • Inception

    “We never remember the beginning of a dream, do we. We always end up right in the middle of what’s going on. So how did we get here? Where are we right now?”

As a director, writer and producer, Nolan became fascinated with the concept of time, which we can observe in his films, Memento, Insomnia, and later, Interstellar. His brilliantly conceived Inception was ten years in the making. The infinite potential of dreams offers a tantalizing world for any fiction writer or filmmaker. Accordingly, Nolan transports us into new dimensions of time and space where events collide with other parallel realities. The intellectual theme, striking visuals and musical score combine to create a fascinating science fiction thriller few directors could have created so skillfully.

Metaphors abound in this story as we ponder the nature of reality, acceptance, and the ways in which all things exist in relationship.

Source

The Story

Dom Cobb (Leonardo DiCaprio) is a freelance thief who has the ability to probe deeply into the subconscious of others and infiltrate their dreams. Dreams are filled with secrets and ideas. Ideas can transform the world, and are valuable to corporations that hire Cobb to steal them by extracting hidden information from the subject’s dreams.

Cobb is the protagonist and emotional center of the film. Having lost his beloved wife (Marion Cottilard), he embarks on a dangerous job in search of deliverance and a reunion with his estranged children. Rather than stealing an idea, wealthy entrepreneur Saito (Ken Watanabe) hires Cobb to plant one in his competitor’s subconscious.

In order to accomplish this “inception,” Cobb must first gather the necessary team of experts to accompany him into the dream. Ellen Page plays his architect who designs the dream as a maze. The plan is to bring the competitor (Cillian Murphy) into that construct. Memories and details from his subconscious must then fill the maze in order for him to believe that the dream -- and the idea being sown there -- are his own creation.

Each team member is armed with a personal totem. Dream worlds are tricky in that they can begin to parallel reality. Hence, the totem is used to help differentiate the two worlds. Cobb uses a small top for his totem which he spins. (He carries it with him wherever he goes.) If it topples over, he is in reality; if it continues to spin, he is still in the dream.

Cobb is washed ashore on a lonely stretch of beach, while still in a deep limbo dream state.
Cobb is washed ashore on a lonely stretch of beach, while still in a deep limbo dream state. | Source

Zimmer’s Score

The beginning of the opening scene in Inception is exactly the same as the beginning of the final scene. Without giving too much away to those who haven’t seen the film, Cobb is a much older man who has washed ashore on a lonely stretch of beach in a dream world.

In the video that follows, Zimmer’s inspired music -- and one of my favorite scores -- begins with the top spinning in a dream limbo with Cobb and Saito. A four-note musical phrase dominates and repeats, drifting rhythmically. This motive builds, swells and then recedes, as ocean waves, with a compelling force. The muffled pulse sounding time accompanies the repeating phrase until it is eventually taken over by the hum of the spinning top -- Cobb's trusted totem. Zimmer’s “Time” embraces the shifting architecture of the dream and the very nature of Cobb’s “awakening.” Is he awake, or still in the dream? [The following clip contains spoilers.]



How were these wonderful sounds created and what was the creative process? In the clip that follows, Nolan and Zimmer discuss the idea and formation in context of the musical film score to Inception:


.

Creativity is a bursting forth of the soul. For example, without music, would we be who we are today? Sometimes, we are inspired to write poetry and summon meaningful, profound images and emotions when listening to music. Film composers are often inspired by the sense of poetry and emotion in the words they hear and the images they see. Either way, it is this union through which we discover and experience a great deal more about the miracle of the creative spirit and imagination.

Source


This is the closing installment to "Music In Film." I want to express my gratitude to those who supported this series. I have valued your thoughtful comments and kind words of encouragement. Thank you!





Sources:

Key Art Awards 2014; Hans Zimmer; Academy Award Winning Film Composer

Interviews on a Score: Gladiator; The Dark Knight Trilogy; Inception

Film Tracks: Hans Zimmer; Filmography Reviews; March 2014



Written content has been copyrighted, 2014, by Genna East. All rights Reserved. Said copyrights do not extend to the videos that are utilized solely for learning purposes.

More by this Author


41 comments

billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

I am learning a great deal from you. The score isn't something the normal moviegoer pays attention to, so this info is at the very least fascinating.


DnWW 2 years ago

Genna, would any of these films be what they are without the music? We don’t think about the music when watching a movie but we sense it and feel it with our emotions. We would sure as heck miss it if it wasn't there. I will miss this fascinating series.

Dana


epbooks profile image

epbooks 2 years ago from Las Vegas, NV

I love Hans Zimmer. I first enjoyed his music, believe it or not, with the movie HANNIBAL. I love the Silence of the Lambs series, and when I first watched Hannibal, I had to look up the composer and yes, buy the soundtrack because even though it's eerie, it is beautiful! I've paid attention ever since and can normally tell if he is the genius behind the music when watching a film!


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@Billybuc

Hi Bill. Thank you for that generous comment. I appreciate your ongoing support of this series. I hope you have an enjoyably holiday weekend! :-)


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@DnWW

Thank you, Dana. No, these films wouldn’t be the same without the music. Good point, my friend. This series has generated more hits than comments, but I am grateful for the support and interest. Hugs to you and Molly. :-)


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@EPBooks

Hello Elizabeth…good to see you. “Silence of the Lambs” was scored by Howard Shore. Zimmer’s scoring of “Hannibal” has a sense of Gothic beauty, and not like his blockbuster scores. It speaks to his amazing versatility. I think he is an amazing composer. Thanks so much for the visit, and for those very thoughtful comments. Have a great weekend. :-)


mckbirdbks profile image

mckbirdbks 2 years ago from Emerald Wells, Just off the crossroads,Texas

Hello Genna. This is a great finish to your series. I tried to imagine sitting in a dark room with a silent running of any of the movies/composers that you showcased and could not reach the fanthoms of creativity that would be needed to overlay sound/music/emotion to bring the flickering lights to life. To make the shadows bigger than they were. Yet each of the Composers you featured did just that. I have heard it said, the "life needs a soundtrack'. I guess the point I tried to make there is that it is the composition that lifts the stories and carries us along.

I want to congratulate you and a great series, I learned a great deal. One thing I learned is that I do not pay close enough attention to the score which has made the entertainment memorable.

Now, I am waiting to see what you have for us next.


Janusdoe profile image

Janusdoe 2 years ago from My Mind

It's amazing to hear that even those who don't listen to his genre(s) of music know who he is and have favorites in his collection. I can list a few friends who live and breathe metal but still enjoy their Hans Zimmer. He's so very unique that you can usually pick out his work in new films without first seeing his name on the cover. For example, The Gladiator and The Pirates of the Caribbean have a very similar composition. There are other films he's worked on with almost copy/paste similarities, but I can't think of them off the top of my head. Anyway, lovely article!


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@MckBirdbks

Hi Mike. Your comments are always so generous and thoughtful. Thank you! I am grateful for your ongoing support. I think you and Dana both brought up good points. We don’t think about the music but still “sense and feel it through our emotions.” It’s a good thing that we don’t think too much about the music when watching the film as it would take away from the dialogue and action on the screen. Still, whenever we hear the music at some later point in time, we always think of the film that we enjoyed or thought was especially poignant or meaningful. In this respect, we are deeply grateful for those composers who help make this possible.

I am soo looking forward to this 3-day weekend. I hope you and your family enjoy the upcoming holiday. (I have no idea what’s next; I do know that I’m looking forward to your next Betty and Quinn mystery.:-))

@Janusdoe

Hi there. I agree Zimmer is wonderfully unique. You are quite right in that all composers have a certain signature at times. For example, 1-2 of the phrases in Newman’s “Perdition” are echoed in “American Beauty”; and one of the percussion phrases from “American Beauty” is also in his “Pay it Forward.” I know I’ve heard a few bars from Silvestri’s beautiful “Cast Away” before, but I can’t quite place it. John Williams’ orchestrations are often viewed as his “signature.”

Many composers have their own unique sound but are also quite versatile. Zimmer’s also has a few similarities at times. But please forgive me, as I’m afraid I have to disagree with you in that none of these are what I might consider a prominent “copy and paste” motif. (Well, aside from the obvious Batman Trilogy.) Thanks so much for your visit and perceptive comments! It’s good to see you. :-)


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@Mckbirdbks

Mike, I forgot to add this comment regarding what you said about not knowing where to begin in creating a musical score. Writers, directors and composers all say the same thing about the other’s artistic endeavors/contributions. “How do you even begin?” I thought Zimmer’s comment was so apropos in this context. They are somewhat stymied during their creative process as well.:-)


joedolphin88 profile image

joedolphin88 2 years ago from north miami FL

It sure has changed over the years. I love how the eighties had all synthesizers and that was that futuristic feel haha


always exploring profile image

always exploring 2 years ago from Southern Illinois

I have learned so much from your series. I am also much more in tune with the music on TV and especially the movies. I turned the sound off while watching ' The middle ' just to see how much the music added to it and it was amazingly clear, the score made the show. Thank you so much.


Frank Atanacio profile image

Frank Atanacio 2 years ago from Shelton

the composer Zimmerman.. always learning a great deal from the world of entertainment from you.. keep it up bless you


Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 2 years ago from southern USA

Dear Genna,

I am sorry for being a stranger, sometimes life can pull us in many directions all at once. Your wonderful series has kept us mindful as to the importance of music in our lives and I just cannot imagine a world without it! Music provides a lot of inspiration to me each day in every aspect of my life. Zimmer certainly is brilliant! It is fascinating how he came up with the music as to the Joker's character and role.

Movies certainly would not be the same without music. Thank you for all of the hard work you have put into this interesting series here.

Excellent work, dear Genna.

Up and more, pinning, tweeting and sharing

Blessings for a lovely long weekend


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Sorry I'm a bit late, but the weekend didn't offer much time with the Memorial Day holiday.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@Joedolphin88

Hi Joe. Thank you. I know what you mean about synthesizers. Zimmer uses them quite a bit. I appreciate your visit and comments.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@AlwaysExploring

Thank you Ruby. I am pleased to hear that. I value your ongoing support so much. Thank you, again, my friend. :-) I hope you enjoyed your holiday weekend.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@FrankAtanacio

Hi Frank. Thank you! It's always a pleasure to see you.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@Faith Reaper

Hello dear Faith. Your words mean so much – thank you! (Now, if I can just figure out what happened to all of my videos; I can’t see them anymore in the hub. I hope this isn’t a new design flaw; it’s very strange. I can see them under the edit, but not in the article.)

I hope you enjoyed your Memorial Day weekend, Faith. As always, I value your support very much! Thank you, again. :-)


AudreyHowitt profile image

AudreyHowitt 2 years ago from California

I loved this series Genna! There is so much that music adds--my husband is a composer and he talks to me often about his process--how he will have germs of ideas in his head niggling at him--really takes the art form to another level when you add visuals--


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Thank you, Audrey. (I like your new avatar, by the way. :-) ) Music is very much a part of us...thank goodness! And composers like your husband bring so much to our lives.

I think Mike (Mckbirdbks) said it perfectly in his comment. I can't imagine even knowing where to begin scoring for a film; it's light years beyond my comprehension. (I like your very descriptive and apt word, "niggling.") Yet composers say the same thing about writers of a novel or story/screenplay. "Where do you even begin?"

It's always good to see you, Audrey, and I am grateful for your continued support.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 2 years ago from United States

I always love the music in a movie if it is a piece that touches my emotions, the buildup to an exciting scene or the beautoful song in a love story. The composers you featured are remarkable in their craft.

I think movies would be quite dull without the music. This is a very interesting hub that I ranked awesome!


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 2 years ago

I have long admired Zimmer's musical talent and style. Thank you for highlighting this artist for us.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@Pamela99 and Teaches 1234

Thank you! I agree that movies would be entirely different and not nearly as compelling without music. Zimmer is a genius...one of my favorites. Thank you for your comments, dear ladies. :-)


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 2 years ago from Taos, NM

I have so enjoyed this series, Genna that I hate to see it end. I have seen all these movies with the exception of "Inception." I have been listening to Zimmer's music and not realizing it. He is very talented and I have loved his movie soundtracks. These have all been exceptional movies I think because of the music. Thanks so much for your research in this and the music has been delightful.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Thank you, Suzette. I appreciate your support. Hans Zimmer is truly extraordinary. I enjoyed writing this series, and am pleased you shared in this. :-)


cat on a soapbox profile image

cat on a soapbox 2 years ago from Los Angeles

Hi Genna,

This is such an interesting topic, and you have presented it so beautifully!

My husband and I used to get into discussions about contemporary music, and he would ask where the equivalents of Mozart, Beethoven, and Tchaikovsky are today. I believe they are the ones writing the music behind our movies. I agree with the other comments that we are often so caught up in the action that the soundtrack is subliminal. A great film score creates the ambience and gives up a kind of "sensorial snapshot" which allows us to recall the imagery and emotion just by listening again.

What an enjoyable series! Thank you:)


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Hello Catherine...

Writing this series was hard work, but a labor of love. I think you have an excellent point about the composers behind the curtain so to speak, creating these wonderful and "subliminal" works of art. I like that phrase, "sensorial snapshot" ... very apropos. :-) Thank you for the visit, support, and thoughtful comments.


ocfireflies profile image

ocfireflies 2 years ago from North Carolina

Genna,

You have taken the masters behind the music and brought them to life as they so deserve. You have taught me the names of these musically talented members of the overall cinematic experience. Thank you for these hubs and the work you have put into them. I think this hub series should be selected for the HOTD. In awe of your work and thankful as well. V+++/Shared for Sure

From the music in my heart,

Kim


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Hi Kim. Thank you that lovely and generous comment. And I loved, "From the music of my heart," written by a true poet. I don't think I will ever be selected for HOTD...and that's fine, because there are writers better than I for whom this selection has been elusive. In other words, I'm in good company. It's so good to see you! :-)


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 24 months ago from Nashville Tn.

Hans Zimmer has been one of my favorite composers of film scores. You have brought the magic of music scoring for films to the heightened level of awareness it deserves.

In my opinion, Zimmer is a genius. He 'brings action to life' and gives it a heart through his music.

I love the way you have compared Zimmer's score for the Gladiator to Richard Wagner. I played this music a couple of times and could definitely hear the influence.

Thank you very much for this fantastic series, Genna. Voted up, useful, awesome, beautiful, interesting and pinning to my board as well as sharing.

Just marvelous! Audrey


monia saad profile image

monia saad 24 months ago from In my Dream

i love music film so much thank for all those information


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 24 months ago from New York

Genna this was totally fascinating. I was so enthralled with your descriptions of the movies as well as the scores. You should be writing my Academy Awards series!

You are so right, we feel the music in any movie we see but we don't always pay attention to it. The deeper and more moving it is the longer it stays with us.

Voted all but funny and shared.


Lorne Hemmerling profile image

Lorne Hemmerling 24 months ago from Port Hope

I agree with vocalcoach. Hans Zimmer is a genius.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 24 months ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

@VocalCoach

Hello Audrey. Zimmer has always been one of my favorites, too. The echoes of Wagner can also be heard in the opening scene of “Gladiator” in the battle with the Germanic tribes. I think Hans is wonderful. One of the most ingenious scores of all time is his work with “Time” in “Inception.” Simply brilliant. Thanks so much for that supportive and thoughtful comment.

@MoniaSaad

Thank you! I appreciate your visit and comment. :-)

@Tillsontitan

Hi Mary. During the research for this project, I found interviews with the composer and producer/director the most illuminating. I loved Zimmer’s quote about how with each film, something “happens” that gives him the creative inspiration that is appropriate for that project.

I LOVE your Academy Award series, and couldn’t begin to write it nearly as well as you. I always look forward to reading every new installment.

Thanks so much, my friend, for that special comment. :-)

@LorneHemmerling

Thank you…I do too! Thanks for stopping by. :-)


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 24 months ago from South Africa

Genna, this series of yours is extra-ordinary excellent. I take my hat of for all composers. I have worked with one for 20 years and was in awe of his orchestrations. Can you imagine a movie without a soundtrack? Hans Zimmer is one of the best composers in the world. However, the theme song of the Lion King - The Lion Sleeps Tonight - is actually originally a Zulu-song, but perfectly arranged for orchestra by Zimmer.

Voted up and awesome!


Genna East profile image

Genna East 24 months ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Thank you, Martie. I take mine off as well. I can't begin to imagine how one starts to compose anything...I am truly in awe of brilliant talent such as Zimmer's. You are blessed to be working with one for so long. A film without any music is like a painting of a beautiful garden in black and white. Thanks so much for your visit and thoughtful words. I derived so much pleasure in creating this series about these amazing artists.. :-)


Supuni Fernando profile image

Supuni Fernando 19 months ago from Colombo, Sri Lanka

Hans Zimmer is one of my favorite musicians. The music he makes leaves an everlasting impression in your heart.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 19 months ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Thank you. You have described what makes Zimmer so special. I appreciate your visit and comment.


Docmo profile image

Docmo 4 weeks ago from UK

Love this series on film composers. They are the backbone of our favourite films and it is great to see Hans Zimmer featured here, Genna. I am visiting this series one by one to reminisce on the great orchestral compositions that accompany my visual memory of the films. thanks for the ride.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 3 weeks ago from Massachusetts, USA Author

Docmo: Hi Mohan! What a happy surprise to see your visit and comment. I am pleased that you enjoyed this hub and series. It was fun to write, and a labor of love. I only with I had more time to expand it. Thanks so much for those kind words. :-)

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working