A Guide to Understanding Musical Terms, Definitions and Meanings Pt 3
Welcome to Pt 3 of A Guide to Understanding Musical Terms, Definitions and Meanings
Music soothes, excites, calms, moves, motivates, speaks, refines, describes, stirs, celebrates, heals, connects, expresses, reaches and satisfies. The soul of music is released through expressive interpretation of notes, patterns and rhythm . Music is complex and simple. Music is the master and musicians are its slaves.
The musician must read notation flawlessly, live within the rhythm and heart beat of its pulsing meter. Musical interpretation is left to he who creates it. The conductor is the “Father” of musical expression and signals musicians in the orchestra to play together, loud, soft, slow, fast, start and stop. Every single musician and vocalist must know not only how to play every note flawlessly but follow the conductor with expression.
How utterly boring music would be without the “bobbing” of emotion. Music sets up anticipations and then satisfies them. Musicians “breathe” feelings into a piece by introducing minute deviations in timing and loudness. Musical expression is forever at odds with musical structure. Every deviation from an anticipation tend to weaken subsequent anticipation and thereby undercut the impact of further deviations. A momentary shift in tempo brings a tinge of emotion.
All emotions are either negative or positive. Negative emotions arise when experience falls short of anticipation.. But we experience a feeling of well-being when small positive emotional events occur continuously, and we become depressed or irritable when a train of small negative events accost us. So we can see how music generates emotion.
More Musical Terms, Definitions and Meanings
Sequence - a successive transposition and repetition of a phrase at different pitches.
Tune - a melody.
Una corda - the muting (or damping) mechanism on a piano
Jig - a lively English dance, originating in the 16th century; it became the gigue.
Jazz - a strongly influential musical form, emerging shortly after World War 1 from black communities in America, incorporating many styles, including blues and ragtime. Taken up by commercial musicians, it was disseminated into the wider musical culture. Originally highly improvisational in character and played only on a small group of instruments, it developed into several forms, such as swing and bebop, and became popular as a form for big-band ensembles. It was a big influence on the complsers of the interwar period, many of whom wrote in a jazz idiom. Similarly, many musicians whose origins were in jazz produced works that have proved lasting in the context of art music, most notably George Gershwin.
Continuing with musical definitions...
I hope you enjoyed the video. There are hundreds of versions of Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue...this piano duet with orchestra is just one of my personal favorites.
Intonation - singing or playing in tune.
Coda - the closing section of a movement
Accidental - a sign - a sharp, flat, or natural - indicating the raising or lowering of a note.
Seranade - a somewhat lighthearted piece, either a song or an instrumental work in several movements, such as those by Mozart, Brahms, or Schoenberg.
Whole-tone scale - a six-note mode that consists only of whole-tone steps (for example, C, D, R, F sharp, G sharp, A sharp, instead of the combination of whole tones and semitones in other modes.
Voice - one of two or more parts in polyphonic music.
Major - one of the two modes of the tonal system; the other is the minor mode. The sequence of degrees in the majoy scale is always as follows: whole tone, whole tone, semitone, whole tone, whole tone, whole tone, semitone. Works written in major keys are often felt by listeners to have a positive, affirming character.
Downbeat - the beat given the strongest accent, at the beginning of a bar.
Dynamics - the loudness or softness of music, indicated by a system of gradations; from softest to loudest, these are pp,p,mp,mf,f,ff. The extremes have been extended in both directions.
Espressivo - expressively.
Soprano - the highest female voice.
Staccato - abbreviated and detached notes.
Timbre - the tone "color" of an instrument, voice or register.
Key Signature - the sharps or flats at the beginning of each line of music to indicate the key of the music.
Moderato - moderate tempo.
Movement - a separate section of a large work.
Musicology - the theoretical and historical study of music
Middle C - the C more or less at the center of the piano keyboard (about 262 vibrations per second).
Riff - a repeating motif or refrain in a modern pop song or jazz piece.
Monotone - the repetition of a single pitch.
Chant - unison of singing of sacred texts in free rhythm similar to the rhythm of speech.
Crescendo - a steady increase in volume.
The lower number shows the length of note assigned one beat and the upper number shows how many of those notes are in a single bar. Thus, 3/4 means three quarter notes to the bar (measure).
Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind,
flight to the imagination, and life to everything.
I have 2 other hubs on musical terms - My favorite hubs related to music
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