Scales and Modes Encyclopedia

Scales

Scales and modes are two very similar things, but they are NOT the same thing. Scales are a set of 5 to 12 notes that we use as recipes to make music. We can make chords out of scales by stacking the notes that are contained within the scale. We usually stack every other note in the scale in order to make a chord. Scales are also used to play melodies over top of chords that are made up of the same scale. The more scales you know the better off you will be as a musician.

Modes

Modes are made by moving the tonal center of a scale. When you move to a different tonal center of a scale or key you are still playing the same notes, but you now have a new tonic of the scale. The tonic note is the starting point and is also the foundation of the scale. The tonic is also commonly referred to as the root note of the scale.

The Chromatic Scale

C (C#/ Db) D (D#/ Eb) E F (F#/ Gb) G (G#/ Ab) A (A#/ Bb) B C

This is the most important scale in music. This scale contains all the notes that there are in Western Tonal music. Even though it isn't very common in actual music, it is still very useful when teaching students the musical alphabet. This scale is most commonly used in jazz. This scale is not normally played like any other scale. Since this scale includes all of the notes in our tuning system there are a lot of clashing notes that you will hear if you try to play a melody with it. That is why this scale is only used in certain ways. Guitarists will commonly use this scale by sliding up and down the strings. In music theory we call this using chromaticism.

Piano Notes

The Major Scale

C D E F G A B C

The major scale is the scale that is used for chordal theory. We use the major scale to help us build chords and also to helps us to label them. In all major scales there are seven notes in the scale. In music theory we call these seven notes scale degrees. Pictured below is a diagram that shows the names of the Major scale modes and also the notes that they are made of in the first two columns. The third column gives whole-steps and half-steps formulas that are used to generate that scale or mode. The fourth column displays the scales degrees used to generate that scale or mode in relation to their Major scale. In other words the fourth column just shows what we did to The Major scale in order to get that mode. Notice that all 7 modes of the C Major scale contain the same notes as the C Major scale. The only difference is the note that you start on.


C Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale degrees
1st mode-C Ionian
C D E F G A B C
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-D Dorian
D E F G A B C D
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-E Phrygian
E F G A B C D E
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b 7
4th mode-F Lydian
F G A B C D E F
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-G Mixolydian
G A B C D E F G
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-A Aoelian
A B C D E F G A
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-B Locrian
B C D E F G A B
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
G Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- G Ionian
G A B C D E F# G
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- A Dorian
A B C D E F# G A
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode- B Phrygian
B C D E F# G A B
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- C Lydian
C D E F# G A B C
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode- D Mixolydian
D E F# G A B C D
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode- E Aoelian
E F# G A B C D E
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode- F# Locrian
F# G A B C D E F#
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
D Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- D Ionian
D E F# G A B C# D
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- E Dorian
E F# G A B C# D E
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode- F# Phrygian
F# G A B C# D E F#
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- G Lydian
G A B C# D E F# G
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode- A Mixolydian
A B C# D E F# G A
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6b7
6th mode- B Aoelian
B C# D E F# G A B
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode- C# Locrian
C# D E F# G A B C#
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
A Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- A Ionian
A B C# D E F# G# A
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- B Dorian
B C# D E F# G# A B
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode- C# Phrygian
C# D E F# G# A B C#
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- D Lydian
D E F# G# A B C# D
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode- E Mixolydian
E F# G# A B C# D E
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode- F# Aoelian
F# G# A B C# D E F#
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode- G# Locrian
G# A B C# D E F# G#
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
E Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- E Ionian
E F# G# A B C# D# E
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- F# Dorian
F# G# A B C# D# E F#
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode- G# Phrygian
G# A B C# D# E F# G#
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- A Lydian
A B C# D# E F# G# A
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode- B Mixolydian
B C# D# E F# G# A B
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode- C# Aoelian
C# D# E F# G# A B C#
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode- D# Locrian
D# E F# G# A B C# D#
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
B Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- B Ionian
B C# D# E F# G# A# B
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- C# Dorian
C# D# E F# G# A# B C#
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode- D# Phrygian
D# E F# G# A# B C# D#
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- E Lydian
E F# G# A# B C# D# E
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode- F# Mixolydian
F# G# A# B C# D# E F#
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode- G# Aoelian
G# A# B C# D# E F# G#
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode- A# Locrian
A# B C# D# E F# G# A#
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
F# Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- F# Ionian
F# G# A# B C# D# E# F#
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- G# Dorian
G# A# B C# D# E# F# G#
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode- A# Phrygian
A# B C# D# E# F# G# A#
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- B Lydian
B C# D# E# F# G# A# B
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode- C# Mixolydian
C# D# E# F# G# A# B C#
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode- D# Aoelian
D# E# F# G# A# B C# D#
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode- E# Locrian
E# F# G# A# B C# D# E#
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
Gb Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- Gb Ionian
Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-Ab Dorian
Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb Ab
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-Bb Phrygian
Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Cb Lydian
Cb Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-Db Mixolydian
Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb Db
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6b7
6th mode- Eb Aoelian
Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode- F Locrian
F Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
C# Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- C# Ionian
C# D# E# F# G# A# B# C#
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-D# Dorian
D# E# F# G# A# B# C# D#
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-E# Phrygian
E# F# G# A# B# C# D# E#
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- F# Lydian
F# G# A# B# C# D# E# F#
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-G# Mixolydian
G# A# B# C# D# E# F# G#
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-A# Aoelian
A# B# C# D# E# F# G# A#
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-B# Locrian
B# C# D# E# F# G# A# B#
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
Db Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Db Ionian
Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C Db
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-Eb Dorian
Eb F Gb Ab Bb C Db Eb
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-F Phrygian
F Gb Ab Bb C Db Eb F
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Gb Lydian
Gb Ab Bb C Db Eb F Gb
W W W H W W H
1 2 3#4 5 6 7
5th mode-Ab Mixolydian
Ab Bb C Db Eb F Gb Ab
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-Bb Aoelian
Bb C Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-C Locrian
C Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
G# Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-G# Ionian
G# A# B# C# D# E# F## G#
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-A# Dorian
A# B# C# D# E# F## G# A#
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-B# Phrygian
B# C# D# E# F## G# A# B#
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-C# Lydian
C# D# E# F## G# A# B# C#
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-D# Mixolydian
D# E# F## G# A# B# C# D#
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-E# Aoelian
E# F## G# A# B# C# D# E#
W H W W H W W
1 2 3b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-F## Locrian
F## G# A# B# C# D# E# F##
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
Ab Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Ab Ionian
Ab Bb C Db Eb F G Ab
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-Bb Dorian
Bb C Db Eb F G Ab Bb
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-C Phrygian
C Db Eb F G Ab Bb C
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Db Lydian
Db Eb F G Ab Bb C Db
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-Eb Mixolydian
Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-F Aoelian
F G Ab Bb C Db Eb F
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-G Locrian
G Ab Bb C Db Eb F G
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
Eb Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formulas
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Eb Ionian
Eb F G Ab Bb C D Eb
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-F Dorian
F G Ab Bb C D Eb F
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-G Phrygian
G Ab Bb C D Eb F G
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Ab Lydian
Ab Bb C D Eb F G Ab
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-Bb Mixolydian
Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-C Aoelian
C D Eb F G Ab Bb C
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-D Locrian
D Eb F G Ab Bb C D
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
Bb Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Bb Ionian
Bb C D Eb F G A Bb
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-C Dorian
C D Eb F G A Bb C
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-D Phrygian
D Eb F G A Bb C D
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Eb Lydian
Eb F G A Bb C D Eb
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-F Mixolydian
F G A Bb C D Eb F
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-G Aoelian
G A Bb C D Eb F G
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-A Locrian
A Bb C D Eb F G A
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
F Major Scale Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-F Ionian
F G A Bb C D E F
W W H W W W H
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-G Dorian
G A Bb C D E F G
W H W W W H W
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-A Phrygian
A Bb C D E F G A
H W W W H W W
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Bb Lydian
Bb C D E F G A Bb
W W W H W W H
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-C Mixolydian
C D E F G A Bb C
W W H W W H W
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-D Aoelian
D E F G A Bb C D
W H W W H W W
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
7th mode-E Locrian
E F G A Bb C D E
H W W H W W W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7

The Harmonic Major Scale

C D E F G Ab B A

The Harmonic major scale is a lot less common than the Major Scale. It is used in more exotic types of music, but it includes some interesting modes that are fun to mix and match with certain chords. The 6th scale degree is flattened giving the scale its own authentic sound.

C Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode- C Harmonic Major
C D E F G Ab B C
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode- D Dorian b5
D E F G Ab B C D
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode- Eb Phrygian b4
E F G Ab B C D E
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode- F Lydian b3
F G Ab B C D E F
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode- G Dominant b2
G Ab B C D E F G
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode- Ab Lydian Augmented #2
Ab B C D E F G A
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode- B Locrian bb7
B C D E F G Ab B
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
G Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-G Harmonic Major
G A B C D Eb F# G
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-A Dorian b5
A B C D Eb F# G A
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-B Phrygian b4
B C D Eb F# G A B
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-C Lydian b3
C D Eb F# G A B C
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-D Dominant b2
D Eb F# G A B C D
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-Eb Lydian Augmented #2
Eb F# G A B C D Eb
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-F# Locrian bb7
F# G A B C D Eb F#
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
D Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-D Harmonic Major
D E F# G A Bb C# D
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-E Dorian b5
E F# G A Bb C# D E
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-F# Phrygian b4
F# G A Bb C# D E F#
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-G Lydian b3
G A Bb C# D E F# G
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-A Dominant b2
A Bb C# D E F# G A
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-Bb Lydian Augmented #2
Bb C# D E F# G A Bb
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-C# Locrian bb7
C# D E F# G A Bb C#
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
A Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-A Harmonic Major
A B C# D E F G# A
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-B Dorian b5
B C# D E F G# A B
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-C# Phrygian b4
C# D E F G# A B C#
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-D Lydian b3
D E F G# A B C# D
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-E Dominant b2
E F G# A B C# D E
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-F Lydian Augmented #2
F G# A B C# D E F
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-G# Locrian bb7
G# A B C# D E F G#
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
E Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-E Harmonic Major
E F# G# A B C D# E
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-F# Dorian b5
F# G# A B C D# E F#
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-G# Phrygian b4
G# A B C D# E F# G#
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-A Lydian b3
A B C D# E F# G# A
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-B Dominant b2
B C D# E F# G# A B
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-C Lydian Augmented #2
C D# E F# G# A B C
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-D# Locrian bb7
D# E F# G# A B C D#
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
B Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-B Harmonic Major
B C# D# E F# G A# B
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-C# Dorian b5
C# D# E F# G A# B C#
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-D# Phrygian b4
D# E F# G A# B C# D#
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-E Lydian b3
E F# G A# B C# D# E
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-F# Dominant b2
F# G A# B C# D# E F#
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-G Lydian Augmented #2
G A# B C# D# E F# G
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-A# Locrian bb7
A# B C# D# E F# G A#
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
F# Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-F# Harmonic Major
F# G# A# B C# D E# F#
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-G# Dorian b5
G# A# B C# D E# F# G#
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-A# Phrygian b4
A# B C# D E# F# G# A#
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-B Lydian b3
B C# D E# F# G# A# B
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-C# Dominant b2
C# D E# F# G# A# B C#
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-D Lydian Augmented #2
D E# F# G# A# B C# D
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-E# Locrian bb7
E# F# G# A# B C# D E#
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
C# Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-C# Harmonic Major
C# D# E# F# G# A B# C#
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-D# Dorian b5
D# E# F# G# A B# C# D#
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-E# Phrygian b4
E# F# G# A B# C# D# E#
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-F# Lydian b3
F# G# A B# C# D# E# F#
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-G# Dominant b2
G# A B# C# D# E# F# G#
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-A Lydian Augmented #2
A B# C# D# E# F# G# A
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-B# Locrian bb7
B# C# D# E# F# G# A B#
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
G# Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-G# Harmonic Major
G# A# B# C# D# E F## G#
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-A# Dorian b5
A# B# C# D# E F## G# A#
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-B# Phrygian b4
B# C# D# E F## G# A# B#
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-C# Lydian b3
C# D# E F## G# A# B# C#
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-D# Dominant b2
D# E F## G# A# B# C# D#
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-E Lydian Augmented #2
E F## G# A# B# C# D# E
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-F## Locrian bb7
F## G# A# B# C# D# E F##
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
Ab Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Ab Harmonic Major
Ab Bb C Db Eb Fb G Ab
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-Bb Dorian b5
Bb C Db Eb Fb G Ab Bb
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-C Phrygian b4
C Db Eb Fb G Ab Bb C
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Db Lydian b3
Db Eb Fb G Ab Bb C Db
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-Eb Dominant b2
Eb Fb G Ab Bb C Db Eb
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-F Lydian Augmented #2
Fb G Ab Bb C Db Eb Fb
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-G Locrian bb7
G Ab Bb C Db Eb Fb G
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
Eb Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Eb Harmonic Major
Eb F G Ab Bb C D Eb
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-F Dorian b5
F G Ab Bb C D Eb F
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-G Phrygian b4
G Ab Bb C D Eb F G
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Ab Lydian b3
Ab Bb C D Eb F G Ab
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-Bb Dominant b2
Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-C Lydian Augmented #2
C D Eb F G Ab Bb C
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-D Locrian bb7
D Eb F G Ab Bb C D
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
Bb Harmonic Major Scales
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Bb Harmonic Major
Bb C D Eb F Gb A Bb
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-C Dorian b5
C D Eb F Gb A Bb C
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-D Phrygian b4
D Eb F Gb A Bb C D
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Eb Lydian b3
Eb F Gb A Bb C D Eb
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-F Dominant b2
F Gb A Bb C D Eb F
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-Gb Lydian Augmented #2
Gb A Bb C D Eb F Gb
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-A Locrian bb7
A Bb C D Eb F Gb A
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 bb7
F Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-F Harmonic Major
F G A Bb C Db E F
W W H W H W-1/2 H
1 2 3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-G Dorian b5
G A Bb C Db E F G
W H W H W-1/2 H W
1 2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-A Phrygian b4
A Bb C Db E F G A
H W H W-1/2 H W W
1 b2 b3 b4 5 b6 b7
4th mode-Bb Lydian b3
Bb C Db E F G A Bb
W H W-1/2 H W W H
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 7
5th mode-C Dominant b2
C Db E F G A Bb C
H W-1/2 H W W H W
1 b2 3 4 5 6 b7
6th mode-Db Lydian Augmented #2
Db E F G A Bb C Db
W-1/2 H W W H W H
1 #2 3 #4 #5 6 7
7th mode-E Locrian bb7
E F G A Bb C Db E
H W W H W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7

Scales in use

The Harmonic Minor Scale

C D Eb F G Ab B C

The Harmonic Minor Scale has a flattened 6th scale degree just like the Harmonic Major. It also has a flattened 3rd scale degree, which is a characteristic that all types of minor scales share.

C Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-C Harmonic Minor
C D Eb F G Ab B C
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode- D Locrian Natural 6
D Eb F G Ab B C D
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode- Eb Ionian #5
Eb F G Ab B C D Eb
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode- F Dorian #4
F G Ab B C D Eb F
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode- G Phrygian Natural 3
G Ab B C D Eb F G
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode- Ab Lydian #2
Ab B C D Eb F G Ab
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode- B Altered bb7
B C D Eb F G Ab B
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b4 b5 b6 bb7
G Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-G Harmonic Minor
G A Bb C D Eb F# G
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-A Locrian Natural 6
A Bb C D Eb F# G A
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-Bb Ionian #5
Bb C D Eb F# G A Bb
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-C Dorian #4
C D Eb F# G A Bb C
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-D Phrygian Natural 3
D Eb F# G A Bb C D
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-Eb Lydian #2
Eb F# G A Bb C D Eb
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-F# Altered bb7
F# G A Bb C D Eb F#
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
D Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-D Harmonic Minor
D E F G A Bb C# D
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-E Locrian Natural 6
E F G A Bb C# D E
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-F Ionian #5
F G A Bb C# D E F
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-G Dorian #4
G A Bb C# D E F G
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-A Phrygian Natural 3
A Bb C# D E F G A
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-Bb Lydian #2
Bb C# D E F G A Bb
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-C# Altered bb7
C# D E F G A Bb C#
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
A Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-A Harmonic Minor
A B C D E F G# A
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-B Locrian Natural 6
B C D E F G# A B
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-C Ionian #5
C D E F G# A B C
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-D Dorian #4
D E F G# A B C D
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-E Phrygian Natural 3
E F G# A B C D E
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-F Lydian #2
F G# A B C D E F
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-G# Altered bb7
G# A B C D E F G#
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
E Harmonic Major Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-E Harmonic Major
E F# G A B C D# E
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-F# Locrian Natural 6
F# G A B C D# E F#
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-G Ionian #5
G A B C D# E F# G
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-A Dorian #4
A B C D# E F# G A
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-B Phrygian Natural 3
B C D# E F# G A B
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-C Lydian #2
C D# E F# G A B C
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-D# Altered bb7
D# E F# G A B C D#
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
B Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-B Harmonic minor
B C# D E F# G A# B
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-C# Locrian Natural 6
C# D E F# G A# B C#
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-D Ionian #5
D E F# G A# B C# D
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-E Dorian #4
E F# G A# B C# D E
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-F# Phrygian Natural 3
F# G A# B C# D E F#
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-G Lydian #2
G A# B C# D E F# G
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-A# Altered bb7
A# B C# D E F# G A#
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
F# Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-F# Harmonic Minor
F# G# A B C# D E# F#
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-G# Locrian Natural 6
G# A B C# D E# F# G#
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-A Ionian #5
A B C# D E# F# G# A
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-B Dorian #4
B C# D E# F# G# A B
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-C# Phrygian Natural 3
C# D E# F# G# A B C#
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-D Lydian #2
D E# F# G# A B C# D
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-E# Altered bb7
E# F# G# A B C# D E#
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
C# Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-C# Harmonic Minor
C# D# E F# G# A B# C#
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mod-D# Locrian Natural 6
D# E F# G# A B# C# D#
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-E Ionian #5
E F# G# A B# C# D# E
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-F# Dorian #4
F# G# A B# C# D# E F#
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-G# Phrygian Natural 3
G# A B# C# D# E F# G#
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-A Lydian #2
A B# C# D# E F# G# A
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-B# Altered bb7
B# C# D# E F# G# A B#
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
G# Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-G# Harmonic Minor
G# A# B C# D# E F## G#
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-A# Locrian Natural 6
A# B C# D# E F## G# A#
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-B Ionian #5
B C# D# E F## G# A# B
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-C# Dorian #4
C# D# E F## G# A# B C#
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-D# Phrygian Natural 3
D# E F## G# A# B C# D#
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-E Lydian #2
E F## G# A# B C# D# E
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-F## Altered bb7
F## G# A# B C# D# E F##
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
Eb Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Eb Harmonic Minor
Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb D Eb
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-F Locrian Natural 6
F Gb Ab Bb Cb D Eb F
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-Gb Ionian #5
Gb Ab Bb Cb D Eb F Gb
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-Ab Dorian #4
Ab Bb Cb D Eb F Gb Ab
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-Bb Phrygian Natural 3
Bb Cb D Eb F Gb Ab Bb
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-Cb Lydian #2
Cb D Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-D Altered bb7
D Eb F Gb Ab Bb Cb D
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
Bb Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Bb Harmonic Minor
Bb C Db Eb F Gb A Bb
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-C Locrian Natural 6
C Db Eb F Gb A Bb C
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-Db Ionian #5
Db Eb F Gb A Bb C Db
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-Eb Dorian #4
Eb F Gb A Bb C Db Eb
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-F Phrygian Natural 3
F Gb A Bb C Db Eb F
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-Gb Lydian #2
Gb A Bb C Db Eb F Gb
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-A Altered bb7
A Bb C Db Eb F Gb A
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7
F Harmonic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-F Harmonic Minor
F G Ab Bb C Db E F
W H W W H W-1/2 H
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7
2nd mode-G Locrian Natural 6
G Ab Bb C Db E F G
H W W H W-1/2 H W
1 b2 b3 4 b5 6 b7
3rd mode-Ab Ionian #5
Ab Bb C Db E F G Ab
W W H W-1/2 H W H
1 2 3 4 #5 6 7
4th mode-Bb Dorian #4
Bb C Db E F G Ab Bb
W H W-1/2 H W H W
1 2 b3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-C Phrygian Natural 3
C Db E F G Ab Bb C
H W-1/2 H W H W W
1 b2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-Db Lydian #2
Db E F G Ab Bb C Db
W-1/2 H W H W W H
1 #2 3 #4 5 6 7
7th mode-E Altered bb7
E F G Ab Bb C Db E
H W H W W H W-1/2
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 bb7

The Melodic Minor Scale

C D Eb F G A B C

The Melodic Minor Scale is a special type of scale. For certain styles this scale is to be played with a flattened 6th and 7th scale degree when playing the scale descending. The scale is played like this in different types of classical styles. In Jazz this scale is played with just a flattened 3rd with no change in notes while descending.

C Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st Mode- C Melodic Minor
C D Eb F G A B C
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd Mode- D Dorian b2
D Eb F G A B C D
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode- Eb Lydian Augmented
Eb F G A B C D Eb
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode- F Lydian Dominant
F G A B C D Eb F
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode- G Mixolydian b6
G A B C D Eb F G
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode- A Locrian Natural 2
A B C D Eb F G A
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode- B Super Locrian
B C D Eb F G A B
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 7b
G Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-G Melodic Minor
G A Bb C D E F# G
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- A Dorian b2
A Bb C D E F# G A
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-Bb Lydian Augmented
Bb C D E F# G A Bb
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-C Lydian Dominant
C D E F# G A Bb C
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-D Mixolydian b6
D E F# G A Bb C D
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-E Locrian Natural 2
E F# G A Bb C D E
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-F# Altered
F# G A Bb C D E F#
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
D Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-D Melodic Minor
D E F G A B C# D
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-E Dorian b2
E F G A B C# D E
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-F Lydian Augmented
F G A B C# D E F
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-G Lydian Dominant
G A B C# D E F G
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-A Mixolydian b6
A B C# D E F G A
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-B Locrian Natural 2
B C# D E F G A B
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-C# Altered
C# D E F G A B C#
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
A Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-A Melodic Minor
A B C D E F# G# A
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-B Dorian b3
B C D E F# G# A B
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-C Lydian Augmented
C D E F# G# A B C
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-D Lydian Dominant
D E F# G# A B C D
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-E Mixolydian b6
E F# G# A B C D E
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-F# Locrian Natural 2
F# G# A B C D E F#
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-G# Altered
G# A B C D E F# G#
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
E Melodic Minor modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-E Melodic Minor
E F# G A B C# D# E
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode- F# Dorian b2
F# G A B C# D# E F#
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-G Lydian Augmented
G A B C# D# E F# G
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-A Lydian Dominant
A B C# D# E F# G A
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-B Mixolydian b6
B C# D# E F# G A B
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-C# Locrian Natural 2
C# D# E F# G A B C#
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode- D# Altered
D# E F# G A B C# D#
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
B Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-B Melodic Minor
B C# D E F# G# A# B
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-C# Dorian b2
C# D E F# G# A# B C#
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-D Lydian Augmented
D E F# G# A# B C# D
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4 th mode-E Lydian Dominant
E F# G# A# B C# D E
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 34 5 6 b7
5th mode-F# Mixolydian b6
F# G# A# B C# D E F#
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-G# Locrian Natural 2
G# A# B C# D E F# G#
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-A# Altered
A# B C# D E F# G# A#
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
F# Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-F# Melodic Minor
F# G# A B C# D# E# F#
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-G# Dorian b3
G# A B C# D# E# F# G#
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-A Lydian Augmented
A B C# D# E# F# G# A
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-B Lydian Dominant
B C# D# E# F# G# A B
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-C# Mixolydian b6
C# D# E# F# G# A B C#
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-D# Locrian Natural 2
D# E# F# G# A B C# D#
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-E# Altered
E# F# G# A B C# D# E#
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
C# Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-C# Melodic Minor
C# D# E F# G# A# B# C#
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-D# Dorian b2
D# E F# G# A# B# C# D#
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-E Lydian Augmented
E F# G# A# B# C# D# E
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-F# Lydian Dominant
F# G# A# B# C# D# E F#
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-G# Mixolydian b6
G# A# B# C# D# E F# G#
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-A# Locrian Natural 2
A# B# C# D# E F# G# A#
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-B# Altered
B# C# D# E F# G# A# B#
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
Ab Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Ab Melodic Minor
Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F G Ab
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-Bb Dorian b2
Bb Cb Db Eb F G Ab Bb
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-Cb Lydian Augmented
Cb Db Eb F G Ab Bb Cb
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-Db Lydian Dominant
Db Eb F G Ab Bb Cb Db
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-Eb Mixolydian b6
Eb F G Ab Bb Cb Db Eb
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-F Locrian Natural 2
F G Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-G Altered
G Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F G
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
Eb Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-Eb Melodic Minor
Eb F Gb Ab Bb C D Eb
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-F Dorian b2
F Gb Ab Bb C D Eb F
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-Gb Lydian Augmented
Gb Ab Bb C D Eb F Gb
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-Ab Lydian Dominant
Ab Bb C D Eb F Gb Ab
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-Bb Mixolydian b6
Bb C D Eb F Gb Ab Bb
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-C Locrian Natural 2
C D Eb F Gb Ab Bb C
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-D Altered
D Eb F Gb Ab Bb C D
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
Bb Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale degrees
1st mode- Bb Melodic Minor
Bb C Db Eb F G A Bb
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-C Dorian b2
C Db Eb F G A Bb C
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-Db Lydian Augmented
Db Eb F G A Bb C Db
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-Eb Lydian Dominant
Eb F G A Bb C Db Eb
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-F Mixolydian b6
F G A Bb C Db Eb F
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-G Locrian Natural 2
G A Bb C Db Eb F G
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-A Altered
A Bb C Db Eb F G A
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7
F Melodic Minor Modes
Notes
Formula
Scale Degrees
1st mode-F Melodic Minor
F G Ab Bb C D E F
W H W W W W H
1 2 b3 4 5 6 7
2nd mode-G Dorian b2
G Ab Bb C D E F G
H W W W W H W
1 b2 b3 4 5 6 b7
3rd mode-Ab Lydian Augmented
Ab Bb C D E F G Ab
W W W W H W H
1 2 3 #4 #5 6 7
4th mode-Bb Lydian Dominant
Bb C D E F G Ab Bb
W W W H W H W
1 2 3 #4 5 6 b7
5th mode-C Mixolydian b6
C D E F G Ab Bb C
W W H W H W W
1 2 3 4 5 b6 b7
6th mode-D Locrian Natural 2
D E F G Ab Bb C D
W H W H W W W
1 2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
7th mode-E Altered
E F G Ab Bb C D E
H W H W W W W
1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7

Scales and Modes

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Kosmo 4 years ago from California

Hey, did you actually do all this work yourself? I mean, did you use a program such as Excel to put it all together. This would definitely be a major challenge to compile. Anyway, you gotta love playing guitar, using these fancy scales or whatever. Later!

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