Academy Award

The Academy Award is an award by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, given annually in the United States for outstanding individual or collective efforts in about 25 categories of film acting and production. The first Academy Awards were presented on May 16, 1929, for the 1927-1928 film year. Among the first winners were Emil Jannings (best actor), Janet Gaynor (best actress), Frank Borzage (best director), and Wings (best film).

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was founded in Hollywood, Calif., in May 1927. Its specific aims are to foster cooperation for cultural, educational, and technological progress in the industry; to recognize outstanding achievements in the industry; to cooperate on technical research and on the improvement of film-making methods and equipment; and to provide a common forum for the various branches and crafts of the motion picture industry.

The presentation of the Academy Awards is the best known of the organization's activities. Balloting for nominations for the awards is restricted in each award category to members of the academy branch concerned. Each of the 13 branches makes five nominations in its field, and the entire academy membership of more than 2,800 persons votes to determine the winner. Balloting is conducted in secrecy, and the results are tabulated by an impartial auditing firm. In addition, there are occasional special awards.

The prize itself, called an "Oscar," is a gold statuette designed by art director Cedric Gibbons and cast by sculptor George Stanley. It received its nickname in 1931, when Margaret Herrick, later executive director of the academy, saw it for the first time and remarked, "Why, he looks like my Uncle Oscar."

More by this Author

  • Videographer

    With the advancement of consumer video camera quality, novices can produce reasonable, if not excellent, video. The professional, however, offers other advantages. The professional will devote his/her attention to the...

  • Cartooning

    A cartoon is a simplified humorous drawing, usually published in a newspaper or magazine. Dialogue or comment is often added to the drawing. A sequence of cartoons that tells a story is called a comic strip. A regular...

  • Kinds of Nails and Their Uses

    Nails, used since ancient times, are still the fasteners most commonly used for joining wood, especially in building wood-frame houses. More than 60,000 nails may be used in a five-room house.


No comments yet.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article