Ray Harryhausen: The Father of Stop Motion Animation

A Scary Introduction

The first movie I've ever seen of Ray Harryhausen's was Jason and the Argonauts which, as a tradition, used to play during the holidays, like on Thanksgiving. I was four years old when first I saw Jason and the Argonauts for the very first time. Seeing the Cyclops caused me to take cover behind a couch and caused a ruckus of laughter from both family members and guests alike. I was terrified and elated at the same time. A monster had come to life and was heading towards me (the horror). The year after that, I flew away with Perseus and Pegasus while watching Clash of the Titans and fought the likes of the Kraken with the decapitated head of Gorgon Medusa and in doing so, I rescued Andromeda from the clutches of the evil Calibos. Safe to say, I was an instant fan ever since.

For anyone who has over the years enjoyed the work of Steven Spielberg, George Lucas, Tim Burton, Sam Raimi, and James Cameron among a host of many others, much tribute should be given to one man whose name is Ray Harryhausen. Much credit should also be given to his predecessor, Willis O'Brien (who was known to him as Obie) who inspired Ray Harryhausen to become the legendary stop motion animator we know today.

Courtesy of rayharryhausen.com

The Biography of Ray Harryhausen

Born on June, 29, 1920 in Los Angeles, California, Ray Harryhausen is an American icon. As an American film producer and special effects wizard; Ray Harryhausen is renowned for his contributions as Hollywood’s prominent stop-motion animator, notably Mighty Joe Young (1949), The 7th Voyage of Sinbad (1958), and Jason and the Argonauts (1963) which featured the famous sword-fighting duel against seven skeleton warriors.  It is for this reason that any discussion involving stop-motion animation and model animation begins and ends with Ray Harryhausen. He is the master.

Contrary to what this article’s title suggests, Willis O’Brien is the pioneer of stop motion animation, as the first films to use such technique includes King Kong (1933) and The Lost World (1925), which inspired Harryhausen to fine-tune the craft and master it entirely. As early as 1917, Willis O’Brien introduced stop motion animation, bringing it from his studio workshop to the silver screen which captivated audiences around the world. However, for most of O’Brien’s professional career, he was met with many obstacles and so had to let go of some of his projects. As what would turn out to be a dream job, Ray Harryhausen was offered a position from Paramount to work on George Pai’s Puppetoons after reviewing his first demo reel of dinosaurs fighting one another, titled Evolution of the World, which was a tribute to O’Brien’s own work titled Creation. Before creating Evolution, Harryhausen frequented the theaters a multitude of times to watch O’Brien’s King Kong, which by the way is hailed as one of the greatest American movies ever made and according to the American Film Institute, it’s one of the Top 100 Movies of all time.

Meeting "Obie"

After having put together a cacophony of his work onto a reel, he showed it to O’Brien, whom he greatly admired. He also showed him the stegosaurus in which won first prize at the Los Angeles County Museum.  After studying it for bit, O'Brien remarked that the stegosaurus's legs,"look like wrinkled sausages" and chided that Ray had to "put more character into it and study anatomy to learn where the muscle connects to the bone."  O’Brien would end up hiring him as his assistant and the two would go on to produce as their first project, Mighty Joe Young (1949) which would win an Academy Award for Best Special Effects. It’s also important to note that while O’Brien was preoccupied with solving the technical problems of the film, he left much of the animation work to Harryhausen. O’Brien would call upon him again years later due to time constraints while producing an 8-minute intro to the film, The Animal World (1956). Not surprisingly, many believed that their 8-minute segment was the highlight of the entire film.

Ray Harryhausen Filmography

The Legend of Ray Harryhausen

In short, Ray Harryhausen made the world of make-believe believable. Imagine yourself working with high-detailed plasticine in which you make microscopic movements and with each movement, you take a picture with an 18-mm camera. And not until you have 24 frames (and not before, mind you) in which are flawless can you then convert the frames into a one-second of film footage! Do this and you've just imagined yourself as Ray Harryhausen busy with his absolute labor of love. His painstaking, yet passionate work has survived for over 50 years and has inspired countless fans, such as Jim Henson and Tim Burton. You certainly are a Titan among gods, Mr. Harryhausen. I thank you for your hard work and dedication to your craft. You certainly are an inspiration to me.

-ODP

Here are some of the tributes given to Ray Harryhausen that I've found:

  • In both Aardman’s Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2006) and Tim Burton’s Corpse Bride (2005), there appear pianos both labelled with the makers name of Harryhausen.
  • In the model animated feature Flesh Gordon (1974) the main antagonist is a god called ‘Nesuahyrrah’, which is Harryhausen spelt backwards.
  • In the first part of Peter Jackson’s trilogy, Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Rings (2001) the giant cave troll was a tribute to Ray’s animation in the form of how the creature moved, and specifically, how he held his arms.
  • The 2001 Pixar film, Monsters, Inc. pays homage to Harryhausen in a scene where characters Mike Wazowski and Celia Mae visit a restaurant named "Harryhausen's".

"A man who has inspired us all, one frame at a time."

-The Secret Lab; Disney Feature Animation and Walt Disney Company

"What is most important to me is that Ray showed us that a grown man could play with monsters and get away with it. Even get paid to do it. How cool is that? Make monsters, and get paid to play with them. That is what I want to do when I grow up..."

-Rick Baker; Make up and Special Effects Artist

"If you are tired of explosions, cursing, and lots of violence when you go to the movies, then watch Ray’s films."

-Ricardo Delgado; Artist

"I suppose for many of us, Ray Harryhausen was our Beethoven - a Titan struggling with the gods - as Wagner once described Beethoven. Many have made good on this ambition, and done great credit to the example that Ray's artistry and dedication inspired. In any case, gratitude is the highest tribute among artists, and I thank Ray for providing me the pleasure of his work my whole life."

-David Allen; Producer, Director, and Animator 1944-1999

"Ray's influence on filmmakers has been profound; a testament to belief in one's self, one's obsessions, or as the other Ray, Ray Bradbury - Ray H's close friend, would say 'Your loves, ' as well as to craft and artistry in an age where a single hard working artist, an amazingly prolific workhorse, contended with all of the Herculean obstacles that one faces making a motion picture year after year to inspire us as filmgoers and, for some of us to stand on his shoulders. And, every time that Cyclops emerges from that cave I reconnect with the seven year old that I was and still am. That's magic."

-Phil Tippett, Special Effects Supervisor

Mighty Joe Young
Mighty Joe Young

"As a child I was a misfit, an outcast, a freak if you will. I was the weird kid that lived down the block. It was all because of Ray Harryhausen. I would walk around and roar like the Cyclops in The 7th Voyage of Sinbad and it’s all Ray’s fault. He made me the freak that I am today. Thank you very much Ray Harryhausen. Ray has inspired so many of us and I’m honoured just to say that I know him."

-Rick Baker; Make Up and Special Effects Artist

The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad (1958)
The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad (1958)

"To the Boomers, the so-called Monster Kids, who grew up in the 1950s and '60s, there was no greater inspiration than Ray Harryhausen. His creatures brought to life mythology and legends we had only read about. But thanks to his "Superdynamation" techniques, our hungry little imaginations were fed the Food of the Gods. You cannot overstate the influence Harryhausen and his artistry brought to generations of writers, illustrators and filmmakers. He is the King."

-Mick Garris; Writer, Producer, and Director

The Kraken; Clash of the Titans
The Kraken; Clash of the Titans

"Thanks to Ray for all he has given me and all the other people in this goofy business of ours. He is an inspiration to us all and I don’t know where any of us would be right now without him."

-Dennis Muren, Visual Effects Supervisor

Ceratosaurus versus Triceratops; One Million Years BC
Ceratosaurus versus Triceratops; One Million Years BC

"Ray was captivated by Willis O’Brien’s King Kong. And now Ray like Kong stands on a peak high above the world of storytelling as a beacon of creative light. He is without question the person who has almost single handedly created visions of wonder which have inspired some of the best filmmakers in the world. And in so doing, the visual effects industry was created and necessary to bring the visions of these new filmmakers to life.

Ray’s legacy is monumental to contemporary and future storytelling."

-Tom Atkin; Founder of the Visual Effects Society

Mighty Joe Young
Mighty Joe Young

"We’re joined at the hip and we’re joined at the brow and joined in our imagination."

-Ray Bradbury, Friend and Writer

The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad
The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad

"The reason I got into the business is because of Ray and he inspires me in the work I do today. He is the master."

-Ken Ralston; Visual Effects Supervisor

Gorgon Medusa; Clash of the Titans
Gorgon Medusa; Clash of the Titans

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Comments 47 comments

Green Lotus profile image

Green Lotus 6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

This is soooo cool! Oh boy. Now I'm gonna show my age. Mighty Joe Young and all the Sinbad movies were iconic life moments for the Green Lotus. When I was growing up, Mighty Joe showed on WOR-TV's Million Dollar Movie every night of the week and I watched it every showing. I was also addicted to Harryhousen's Sinbad flix and of course, all Tim Burton films that followed. I was rewarded years later when I got to promote those incredible films for TBS and TNT; watched them frame by frame just to dissect the stop motion!

Ok I'm rambling and reminiscing, but really..Thanks for a tremendously cool Hub dohn. The neat thing is that we can now rent them and see them at home in all their glory on our plasma tv's.


dusanotes profile image

dusanotes 6 years ago from Windermere, FL

dohn, this was a perfectly delightful history of HarryHausen. I had no idea about this great man. I guess like anything else, when a genre is developed, those who come later must climb on the backs of those who led the way earlier. Harry was earlier - and thank God he came along. He has delighted millions of us with his imagination. A very good Hub, dohn. Don White


Am I dead, yet? 6 years ago

Dohn--I was just now thinking about the original Clash of the Titans! No kidding. You know that there is a remake soon to be in theaters

http://www.apple.com/trailers/wb/clashofthetitans/

It is so fantastic that you hub on a truly lost art form. I still enjoy watching those old Sinbad movies--I just thought it was amazing to see the way they made movie animation in those days! Fantastic hub...now on to my favorite series!


pgrundy 6 years ago

This is AWESOME dohn! I LOVE Ray Harryhausen. I have such fond memories of watching "The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms" about 20,000 times as a kid. "Earth vs. the Flying Saucers" is also one of my most favorites ever. Wonderful hub and the products all tempt me, seriously. Thanks. :)


BkCreative profile image

BkCreative 6 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

Loooove Harryhausen and have seen all the films because I also looove special effects - I will always remember that scene with those skeletons sword fighting - brilliant!

Thanks for a great hub!


Uninvited Writer profile image

Uninvited Writer 6 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

I remember a lot of Sunday afternoons watching those films on TV :)


sabrebIade profile image

sabrebIade 6 years ago from Pennsylvania

Ray Harryhausen was the man pure and simple.

Sure CGI is good, but his work had character, life, something that CGI lacks.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

@Green Lotus-Ha! Yes, I'm a BIG FAN, isn't it obvious? Wow, I didn't know that you were a part involved in that project--had I known, I would've gotten in touch with you first before publishing this hub (I got your email BTW). I have fond memories of all the times Harryhausen's movies would play television and it was always magic whenever watching them! Thanks again.

@dusanotes-Absolutely, Don. One of the things that I failed to mention in this hub is the masterful skill Harryhausen has...As a sculptor! His imagination in absolutely incredible. I only wish he made more movies for us to enjoy. Truth is, no matter how many movies he made, their never enough to quench my thirst for them! Thank you, Don.

@AIDY-Yes! I knew about the remake and am now slapping myself for not making any mention of it! Thanks so much for the link! I'm going to post it right here! Thank goodness for the ability to edit existing hubs! I'm so glad you enjoyed this AIDY! Thank you.

@pgrundy-Thank you for that, Pam! I actually was going to make mention of that movie here--I just had so much info when writing this one. Did you know that The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms was originally a Ray Bradbury story? Nevermind! I know you knew that :D

@BkCreative-Thank you for the comment! Yes, that skeleton fighting scene was nothing short of amazing. The hard work and dedication to perfection is unparalleled. I was thinking about adding that video! Thank you for compliment and for reading me!

@Univited Writer-Hello, UW! Yeah, I remember that too...Shows my "age" I guess :D Thank you!

@sabreblade-Yeah, I'm sick of most of the CGI movies nowadays. Maybe I'm old-fashion. I'll take claymation and stop motion animation via Harryhausen any given day! Thank you for that, sabreblade!


Truth From Truth profile image

Truth From Truth 6 years ago from Michigan

Great hub Dohn I will try to find some of these movies. I did watch Clash of the Titans years ago and I really enjooyed it. Thanks.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

That's great to hear, TFT. It's actually one my favorite of all of his movies, mainly because it knocked my socks off as a kid :D Thank you so much for reading this!


SweetiePie profile image

SweetiePie 6 years ago from Southern California, USA

I had never heard of Ray Harryhausen until I read this hub. I saw a few of these movies years ago, but I had not really thought much about it. This is a very thorough hub!


Tatjana-Mihaela profile image

Tatjana-Mihaela 6 years ago from Zadar, CROATIA

Brilliant Hub. Thank you for reminding me on Ray´s work, you did it on really perfect way. Bravo, Don.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

@SweetiePie-Yes, I think when you ask people in general who Ray Harryhausen is, you'll get some shrugging of shoulders. But if you asked people if they've seen Clash of the Titans or Jason and the Argonauts, they'll emphatically say yes. Thanks, SweetiePie!

@Tatjana-Mihaela-Thanks for the compliment! I tried to put in as much as I could without seeming to be too lengthy ;) I'm glad you liked it!


Paradise7 profile image

Paradise7 6 years ago from Upstate New York

Terrific hub, great pics, great quotes, great research. Only the best from our Dohn. Thank you!


Rose West profile image

Rose West 6 years ago from Michigan

I'd never heard of Harryhausen before I read this. Thanks for the introduction! I'm a fan of Tim Burton, so I appreciate learning about his predecessor. Also, didn't know about the LOTR troll tribute. Thanks!


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

@Paradise7-:D Thank you! It's wonderful to hear yo say that! Stop making me blush!

@Rose West-Isn't Ray Harryhausen awesome? I really liked Rick Baker's quote about how Ray got paid to play with toys! Who'd ever think of doing this (with the exception of Willis O'Brien). Thank you!


cosette 6 years ago

OMG no WAY! this has to be the greatest hub EVER. we are on the same wavelength you know. this is genius.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

I'm getting to know you better each and every time we talk, cosette :D And with each time, I like you even more (if that's possible). I should've known you would like this one! Thank you.


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US

awesome DOHN< you did a good job in showing all his works and I am proud to read through it twice,

I have interest because my only brothers name is JASON (he is dead already)and was named by that movie "Jason and the Argonauts". It was a favorite movie of my father too and it was reshown and shown in TV in the 80s too.

Thank you for introducing me to a man who made visual effects so extremely enjoyable too,

I hope NYG wins today against REDSKIN< oh Dallas won last night,,

good day DOHN, Maita


Tammy Lochmann profile image

Tammy Lochmann 6 years ago

I remember watching the Sinbad movie I was so scared. I ways admire your writing you are so positive and write about what inspires you. Thank you!


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

@prettydarkhorse-I'm glad that you liked it, Maita. You read this twice? I guess I got two for the price of one then :D Thanks so much for the comment. I'm sorry to hear about your brother. That's such a coincidence that he was named after Jason! Ray Harryhausen continues to dazzle me into adulthood. I was really hoping that Dallas would lose last night :( Oh well, the Redskins/Giants game is much more important. Thanks and Merry Christmas!

@Tammy Lochmann-Thanks for that Tammy! For the most part, I really do try to write hubs that I'm passionate about and as you can see, I'm passionate about many things :D Thank you.


habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia

Amazing creative genius! I've long admired his work. Great hub!

Holle


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Thanks, Holle. He's amazing isn't he? I've been a fan before I even knew the term! Great to hear.


hypnosis4u2 profile image

hypnosis4u2 6 years ago from Massachusetts

His stuff is legend. All the current greats give a nod to father Ray for his work and setting the early standards. Thnaks for bringing back memories.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Hello, hypnosis4u2. When I think about where the world would be without either Willis O'Brien or Ray Harryhausen, I cringe. Without them we wouldn't have perhaps any of the before mentioned directors, such as Lucas and Spielberg. In my opinion, CGI would totally be different. Ironically, it's these same directors that made his art practically obsolete. Thanks so much for the comment.


Arnold Kunert 6 years ago

This is an exellent piece of work. However, you need to change the release date for "The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms" from 1954 to 1953. For some reason, Ray's first large-format book, "Ray Harryhausen: An Animated Life," indicates in its glossary that "The Beast..." was a 1954 release. This is not true. It was released in the summer of 1953. Also, the late David Allen's last name is incorrectly spelled "Allan."


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Thank you for the comment, Arnold. I really do appreciate it. "The Beast of 20,000 Fathoms" 1954 date was actually taken from Wikipedia (which, I know isn't always reliable). However, I the Ray Harryhausen official website claims that it was released not in 1953 or 1954, but 1952! Maybe we're both wrong? I'm going to have to go with that. In either case, thanks for fact-checking for me.


Beth100 profile image

Beth100 6 years ago from Canada

Great tribute to one of the greatest! His works are awesome, and I love Clash of the Titans. We watch this every Christmas holiday! Great work, Dohn!


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Thank you, Beth. Clash of the Titans was an absolute marvel the first time I watched it. The imagery just stuck with me so vividly as every movement of Ray Harryhausen's character had a purpose. Thanks for the response!


apricot profile image

apricot 6 years ago from Italy

Ah! You keep reminding me of Christmases past! I used to look forward to Jason and the Argonauts every year - I expect I did a lot of hiding behind sofas too though. Come to think of it, I still hide behind the sofa when I see it now.

I learn so much from your hubs - I didn't know the first thing about Ray Harryhausen - I didn't even know the technique was called 'stop-motion'. I haven't seen Clash of the Titans either but I'm going to have a look for it but oh-er! judging by the photo it might give me nightmares! That Kraken doesn't look in a very good mood...and the Gorgon Medusa looks nay too happy either..

Great hub!


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Oh, apricot. You always manage to make me smile, if not laugh whenever I read your comments. These same monsters--the Kraken, Gorgon Medusa, and Calibos--all haunted me in my dreams (sometimes to this day :O). Rarely ever does anything in the CGI world nowadays has such a profound effect on me.

I really hope that you do get to watch "Clash of the Titans" (1981) especially before watching the 2010 remake in that way you can compare the two films. I'm hoping that a special mention be made about Ray Harryhausen in the film, as his work for a time, was becoming a lost art.

I'm happy to hear that you enjoyed this! Thanks as always, my friend. I hope you enjoyed your holiday ;)


bat115 profile image

bat115 6 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

Good hub. I love Harryhausen. Enjoyed reading this. Don't know how you feel about Tim Burton, but there's this cool interview he did with Harryhausen floating around youtube. If you haven't seen it. sorry that I didn't come here with any links.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Thank you, bat115. I love Tim Burton, especially Nightmare Before Christmas. Back in October and in the traditional of Halloween, I actually changed my avatar to that of Jack Skelington. I'll make sure to locate that video. I'm sure that I can find it. Thanks for visiting!


Dolores Monet profile image

Dolores Monet 6 years ago from East Coast, United States

Dohn, I used to love those films as a kid. Shucks, I still do. I remember watching them with a mixture of fear, laughter, and just total joy at seeing the monsters. Like BK, am very fond of the skeleton scene.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Thanks, Dolores! To me, Ray Harryhausen is just as important as any director or film producer in the history of film making. His miraculous abilities continue to astound me. Thank you for reading!


Cheeky Girl profile image

Cheeky Girl 6 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

You put it all wonderfully in perspective, Dohn. You pretty much have his entire career here. Great hub. He is a credit to the Film Industry. I saw these films growing up (sadly not in the movies) and they were just amazing. The Sinbad work is amazing. I enjoyed reading this immensely. : )


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Hey, Cheeky. I've always admired his work and feel that he doesn't get nearly enough credit for his painstaking art. I can't wait to see the remake of Clash of the Titans. I actually really liked Harryhausen's version very much, even if it gave me countless nightmares as a kid! Thanks so much Cheeky! I'm glad you liked this.


Mystique1957 profile image

Mystique1957 6 years ago from Caracas-Venezuela

My brother, you have a way with words. There´s no doubt about it! I love your style and the great variety of articles you write about, but above all I am grateful for your friendship! Awesome hub, Bro. Rated up, awesome and useful!

Warmest regards and infinite heavenly blessings,

Al


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 6 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Hello, Al. Thank you so much for reading this, as I had been wanting to write a hub on Ray Harryhausen for some time. He really has inspired me over the years to utilize my imagination and so has helped me in my writing tremendously. I always try to push the envelope for as far as it goes! Thank you again my friend.

Warmest Regards,

Dohn


VGOTheMeekGeek profile image

VGOTheMeekGeek 6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

dohn121 -- Awesome research on Ray Harryhausen! His creatures were way ahead of their time! I remember seeing flicks like Earth Vs. The Flying Saucers, 20 Million Miles to Earth, The 7th Voyage of Sinbad -- and countless other Sci-Fi / Fantasy Movies. His movies are timeless and are an inspiration to the kid in all of us! Please make sure to leave your comments on my Willis O'Brien Biography, please? Thanks! Happy Movie-Going!


Docmo profile image

Docmo 5 years ago from UK

Absolutely brilliant hub on the master craftsmen. He inspired so many minds including my own - he got me on to films, fantasy and the magic of visual effects and I'm a lifelong fan of him - I was fascinated as a child watching Sinbad series, Clash of the titans etc.. Thanks for this- voted up and awesome.


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 5 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Thank you, VGOTheMeekGeek! I saw and love all of the movies you made mention of. The 7th Voyage of Sinbad still makes me shudder from when I was a kid! I thought it amazing that these movies were basically done by hand. Amazing. I'll be sure to leave a comment of course. Thanks!


dohn121 profile image

dohn121 5 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York Author

Thanks, Docmo. I kind of wish I got into film making now that you mentioned it. But my station is my writing. I can't imagine my childhood without his movies, monsters, creatures, and magic. Thank you kindly.


GetitScene profile image

GetitScene 3 years ago from The High Seas

This man gave me some of the best memories of my life and he will be greatly missed. He lived a wonderful life and I always think of him and Charles M Schultz as having lived as perfect a life as a man can. Great artists.


Ahmad 3 years ago

Just want to say your article is as aitduonsng. The clarity to your publish is just spectacular and i can assume you're an expert on this subject. Well along with your permission allow me to take hold of your RSS feed to keep up to date with imminent post. Thanks 1,000,000 and please carry on the enjoyable work.


Princess 3 years ago

Hmm. I guess I read the comment wrong. Silly me. Sorry about that. Maybe they're from atohner country and that's why they have not heard of Chuck or Ray. That or they're from the XY generation of which they grew up not seeing Chuck's work as the Y, the X and generations before that saw them on the weekends all the time. I grew up on Ray's movies. I think I had to watch some of his movies for school projects if I remember right. Ah, what it was being a kid in the late 80s and early 90s.


Johnny Parker profile image

Johnny Parker 2 years ago from Birkenhead, Wirral, North West England

Brilliant, I love his stuff, it was really scary as a kid!

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