Born Walter Elias Disney, at Chicago, 5th December 1901, Walt Disney was an American motion-picture producer.
Disney, as the world's leading producer of animated cartoons, created such famous cartoon characters as Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Pluto, and Goofy. He made the first animated cartoon with sound, Steamboat Willie (1928), and the first full-length cartoon film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937).
In a number of his films, Disney combined cartoon figures and live actors. His live-action pictures were more successful and included Treasure Island (1950), 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954), Swiss Family Robinson (I960), The Absent-Minded Professor (1961), and The Parent Trap (1961), and Mary Poppins (1965). He also produced a famous series of nature films, which included The Living Desert (1953) and The Vanishing Prairie (1954).
Disney studied art at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. After a brief period as a commercial artist, he went to Hollywood. His first success was a cartoon series that featured Oswald the Rabbit. Disney became nationally famous after Mickey Mouse appeared in Steamboat Willie. Other early successes included a series of Silly Symphonies, in which he first used color, and Three Little Pigs (1933).
One of Disney's finest productions is the cartoon film Fantasia (1940), which illustrates the music of such composers as Bach, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven, and Stravinsky. His other full-length cartoons included Pinocchio (1940), Bambi (1942), Cinderella (1950), Alice in Wonderland (1951), Peter Pan (1953), and Sleeping Beauty (1959). Disney also produced many television programs, using both cartoon characters and live actors.
Disney's film achievements have been honored with many awards in the United States and other parts of the world.
Walt Disney died in Los Angeles, California on the 15th December 1966.
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