Genogram- Holland and Carroll
Genogram Family Analysis
The Holland and Carroll family analysis includes two generations of ancestors and descendants for Lanel Chloe Horton. The family history will be presented, identifying familial behaviors in relation to family values. An examination of the family development in relation to heredity and environment will be explained. Further, the family development and decay will be expounded upon. An understanding of thought processes will be achieved through the analysis developed using a genogram as a tool.
Lanel Chloe Carroll was born into the already established family of Richard Wayne Carroll, Donna Ruth Holland Carroll, and their son, Richard Eugene Carroll. Donna, raised in an unstable home by Donald Ellsworth Holland and Dorothy Lanel Cottle Holland, eloped as her parents had years before with Richard Wayne Carroll, son of Alva Delano and Mary Chloe McGinty Carroll, at 18. Richard’s family was impoverished and maintained normal appearances through the alcoholic lifestyle.
Donna’s home life was troubled by an unfaithful, abusive father. At one point, Donna’s mother left her father and three children to raise, to escape the unhappy home. Her parents separation resulted in divorce. Donna spent the six years prior to her marriage with her father and two younger siblings. Soon after the marriage of Donna and Richard, a son was born, Richard Eugene Carroll. During the pregnancy, Donna’s parents remarried. Three years and one miscarriage later, Donna gave birth to Lanel. The pregnancy was traumatic because of an accidental limb loss by her son during the third trimester. The accident was the result of her father mowing the lawn while allowing the child to ride his tricycle. The family pulled together and tried to maintain some form of sanity. Richard discovered his sanity in alcohol and women. Donna’s sanity did not come as easy and her husband’s behavior worsened her mental health.
The child was born in June. Early August, after being informed of an ongoing affair and increasing stress, Donna packed her belongings and moved in with her parents. Richard’s life did not change, the children became fatherless. Donna became gainfully employed with the United States Post Office. Soon she moved with the children to an apartment. While living in the apartments, she fell in love and married Roger Horton. At the age of six and 10, Lanel and Richard became the children of Roger Horton through adoption. Roger abused Donna, the marriage ended six months later, the children never saw him again.
Charles Williams worked with Donna, they soon fell in love and in 1976 they married. Charles had two daughters, after the marriage the relationship dissolved. The family remained intact until 1985, when Donna filed for divorce as a result of his infidelity and alcoholism. Lanel and her brother vowed never to marry when they were children; they married within a couple of months of each other.
In 1987, Lanel at 21 became pregnant out of wedlock. She soon eloped and married Samuel Brice Welch. A recent college graduate approaching fatherhood, Samuel joined the Army. Lanel’s daughter was named Ashley Lanel Welch. Within five years two more daughters were born, Brenna Marie and Cassandra Nicole. The family lived a pleasant life for 10 years, Samuel was unfaithful and the marriage dissolved. Lanel began a life as a single working mother in 1998 and moved from California to Oklahoma near family to raise her children. The children were successful in school. Ashley did not continue to college after high school. She became pregnant, at 21 with a child by Zachary Sanders in 2009. They did not marry, August 2009, Kenna Ruth Sanders, named after her great-grandmother, was born.
Traditions developed through the generations. Names were frequently passed down as well; Lanel Chloe was named using the middle names of her grandmothers. Lanel used her first name for Ashley’s middle name, and Ashley used her grandmother’s middle name as her daughter’s middle name. For the males in the family, Donald Holland passed his name onto his son. Richard Carroll named his son after himself and an uncle.
Through analysis geographical and educational trends were discovered. Dorothy Lanel Holland is the only member of both families born outside of Oklahoma. The Carroll families remained in Drumright, Oklahoma for generations and currently reside in that town. Lanel’s generation of Holland’s geography changed, Richard is the only member of the family who has not moved from the area in which he was raised.
No information was available on education levels of the Carroll family. The Donald and Dorothy’s three children attended college for a short time. Donna was graduated from college with an Associate’s degree at 52. Lanel’s generation achieved a minimal level of Bachelor’s degrees with the exception of Richard, he did not continue after high school. Lanel’s children are attending college.
In the case of the Holland and Carroll families, the environment appeared to dictate behavior as well as marital status. Three generations of women became pregnant out of wedlock, marrying young for necessity instead of love. Eventually, those same women divorced due to unfaithful and controlling husbands. The children all lived a portion of their lives without fathers; this became normal for the family. Studies on children raised in single parent families determined girls accept blame, demonstrate healthy moral judgment, and conform to rules similar to the two parent family (Hoffman, M., 1971).
So normal, in fact, at 21 Ashley became pregnant also choosing not to marry the father but to raise her daughter alone. Living the lifestyle the girls witnessed single parenthood became their normal. The abandonment by their fathers created trust issues. Additionally, as children raised by a working parent, the children felt complete abandonment and sought out other forms of love and acceptance.
Strong genetics prevail in the Holland family. Dark, course, wavy to curly hair continue to present through four generations. Ashley’s daughter, Kenna is the first child born after four generations with light hair and fair skin. Eye color is not as repetitive, all generations represent blue, green, and brown eyes. Obesity affects four generations of Holland’s. Polycystic Kidney disease, a genetic disorder affects Lanel’s mother, grandmother, herself, and two of her daughters. Lifespan for the Holland clan averages 60 years. Cancer, breathing problems, and heart disease are the main cause of death. Depression, ADHD, and obsessive compulsive disorder dominate the mental health diagnosis in this family. The family’s intelligence is above average. Donna and Lanel’s generation tested with high IQ levels. Lanel’s children are gifted and take part in gifted educational programs in school. The Holland’s personalities are characterized by extroverted behaviors to include loud talking, humor, and quick wit. Alcoholism and alcohol dependence is prevalent throughout generations of this family. No information was available for genetic comparison of the Carroll family.
Broken homes, alcoholism, abuse, and infidelity characterize the lifestyle of the Hollands and Carrolls. Environment influenced behavior for generations, but genetics particularly intelligence produced successful people. Despite ADHD, obsessive compulsive disorder, depression, and other undiagnosed mental health disorders, the family as a whole is well liked. One may not be able to determine the percentage of nature or nurture in the development of family systems but determination and genetic factors continue to aid this family in overcoming environmental deficits.
Hoffman, M. (1971). Father absence and conscience development. Developmental Psychology, 4(3), 400-406. doi:10.1037/h0030983.
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