Baking Tips - How to Stop Cakes Rising In The Middle
Baking Tips - How to Stop Cakes Rising In The Middle
Baking is a great pastime, but the constant problem of cakes rising too much in the middle can be off putting. However by using the following baking tips you'll find that it's a fairly simple problem to correct.
The key to baking flat cakes is understanding what happens to the cake mixture when you bake a cake.
There are cakes that are designed to rise, such as sponge cakes, and there are cakes which are not meant to rise, such as brownies. A risen cake gives a much lighter result whereas cakes which are not designed to rise have a denser texture.
The difference comes in whether or not the cake mixture uses a raising agent such as baking powder which reacts with the wet ingredients to produce bubbles as the cake cooks.
As the bubbles form the cake mixture cooks around them forming a sponge that holds it shape when cooled.
The 2 ingredients which best help a cake to rise ( apart from the raising agent itself) are four and eggs.
Flour, of the wheat variety, contains gluten which has elastic like properties which hold the cake together when cooked. Eggs act as a binding agent and trap air in the mixture which then expands as the cake is cooked causing the cake to rise.
Why Do Cakes Rise Too Much In the Middle
Cakes cook from the outside in, meaning the middle of the cake is the last part to cook through.
The hotter the oven the quicker the sides of the cake cook as as they cook they form a crust meaning the cake can no longer rise at the edges.
The problem is you are then left with a load of raising agent merrily doing it's thing and reacting with heat and the wet cake ingredients to create bubbles of air and rise - and the only place it can go it the middle of the cake - hence cakes rising in the middle.
A slight rise is to be expected with any sponge type cake but this should really be no more than a gentle curve of the edges rather than a dome effect in the middle.
How to Bake Flat Cakes
If you've followed the recipe to the letter and your cake is rising too much in the middle the first thing to try is turning down your oven.
The temperature within an oven does not always correspond exactly with the temperature on the dial - a 10 - 20C difference is not uncommon (my oven temperature is a least 10C hotter than the dial says).
This means that when you set it to 180C you may be cooking at 200C, which can make a lot of difference to a delicate sponge cake.
To start, make sure the cake mixture is evenly spread around the cake tin, any small lumps, bumps and irregularities will be removed as the cake starts to cook. Make sure the cake is in the middle of the oven shelf - too close to one side or the other and the cake won't cook evenly.
Start by knocking 20C off the stated cooking temperature, i.e. if it says to cook a cake at 180C, cook it at 160C. It may need a couple of minutes longer but should rise much more evenly.
With bigger cakes i.e. 10" diameter and above I find it useful to start the cake around 140C for 15mins to start an even rising process, then turn up to 160C for the rest of the cooking time.
Each oven is different, so it may take a couple of attempts to find the right cooking temperature for your cake. Remember that's it's better to start with a lower temperature and turn it up as an under-cooked cake can always be cooked longer, but once a cake has risen there is nothing you can do.
With a bit of practice you should be able to bake a flat cake every time.
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