All About Bananas - History, Politics, Recipes And Medicinal Value

All kinds of folks love bananas, but this was not always so. Advertising them has become fun, especially at Halloween.
All kinds of folks love bananas, but this was not always so. Advertising them has become fun, especially at Halloween. | Source

The Bananas Of Time

While we may see three types of bananas in our local groceries - regular (to Americans), red-skinned, and tiny midget bananas - there are several additional types of this famous fruit and its cousins. Hundreds, really.

Where did they all of these bananas come from? Perhaps several places -- Perhaps the original banana is even from Australia.

The earliest recorded writings about the banana seem to be found in the period around 600 BC or earlier in India. Several different varieties were growing in the wild three and records say that they were all nasty and tasted bad. Some even made people sick.

Banana Guard and Slicers

The local agriculturalists in India experimented with cross-breeding wild varieties of bananas, but came up with new plants that could not reproduce. Not one of these hybrids could produce new plants. The plant growers found that they would need to cross-breed old plants (heirloom plants, if they were tomatoes) time and time again for each new edible banana crop they desired.

It was too much work.

However, growers persevered in India and came up with a hybrid that produced off-shoots (suckers) that could be planted to grow into new banana trees full of fresh bananas. The delicious edible banana may be the first scientifically produced food.

Supposedly, the good banana found its way eastward with Alexander the Great and his armies between 400 - 300 BC, and it appears in Chinese literature from around 200 AD to the present day.

Purdue University scholars believe that the banana actually originated in Australia and the surrounding regions.

However, the banana, like mankind, finally migrated westward as well as eastward and ended up also in Africa. From there, it likely hooked a ride on to the Canary Islands, Central and South America, the Caribbean and to other parts of the Western Hemisphere in the ships of Spanish explorers. Along the way, other hybrids were created, along with some natural mutations. This also occurred in China and today there are many bananas, as well as several cousin plants.

Somehow, a Chinese banana took a trip to England and became the Cavendesh Banana, named for an important family there. This banana became the great grandaddy of all commercial bananas sold in the 21st century. The world enjoys at least 20 different kinds of commerically grown bananas.

However, there are over 300 different types of bananas altogether in the world.

This banana was part of Cold War politics, but it was not his fault!
This banana was part of Cold War politics, but it was not his fault! | Source

Examples

Click thumbnail to view full-size
(photos public domain)In Tanzania
(photos public domain)
(photos public domain) | Source
In Tanzania
In Tanzania

Banana Cuisine Condiments

Fried plantains and ketchup.
Fried plantains and ketchup.

The United States of Banana

Bananas were not actually eaten very much in the USA until around the time of the Civil War. Before that, they had been considered exotic and rather strange.

With industrialization and reconstruction of the nation following the Civil War, transportation and shipping improved, as did the grocery business (an improvement on the general store and the small market) and foreign trade, Bananas become a much sought-after commodity. The United Fruit Company in America led the way to banana business success.

In 1871, a railroad was built by the young Industrialist Minor Keith from America, all the way down in Costa Rica. Many men died while building it, including Keith's two brothers. He gathered power in Costa Rica and took control fo three banana businesses. Then he became partners with a sea captain and a Boston businessman and created the combined United Fruit Company, merging other banana concerns.

Keith built more railroads to transport bananas and other goods and his efforts were supported by radical right-wing dictators. Many more lives were lost on the railroad and in political uprisings..

The countries containing the railroads eventually overthrew their dictators during World War Ii and became free. This cramped the style of Keith and his banana business, so the United Fruit Company finally complained to US President Dwight D. Eisenhower that Communism was on the loose and spreading in these countries during the Cold War.

Interestingly, the head of the CIA, Allen Dulles, had been on the UFC's board of directors. A political campaign called "The Kremlin Hates Bananas" increased banana sales in the US and more and more of the fruit was imported. Sales and profits increased for Keith and the UFC and likely some US government officials. Perhaps, during the MCCarthy witch-hunts, Americans were afraid NOT to eat bananas. It was un-American!

Later in the mid-20th century, UFC experimented with fungicides and other plant chemicals that were detrimental to human health. They fought against unionized labor as well, even though living conditions of the banana workers were horrid. This is where the term "Banana Republic" was coined -- In fact, UFC work led closely with the Guatemalan government to keep things that way.

After time passed UFC began to lose money and Del Monte bought their lands. Today Del Monte is a name associated with the banana, and fruits and vegetables in general.

Bananas: An American History
Bananas: An American History

Surprising historical and political significance of a fruit. Smithsonian Books.

 

Some Common California Bananas

  • Apple or Manzana
  • Blue Java - bluish when not ripe.
  • Cavendish
  • Cuban Red - red skinned banana.
  • Dwarf Cavenish
  • Giant Cavendish
  • Gros Michel - rated the best tasting by many people.
  • Ladyfinger
  • Orinoco
  • Popoulu - Hawaiian, with pink flesh. Can be eaten raw or cooked.
  • Valery

Bananas Heal a Cough

Doctor Banana

All parts of the banana plant can be used as medicine.

Just a few of the many uses of bananas for healing include:

  • Flowers -- bronchitis, dysentery, and skin ulcers;
  • Cooked flowers - diabetes;
  • Plant sap - epilepsy, leprosy, fevers, hemorrhages, bad dysentery/ diarrhea, even hemorrhoids, insect bites;
  • Leaves - poultices for burns and skin ailments
  • Burnt raw peel ashes & leaves - dysentery and diarrhea
  • Burnt ripe peel - anti-fungal and antibiotic
  • Roots - digestive conditions and dysentery

Minions love bananas and you'll love the recipes below.
Minions love bananas and you'll love the recipes below. | Source

Recipes: African Banana Fritters

Serve any of these recipes as either a side dish or dessert. For a dessert, top with honey, powdered sugar, syrups, or even brown sugar and cinnamon. For a side dish, dip in yogurt or your favorite dipping sauces.

Fritter Batter

  • A box of pancake mix or make your own:
  • Sift together 2 cups all-purpose flour with 2 tsp. baking powder and 1 tsp. salt.
  • Next, combine 2 large beaten eggs with
  • 1.5 cups milk and
  • 2 tbs. vegetable oil.
  • Stir well and then stir wet ingredients into dry ingredients.
  • Stir until well mixed, but to not over work.

Banana & Peanut Fritters:

  • Peel 3 bananas and cut them into ½" slices
  • Add 1/2 cup peanuts and mix in a bowl
  • Make balls and drop them into batter with a spoon to coat them.
  • Drop a few coated fritter with a spoon into a deep fat fryer set at 375 degrees F
  • (or use a pan of oil on the stove top and a cooking thermometer)
  • Cook until golden brown, remove from oil, and drain on paper towels.

Banana & Pineapple Fritters:

  • Substitute one banana with 1/2 cup drained canned crushed pineapple. Some coconut can be added, if you like.
  • For another change, subsitute one banana with 1/2 cup of spicy tomatoes, drained, or tomato jam.

Batter Pan-Fried Bananas [Plantains can be done this way as well]

  • In a large mixing bowl place 1 cup pancake mix or batter from the recipe above.
  • Cut 4 peeled bananas in half lengthwise and then once across the middles.
  • Dip the bananas in your batter and coat well.
  • Heat about 1 inch of your favorite cooking oil in a heavy skillet.
  • Sauté several pieces of banana at a time until they are golden brown on both sides.
  • Remove from oil, drain on paper or clean cloth towels and serve.
  • For a change next time, add cinnamon to the batter mix.

Bananas in Pajamas Theme Song

© 2008 Patty Inglish

More by this Author


Experiences, jokes, and comments. 24 comments

sminut13 profile image

sminut13 8 years ago from singapore

wow the pictures are really interesting. i had no idea there were this many types of bananas. thanks so much for the hub.


ninaredza profile image

ninaredza 8 years ago from Malaysia

I love the banana case! Batter banana is a "staple dessert" in malaysia where bananas are abundant but I love the banana peanut butter recipe! Must try asap.

Hmm, I'm thinking of creating a durian case for my stinky fruit. Do you know that batter fried durian is fabulous?


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

ninaredza - I'll look through my international recipes. I have had friends from Thailand & Africa that used all sorts of fruits i had never heard of before, but liked a lot.

Durian case is a good idea - you may get rich!

sminut3 - I'm glad you like the hub - it was fun to do. I've only tried 4 kinds of bananas myself. Looking for more :)


Mrs M 8 years ago

Very informative! My daughter was just asking me for bananas and I happened to see this! LOL


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

All the more fun! Thanks for stopping by.


dindin profile image

dindin 8 years ago from Texas

Mrs M,I think bananas are universally loved by children. My 2 year old would eat them all day log if we would let him.

Great hub Patty


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Thanks, dindin! - A friend of mine has a large dog that eats them, peel and all. She has to place them on top of the refrigerator way out of reach. :)


Froggy213 profile image

Froggy213 8 years ago from On A Mountain In Puerto Rico

Thanks for the great recipes Patty--I just love bananas--great hub!!


Andy Xie profile image

Andy Xie 8 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, Canada

I grew up in a tropical place, so we ate bananas, of all kinds, all the time. They are a great snack.

I agree that the banana case looks like a terrific invention, even if I have personally never seen or used it (although I would love to). My daughter won't bring bananas to school for lunch because they always get squished..


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Hui Froggy! - I really like these recipes - they are fun. :)

Andy Xie - I am glad you visited and liked this information. Would love to live in a tropical place with lots of fruit. Bananas are a problem if they squish - you could always wrap one in plastic bubble wrap! :)


peeling profile image

peeling 8 years ago

Nice hub, Patty. I guess I'm going to be thinking abut Banana Republics everytime I eat a Banana from now on. Are there still any countries like that? I mean, do we still have to worry about that? Like we worry about oil?


johnr54 profile image

johnr54 8 years ago from Texas

The problem with bananas is they sometimes ripen faster than you can eat them. My wife deals with that by putting them in the freezer, and when there are enough making frozen chocolate covered bananas, which are as good as ice cream.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Gee I don't know, peeling! But I'll try to find out. Del Monte implied when they bought out UFC that all the Banana Republic atocity would be over, so I will look around and see. I hope it's over.


Zsuzsy Bee profile image

Zsuzsy Bee 8 years ago from Ontario/Canada

Great hub Patty. Thanks for adding some good looking recipes too. I'll have to try banana fritters.

regards Zsuzsy


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Johnr54 - That's a good idea. I like to freeze them and put them in smoothies - needs less ice.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

That are WONDERFUL, Z!! :)


adrienne2 profile image

adrienne2 8 years ago from Atlanta

Hi Patty! Wow what a hub! I love the banana receipes.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Thank you so much! I do like those recipes. I could eat them every day.

How about that Cold War banana bit?! I can't find a copy of the ad anywhere. but will keep trying. :)


QuantumLeap 8 years ago

I like the indian bananas, a very sweet type of bananas in my opinion.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Thanks QuantumLeap - I have heard that they are very good Indeed. Now I must find some!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

Thank you Decrescendo! This was an interesting Hub to write, to say the least.


Constant Walker profile image

Constant Walker 8 years ago from Springfield, Oregon

Fun hub. Great images! I love fried bananas (regular, firm babanas fried in olive oil and butter) with fried eggs. Delish! A cuban friend introduced me to this side dish to eggs about 30 years ago and I've been making it ever since.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 8 years ago from North America Author

That sounds delicious Constant Walker and I will try it this week! Thank you for sharing that.


How to - Answers profile image

How to - Answers 6 years ago from Ireland

Absolutlety amazing to read all those facts on bananas. I didn't know most of them. I love to eat them with ice cream and in a sandwich. The recipes are worth a go though great hub

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