Calories in Red Wine, Nutrition Facts for Red Wine Varieties and Styles

If you are counting your calories, either for diet, or for general health purposes, and you want to know how many calories are in a glass of wine you will probably be disappointed when you look at the label on the bottle.

Wine producers in many countries are not obliged to list the calories on the label. This is about to change in the US, and perhaps other countries as well, but the listing of nutrient data on the label, including calories, will not be mandatory for wines.

There is a general misconception about calories in wine because many people don’t realise that the alcohol in the wine, as well as the carbohydrate and sugar, contribute to the calories.

Yeast added to the grape juice convert most of the sugar into alcohol, but some remnant sugar remains depending of the variety.

The total calories in wine, generally about 96 calories for a 4 fl oz glass (120ml). This is slightly more than the calories in the same volume of grape juice, about 75 calories.

There is considerable variation between the number of calories in different varieties and styles of wine. This is determined by the concentration of alcohol in the wine and the amount of residual sugar and carbohydrate left after fermentation.

Even with the one variety of wine, there can be variations dependent on the wine maker’s decision about alcohol content and how sweet the wine should be.

White wine generally has fewer calories than red wine, but the amount varies with the style.

The average calorie content for 4 fl oz of white wine is about 88 calories, compared with 96 calories for red wine.

White wine has about 90% of the calories in red wine. Fortified wines such are ports have the highest calories as they have high alcohol contents and are sweet.

This article provides a summary and chart of the calories in a wide variety of common red wine varieties. A similar article provides a chart for white wine varieties.

Nice yes - But how many Calories?
Nice yes - But how many Calories? | Source
Red wine is good for you but which the calories
Red wine is good for you but which the calories | Source
Do you know how many calories are in the splash of your favorite red wine?
Do you know how many calories are in the splash of your favorite red wine? | Source
Most wine labels don't show calories or other nutritional information
Most wine labels don't show calories or other nutritional information | Source

Alcohol Content of Red Wines is Correlated with Calorie Content

Wine varieties or brands with higher alcohol content per volume will generally have more calories, especially the sweeter wines. Most wines have a maximum of about 15% alcohol per volume. Fortified wines have much higher levels of alcohol and calories.

Calories per Glass of Red (4 fl oz; 120ml)

The chart at the end of the article provides a list of calories in a glass (4 fl oz; 120ml) of a wide range of common varieties of wine.

It also includes a range of other beverages and foods. Wine is on the bottom end of the scale for calories compared with beer and spirits for example.

Wine has only about half the calories in a serving of beer (139 Cals), can of Coke (140 Cals) Ice tea, with sugar (192 Cals), yogurt (125 Cals).

A glass of red wine contains less than a quarter the number of calories in a Burger (420 Cals), a serving of fried rice (360 Cals) and a carton of flavored milk (500 Cals).

One 750 ml bottle of red or white wine contains about 550 Calories.

Red wine many known health benefits, when consumed in moderation, and may be a lot healthier than soft drinks and fruit juices. Many of these beverages have very high calorie counts.

The red wines with the lower calories (less than 90 calories per glass) are the dry moderate level alcohol varieties such as Burgundy, Liebfraumilch, Carignane, Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel.

Red wines with moderate calorie levels (92-96 calories per glass) are:
Beaujolais, Merlot, Rose, Syrah (Shiraz), Pinot noir, Claret, Lemberger and Cabernet Franc

Red wines with high calories (100-150 calories per glass) are: Champagne, pink, Chianti, Barbera, Sangria

Wines with very high calorie contents (160-200 calories per glass) are: Sangria (160); Muscatel (160); Tokay (165); Port, white (170); Port, ruby (185).

So, depending on how much many glasses of wine you have with your meal you could be adding 100 calories to a meal for each glass of dry red wine.

For the sweeter varieties the extra calories may be 200 calories per glass.

Also having 3-4 glass of wine may equal the number of calories in half of most meals.

So drinking in moderation is a good rule, nor only for the alcohol, but for the calories.

Proposed Labels for Wine

The image below shows a propose label for wine that is to be introduced in the US. It has taken more than 10 years of pressure from consumer groups to get the labels introduced.

The wine industry has also strongly resisted demands that all additives and non-natural processes used in making the wine be added to the labels as well.

The proposed labels would be used for wine, beer and and other liquor as well, It would show information about carbohydrates, calories, proteins and fats.

Proposed nutrient labels for wine and other liquor in the US.
Proposed nutrient labels for wine and other liquor in the US. | Source

Nutrients in a Glass of Red Wine

The second cart below provides a summary of the nutrients in a glass of red wine compared with white wine and raw grape juice (un-sweetened).

The key points are:

  • Processing the grape juice into wine effectively loses most of the major nutrients in grape juice. This includes protein, fat, fiber and the carbohydrate levels in wine are only 20% of those in grape fruit juice.
  • Most of the minerals are retained.
  • Many of the vitamins contained in grapefruit juice are lost, with the exception of niacin, riboflavin and Vitamin B 6, and folate.

Calories in Red Wine Varieties and Common Meals for Comparison

Wine (4 fl oz) (120 ml)
Calories
Marsala
80
Liebfraumilch
85
Carignane
88
White Wine
88
Burgundy, white
90
Cabernet Sauvignon
90
Zinfandel, red
90
Beaujolais
95
Bordeaux, red
95
Burgundy, red
95
Merlot
95
Rhone
95
Rose
95
Syrah (Shiraz)
96
Pinot noir
96
Claret
96
Lemberger
96
Cabernet Franc
96
Champagne, pink
100
Chianti
100
Barbera
100
Sangria
115
Madeira
160
Muscatel
160
Tokay
165
Port, white
170
Port, ruby
185
FOODS for COMPARISON
 
Mt Franklin water 600ml
0
Spinach 1 cup
8
Lindt chocolate1 block
20
CSR White sugar 1 teaspoon
20
Cadbury dairy milk chocolate1 block
22
Broccoli 1 cup
30
Carrot 1 standard
30
Apples 1 medium
40
Daily orange juice 100 ml
42
Nescafe instant coffee 1 packet
60
Cheese 1 slice (21gm)
60
Corn 1 cob
60
Oranges 1 medium
65
Kraft Peanut Butter 1 tablespoon
80
Peas 1 cup
80
Peters Classic Ice-cream, 1 scoop
90
GLASS of RED or WHITE WINE
90-100
Cornflakes 28 grams
100
Milo 25 grams
100
Butter, 1 tablespoon
100
Bananas 1 large
100
Canola Oil, 1 tablespoon only
115
Original Pringles, 10 pringles
120
Yoghurt 1 pot
125
Chiken drumstick 80 grams
130
Tuna chunks 1 tin (85 grams)
130
Dolmio Chunky Sauce 250grams
135
Smiths Potato chips 27 gram
136
Carlton Draught beer 375 ml
139
Coke cola 1 can
140
Victoria bitter beer 375ml
147
Milk 1 cup (244gm)
150
Chiken thigh 80 grams
170
White bread 2 slices
180
Potatoes, 1 medium cooked
180
Birds Eye fish 100 grams
185
Lipton ice tea 600 ml
192
Beef stir fry 100 grams
200
Chicken wing 80 grams
220
Cook rice 1 cup (186grams)
250
Nestle Mars Bar 58 gram
270
Snickers Bar, 1 bar
275
San remo pasta100 grams
310
Fried Rice 300grams
350
Quarter Pounder 1 burger
420
Maggi noodles 100 grams
440
Big M 600ml
502
Bottle of White Wine
528
Bottle of Red Wine
576
Thai Pad Thai 300 grams
580
Lamb roast 350 grams
600
Steak cooked 300 grams
600
Fish & chips 300 grams
800
Dominoes Pizza 3 slices
800
Arnott's Original Tim Tams 200 gram
1030
Arnotts Clix Crackers 250 gram
1300

Nutrients in Red and White Wine compared with Grape Juice

Nutrients in 4 fl oz (120 ml)
Units
Red Wine
White Wine
Grape Juice
Energy
Cal
100
96
76
Protein
g
0.08
0.08
0.47
Total lipid (fat)
g
0
0
0.16
Carbohydrate
g
3.07
3.06
18.67
Fiber, total dietary
g
0
0
0.3
Sugars, total
g
0.73
1.13
17.95
Minerals
 
 
 
 
Calcium, Ca
mg
9
11
14
Iron, Fe
mg
0.54
0.32
0.32
Magnesium, Mg
mg
14
12
13
Phosphorus, P
mg
27
21
18
Potassium, K
mg
149
83
131
Sodium, Na
mg
5
6
6
Zinc, Zn
mg
0.16
0.14
0.09
Vitamins
 
 
 
 
Vitamin C
mg
0
0
0.1
Thiamin
mg
0.006
0.006
0.021
Riboflavin
mg
0.036
0.018
0.019
Niacin
mg
0.263
0.127
0.168
Vitamin B-6
mg
0.067
0.059
0.04
Folate, DFE
mcg
1
1
0
Vitamin A, IU
IU
2
0
10
Vitamin K
mcg
0.5
0.5
0.5
Lipids
 
 
 
 
Fatty acids, total saturated
g
0
0
0.032
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
g
0
0
0.004
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
g
0
0
0.028
Cholesterol
mg
0
0
0

© 2013 Dr. John Anderson

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TycoonSam profile image

TycoonSam 3 years ago from Washington, MI

Very interesting and informative hub.

Thanks for the great write!

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    Dr. John Anderson (janderson99)753 Followers
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    John uses research skills in Biochemistry & Physiology (PhD) to develop authoritative reviews of calories in foods, calorie counting, diets



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