Delicate Food: Salami
Salami is one of the type of sausages that originated from Italy. Salami is made from beef mixed with several seasonings that has strong taste and inserted into natural animal casing or casing that is made from cellulose where this cellulose can be eaten along with salami or can be removed before consume. After that, it shall be stored in a room with good temperature and safely to be dried. Although the origin of salami is from Italy, but salami has spread across Europe and eventually to all over the world. The difference between salami and sausage which are salami need to be fermented and dried in a room with temperature around 10 – 15°C and within certain time while sausage is a fresh product which does no need to be dried or fermented. Therefore, to cut the salami sometimes is difficult because salami is already undergoing the drying process. The fermentation process is carried out so that the bacteria can grow and eat the sugars that contained in the meat and will make the ph levels in salami drop. After the ph drop, it makes salami safes to eat.
Actually, the exact origin of Salami is unknown, but, there is evidenced that a kind of fermented meat has been made more than 2000 years ago around the Mediterranean region. The method of fermenting meat then becomes preferred method among Romans and Greeks. The word of Salami actually comes from Italian “Salare” which is mean “to salt”. The word of Salary actually also comes from “Salare”, this is because in ancient time, the Roman legionnaires were paid using salt as their Salary. Then, they use the salt to ferment the meat.
Salami has many benefits for health because it contains of much nutrition such as lactic acid bacteria. Lactic acid bacteria can help to maintain our digestive system. Salami is not only having many benefits for health but also has many other benefits that have been recognized by the Italian. Salami is considered cheap if compared with other meat products, quick to served and practice because all you have to do is to slice it, can be eat directly as snack or to complete your dishes and salami is durable because it is kind of fermented food and dried type of food, especially if you store them properly in the fridge after you processed it.
Salami is taste delicious as soon as it is already cut then we eat it directly. In order to keep the taste of Salami, if you are still leaving the salami chunks after you cut it, try to wrap the chunks with plastic wrap around the surface that has been cut because it will help to avoid the air to entering and damage the product. After that you can put it in the fridge or by trying to hang them in a fresh and ventilated place that have temperature around 10 – 15°C.
Salami is usually added in many kinds of foods, it can be for a topping on pizza and as stuffing for sandwiches. Nowadays, there are many different kinds of salami that has been through modifications from the original Salami recipe by replacing several of its ingredients can make salami have different taste. But the process to make salami usually remains the same. Mostly it is spread out in certain countries in Europe but we can also find other kinds of salami from other countries besides Europe such as in several countries parts of Asia.
Salami is usually made from beef or pork meat, but now, we can also make salami using turkey, horse, lamb, even seafood as the main ingredients. The additional ingredients to make salami may vary but the most common additional ingredients used to make salami are garlic, salt, vinegar, herbs and animal fats. All of these ingredients then mixed and inserted into a natural animal casing, synthetic casing made from cellulose, plastic or tin foil before it’s stored in a room with good temperature in order to make it dry. The mixture of the salami's ingredients usually added with nitrites or nitrates as preservatives to prevent mold and unwanted decay. Even the casing sometimes also coated with penicillium molds to protect from any harmful bacteria that may develop during the fermentation process. These preservatives added along with other ingredients. After it dried, salami is safe and can be directly consumed or cooked first.
This article is dedicated to my friend Naomi Holt who have passion and love towards salami. #Salomi
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