How to grow Healthy Food from Organic Farming?
Paignton Zoo producing organic manure
Growing healthy food from organic farming: Economy
Growing healthy food from organic farming is a must for sustainable development. Organic farming has become relevant for sustainable development and agricultural economy. Thousands of farmers worldwide are applying this method nowadays and getting fruitful results. One has to use organic fertilizers and pesticides in order to keep the land fertile.
Cultivator and farmers had been growing food grains, vegetables, fruits and other agricultural products in organic way till 19th century. Farmers have started using chemical fertilizers and pesticides only from the 20th century with technical advancements. Petroleum products played major role in chemical farming. Urea came as major source of nitrogen required by the land. Few other chemicals also came in the role of chemical fertilizers.
Use of chemical fertilizers enhanced yield of agricultural products significantly. Growing population increased demand of food crop that inspired farmers and governments to use more chemicals in farms.
Worldwide rise in population led the farmers use more and more chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Governments of various countries had also encouraged usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, that resulted into increased food production. The governments were happy and so the farmers. They overlooked other side of the coin at that time.
Negative impact of chemical fertilizers and pesticides on health and Environment
Increased use of chemicals had a negative impact on health and environment. Chemical fertilizers are now costlier with its increased demand and hike in petroleum price. Using chemical fertilizers and pesticides for farming does not remain lucrative today.
It also increases demand of petroleum products. Most of the countries are not self sufficient in petroleum products and dependent on imports. It increases their import bill that negatively affect their international trade balance. It also has a negative impact on economy of farmers especially in developing nations. Hence, it brings economic crisis and financial problem to farmers, people and the country at large.
Chemical pesticides contain hazardous chemicals. Those are not only injurious to health but also have a negative impact on environment. It contaminates soil and water resources. It is deadly for the microbes in the soil. It also kills friendly creatures and insects. This intensifies imbalance in the ecosystem. Situation is alarming. Problem has reached a critical state world wide. Solution lies in organic farming.
Workers of Organic farming come under green collar job and green collar job is the most lucrative job at present. Organic farming is Eco-friendly and energy efficient. It reduces usage of petroleum products thus reduces carbon-di-oxide in the environment. In turn it help fight global worming.
Organic garden in Jaipur
Can organic farming feed us?
Muck Spreading: Organic farming
Organic farming: The new way
One can use organic manures such as slurry, wormy-compost and Nadap compost in place of chemical fertilizers. Avoiding chemicals and using above mentioned organic products lead to germinate worms in the field. It also helps in growing microbes needed by the plants and trees.
The worms help field by making it porous. It increases supply of oxygen to the plants. They also produce useful manures. Increasing level of microbes present in the field helps the plants and trees find their livelihood.
Organic pesticides are also useful. It does not harm fly, butterfly and other insects useful for productivity of food grains and fruits. They are natural transporters that help germination. Normally, organic pesticides do not kill insects. However, it keeps them away from the field. This helps to protect natural ecosystem.
Raps Rapeseed Gruenduengung Green manure
NRCSCA - California: Inspecting compost
How to Prepare Organic Manures and Pesticides
One can use cow-dung or slurry to prepare organic manure. Slurry is the best food for worms. One has to keep slurry on beds especially made for preparing wormy compost. It should be under a shed. Worms are sensitive of heat and sun rays.
Put few worms in the beds of slurry. Water it twice daily and see the result. Worms will be multiplied and multiplied. They will eat slurry and convert it into wormy compost, the best of all manures. One can use worms itself in the field to restore oxidization of plants and trees.
One may use residues, organic wastes etc. to prepare compost. Dig a hole at some place for this purpose. Put all waste materials in that hole and keep it there for some time. Water it daily. It will be automatically converted into fertilizer.
One can prepare very useful pesticide mixing cattle urine with margosa leaves. Put cattle urine in a copper vessel. Mix margosa leafs with it. Keep the mixture for some days in a cool place. Reaction of copper with cattle urine will make it a good organic pesticide. Margosa leafs will enhance its intensity.
There are several other varieties of organic pesticides. One can prepare those as per utilities.
India has developed very good infrastructure for all these processes. Government of india encourages preparing wormy compost.
Organic farming or plantation needs less irrigation. it saves valuable natural resource water, In this way. Organic farming does not require deep digging of the field. Worms do it naturally for the plants. It decreases use of tractors, hence, soil depletion. Again soil is a valuable natural resource. Decreasing use of tractors also means lesser use of petroleum products. And we know that uses of petroleum products increase green house effect.
Putin and Modi at BRICS
Narendra Modi's concern about organic farming
Narendra Modi, newly elected Indian Prime Minister has shown deep concern about organic farming in India. In his maiden speech delivered in Indian parliament, he outlined his way. He praised Indian state Sikkim for its steps for organic farming. He added that the north east part of India would be developed wit the strategy..
Most of the north eastern part of India is hilly. The Himalayan and Karakoram range of mountains are spread over the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh. These are heavy rainfall areas (200 to 1600 cm).
These states are ideal location for organic farming and government of India will tale steps to develop these areas for organic farming. According to Narendra Modi, Indian government will motivate cultivators for the same.
Organic farming. Good for nature, good for you!
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