How to Prepare Sushi Rolls at Home

Sushi is one of my favorite Asian cuisines. I was first introduced to this Japanese delicacy back in the late seventies. I never realized that raw fish on rice could taste so good, till I first tried it. That was the beginning of my love affair with Sushi. Ever since then I wanted to be able to prepare this marvelous cuisine myself, and much to my surprise, I discovered that with the right tools and some know how, it is very easy to prepare.

Here you will learn how to make various types of Sushi rolls, also known as Maki rolls. The recipes include Tekka roll, Kappa rolls and white fish, omelet and Japanese cucumber rolls. I will also teach you the method for making Sushi rice, which absolutely essential for making any type of Sushi. Now for a little history of how Sushi came to be the popular delicacy that it is today.

Sushi’s History from Japan to your home

The origin of Sushi goes as far back as the forth century BC in Southeast Asia. It then spread throughout China around the eighth century AD. It was around this time that Sushi was first introduced to Japan. Sushi evolved when it was introduced to the Japanese. It was in Japan were Sushi was first eaten together with rice.

Later in the Edo era the Japanese created what was known as haya-zushi. This was a way to eat both the rice and the fish together. This type of Sushi was unique to the Japanese culture. Instead of being only used for fermentation, rice was mixed with vinegar and combined not only with fish but also with various vegetables and dried preserved foods.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century when Tokyo was still called Edo the food service industry was dominated by mobile food stalls, which is from where nigiri-zushi originated. Edomae which means in front of TokyoBay was where fresh fish and tasty seaweed were obtained for making nigiri-zushi. This is how we get the name Edomae-zushi. Sushi then became popular in the region of Edo when Yohei Hanaya, a creative Sushi chef reinvented Sushi and transformed to a simple but delicious food.

Sushi’s popularity further spread over Japan due to the Great Kanto earthquake. After the earthquake edomae-zushi chefs had lost their jobs in that area and were diffused all over Japan.

In the seventies and eighties Sushi became a hit in the United States and it popularity has become the food culture phenomenon that it is today. There are now countless Sushi restaurants, Sushi bars, and even Sushi you can purchase at the market to take home with you.

What you will need before you begin

  • Bamboo mat (makisu) comes it three sizes
  1. Large 12 x 10 ¾ in (30 x 27 cm.)
  2. Medium 10 ¾ x 9 ¾ in (27 x 25 cm)
  3. Small 9 ¾ x 9 ½ in ( 25 x 26.5 cm)
  • Wooden Paddle (Usually is included with the bamboo mat)
  • Mixing Tub (Used for mixing cooked Sushi rice with the vinegar flovoring)
  • Rice Vinegar
  • Wasabi (aka Japanese horseradish)
  • Nori Seaweed- comes in three sizes
  1. Large Sheet 8 ½ x 7 ¼ in. (21 x 18 cm)
  2. Medium Sheet 7 ¼ x 4 1/8 in ( 10.5 x 1
  3. 8 cm)
  4. Small Sheet 2 ½ x 2 ½ in (6.5 x 5.5 cm)

Video YouTube by UKTVFoodChannel

Ingredients for Tekka Rolls (makes 4 seaweed tubes, 24 rolls)

  • 1 ½ cup cooked Sushi rice (Obtain this at an Oriental store, buy a package marked for Sushi)
  • 2 oz (60g) tuna
  • Two large sheets nori seaweed
  • 1 Tbsp. Wasabi

Method:

  1. Cut tuna in pieces the same length as nori seaweed and ½ inch thick
  2. Place the ½ large sheet nori seaweed on the bamboo mat with the shiny side down.
  3. Spread Sushi rice on nori seaweed making a layer of rice, make the rice layer 1/8 inch thick, and spread with paddle or back of spoon. ( tip: Sprinkle rice vinegar on your hands so the Sushi rice doesn’t stick to your hands, also dip paddle in rice vinegar)
  4. Put some Wasabi in the center of the rice
  5. Put tuna on the rice.
  6. Roll with bamboo mat, roll up tightly, press ends. One roll makes six pieces.
  7. Slice the rolled nori seaweed tube into 6 slices wetting knife in rice vinegar after each cut.

Video YouTube by HowCast

Ingredients for Kappa Rolls (makes 4 seaweed tubes, 24 rolls)

  • 1 ½ cup cooked Sushi rice
  • 1 Japanese cucumber or ½ zucchini
  • 2 large sheet nori seaweed
  • 1 Tbsp. Wasabi

Method:

  1. Cut cucumber into pieces the same length as the nori seaweed
  2. Cut cumber in half lengthwise. Cut these pieces again lengthwise to make 4 pieces.
  3. Place the ½ large sheet nori seaweed on the bamboo mat with the shiny side down
  4. Spread Sushi rice on nori seaweed making a layer of rice, make the rice layer 1/8 inch thick, and spread with paddle or back of spoon.
  5. Put some Wasabi in the center of the rice.
  6. Put cucumber pieces on Sushi rice.
  7. Roll up bamboo mat tightly, press ends. One roll makes six pieces.
  8. Slice rolled nori seaweed tube into 6 slices wetting knife in rice vinegar after each cut.

Video by YouTube by Huwtowyn

Ingredients for White Meat Fish, Omelet and Japanese Cucumber rolls (12 to 16 rolls)

  • 4 oz (100g) white fish fillet
  • 2 Tbsps. Teriyaki sauce
  • 1 ¾ oz  (50g) thick omelet
  • 1 Japanese cucumber or ½ zucchini
  • 2 large sheet nori seaweed
  • 1 ½ cups cooked Sushi rice

Method:

  1. Marinate fish in Teriyaki sauce for one hour
  2. Heat oil in skillet and grill fish on both side, cut fish into pieces 2in (5cm) long, and ¾ inch (2cm) wide.
  3. Cut the thick omelet into ¼ inch (7mm) pieces
  4. Cut Japanese cucumber in half lengthwise, makes thin pieces.
  5. Place nori seaweed on bamboo mat with the shiny side down
  6. Spread half the rice onto the nori seaweed, making 1/8 layer, spread with paddle.
  7. On nori seaweed leave 3/8 inch (1cm) at front uncovered and ¾ inch (2cm) at end uncovered.
  8. Place the white fish, omelet, and Japanese cucumber pieces in center of rice.
  9. Left bamboo mat with finger, while holding ingredients with fingers.
  10. Roll tightly
  11. Press ends of tube with fingers
  12. Cut in half
One roll makes six to eight pieces

Video YouTube by RunnyRunny999

Method for making Sushi Rice


Best rice to buy for Sushi is white, short grain, Japanese rice.

As a general rule you use equal amount of rice and water, for fluffy rice use 1 cup rice for 1 ¼ cup water.

Method:

  1. Measure rice and water carefully
  2. Wash rice in a big bowl of water. Rub grains gently; wet grain can break easily
  3. Drain of rice well. Keep repeating this step till the water is clear.
  4. Let rice sit for at least 30 minutes in summer and one hour in winter. This allows ample time for rice to absorb the water.
  5. In a cooking pot, place rice and water. Cover with lid.
  6. Cook rice in medium heat until it boils, do not bring rice to boiling point quickly.
  7. When rice begins to boil then turn heat to high and cook for 1 minute. Never lift lid while cooking.
  8. Turn the heat to low for 4-5 minutes
  9. Turn to the lowest heat setting for 10 minutes.
  10. Turn off the rice and let it stand for 10 minutes.
  11. Mix the rice with rice vinegar, sugar and salt amount vary depending on how much rice.
  12. For example 2 ½ cups cooked rice take 2Tbsps. vinegar, ½ tablespoon sugar, and 1 tsp salt.
  13. Put rice into mixing tub and spread evenly over the bottom of the mixing tub.
  14. Mix vinegar with sugar and salt
  15. Spread vinegar mixture over the rice.
  16. Mix the rice with the vinegar mixture with a wooden spoon or wood paddle.
  17. Keep Sushi rice in wooden tub covered by damp towels, until read to prepare rolls.

If you are planning a party or just want to surprise your family, you may want to try this Japanese delicacy. Once you get the hang of it, Sushi is very easy to make and fun too. You can teach your children how to master Sushi making skills and make it a fun meal for the whole family. Sushi is also great for parties. Whatever the occasion, Sushi is a great choice.

Quick & Easy Sushi Cookbook (Quick & Easy Cookbooks Series)
Quick & Easy Sushi Cookbook (Quick & Easy Cookbooks Series)

This is the book I use. I highly recommend this one for anyone who wants to learn how to make Sushi. Whether you are a beginner or an expert this book will meet you needs.

 

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Comments 18 comments

drbj profile image

drbj 6 years ago from south Florida

What beautiful graphics and amazing recipes for sushi lovers.

I come from a very small town - originally - and we even had sushi there years ago. Of course, we called it "bait."

Sorry - just couldn't resist the opportunity.


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thanks drbj, I'm glad you liked the recipes and graphics I used. I really put a lot of love into making this one. I really enjoy Sushi and I wanted to share that appreciation for this incredible cuisine with everyone at hub pages.

I can understand the temptation to call it bait. When it was first introduced back in the seventies, I had to get over the idea I was eating raw fish. It tasted so good, I got over it fast.


DonnaWallace profile image

DonnaWallace 6 years ago from North Carolina

Oh delicious! I love sushi, and never would have dremed of making it. But you make it sound so easy.


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Hi Donna,

Thanks for stopping by, I started wanting to learn how to make Sushi because I love it to. I was so happy when I found a Sushi kit, (Bamboo mat and paddle) at my local supermarket, they even sell rice vinegar and sometimes even Sushi rice. It is very easy to prepare and fun. So start making some Sushi and enjoy.


Loren's Gem profile image

Loren's Gem 6 years ago from Istanbul, Turkey

Wonderful hub and your sushi rolls just looks so tempting! :-)


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thank you Loren, I wish those rolls were made by me. Actually they are from the internet. But my rolls that I make at home do look pretty good even though I'm only an amateur. They taste good.


jestone profile image

jestone 6 years ago from America!

My favorite food is sushi, thank you for this great hub!

J


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thank you Jestone, It is one of my favorites to. That's why I tried to learn how to make it.


chirls profile image

chirls 6 years ago from Indiana (for now)

I like that you included the videos and the history of sushi. I haven't had much luck making maki-type rolls with the 1/2 sheets of nori, but I'm feeling inspired to give it a go now!


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thanks for stopping by Chris, You may want to try a whole sheet or just follow the video step by step, although I would recommend getting the book I have listed there, that is the book I use and it really helped me, with it's very clear instructions. I'm glad you like my hub and that you want to make sushi again. I have messed up a few rolls myself before getting it right. One suggestion so your hands are not sticky, always remember to put some rice vinegar on them, that really helped me, also wet you knife with rice vinegar. Just doing that really made a difference for me.


MPG Narratives profile image

MPG Narratives 6 years ago from Sydney, Australia

Sushi has become one of our favourites and you've given me some great ideas, it all looks so yummy. I'll give it a try at home, not sure how I'll go though but your tips are great.


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thanks for stopping by MPG, Sushi is one of my favorites to, and making it was not very hard. Just make sure you get a mat and the right kind of rice and rice vinegar and follow everything step by step and the rest should be easy. You get a lot of satisfaction when you see a tray full of rolls and you know it was your creation.


sanjeeta kk profile image

sanjeeta kk 6 years ago from India

Great presentation and detail explanation of 'How to make Sushi' Thanks for sharing.


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thank you Sanjeeta, I'm glad you like my hub and how I presented it. I tried to make it as detailed as possible, because making Sushi is not easy for someone who wants to try it for the first time. Since my article was meant for novices as well as experts, I wanted it to be clear and easy to understand.

I hope you try one of the recipes, Sushi is not only fun to make, it tastes very good. I recommend getting a Sushi cookbook because in those books they tell you where to buy the best fish for your sushi.


H.C Porter profile image

H.C Porter 6 years ago from Lone Star State

Wow...I wish I would have known how to make this when I was able to eat sea food. Ever since having my daughter I get violently ill every time I even attempt it---but the recipe was intriguing when I saw it and had to take a peak...Great Hub!


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thank you H.C.. I'm glad you found the recipe intriguing. I'm sorry that you can't eat sea food. The body does change, sometimes after a number of years, you may find you can eat sea food again.


Sandyspider profile image

Sandyspider 6 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

I like my food cooked. But I recently tried a crab roll from the sushi menu and it was good.


Internetwriter62 profile image

Internetwriter62 6 years ago from Marco Island, Florida Author

Thank you SandiSpider. I agree at first I was hesitant, but after trying it I was hooked. The trick is how the raw fish is prepared, and this takes a certain know how, that's why I recommend getting a book on how to prepare the fish for sushi. Rolls do offer a flexibility because instead of fish you can add other fillings such as cucumber, cream cheese, avocado and other veggies. Since the dish is flexible you can work around the fish and still have an amazing meal of finger foods the whole family will enjoy.

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