Jackfruit-Benefits and Recipes
What is Jackfruit and where it is grown?
Jackfruit is a huge,oval shaped fruit, largely grown in tropical climate. The scientific name for jackfruit is Artocarpus heterophyllus. It is the national fruit of Bangladesh.
It is grown in many parts of India, most parts of Southeast Asia, and also grown in Brazil. Jackfruit is commonly used in South and Southeast Asian cuisines. The tree can grow as high as 60 feet in the suitable climate. Jackfruit is the largest fruit in the world, and can grow as big as 80 pounds. The fleshy part of the fruit and the seeds are used.
Other Names of Jackfruit
They are called by different names in different parts of the world.
Kannada: Halasina kaayi;
Malay and Indonesian: Nangka;
How to use Jackfruit
Jackfruit generally has a pungent and subtly sweet taste, some varieties with a thick viscous texture and some other variety with a crisp texture. Many people hesitate to use it because of its sticky and messy process. If a little care is taken you can enjoy this fruit either just as a ripe fruit or as a vegetable dish.
- Use latex gloves.
- Smear your hands with little oil.
- Use a sharp and big knife to cut it in the center.
- Cut them again into small pieces.
- Chop the top brownish portion.
- Remove the fruits carefully and remove the seeds covered in sockets.
- Also, remove the creamy little clusters sticking on the fruits.
- Now the fruits, if ripe, are ready to eat.
- If it is raw jackfruit it is ready to make recipes.
Benefits of Jackfruits
Many of us eat jackfruit without knowing its health benefits.You may be surprised to know that jackfruit has high nutritious values.
- Jackfruit contains several vitamins such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, calcium, potassium, iron, sodium, zinc and niacin.
- Jackfruit is a good source of Vitamin C.
- Jackfruit has a low caloric content: (100 grams of jackfruit only contains 94 calories.)
- Jackfruit is a rich source of potassium. ( 303mg found in 100 grams of jackfruit.)
How to Choose a Ripe Jackfruit?
Choose a jackfruit that gives a little with gentle pressure. A ripe jack fruit has a strong pungent odor. If you go closer to it and smell and can't get any smell indicates that it is not yet ripe. There will be a slight change in color too. A ripe jackfruit is greenish yellow in color, and soft in feel when compared to a raw jackfruit.
Jackfruit can be used to prepare several tasty recipes. Some of the popular dishes made in India using jackfruit are these.
Recipes with the ripen fruit
- Jackfruit payasm (used as dessert) - also called as chakka payasam locally. It is a delicious desert. (prepared with jackfruit halwa, coconut milk and jaggery as main ingredients).
- Jackfruit halwa (prepared with jaggery).
- Jackfruit ada - prepared with jackfruit halwa, rice flour and coconut.
- Jackfruit appam - prepared with jackfruit halwa, rice flour or wheat flour.
- Jackfruits can be eaten as they are without cooking.
Recipes with raw jackfruit
- Jackfruit chips. - can be used as potato chips.
- Jackfruit side dish - can be prepared with coconut and onions.
- Jackfruit as main curry for rice.
- Aviyal - can be used as one of the many vegetables in the popular aviyal dish.
Recipes with Tender jackfruits
- Jackfruit thoran - Tender jackfruits (within the first two weeks time) can be used as thoran for side dish, after removing the prickly skin and the sticky part inside.
- Jackfruit sambar - The tender fruits can also be used in the sambar along with one or two other vegetables.
Recipes with Jackfruit seeds
- Jackfruit seed thoran.
- Jackfruit main dish with drumstick and raw mango.
- Jackfruit seeds with bitter melon as side dish.
- Jackfruit seeds with raw banana as thoran.
As per your imagination, many other recipes can also be prepared with jackfruits.
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