Jackfruit-Benefits and Recipes

Ripe jackfruits with seeds inside
Ripe jackfruits with seeds inside

What is Jackfruit and where it is grown?

Jackfruit is a huge,oval shaped fruit, largely grown in tropical climate. The scientific name for jackfruit is Artocarpus heterophyllus. It is the national fruit of Bangladesh.

It is grown in many parts of India, most parts of Southeast Asia, and also grown in Brazil. Jackfruit is commonly used in South and Southeast Asian cuisines. The tree can grow as high as 60 feet in the suitable climate. Jackfruit is the largest fruit in the world, and can grow as big as 80 pounds. The fleshy part of the fruit and the seeds are used.

Other Names of Jackfruit

They are called by different names in different parts of the world.

Telugu: Panasa;

Bengali: Kathal;

Bhojpuri: katahar;

Kannada: Halasina kaayi;

Hindi: Katahal;

Malayalam: Chakka;

Tamil: Palaa

Malay and Indonesian: Nangka;

Portuguese: Jaca;

Sinhala: Kos;

Thai: kanoon;

Vietnamese: mít;

Swahili: finesi

Cutting a Jackfruit

Many people hesitate to use jackfruits for the white sticky substance it contains and they worry about the messy process. With a little care, it can be avoided. You can use latex gloves to avoid getting messed up with the sticky material. If the gloves are not readily available, you can even smear some oil on the hands before starting the process of cutting the jackfruit. With a sharp knife, cut the jackfruit in the center and then remove the sticky substance with a thick piece of paper or a cloth. Then remove the top portion, and slowly pluck out the tasty jackfruit plums from it. This is for a ripe jackfruit.

For a tender raw jackfruit which is used for making various dishes, remove the outer thorny portion too, and then cut them into pieces.

Benefits of Jackfruits

Many of us eat jackfruit without knowing its health benefits.You may be surprised to know that jackfruit has high nutritious values.

  • Jackfruit contains several vitamins such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, calcium, potassium, iron, sodium, zinc and niacin.
  • Jackfruit is a good source of Vitamin C.
  • Jackfruit has a low caloric content: (100 grams of jackfruit only contains 94 calories.)
  • Jackfruit is a rich source of potassium. ( 303mg found in 100 grams of jackfruit.)

How to Choose a Ripe Jackfruit?

Choose a jackfruit that gives a little with gentle pressure. A ripe jack fruit has a strong pungent odor. If you go closer to it and smell and can't get any smell indicates that it is not yet ripe. There will be a slight change in color too. A ripe jackfruit is greenish yellow in color, and soft in feel when compared to a raw jackfruit.

Jackfruit Recipes

Jackfruit can be used to prepare several tasty recipes. Some of the popular dishes made in India using jackfruit are these.

Recipes with the ripen fruit

  • Jackfruit payasm (used as dessert) - also called as chakka payasam locally. It is a delicious desert. (prepared with jackfruit halwa, coconut milk and jaggery as main ingredients).
  • Jackfruit halwa (prepared with jaggery).
  • Jackfruit ada - prepared with jackfruit halwa, rice flour and coconut.
  • Jackfruit appam - prepared with jackfruit halwa, rice flour or wheat flour.
  • Jackfruits can be eaten as they are without cooking.

Recipes with raw jackfruit

  • Jackfruit chips. - can be used as potato chips.
  • Jackfruit side dish - can be prepared with coconut and onions.
  • Jackfruit as main curry for rice.
  • Aviyal - can be used as one of the many vegetables in the popular aviyal dish.

Recipes with Tender jackfruits

  • Jackfruit thoran - Tender jackfruits (within the first two weeks time) can be used as thoran for side dish, after removing the prickly skin and the sticky part inside.
  • Jackfruit sambar - The tender fruits can also be used in the sambar along with one or two other vegetables.

Recipes with Jackfruit seeds

  • Jackfruit seed thoran.
  • Jackfruit main dish with drumstick and raw mango.
  • Jackfruit seeds with bitter melon as side dish.
  • Jackfruit seeds with raw banana as thoran.

As per your imagination, many other recipes can also be prepared with jackfruits.

How Do You Use Jackfruits?

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Comments 15 comments

Khushpreet 4 years ago

It's an amazing fruit n I love to eat it

uz 4 years ago

i am from east africa nairobi and i have the tree in my house been more then 20 yrs but yet keep giving the fruits. and i boil the seed wit salt water. its tasty n so sweet.

lex123 profile image

lex123 4 years ago Author

Thanks renaissancemom for stopping by and leaving a comment. I'm glad to know that you found it useful.

renaissancemom profile image

renaissancemom 4 years ago from United States

This is very interesting to me. I have read in my Vegetarian Times magazine that jackfruit should be in any vegetarian's diet...although it is an intimidating fruit. Your information is quite helpful.

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lex123 4 years ago Author

Thanks for visiting this hub and leaving a wonderful comments. Thanks also for voting it up and sharing.

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Thelma Alberts 4 years ago from Germany

Thanks for this hub. Now I know what benefits can I get from eating jackfruit. It is such a coincidence today as I have just eaten jackfruit cooked in coconut milk for my lunch and for desert fresh ripe jackfruit. I have just planted the seeds in my backyard. Voted up and SOCIALLY SHARED.

lex123 profile image

lex123 5 years ago Author

Okay. I have added how to choose a ripe jackfruit.

Jackfruit Recipes 5 years ago

Thanks for the info however it doesn't state how to choose a ripe jackfruit. Due to the numbers of jackfruit cultivars present, this can be a difficult process.

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minutecreature 5 years ago

Jackfruit is my number one favorite fruit. Thanks for the information!

lex123 profile image

lex123 5 years ago Author

Thanks Fay for your visit and comment. Once you taste it you too will enjoy it.

Fay Paxton 5 years ago

I've never had jackfruit, but one of my daughters went to Thailand and when she returned jackfruit was all I heard about. She loved it.

lex123 profile image

lex123 6 years ago Author

Glad to know you too like jack fruit. Thanks for visiting and for your encouraging comment.

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maheshpatwal 6 years ago from MUMBAI

Lex i like aroma and totally different taste of jack fruit.

Your hub provides really nice information about this fruit.

Thanks for sharing.

lex123 profile image

lex123 6 years ago Author

Thanks for your comment. I hope you too enjoy jackfruits.

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raakachi 6 years ago from Madurai / Tamilnadu / India

nice hub! Thanks for sharing the essential benefits of jack fruit.

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