Korean Food Calories, Healthy Choices for Eating Out or at Home

Korean food is a delightful blend of Japanese, Mongolian and Chinese culinary traditions with its own unique style, that is generally very healthy because most dishes contain pickled vegetables and fresh herbs.

Fresh vegetables are not included in some dishes, but most are seasoned with fresh herbs and this adds vitamins and minerals. The emphasis is on fresh whole foods. Seafood is very popular, especially a variety of fin fish, crab, clams, shrimp, oysters and squid and is often cooked on a grill.

Koreans also love to eat beef, pork and chicken, with these meats generally marinated and grilled, and served with rice, rice noodles or buckwheat. The primary flavors and seasonings are garlic, rice vinegar, sesame oil, ginger, soy sauce, and a variety of unique spices made from fermented chilies and soybeans or fermented chilies.

The large variety of dishes can be either salty, bitter, sweet, hot and sour. Most of these ingredients and the large variety of vegetables that are pickled are easy to find, and so Korean dishes can easily be prepared at home.

Koreans loved adding pickled vegetables (kimchi) to their dishes. Fresh vegetables and herbs can be included such as cabbage, radishes, turnips, Chinese greens and cucumbers.

These vegetables are also seasoned with coarse salt, garlic, hot chilies, onions, fish, ginger and oyster sauces and then pickled using earthenware pots.

Soups, both hot and cold are also very popular and are usually noodle based and served in stone bowls.

So for healthy low-calorie choices, Korean food is generally a very good choice. Most home and restaurant prepared dishes are nutritious, full of flavor, refreshing and very well balanced. People who love hot spicy food will also love Korean dishes.

A typical Korean meal consists of a bowl of soup, then a stir-fried or grilled main course.

Usually the main course is served with a delightful variety of tiny side dishes called panchan. Up to ten of these dishes can be served containing an intriguing mix of pickles, sauces, preserved fish, vegetables and a variety of condiments and flavors.

Tips for Healthy Eating

Korean food can be dominated by protein, but go easy on the rice and noodles tat accompanies most dishes. Ask for a small serving of carbohydrates and ask for extra vegetables. Plain soups, grilled dishes, stews and barbecues are good choices. Beware of barbecue sauce and some of the other sauces which contain sugar and thickening agents.

The sushi served at many Korean restaurants is an excellent good option, especially as an appetizer, instead of the dumplings or scallion pancakes, both of which are high in calories. These delicious hot-and-spicy vegetable nibbles called kimchi are also a good choice to fill you up and balance the meals

Main Types of dishes

  • Bap (Rice) - steamed rice, which may also include other grains.
  • Juk (Porridge) - various grains simmered for a long time.
  • Guksu (Noodles) - these are made by kneading buckwheat flour or wheat flour and withdrawing the dough to form long coils.
  • Mandu (Dumpling soup) - This soup includes dumplings made of thin wheat flour wrappers filled with various ingredients then steamed, or boiled in jangguk (a soy sauce based soup).
  • Tteokguk (Sliced rice cake pasta soup) consists of diagonally sliced white rice cakes that are simmered in jangguk.


Guk (Soup) - made of seafood, vegetables or meats boiled in generous amounts of water. Some varieties are tojangguk (soybean paste soup), malgeun-jangguk (generally clear soy sauce soup), naengguk (chilled soup) and gomguk (rich beef soup).
Jjigae (Stew) - This stew has less water and more ingredients than soups. Varieties include tojang-jjigae (soybean paste jjigae) and malgeun-jjigae (clear jjigae)
Jeongol (Hot pot) - This began its life as a court food for royalty. It consists of seafood, meat, vegetables and mushrooms simmered in broth at the table before serving.
Jjim (Steamed dish) - a main dish of various seasoning ingredients that are steamed.
Seon (Steamed or parboiled stuffed vegetables) - Various vegetables such as eggplant, pumpkin, cucumber and cabbage are stuffed with tofu, beef and mushrooms and then parboiled in broth or steamed.
Jorim (Braised dish) - meat, seafood and vegetables are braised with soy sauce and red pepper paste over low heat for a long period of time. The dish may have strong seasonings and flavors.
Bokkeum (Various Stir-fried dish) - These dished are stir-fry ones using meats, seafood or vegetables. There are two types of these dishes; the first is stir-fried with soy sauce and sugar in an oiled frying pan, the other is simply stir-fried in a little oil.
Gui (Grilled dish) - These are grilled meats, seafood or vegetables dishes.
Jeok (Pan-fried dish. Brochette) This is a dish of seafood, meats or vegetables that are minced or sliced and then coated with a batter of wheat flour and beaten egg before being pan-fried. The ingredients are seasoned and skewered before being pan-fried.

Some Dishes Likely to be on the menu

Pa jon -This is a rice-flour pancake, made with an egg that contains green onions or scallions and small pieces of shrimp, pork or beef cooked on a hot pan.

Mandoo guk - This is a beef-based stew served with Korean dumplings (which resemble wontons)

Bulgogi (with alternate spellings of pulgogi or bul go gui) - is the name for the famous Korean barbecue dishes. Thinly sliced beef pieces are covered with fragrant barbecue sauce and cooked at your table over a charcoal grill. There are many versions using different meats such as jae yook gui (pork) or dak bulgogi (chicken), with other choices including fish, shrimp and squid. When the meat is cooked it is dipped in barbecue sauce and served wrapped in a lettuce leaf.

Kal bi tang (or galbi tang) - Is the name for a stew made with marinated rib beef that is consumed with a variety of condiments, pickled vegetables and rice.

Bimibap - Is a casserole (bap or bop means rice) based on rice, and it included pieces of meat and seasoned vegetables and is topped with a fried egg.

Myon (Buckwheat noodle dishes) - There are many of these, ranging from mild to very spicy. Naengmyon, for example is a cold noodle with broth to which is added thin slices of beef, sesame seeds, green onions, shredded cucumbers and radishes. It is served with hot mustard that is stirred into the soup.

Chapchae - Transparent rice noodles dish which includes various stir-fry ingredients such as: mushrooms, green onions, beef and vegetables seasoned with sesame oil.

Cho (Janggwa -: (Seasoned and braised seafood) This is a dish of boiled abalone, sea slugs and mussels with seasoning cooked on low heat. A starch liquid is used to thicken the liquid.

Hoe (Raw meat or fish, Pressed meat or Pressed trotters) - Hoe is a dish of raw meat, fish or vegetables seasoned with vinegar soy sauce, mustard, or vinegar red pepper paste. Often it is blanched in boiling water.

Mareun-chan (Dry side dish) - is a dry side dish made of seasoned and salted meat, vegetables and seafood, that can be enjoyed fried or dried.

Jangajji (Pickled vegetables) - is a side dish of pickled vegetables that include bellflower roots, Korean radish, cucumbers and garlic in red pepper paste, soy sauce and soybean paste.

Jeotggal (Salt-fermented seafood) - This is a side dish of marinated anchovies, shrimp or clams with salt that has been fermented. It is served as a side dish or used as a seasoning.

Sukchae (Parboiled vegetables)

Saengchae (Fresh salad) - This is seasonal freshly made salad from local ingredients. The salad is dressed with vinegar soy sauce, red pepper paste, or mustard. It has a sweet and sour flavor.

Kimchi (Seasoned and fermented vegetables) - This dish is made by marinating Korean radish and cabbage with salt, seasoning it with garlic, green onion, red pepper, ginger and salt-fermented seafood, and fermenting it.

Tteok (Rice cake) - This dessert dish is made by frying, steaming or boiling rice or other grain powder mixed with a little water.

Hangwa (Korean cookies)

© janderson99-HubPages

Healthy Alternatives

Choose
Instead of
Cold tofu or fried tofu pa jon (scallion pancake)
Twoenjang guk (fermented soybean paste soup with baby clams)
Seafood soup
Korean dumplings
Shinsollo (meat, fish, vegetables and tofu simmered in beef broth)
Any bap/bop (rice) dish
Any go gi (barbecue) dish (beef, chicken, pork or fish)
Any myon (buckwheat noodle) or chapchai (rice noodle) dish

Calories in Korean Foods and Dishes

The table below summarizes the calories in a list of Korean foods and dishes. The serving size and the calorie contents are shown.

Calories in Korean Foods and Dishes

Food
Serving
Calories
Baechu Kimchi:Common (napa cabbage) kimchi.
60 g
11
Baek Kimchi: Cabbage kimchi without hot pepper.
50 g
10
Bean Paste Soup (Dwenjanggigae)
1 dish
139
Beef bulgogi
112 g (4 oz)
290
Beef Soup
1 soup
328
Bi Bim Bap
586 g
643
Bibimbap
1 Cup
430
Budae Jigae, Army Base Soup
1 bowl
639
Chicken Broth With Ginseng
1000 g
677
Corn Chips (166g Pack)
30 g
165
Doenjang Soup With Spinach
1 bowl
165
Dolsot Bibimbap
1 Cup
560
Dongchimi: Chopped radish kimchi in served in water.
100 g
11
Dwaeji Galbi Jjim: Grilled pork marinated in galbi sauce.
133.5 g
187
Fried Zucchini W/ Egg (Hobakjeun)
1 dish
88
Galbi
6 oz.
375
Galbi Gu-i: Grilled marinated beef.
254 g
566
Galbi Jjim
5 oz
380
Ggakdugi: Cubed radish kimchi.
50 g
16
Green Pumpkin Stir-Fry
1 portion
92
Hotteok - Brown Sugar Stuffed Pancake
1 pancake
313
Japache
1 1/2 Cup
370
Jui Po
1 piece
120
Kimbap
1 roll
485
Kimbap: Rice rolls with vegetables and ham.
300 g
484
Kimchee Chigae (Jigae) With Tofu
2 cups
186
Kimchi
94.5 g
110
Korean Beef Bowl
1 container
420
Korean Short Rib Soup
1 cup
250
Korean Soybean Paste (Doenjang, Dwenjang)
1 Tbsp
50
Korean Superfood Salad
1 box
233
Korean Superfood Salad With Shredded
1 box
326
Korean Superfood Salad With Shredded Duck
1 box
318
Korean Zarusoba Noodles
3.5 oz (100g)
270
Makgeolli: Fermented rice liquor.
150 g
69
Mochi Ball With Red Bean Filling
1 piece
77
Mujigae Ddeok: Rainbow colored glutinous rice cake
100 g
234
Nori/Seaweed
10 grams
62.5
Ox Tail Soup (Gori Gomtang)
1 bowl (23 oz)
520
Pork Bone Soup - Gamjatang
1
 
Rice Porridge With Beef
285 g
145
Rice Porridge With Tuna
285 g
155
Rice W/ Namool (Bebimbap)
1 serving
600
Rice, White
1 bowl
313
Saeng Maekju:Draft beer, domestic (serving size is one 500cc glass).
500 g
190
Samgyeopsal Gu-i: Grilled pork (fresh bacon).
201.5 g
671
Samgyetang
1 large bowl (800 g)
1050
Seasoned Tofu
1 dish
125
Sikhye: Sweet rice drink
200 g
208
Sizzling Korean-Style Beef (Bbc Good Food)
1 serve
343
Soju: Clear rice spirits (serving size is one shotglass).
45 g
64
Soon Tofu (Korean Style Extra Soft Tofu)
3 oz (85g)
45
Stir-Fried Mushroom
1 plate
168
Yakult: Yogurt-derived probiotic drink (serving size is one small bottle).
65 g
49
Yeolmu Kimchi: Baby radish (leaf only) kimchi.
50 g
12
Yukae Jung (Spicy Korean Beef and Noodle Soup)
1048 g
233

© 2012 Dr. John Anderson

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Comments 1 comment

najordan89 profile image

najordan89 4 years ago from Oklahoma

As much as this is informative, it's always tough to figure out the calories, etc., in a lot of Korean dishes. Each person makes food differently which more or less of a certain type of ingredient (ex. my mom uses a lot more sugar in her bulgogi and galbi than those who tend to use a fruit in the marinade). I think, like everything, just moderate things.

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