Mangoes (Mango) In Asia - It Is The Indian National Fruit

Mango is the national fruit of India. It is available in almost all parts of I Indiaexcept the hill areas. In India mango isused since immemorial time; its citation is found in the old mythologicalhistory of Hindus and was regarded as the “Food of God”.

Mango growsin the summer season only. Being highly perishable its preservation is alsodifficult. Other than India mango also grows in China, Mexico, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Pakistan and Brazil.

Food Value and Taste

Mango is generally sweet, although the taste and texture are varied widely depending on thevariety; some mangoes are found to be a little sour in taste. The ripe mango iscommonly eaten fresh and unripe which are mostly sour in taste are used as aningredient for cooking as well as making varieties of pickles.

Mango isrich in vitamins and minerals.

Mango Flowers

The yellowish or reddish flowers are borne in inflorescences which appear at branch terminals, in dense panicles of up to 2000 minute flowers. Mango flowers are pollinated by flies, hoverflies and rarely bees. Few of the flowers in each inflorescence are perfect, so most do not produce pollen and are incapable of producing fruit. Pollen cannot be shed in high humidity or rain. Fertilization requires temperature below 55° F. As the mango trees are monoecious and self-fertile a single tree would produce fruit without cross pollination. 

Mango Trees

Mango trees generally grow 35–40 m (115–130 ft) tall, with a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). The life of a mango tree is very long and sometimes found to produce fruits even after300 years. Its leaves are orange pink when young and turn to a dark glossy redafter a few days and finally become dark green as they mature. Mango leaves areused to decorate archways and doors in Indian houses during religious ritualslike wedding and worshiping of God.

Mango Trees

Cuisine and Utilities

Mangoes are widely used in cuisine. Sour, unripe mangoes are used in chutneys, pickles, side dishes. It can also be eaten raw with saltandchili. Mangos Lassi, mango shake are also popular in Indian subcontinent. Mangoes are used in preserves like moramba, amchur (dried and powdered unripe mango) and pickles, including a spicy mustard-oil pickle. Ripe mango pulps are dried and preserved; it is called Amsatto in Eastern India and is very famous throughout the Indian subcontinent.

Varieties

A large number of mango varieties can be found in India. the most popular ones include Alphonso (also called Hapoos), Amrapali, Bangalora, Banganapalli (also known as Benishaan), Bombay, Bombay Green, Chausa, Chinna Rasalu, Dashaheri (Daseri), Fazli, Fernandian, Gulabkhas, Himayath (a.k.a. Imam Pasand), Himsagar, Jehangir, Kesar, Kishen Bhog, Lalbaug, Langda (Langra), Mallika, Mankurad, Mulgoa, Neelam, Pairi, Pedda Rasalu, Rajapuri, Safeda, Suvarnarekha, Totapuri, Vanraj and Zardalu.

Each one of the above verities is having their own specialty. The climate condition required for different varieties are different. Mango is very delicate fruit and its taste differs with the slight variation of weather condition. Tropical weather is considered to be best for growing mangoes. Mango trees could not survive in a low temperature zone that is why it is not found in the hill areas where weather is normally cool.



Comments 24 comments

green tea-cher profile image

green tea-cher 6 years ago

I love mango, cupid, and now I just know a lot more about it.

It must be interesting to pick the mango off a big old tree. I never knew the trees get so old. Good Hub. Now I want a mango.


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thank you green-tea-cher for your visit to my hub and showing interest in the mango! Yes, that is a really yummy fruit, I hope you could get that at your place!


ineveryoneheart profile image

ineveryoneheart 6 years ago

Oh the age of mango tree is 300 years, how long. Very interesting things i come to know from this hub, also liked its varities.


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks ineveryoneheart for your visit to my hub and leaving such a beautiful comment. Yes the life of mango tree is very long and its wood is also used for making furnitures!


suny51 profile image

suny51 6 years ago

Thanks cupid-that sure is some thing you should bring often enough,we have three trees of mango,and believe me if I have mangoes to eat I would happily have them for my regular meals.


dreamreachout 6 years ago

Gulabkhas is my favourite because I like all my fruits a tinge sour!! Aamsatto, me my papa and my daughter eat those 250grams each at one go!! Its called Aampapad in rest of India!!

Wonderful hub on our National fruit!!


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thank you suny for commenting on my hub! Its a good Idea to have mangoes daily but unfortunately this is a seasonal fruit and available only for two months!


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks dreamreachout for telling the favorite type of mango of your liking! Gulabkhas is really a royal type! And thanks for updating my knowledge regarding Aampapad!


Russell-D profile image

Russell-D 6 years ago from Southern Ca.

Loved the fresh fruits that went so well with fresh Yogurt and perhaps a toss of dry cereal. The Mango, the Papaya for the daily dose of Pepsin and when we could find them, a cut up pineapple. Add some lovely grapefruit juice on one end and hot tea on the other -- and you were ready to conquer the world. I don't think we differentiated the various kinds, whichever the hotel had was most delicious, coming from LA we weren't too picky. David


suny51 profile image

suny51 6 years ago

Cupid-I would like to mention Alphonso mangoes, our great Guru R,N.Tagore also liked this variety.


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks David for your lovely comment! And your recipe also sound yummy! I would try it before the mango season ends!


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks suny for reminding me about Gurudev Rabindra Nath Tagore's liking! Thank you for reading and commenting om my hub!


Life Unplugged 6 years ago

Mango,"Food of God" ,no doubt about that.My favorite is Kesar and Daseri !


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks for the lovely comment! Kesar and Daseri are really yummy! You can try Langra (or Langda) also!


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

shrimp-a-holic, I am glad to know that mango is the national fruit of your country also. I totally agree with you that the farmers are not getting the full economic benefit from this production. More technical and scientific assistance should be made available to them.

Thanks for reading and commenting on my hub.


HappyHer profile image

HappyHer 6 years ago from Cleveland, OH

Excellent hub! I'll bet the mangoes taste so fresh there. We don't have the climate to grow them very well here in Cleveland, OH, USA, but I do pick them up at the store every now and then.


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thank you HappyHer for your interest in our national fruit! And thank you also for finding my hub and commenting on that!


ankigarg87 6 years ago

I love mango very much. there are nearly hundreds kinds of mangoes varieties grown in India.Nice mango pictures also and at last nice hub


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks ankigarg for your appreciation! We must love it, this is our national fruit!


Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 6 years ago from Minnesota

Great hub on mangos cupid. I am in Minnesota, a very cold climate in winter but I still buy them at the store in the summer months. I am sure they don't compare to the fresh ones you eat. I also order mango and peach at Jamba Juice and it's unbelievabably nummy.


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 6 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks Minnetonka Twin for your graceful comment!


crystolite profile image

crystolite 5 years ago from Houston TX

Interesting article which was well shared.


mrkterhune profile image

mrkterhune 5 years ago

I love it.


cupid51 profile image

cupid51 5 years ago from INDIA Author

Thanks mrktehune for the comment!

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