Meat and Poultry - History | Types | Slaughter | Butchery | Special Products

What is Meat and Poultry ?

Meat usually refers to animal flesh which may also include the other parts like liver, heart, brain, bone marrow, kidneys or lungs. Poultry .on the other hand refers to domesticated birds which are grown on farms for their eggs or meat.

History of Meat & Poultry

It is believed that the consumption of meat began in the prehistoric times .They began with the domestication of animals like

  1. Sheep
  2. Cattle 
  3. Pigs. 

Different kinds of birds like

  1. Chicken
  2. Duck
  3. Turkey
  4. Emu
  5. goose etc
 were also domesticated in different parts of the world during early 20th centuries and before also.

Meat and Poultry
Meat and Poultry

Red and White Meat -Classification of Meat

Meat can be mainly differentiated as red meat & white meat. This is based on the concentration of myoglobin in muscle fibers. The red meat is that of cows, sheeps & goats whereas the white meat belongs to chicken & turkey. White meat is considered to be much healthier than red meat as white meat has less oxygen carrying myoglobin whereas red meat is taken from more exercised muscles which have more fat deposits. Therefore birds that do not fly much like chicken and turkey have more white meat than birds like duck or geese.

Meat consists of…

  • Meat is mainly consumed by non-vegeteranians and has 75% water, 19% proteins and some minor amounts of fat also.
  • It also consists of all the essential amino acids and is also a good source of zinc, vitamin B12 & iron.
  • The meat of poultry is fleshiest in the breast muscles and the thigh muscles and drumsticks are also used.

Production of Meat by Slaughter and Butchery Process

Meat is produced by killing the animal and cutting the desired flesh out of it and these processes are known as slaughter and butchery. Upon reaching a particular weight or growth, the animals are taken to slaughterhouse where they are slaughtered following different procedures. Then the carcass is cut and dresses and later conditioned. Meat can be stored in the freezer for up to 6 weeks without getting spoiled.

Meat as an Ingredient in cooking

Meats are used as food in various countries where they are prepared in different forms. The most famous forms areas steaks, stews, dried meat or curries. Meat is also used to make sandwiches and is also available in the canned form. Meat should be cooked in hygienic conditions and washed thoroughly before cooking.

Adverse affects of meat consumption

There should be a limit put to the consumption of meat & poultry as it can lead to obesity, constipation & heart diseases. Research is also going on about in vitro meat wherein the meat is not part of the animal but is cultured from natural meat cells.

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