Spanish Wine Label Language

This article on Spanish wine label language is a complementary part of my Understanding European Wine Labels article that will teach you the meaning of foreign terms on European wine labels.

Spanish Wine regions
Spanish Wine regions

Spanish Wine Label Definitions

AÑEJO: Aged for 12 months in cask or bottle

BLANCO: White

BODEGA: Literally wine cellar; used as part of the name of a wine firm

CAVA: A sparkling DO wine produced using the traditional method

CLARETE: Midway between light red and dark rosé, synonymous with tintillo

COSECHA: Means vintage, indicates that a minimum of 85 percent of a wine so labeled is produced in the year marked

COSECHERO: A fresh, fruity, new or nouveau style wine, synonymous with nuevo and vino joven, usually a vino de mesa

CRIADO Y EMBOTELLADO POR: Blended and bottled by

CRIANZA: A red crianza must be aged for a minimum of two years (at least six months must be in oak); a white or rosé crianza requires one year of aging, with at least six months in oak

CRIANZA CORTA: Wines that have less than the legal minimum cask-age for any cask-age designation, synonymous with sin crianza.

DENOMINACIÓN DE ORIGEN (DO): Wine from a controlled-quality wine region

DENOMINACIÓN DE ORIGEN CALIFICADA (DOC A ): The highest official classification, above Denominación de Origen

DOBLE PASTA: Refers to red wines macerated with double the normal proportion of grape skins to juice during fermentation. Wines are opaque, with an intense color, and may be sold in the bottle or for blending.

DULCE: Sweet

EMBOTELLADO POR: Bottled by...

ESPUMOSO: A sparkling wine made by any method

GENEROSO: A fortified or dessert wine

GRAN RESERVA: Wines from the very best years considered capable of even further aging. For reds, the minimum is five years, of which at least 18 months must be in oak. White and rosé gran reservas require four years aging, of which at least six months must be in oak

NOBLE
: Aged for two years in cask or bottle

NUEVO: A fresh, fruity, new or nouveau style wine, synonymous with cosechero and vino joven, and usually a vino de mesa

RESERVA: Wines from good years considered capable of even further aging. For reds, the minimum amount of aging is three years, of which at least one year must be in oak. White and rosé reservas require two years aging, of which at least six months must be in oak

ROSADO: Rosé

SECO: Dry

SEMIDULCE: Medium-sweet

SIN CRIANZA: A wine without wood-aging, including all cool-fermented, early-bottled white and most rosé wines. Falling out of use, in favor of vino joven

TINTILLO: Halfway between light red and dark rosé, synonymous with clarete

TINTO: Red

VIEJO: Literally means old. The wine must be aged for at least three years

VIÑA OR VIÑEDO: Literally vineyard, but often merely part of a brand name, nothing to do with a specific vineyard

VINO COMARCAL: A regional wine, above Vino de mesa and below Vino de la tierra

VINO DE AGUJA: A semi-sparkling or pétillant wine

VINO DE CALIDAD CONINDICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA: A stepping stone between Vino de la tierra and Denominación de Origen

VINO DE LA TIERRA: Literally country wine

VINO DE MESA: Literally table wine; on the labels of very ordinary, inexpensive wines

VINO DE PASTO: An ordinary, inexpensive, and often light style of wine

VINO JOVEN: Wine made to be drunk within the year. There are moves to replace the term sin crianza with vino joven, but while wines in both categories must be without any wood-aging, some sin crianza wines are made to age well in bottle, unlike vino joven.

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Comments 3 comments

Minnetonka Twin profile image

Minnetonka Twin 5 years ago from Minnesota

This was not only informative but really fun to read. I feel like a bit of an expert now thanks to you. Nice job:)


Haunty profile image

Haunty 5 years ago from Hungary Author

Thank you, Linda. :) I still have the German one to go and it will be a laborious task.


rjsadowski profile image

rjsadowski 5 years ago

Another excellent Hub. Have you thought about doing one on Hungarian wine?

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