Types of Citrus

Ellen Levy Finch photographed these orange blossoms and oranges—Citrus sinensis (sweet orange)—on March 23, 2004.
Ellen Levy Finch photographed these orange blossoms and oranges—Citrus sinensis (sweet orange)—on March 23, 2004. | Source

What is citrus?

A genus is a group of biological organisms with shared characteristics. Citrus is a genus of flowering plant in the rue family—Rutaceae.

A species is one level lower than genus in the scientific classification hierarchy. It defines an individual plant by its color, leaf shape, where it is usually grown, or other identifying characteristics.

A cultivar is a cultivated variety of the plant, a naturally-occurring variety or a hybrid which can be reproduced.

The photograph at the top of this article is of the cultivar Citrus sinensis (sweet orange)—a hybrid of Citrus maxima (pomelo) and Citrus reticulata (mandarin).

Citron, Clementine, Grapefruit, Kaffir Lime, Kumquat, Lemon

Click thumbnail to view full-size
This Buddha's Hand citron was photographed by Kaldari on March 15, 2009.This citron was photographed by Klaus Reger on February 14, 2005.Yankelowitz photographed this citron on October 28, 2008.Sargoth photographed these clementines in Germany on January 2, 2009.Golf bravo photographed clementines growing in Israel on December 1, 2006.Whole, peeled, half, and clementine sections were photographed by carol on November 7. 2007.Ben3john photographed grapefruit growing in Kerala, India on October 17, 2012.Vmenkov photographed grapefruit ripening in a garden near Hubei (Yiling District, between Yichang and Sandouping), China on July 14, 2009.Johannrela photographed grapefruit in Buenos Aires, Argentina on May 6, 2006.Robin Jay photographed these kaffir limes, also known as leech limes, in Sydney Australia on December 20, 2009.Kaffir lime leaves, used in Thai cooking, were photographed by Meneerke bloem on November 25, 2009.Kaffir limes were photographed in the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden by James Steakley on October 8, 2011.Oval kumquats were photographed in Corfu, Greece by Piotrus on  July 16, 2010.Kumquats—Citrus japonica 'Centennial Variegated'—were photographed in the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden by James Steakley on October  8, 2011.Kumquats—Citrus japonica 'Crassifolia'—were photographed in Vietnam by Phuong Tran on January 30, 2011.Allen Timothy Chang photographed this lemon tree on January 6, 2005.Hans Hillewaert photographed this lemon tree in Outjo, Namibia on June 27, 2007.Sengai Podhuvan photographed these lemons in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India on January 19, 2012. The Indian lemon is more sour and more juicy than the Western lemon.
This Buddha's Hand citron was photographed by Kaldari on March 15, 2009.
This Buddha's Hand citron was photographed by Kaldari on March 15, 2009. | Source
This citron was photographed by Klaus Reger on February 14, 2005.
This citron was photographed by Klaus Reger on February 14, 2005. | Source
Yankelowitz photographed this citron on October 28, 2008.
Yankelowitz photographed this citron on October 28, 2008. | Source
Sargoth photographed these clementines in Germany on January 2, 2009.
Sargoth photographed these clementines in Germany on January 2, 2009. | Source
Golf bravo photographed clementines growing in Israel on December 1, 2006.
Golf bravo photographed clementines growing in Israel on December 1, 2006. | Source
Whole, peeled, half, and clementine sections were photographed by carol on November 7. 2007.
Whole, peeled, half, and clementine sections were photographed by carol on November 7. 2007. | Source
Ben3john photographed grapefruit growing in Kerala, India on October 17, 2012.
Ben3john photographed grapefruit growing in Kerala, India on October 17, 2012. | Source
Vmenkov photographed grapefruit ripening in a garden near Hubei (Yiling District, between Yichang and Sandouping), China on July 14, 2009.
Vmenkov photographed grapefruit ripening in a garden near Hubei (Yiling District, between Yichang and Sandouping), China on July 14, 2009. | Source
Johannrela photographed grapefruit in Buenos Aires, Argentina on May 6, 2006.
Johannrela photographed grapefruit in Buenos Aires, Argentina on May 6, 2006. | Source
Robin Jay photographed these kaffir limes, also known as leech limes, in Sydney Australia on December 20, 2009.
Robin Jay photographed these kaffir limes, also known as leech limes, in Sydney Australia on December 20, 2009. | Source
Kaffir lime leaves, used in Thai cooking, were photographed by Meneerke bloem on November 25, 2009.
Kaffir lime leaves, used in Thai cooking, were photographed by Meneerke bloem on November 25, 2009. | Source
Kaffir limes were photographed in the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden by James Steakley on October 8, 2011.
Kaffir limes were photographed in the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden by James Steakley on October 8, 2011. | Source
Oval kumquats were photographed in Corfu, Greece by Piotrus on  July 16, 2010.
Oval kumquats were photographed in Corfu, Greece by Piotrus on July 16, 2010. | Source
Kumquats—Citrus japonica 'Centennial Variegated'—were photographed in the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden by James Steakley on October  8, 2011.
Kumquats—Citrus japonica 'Centennial Variegated'—were photographed in the Linnean House of the Missouri Botanical Garden by James Steakley on October 8, 2011. | Source
Kumquats—Citrus japonica 'Crassifolia'—were photographed in Vietnam by Phuong Tran on January 30, 2011.
Kumquats—Citrus japonica 'Crassifolia'—were photographed in Vietnam by Phuong Tran on January 30, 2011. | Source
Allen Timothy Chang photographed this lemon tree on January 6, 2005.
Allen Timothy Chang photographed this lemon tree on January 6, 2005. | Source
Hans Hillewaert photographed this lemon tree in Outjo, Namibia on June 27, 2007.
Hans Hillewaert photographed this lemon tree in Outjo, Namibia on June 27, 2007. | Source
Sengai Podhuvan photographed these lemons in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India on January 19, 2012. The Indian lemon is more sour and more juicy than the Western lemon.
Sengai Podhuvan photographed these lemons in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India on January 19, 2012. The Indian lemon is more sour and more juicy than the Western lemon. | Source

There are more than 100 members of the genus citrus. A selection of them are described below.

Types of Citrus

CITRUS
SCIENTIFIC NAME
KEY FACTS
Bergamot Orange
Citrus bergamia
The bergamot orange is a hybrid of Citrus limetta and Citrus aurantium. It is the size of an orange, but is yellow in color. Bergamot oranges are primarily grown in Italy. They are used for flavoring Earl Grey tea.
Citron / Buddha's Hand / Fingered Citron
Citron: Citrus medica | Buddha's Hand: Citrus medica var. sarcodactylus
The citron is a shrub or small tree with variable-shaped fruit. The pulp is often dry, with very little juice. The thick, soft, and fleshy inner rind is used for flavoring, jam, is pickled, or is candied when boiled with sugar.
Clementine
Citrus clementina
A clementine is a variety of mandarin grown primarly in Algeria, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey.
Grapefruit
Citrus paradisi
The grapefruit is a hybrid, a cross between a pomelo—Citrus maxima—and an orange—Citrus sinensis. Its skin is yellow-orange, and its pulp, which is bitter, is white, pink, or red. The trees grow between 16 and 49 feet tall.
Kaffir Lime / Leech Lime
Citrus hystrix
The rind and leaves of kaffir limes, grown primarily in India, Laos, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand, are used in cooking. The pulp and juice are too sour to be used.
Kumquat
Citrus japonica
Kumquats are a small fruit resembling an orange. They have a sweet rind and a sour center. The fruit is used for making jellies and preserves and is sometimes candied. A newer use for kumquats is as a replacement for olives in martinis.
Lemon
Citrus limon
Lemons are thought to have originated in China, northern Mynamar (Burma), and Southern India. They are a hybrid between a bitter orange—Citrus aurantium—and a citron—Citrus medica.
Lime
Key Lime: Citrus aurantiifolia | Persian Lime: Citrus latifolia
Limes are used in cooking, especially in Indian, Mexican, Persian, Thai, and Vietnamese food. Lime extracts and essential oils are used in aromatherapy and perfumes.
Mandarin
Citrus reticulata
Mandarins are a variety of orange. There are many varieties of mandarins—hybrids among two or more species—among them clementine, satsuma, and tangerine.
Minneola
Citrus reticulata × Citrus maxima
The minneola is a variety of tangelo—a cross between a Dancy tangerine and a Duncan grapefruit.
Orange
Citrus sinensis (sweet orange)
The orange is a hybrid, a cross between a pomelo—Citrus maxima—and mandarin—Citrus reticulata. The majority of oranges in the world are grown in California, Florida, and Brazil.
Rough Lemon / Bush Lemon
Citrus jambhiri
The rough lemon has a rough lemon yellow skin and a very sour pulp.
Satsuma / Unshiu
Citrus unshiu
The satsuma is a seedless, easy-to-peel species of orange of Japanese origin.
Sweetie / Oroblanco
Citrus grandis (Osbeck) × Citrus paradisi (Macfayden)
A sweetie is a cross between an acidless pomelo and a white grapefruit.
Tangelo
Citrus tangelo
The tangelo is a hybrid of a tangerine and a grapefruit.
Ugli
Citrus reticulata x Citrus paradisi
The Ugli is a hybrid of a grapefruit, an orange, and a tangerine.

Lime, Mandarin, Minneola, Orange, Pomelo, Satsuma

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Limes growing in Haifa, Israel  were photographed by Sarah Katzenell on March 17, 2006.Matt photographed this lime tree on July 22, 2007.This lime purchased in California was photographed by J.smith on October 29, 2008.This unripe mandarin was photographed by Marco Bernardini on November 11, 2009.Amada44 photographed this mandarin tree on May 29, 2005.Amada44 photographed this mandarin tree on May 29, 2005.SanderSpek photographed this peeled minneola in the Netherlands on May 11, 2008.This minneola was photographed by Amada44 on January 15, 2011.These minneolas was photographed by Amada44 on January 15, 2011.Paul Munhoven photographed these orange trees in Granada, Spain  on July 29, 2007. Javier martin photographed these Citrus sinensis flowers close-up in Solana del Pino, Sierra Madrona, Spain on May 11, 2008.Yongxinge photographed this navel orange on March 14, 2006.Amada44 photographed these pomelos on April 24, 2012.Kurt Stüber photographed this pomelo on October 28, 2004.Ananda photographed this pomelo in Thailand on December 12, 2005.These satsuma oranges grown in Chile were purchased in the Netherlands and photographed by  Hans B. on  April 20, 2006.These satsuma oranges, picked on Christmas day 2007 in Gainesville, Florida, were photographed by Sfullenwider.Tamago Moffle photographed this shop in Nara prefecture, Japan  on January 10, 2010.  Satsumas are on the right, and oranges are on the left.
Limes growing in Haifa, Israel  were photographed by Sarah Katzenell on March 17, 2006.
Limes growing in Haifa, Israel were photographed by Sarah Katzenell on March 17, 2006. | Source
Matt photographed this lime tree on July 22, 2007.
Matt photographed this lime tree on July 22, 2007. | Source
This lime purchased in California was photographed by J.smith on October 29, 2008.
This lime purchased in California was photographed by J.smith on October 29, 2008. | Source
This unripe mandarin was photographed by Marco Bernardini on November 11, 2009.
This unripe mandarin was photographed by Marco Bernardini on November 11, 2009. | Source
Amada44 photographed this mandarin tree on May 29, 2005.
Amada44 photographed this mandarin tree on May 29, 2005. | Source
Amada44 photographed this mandarin tree on May 29, 2005.
Amada44 photographed this mandarin tree on May 29, 2005. | Source
SanderSpek photographed this peeled minneola in the Netherlands on May 11, 2008.
SanderSpek photographed this peeled minneola in the Netherlands on May 11, 2008. | Source
This minneola was photographed by Amada44 on January 15, 2011.
This minneola was photographed by Amada44 on January 15, 2011. | Source
These minneolas was photographed by Amada44 on January 15, 2011.
These minneolas was photographed by Amada44 on January 15, 2011. | Source
Paul Munhoven photographed these orange trees in Granada, Spain  on July 29, 2007.
Paul Munhoven photographed these orange trees in Granada, Spain on July 29, 2007. | Source
Javier martin photographed these Citrus sinensis flowers close-up in Solana del Pino, Sierra Madrona, Spain on May 11, 2008.
Javier martin photographed these Citrus sinensis flowers close-up in Solana del Pino, Sierra Madrona, Spain on May 11, 2008. | Source
Yongxinge photographed this navel orange on March 14, 2006.
Yongxinge photographed this navel orange on March 14, 2006. | Source
Amada44 photographed these pomelos on April 24, 2012.
Amada44 photographed these pomelos on April 24, 2012. | Source
Kurt Stüber photographed this pomelo on October 28, 2004.
Kurt Stüber photographed this pomelo on October 28, 2004. | Source
Ananda photographed this pomelo in Thailand on December 12, 2005.
Ananda photographed this pomelo in Thailand on December 12, 2005. | Source
These satsuma oranges grown in Chile were purchased in the Netherlands and photographed by  Hans B. on  April 20, 2006.
These satsuma oranges grown in Chile were purchased in the Netherlands and photographed by Hans B. on April 20, 2006. | Source
These satsuma oranges, picked on Christmas day 2007 in Gainesville, Florida, were photographed by Sfullenwider.
These satsuma oranges, picked on Christmas day 2007 in Gainesville, Florida, were photographed by Sfullenwider. | Source
Tamago Moffle photographed this shop in Nara prefecture, Japan  on January 10, 2010.  Satsumas are on the right, and oranges are on the left.
Tamago Moffle photographed this shop in Nara prefecture, Japan on January 10, 2010. Satsumas are on the right, and oranges are on the left. | Source

Trini Lopez (Trinidad Lopez III): Lemon Tree

More by this Author


Comments 82 comments

LetitiaFT profile image

LetitiaFT 3 years ago from Paris via California

Isn't all of that abundance amazing? And we use so very few of those varieties. I discovered the Menton lemon only last year, a variety with a very unique chemical make up that is sought out by French chefs and is indeed exquisite. At one time Menton was Europe's major exporter of citrus, these lemons in particular, but now they are hard to come by, the warm microclimate having been developed as a French Riviera resort town. So it goes. Voted up and shared.


Alecia Murphy profile image

Alecia Murphy 3 years ago from Wilmington, North Carolina

I didn't know citrus was this diverse. Even more so, I was surprised to learn that grapefruit's a hybrid. Thanks for this information Daisy, it definitely comes in handy now during cold and flu season!


MsDora profile image

MsDora 3 years ago from The Caribbean

I find the facts on the hybrids especially interesting. Never thought the orange belonged there. Thanks for all this wonderful information. Voted Up and More.


thumbi7 profile image

thumbi7 3 years ago from India

Wow! These pictures are wonderful!

I feel refereshed just by looking at them

Thanks for sharing..


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

LetitiaFT,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Thanks, too, for being the first person to comment, and for sharing my Hub.

Not all of the more than 100 varieties of citrus are grown in abundance, and many of them are only available in limited geographical areas.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Alecia,

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Thanks, too, for sharing it on Twitter.

I was also surprised to see that citrus was so diverse, and that there were so many hybrids. The fact that both oranges and grapefruits were hybrids surprised me.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

MsDora,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and commenting. I learned a lot from doing the research for this Hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

thumbi7,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article, viewing the pictures, and commenting.

All of the photographs are from Wikimedia Commons. I find it's the best source for images for the articles I write.


Docmo profile image

Docmo 3 years ago from UK

A fabulous discourse on the types of citrus fruits ( citrii?) I love the bright beautiful pictures in here and the well tabulated list of varieties. Well done , once again - a great resource!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mohan (Docmo),

Thanks for taking a break from writing the medical textbook to read my latest article and adding your comment. I appreciate your continuous support of my writing.

Thanks, too, for providing me with the Tamil translation of the description accompanying the Indian lemon photograph I found. All of the photographs are from Wikimedia Commons. That site seems to be the best source for images for the types of articles I publish.


AMFredenburg profile image

AMFredenburg 3 years ago from Southwestern New Hampshire

Interesting info, and great photos! Tweeted, voted up, and shared. Thanks!


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

I was quite impressed by the Buddha's Hand citron. I never heard of it before.... so I learned again something new today :-) It looks quite strange compare to the other citrus fruit that we see in the stores.

My favorite citrus fruit since I am a child is the blood orange!

I love all your pictures! My favorite one is the flowers of limes growing in Haifa!

Voted up, interesting and beautiful!


Jools99 profile image

Jools99 3 years ago from North-East UK

Daisy, interesting hub. I did not realise Kumquat was a citrus. Very comprehensive hub. The Buddha's Hand citrus is one of the strangest fruits I have ever seen.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Aldene (AMFredenburg),

Thanks for reading and commenting in my article. Thanks for sharing and tweeting it, too. I appreciate your support.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Joelle (kidscrafts),

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article, viewing the photographs, and commenting.

The Buddha's Hand citron is the most unusual fruit I have ever seen...in a photograph. I would imagine they are only sold in specialty / gourmet grocery stores.

I've seen pomelo trees in Tahiti. The trees are very tall, and the fruit is huge.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Julie (Jools99),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I appreciate your support of my writing.

The kumquat had been classified as being in other than the citrus genus for many years. Several years ago, it was reclassified as Citrus japonica.

Buddha's Hand citron isn't *one of* the most unusual fruits I have ever seen. It's *the* most unusual...That's why I placed its photo first in the queue.


MarleneB profile image

MarleneB 3 years ago from Northern California, USA

Oh, that leech lime looks scary! It must be the day of the citrus fruits for me. My neighbor just gave me some kumquats and my husband just plucked three lemons and a navel orange off our tree. Now, I'm reading your interesting hub about citrus. I really enjoyed reading and viewing all the photos.


tattuwurn 3 years ago

Very interesting kinds of citrus in different shapes, sizes and textures of the rinds. I like the Buddha's hand (I would like to see the cross section of that), the citron, the minneola and the kaffir lime.

There's another citrus which is called calamondin in English; here in the Philippines we call it "kalamansi" and it's widespread here. It's a little sour fruit that is used usually as part of a condiment (along with soy sauce or fish sauce), flavoring (especially on savory dishes), fruit juice and also for medicinal purposes.

More about this fruit:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calamondin


Ruchira profile image

Ruchira 3 years ago from United States

Great information, Daisy.

I loved the song...so appropriate ;)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Marlene,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

I know exactly what you mean about the leech lime. I can imagine how it got its name.

The photographs are all from Wikimedia Commons. It's the best source I've found for images for the types of articles I publish when I don't have photos of my own.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

amyxal (tattuwurn),

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Ruchira,

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. I had no idea there were more than 100 types of citrus until I began doing the research for my Hub.

I'm glad you like the song. "Lemon Tree" has been recorded by many artists.


Nell Rose profile image

Nell Rose 3 years ago from England

I never realised that there were so many different citrus, so this was fascinating and lovely to read, all that color bring back the spring! lol! love some of the names like buddhas hand, great hub and voted up! nell


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nell,

Thanks for reading and commenting in my article. I had no idea there were more than 100 types of citrus until I began doing the research for my Hub.

It must be rather dreary and winter-like in the UK now. Your countryman Mohan Kumar also commented about the bright colors of the fruit.

I'm fortunate in that I live in Orange County in Southern California. We have many varieties of locally-grown fruit in our neighborhood farmers' market.

The Buddha's Hand citron gets my vote for the #1 strangest-looking fruit of all time.


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 3 years ago

This is fascinating. I love citrus, but had no idea of all the different varieties! I always thought I was being exotic when I ate blood oranges. Love all of your photos. Was going to pin, but don't see the pin button on the hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Glimmer Twin Fan,

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. It surprised me to learn there were more than 100 varieties of citrus. I'll have to look more carefully at the descriptions the next time I'm in my neighborhood farmers' market. I'd like to try something "new."

The like, tweet, and pin buttons are in the top right corner of the article. They sometimes appear after you scroll down the page a bit.


rajan jolly profile image

rajan jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

There is an amazing variety in the Citrus species. Lovely pictures, Daisy.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rajan,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article, viewing the photographs, and commenting.

I enjoy writing articles which are "gently educational." I learned quite a bit myself while doing the research for this Hub.

My first choice for images for my articles, Wikimedia Commons, didn't let me down. I found so many terrific photographs of citrus which people from all over the world contributed to the site.


rcrumple profile image

rcrumple 3 years ago from Kentucky

Daisy - Sorry I'm late. Still trying to catch up. Really a great hub on all the different citrus offerings. I wish we had the availability of many of these in the Midwest. We seem to get the basics and that's about it. Great job!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Rich (rcrumple),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting. I appreciate your suport of my writing.

You're not late, my friend. I published this Hub less than 24 hours ago.

There's a farmers' market in my neighborhood. I'll be going there tomorrow. I'm going to see how many varieties of citrus the market is currently selling.


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

Great information on types of citrus. The Buddha hand looks amazing. I love oranges and lemon, so refreshing to drink!! Voted up.


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 3 years ago

Hi Daisy - For some reason the buttons were not popping up last night (weird, because I scrolled up and down a couple of times), but they are there now and I have pinned.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York

You are a female wikipedia! Great job Daisy. So much good information and so diverse. Your research is impeccable and your photos, as always, fit in and add to the great hub!

Voted up, useful, and interesting.


vibesites profile image

vibesites 3 years ago from United States

Good work on this, Daisy! Now I learn something new about other citrus fruits, beyond oranges, lemons and limes. Voted up and interesting.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nithya (Vellur),

Thanks for reading my article, viewing the photographs, and commenting. The Buddha's Hand citron is so unusual-looking, I don't think I would even want to touch one if I were to see it in a market.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Glimmer Twin Fan,

Thanks for stopping by again. Thanks, too, for pinning my article.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (tillsontitan),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting, Thanks, too, for your very kind words. I appreciate your support of my writing.

I enjoy writing articles which are "gently educational." I almost always use Wikimedia Commons for my photographs if I don't have ones of my own I can use. It takes a lot of time to find and properly attribute the images, but I think the time is well-spent.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

vibesites,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading and commenting in my article. Even with oranges, there are many varieties.


alocsin profile image

alocsin 3 years ago from Orange County, CA

Wow, I've never heard of Buddha's hand, let alone seen or tasted one. I'll see if I can find it in my local area. Voting this Up and Useful.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Aurelio (alocsin),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. The Buddha's Hand citron can probably only be found in a specialty grocery store.

Pomelos are in season now. I saw them twice in Orange County this week...in Trader Joe's and in Sprouts.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 3 years ago from Nepal

Daisy,

Even though I have six types of citrus fruits in my garden,I did not know much about the varieties you have shared here.

I had never seen The Buddha's Hand.

What a fantastic hub.

Merry Christmas and a very Happy New Year


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Vinaya,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Which types of citrus are you growing in your garden?

I had no idea there were more than 100 varieties of citrus until I began doing the research for my Hub. This week, I saw a number of varieties of mandarins in the farmers' market in my neighborhood. I also saw pomelos in the farmers' market and a specialty grocery store.

I've never seen the Buddha's Hand citron, and I had never heard of it until this week. I'd like to know more about it. I think I'll do some further research when I get a chance.


Sunshine625 profile image

Sunshine625 3 years ago from Orlando, FL

Now that's a lot of citrus! The Buddha's hand is quite unique. Well done hub. Makes me want a glass of O.J.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Linda (Sunshine625),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I had no idea there were so many types of citrus until I began doing the research for my article. The Buddha's Hand citron is the most usual example I discovered.

I see lots of varieties of citrus in the farmers' market in my neighborhood, but we usually just buy sweet oranges in the market.


Vacation Trip profile image

Vacation Trip 3 years ago from India

Very good article, good information and well written :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Samantha / Susan (Vacation Trip),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I appreciate it.


Riviera Rose profile image

Riviera Rose 3 years ago from South of France

I'd never seen kaffir limes before, so I've learnt something new today. I'm lucky enough to have mandarin, lemon, lime (the regular kind) and kumquat trees on my terrace. I also hadn't realised there were different types of kumquats, mine are the small oval ones - they make great jam! Voted up and beautiful!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Riviera Rose,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article, viewing the photographs, and commenting. I try to write articles which are gently educational. I'm glad you learned something from reading my Hub.


Bake Like a Pro profile image

Bake Like a Pro 3 years ago

Great article and beautiful photos. I can just smell those citrus flowers by looking at these photos. Who knew citrus had such variety. I especially liked the Buddha's Hand citron. Thank you for this detailed and informative hub. Voted up and sharing :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Bake Like a Pro,

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading and commenting in my article. I had no idea there were more than 100 varieties of citrus until I began doing the research for my article.

I'm glad you liked the photographs. I found all of them on Wikimedia Commons.


Bake Like a Pro profile image

Bake Like a Pro 3 years ago

I love how I learn something new every time I visit Hub Pages. Just from your response to my comment I learned about Wikimedia Commons!!! Thank you :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Bake Like a Pro,

Thanks for visiting again. For the types of articles I publish, Wikimedia Commons is the best source I've found for legally-attributable photographs when I don't have photos of my own to use.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Incredible kinds of citrus never knew there were such different kinds you have once more improved my knowledge thanks


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Devika (DDE),

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article, viewing the photographs, and commenting. I don't think anyone who has read this article had realized that there were more than 100 types of citrus. The fact seems to have surprised everyone.


midget38 profile image

midget38 3 years ago from Singapore

Excellent photographs and I love my citrus. My favorite is grapefruit. Passing this round.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Michelle (midget38),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. I'm able to buy many varieties of citrus grown locally, but I don't think I have a favorite.


PurvisBobbi44 profile image

PurvisBobbi44 3 years ago from Florida

Hi,

Your hub gave us a lot of great information. My Great Uncle had an orange grove and I learned so much from him.

Thanks for sharing this with us and I am happy I am online tonight to visit.

Bobbi Purvis


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Bobbi,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

I live in Southern California, in the southern half of Orange County. I'm fortunate in being able to purchase locally-grown citrus at very reasonable prices. After doing the research for my article, I'm much more aware of the different varieties of oranges I see in my neighborhood farmers' market.


mary615 profile image

mary615 3 years ago from Florida

I had no idea there were this many types of Citrus. I live in S. Florida where we grow lots of oranges and grapefruit.

You wrote a very interesting and informative article here.

Voted UP and will share.


CarlySullens profile image

CarlySullens 3 years ago from St. Louis, Missouri

Great detailed hub!! I think my favorite citrus fruit, or favorite fruit of all time is the orange. If I had to eat only one fruit for the rest of my life, I would pick the orange. I love oranges and citrus fruit around the holidays.

Now that I live in the south I can see how beautiful citrus plants and trees are. We are trying to grow an orange tree as a family. Our oranges are so small and tart now. Hopefully, with time they will grow in flavor and size. Voted up and shared.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (mary615),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.

I live in Orange County, California and am able to buy many varieties of locally-grown citrus at the farmers' market in my neighborhood. I had no idea how many types of citrus there were until I began doing the research for my article.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Carly,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. There are a number of varieties of orange. Which one is your favorite?


bac2basics profile image

bac2basics 3 years ago from Spain

Hi Daisy.

Living in Valencia Spain just inland from Costa de Azahar ( orange blossom coast) This hub really caught my interest. I had no idea that there were so many different types of citrus.

I love the oranges which are grown all around where I live and every year a very kind family from the village drops me off a crate full of their own oranges, far too many for me to eat so I share them amongst friends. The Valencia orange is wonderful but I also am given a huge amount of what we would call in the UK Jaffa or navel oranges, they are to die for, sweet juicy and pip less.

Unfortunately the farmers don´t reap much financial reward from all their hard work these days and I remember a couple of years ago they were actually not even bothering to take their fruit to market as it wasn´t worth the effort for the price they were being offered. Many fruit growers are now switching to more exotic fruits in an attempt to corner the market, who can blame them. However there are still thousands of acres of orange groves in the region and so the area will remain the coast of orange blossom.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Anne (bac2basics),

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your including your personal anecdote and your giving us insight into the orange growing industry in Spain.


Nihat İyriboz 3 years ago

Hi Daisy,

I enjoy this article and photographs very much. I find it fascinating as I practically grew up at a citrus orchard. We harvest satsuma, clementine, grapefruit, lemon, orange. I'll forward this. Thank you for sharing!


jenbeach21 profile image

jenbeach21 3 years ago from Orlando, FL

Great information! I love anything orange and lemon flavored and now I feel more knowledgeable about the fruits!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nihat,

It's nice to "hear" from you. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.

The photographs are from Wikimedia Commons. It's my primary source for images when I don't use my own photographs.

California is a great state for growing citrus. I live in aptly-named Orange County. Citrus is grown everywhere. We currently are not growing any ourselves, but our next-door neighbors have some beautiful lemon trees in their backyard.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Jen (jenbeach21),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Every time I shop in my neighborhood farmers market, I'm more aware of the types of citrus they sell.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 2 years ago

I love citrus and try to drink a glass of water every day with a lemon slice inside. I didn't realize there were so many different types. The Buddha's hand looks quite strange, but I'm sure it is still good.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dianna (teaches12345),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. The Buddha's Hand is basically citrus rind...no juice or pulp. It's perfect for boiling with sugar and then dipping in chocolate. Your recipe is perfect for this type of citrus.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 2 years ago from Nashville Tn.

Hi Daisy ~ I just can't picture heavy grapefruit growing on a tree. But, silly me, how else would they grow? I found the 'Buddha's Hand' both interesting and beautiful. Thanks for introducing this to me along with the gorgeous photo. I'm going to have to try this citrus fruit.

So glad you brought this hub back as I missed it the first time. Informative, interesting and great presentation. Pinning, tweeting and sharing. Thanks, Daisy.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 2 years ago

I'm back again for the support, but also to say I'm going to try the Buddha's hand with the orange-chocolate dipped recipe some day. I like the fact that it is easy to prepare.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Audrey (vocalcoach),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for pinning, tweeting, and sharing my Hub.

Are you near any Sprouts (formerly Henry's) farmers markets? That's where you'll have the possibility of finding the Buddha's Hand citrus.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dianna (teaches12345),

Thanks for visiting again. The Buddha's Hand citrus would be perfect for your orange-chocolate dipped treat.

I would love to grow a Buddha's Hand in my back garden. They grow in zone 10, the zone in which I live. I would have to find a California nursery selling the tree. The agricultural laws in California prohibit the tree from being brought in from another state.


ChitrangadaSharan profile image

ChitrangadaSharan 2 years ago from New Delhi, India

This is loaded with interesting information about Citrus and its various types. Never knew, there were so many of them. Wonderful pictures and video too.

Voted up and pinning!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Chitrangada,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for pinning my Hub.

When I began doing my research for this article, I had no idea there were so many types of citrus. Leaning that there were more 100 types surprised me very much.


Fossillady profile image

Fossillady 2 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

Saw this in Pinterest and had to visit! A lovely reference Audrey! Will come back when I need to know about citrus! Voted+ repinned


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Kathi (Fossillady),

It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for repinning Audrey Hunt's pin. Living in Southern California, I have a wide variety of citrus from which to choose.


Jodah profile image

Jodah 2 years ago from Queensland Australia

Interesting article Daisy. Citrus are probably my favourite fruit especially naval and blood oranges, ruby red or pink grapefruit, tangerines, mandarins and lemons ( not many I don't like). We used to have rough leaf(bush) lemons, mandarins and pomellos growing, but now only have a kaffir lime tree. Voted up.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

John (Jodah),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I don't have any citrus trees growing in my back garden, but I live close to a farmers market which sells locally-grown fruit.


cyoung35 profile image

cyoung35 20 months ago from Corona, CA

Great hub, I had a Buddha's Hand citron tree in my back yard and always wondered why the lemons came out with these fingers. Not all of them had these so this is why it was puzzling to me. Now after reading your hub, I know what it was. Thank you! :)


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 20 months ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Chad (cyoung35),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Living in Southern California, we're fortunate in being able to grow (or purchase) so many types of citrus.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working